Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1827
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Vogel Rolf - - 2006
Left ventricular free-wall perforation can complicate catheter-based diagnostic or interventional procedures and may require immediate needle pericardiocentesis followed by surgical repair in about 20% of the cases. We describe the transcatheter closure of a left ventricular free-wall perforation as an option in the event of maintained access to the perforation ...
Takahashi Ken - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) provides additional information regarding the mechanisms and sites of left atrioventricular valve regurgitation in atrioventricular septal defect compared with transesophageal 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). METHODS: Eleven patients with a median age of 5.4 years (2.9-11.6 years) and a ...
Trehan Vijay - - 2006
Left ventricle to right atrial communications, collectively known as Gerbode defects, are usually congenital defects and surgical closure remains the treatment of choice. We report a rare case of Gerbode defect acquired following surgical closure of a ventricular septal defect. The defect was successfully closed percutaneously with an Amplatzer ventricular ...
Sayin O A - - 2006
The surgical management of transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect and left ventricle outflow tract obstruction is a real challenge in congenital heart surgery. The Rastelli operation has been used for many years with satisfactory early and late results. A newer operation described by Nikaidoh seems to ...
Maree Andrew - - 2006
Atrial septal defects are a common congenital cardiac abnormality in adults. lndividuals with atrial septal defects carry the risk to develop cardiac problems such as right ventricle volume overload, pulmonary hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and more rarely paradoxical embolic events. Surgery was the standard treatment for symptomatic patients with atrial septal ...
Salvatorelli Emanuela - - 2007
The antitumor anthracycline doxorubicin induces a dose-related cardiotoxicity that correlates with the myocardial levels of its secondary alcohol metabolite doxorubicinol. Combining doxorubicin with taxanes such as paclitaxel or docetaxel may aggravate cardiotoxicity, presumably because the taxanes cause an allosteric-like stimulation of cytoplasmic aldehyde reductases that convert doxorubicin to doxorubicinol in ...
Ioscovich A - - 2007
Holt-Oram syndrome is a rare genetic disorder affecting the heart and upper limbs (atriodigital dysplasia). The manifestations of the limb defects may vary in severity from subtle carpal bone defects and triphalangeal thumb to digit aplasia and upper extremity phocomelia. Cardiac abnormalities include atrial and/or ventricular septal defects, anomalies in ...
Calcagni Giulio - - 2007
We report a neonatal case of atresia of the coronary sinus ostium draining into a persistent left superior caval vein, associated with aortic arch hypoplasia, ventricular septal defect and mitro-aortic discontinuity. In this setting, left superior caval vein receives the coronary flow, which is directed into the innominate vein and ...
Martinez Matthew W - - 2006
An 84-year-old woman with cardiomyopathy secondary to severe atherosclerotic coronary artery disease presented with biventricular heart failure. She was admitted to the hospital after a non-S-T elevation myocardial infarction 5 days earlier that led to progressive congestive heart failure. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed an apical ventricular septal defect with bidirectional ...
Cotts Timothy - - 2006
We describe a 17-year-old patient with an atrial septal defect who underwent device closure with a second generation Sideris buttoned device at 4 years of age. She presented 13 years after the procedure with the acute onset of chest discomfort, at which time a chest radiograph showed migration of the ...
Lindqvist Per - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The interventricular septum is a complex structure, both anatomically and functionally, which limits the use of Doppler tissue imaging in the assessment of radial septal function. In this study we investigated whether strain (epsilon) and epsilon rate (SR) imaging can improve the measurement of the septal function. METHODS: Thirty ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrabeculation (LVHT)/non-compaction is frequently associated with neuromuscular disorders. Recently, LVHT has been detected in a 28-year patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Here, the patho-anatomic findings of this patient are presented, which showed LVHT located within in the apex and the anterior and lateral wall, being the most demanded ...
Lavallée Geneviève - - 2006
In humans, congenital heart defects occur in 1-2% of live birth, but the molecular mechanisms and causative genes remain unidentified in the majority of cases. We have uncovered a novel transcription pathway important for heart morphogenesis. We report that KLF13, a member of the Krüppel-like family of zinc-finger proteins, is ...
Maimon Michal S - - 2006
A 14-year-old boy presented to the emergency department unaccompanied by his parents with a decreased level of consciousness, bradycardia, and hypotension after a syncopal episode. The patient's electronic chart revealed a percutaneous closure of a secundum atrial septal defect using an Amplatzer septal occluder (AGA Medical, Golden Valley, MN) 6 ...
Sullivan Ian D - - 2007
The late development of heart block in paediatric patients following device closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect may be a cause for concern.
Hanslik Andreas - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to assess the frequency of spontaneous closure of isolated secundum atrial septal defect in children and to identify predictors of spontaneous atrial septal defect closure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in a tertiary care pediatric cardiology center. Consecutive patients (n = 200) diagnosed as ...
Karakurt Cem┼čit - - 2006
A congenital partial defect of the right-sided pericardium is a rare cardiac anomaly and it represents defective formation of the pleuropericardial membrane. Patients can be asymptomatic, but they may experience chest pain, myocardial ischemia, emboli, arrhythmia, and sudden death. In this report, we present an 8-month-old boy with pericardial defect ...
