Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1827
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Qin Yongwen - - 2008
This multicenter study assessed the efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) using a modified double-disk occluder. In 5 different centers in China, 412 patients with VSD, including 202 men and 210 women, underwent attempted transcatheter closure. The age range was 3 to 65 years ...
Biard Jean-Marc - - 2008
PURPOSE: The present study investigates a new surgical approach in the treatment of left diaphragmatic hernia in fetal sheep. We postulated that unlike tracheal occlusion where both lungs are occluded, selective left main bronchus occlusion (LMBO) would accelerate growth of only the left lung, reduce left visceral herniation, and recover ...
Zhu Yonghong - - 2008
At the end of every heartbeat, cardiac myocytes must relax to allow filling of the heart. Impaired relaxation is a significant factor in heart failure, but all pathways regulating the cardiac relaxation apparatus are not known. Haploinsufficiency of the T-box transcription factor Tbx5 in mouse and man causes congenital heart ...
Mosquera Victor X - - 2008
We report on an uncommon case of a 10-month-old patient who required early surgical closure of an ostium secumdum atrial septal defect due to the concomitant presence of a big subcarinal bronchogenic