Butera Gianfranco - - 2006
A 4-year-old child with patent ductus arteriosus, perimembranous ventricular septal defect and ostium secundum atrial septal defect was successfully treated with the use of a simultaneous transcatheter for all of the anomalies present. The patent ductus arteriosus was closed first by using a coil, then the perimembranous ventricular septal defect ...
Di Sessa Thomas G - - 2006
A neonate presented on the first day of life with tachypnea and poor feeding. The infant's initial echocardiogram demonstrated outpouching of the lateral wall of the right ventricle (RV) associated with a large ventricular septal defect (VSD). At 9 days of age he was diagnosed with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Despite ...
Cuneo Bettina F - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review summarizes the prenatal and postnatal outcome of cardiac anomalies and sustained arrhythmias diagnosed during fetal life. RECENT FINDINGS: The outcome of sustained fetal arrhythmias has improved with greater experience using Sotalol for atrial flutter, and digoxin and amiodarone for 1: 1 reciprocating tachycardia. The ...
Aryana Arash - - 2007
Marijuana is the most widely used illicit substance in the United States. Cardiovascular complications in association with marijuana use have been reported during the past three decades. In view of the elevated public interest in this drug's role in pharmacotherapy in the recent years and the aging population of long-term ...
Gade Christopher L - - 2007
Transcatheter atrial septal defect closure is becoming more commonplace as it has been demonstrated to be safe, efficacious and associated with low morbidity. Pre-procedural assessment of individuals has primarily relied upon transesophageal echocardiography. We present four individuals who underwent both transesophageal echocardiography as well as cardiac multidetector computed tomography. In ...
Beier Ulf H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare cardiac CT and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) as diagnostic utilities in congenital heart disease (CHD) and to determine their advantages and limitations. Background:TTE is widely used in the evaluation of CHD. Recent reports suggested an increasing role of CT. However, there are few quantitative data on its diagnostic ...
Wong Hin-Seng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: With the various twin-bag systems available on the market, we decided to conduct a therapeutic equivalence study comparing ANDY-Disc (Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany) with UltraBag (Baxter, Deerfield, IL) in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, randomized trial is designed to ...
Butera Gianfranco - - 2006
Isolated ventricular septal defect is the most common form of congenital heart disease. Surgery has been performed for many years and is considered the gold standard for the treatment of ventricular septal defects. However, it is associated with morbidity and mortality. Less invasive techniques have been developed and currently percutaneous ...
Kotani Yasuhiro - - 2006
To minimize myocardial ischemia, we repaired aortic arch obstruction with ventricular septal defect, using two different techniques of cerebral and myocardial perfusion. Seventy-one infants, ages 3 to 137 days, underwent primary repair of coarctation of the aorta (n = 49)/interruption of the aortic arch (n = 22) with ventricular septal ...
Yagel S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to apply spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) rendering to visualize the virtual planes of the interventricular and interatrial septa (IVS, IAS) as well as the atrioventricular (AV) annuli plane just distal to the semilunar valves (coronal atrioventricular (CAV) plane) in normal and pathological fetal hearts, ...
MacGillivray John D - - 2006
A bioresorbable patch used for augmentation of rotator cuff repair was evaluated to determine if it would increase strength of cuff repairs associated with tendon defects and also show histologic incorporation over time. Forty goats underwent rotator cuff repairs of the infraspinatus tendon bilaterally. Tendons were detached and a defect ...
Jacobs Marshall L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available concerning the congenital heart surgery workforce in North America. To obtain reliable data, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Workforce on Congenital Heart Surgery undertook a subspecialty focused survey. METHODS: Preliminary research of websites and databases revealed a potential target group of 263 congenital heart ...
Restivo Angelo - - 2006
A review concerning some embryogenetic aspects of the cardiac outflow tract is presented. Two main topics are discussed: the truncal septation and the secondary heart field. In the context of the septation of the truncus arteriosus, the development of the arterial valves is largely discussed, particularly in reference to the ...
Hartke Lopa P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has been used to show myocardial fibrosis, a finding that appears as late gadolinium enhancement. Its role in the evaluation of right ventricular fibrosis in congenital heart disease is unclear. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate late gadolinium enhancement of the right ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2006
Coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVF) are rare malformations. Opinions vary on which operation should be offered to these patients, particularly those asymptomatic. We report four patients operated on for CAVF referred to our institution over the course of a year. Three patients had associated cardiac lesions. In all of them CAVF ...
André Robert F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe and compare two techniques used to correct nasal septum deviations located in the dorsal and/or caudal septum. STUDY DESIGN: The authors conducted a retrospective clinical chart review. METHODS: The authors conducted a comparison of functional and technical results between surgery in ...
Woo Y Joseph - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery, traditionally conducted via median sternotomy, has been recently forwarded by progressively advanced technology facilitating sternal-sparing minimally invasive, access to the heart. Robotic systems, comprised of miniaturized surgical instruments mounted on long thin shafts with multiple degrees of range of motion coupled with a dual camera endoscope providing ...
Cicekcioglu F - - 2006
Repair of post infarction posterior ventricular septal defect has generally been performed with a ventriculotomy through the infarcted zone. This approach has a significant mortality and morbidity due to haemorrhage, extension of infarction or further compromise of ventricular function secondary to suture placement. We present a case with delayed repair ...
Jacobs Jeffrey P - - 2006
During the process of creation of a bidirectional crossmap between the system emerging, on the one hand, from the initiative sponsored by the Congenital Heart Committees of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and on the other hand, from that formulated by the Coding ...
Spodick David H - - 2006
Many published reports have described pericardial effusions in patients with secundum atrial septal defects. This study investigated their associated prevalence echocardiographically using 40 patients with isolated ventricular septal defects as controls in an adult patient population. Pericardial effusions accompanied atrial septal defects in 13 patients and ventricular septal defects in ...
Kr?ger Olaf - - 2006
Connexin40 (Cx40) and connexin45 (Cx45) are involved in both cardiac morphogenesis and propagation of electrical activity. We found that Cx40/Cx45 double deficiency (Cx40(-/-)/Cx45(+/-)) causes a variety of cardiac defects leading to high mortality during embryonic development and at birth. The majority of Cx40(-/-)/Cx45(+/-) embryos and postnatal mice suffered from atrioventricular ...
Sarris George E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes the results of the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries in member institutions of the European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association. METHODS: The records of 613 patients who underwent primary arterial switch operations in each of 19 participating institutions in the period from January ...
Hammerstingl Christoph - - 2006
BACKGROUND: According to present knowledge, pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) bears a low interventional risk and has a high feasibility. For completion of PVI, left atrial access is achieved via single or double transseptal puncture. We sought to determine the incidence and echocardiographic characteristics of persistent iatrogenic atrial septal defect (iASD) ...
Berg C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of isolated lesions of the fetal right heart on ductus venosus (DV) blood flow profiles. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of DV blood flow profiles in 83 fetuses with isolated right-sided cardiac lesions. Cases were divided into two groups. Group A had right-sided cardiac lesions associated with ...
Murakami Hirohisa - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We previously described a novel technique for closure of trabecular ventricular septal defects by sandwiching the septum with 2 polyester felt patches without requiring left ventriculotomy. We describe the midterm results of this technique and the postoperative cardiac function. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 36 consecutive patients. ...
Tokarska-Schlattner Malgorzata - - 2006
Cardiotoxic side-effects represent a serious complication of anticancer therapy with anthracyclines, in particular with doxorubicin (DXR) being the leading drug of the group. Different hypotheses, accentuating various mechanisms and/or targets, have been proposed to explain DXR-induced cardiotoxicity. This review focuses on the myocardial energetic network as a target of DXR ...
Krishnakumar N - - 2006
A 21 year old lady with a 22 mm secundum atrial septal defect with adequate rims, and thin septum at the region of the fossa ovalis, but no additional atrial septal defect by transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiogram was taken up for ASD sizing with a view to device closure. Initially, ...
Kozlik-Feldmann R - - 2006
We report about our initial experience for the in 2005 modified Helex (Gore) device for closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) and persistent foramen ovale (PFO). Major changes were made at the delivery system for simplifying the Helex implantation procedure. We treated 11 patients, 8 children and 3 adults, with ...
Fletcher Daniel J - - 2006
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 4-year-old sexually intact female French Bulldog was evaluated because of lethargy, anorexia, and chronic rhinitis-sinusitis. The dog had nasal discharge of 18 months' duration; dorsal rhinotomies were performed 3 months and 2 weeks prior to referral. CLINICAL FINDINGS: On initial evaluation, intraventricular pneumocephalus and sinusitis were diagnosed; ...
Padalino Massimo A - - 2007
We report a rare case of an interventricular septal hematoma in a 4-month-old infant after patch closure of a membranous ventricular septal defect. Routine intraoperative transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring allowed immediate detection of intraventricular hematoma that was promptly treated by simple needle drainage after weaning off cardiopulmonary bypass. Patient's postoperative clinical ...
Wang Wen-Der - - 2006
We transiently expressed a proapoptotic protein, Nip3a, by a heart-specific BMP4 promoter in zebrafish embryos and generated two variants of embryos with abnormal heart phenotypes (A and B). Embryos with phenotype A heart defects showed hypoplastic or elongated ventricles, elongated or enlarged atriums with no normal cardiac looping resulting a ...
Di Filippo S - - 2006
To assess the changing profile of infective endocarditis in patients with congenital heart disease. All cases diagnosed from 1966 to 2001 (revised Duke criteria) were retrospectively reviewed and categorised in periods I (< 1990) and II (>or= 1990). 153 episodes occurred, 81 in period I and 72 in period II. ...
Iversen Kasper - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Auscultation of the heart is a routine procedure. It is not known whether auscultatory skills can be improved by teaching or with the use of an advanced stethoscope. METHODS: This study was a randomized trial with a 2 x 2 factorial design. Seventy-two house officers were randomized to a ...
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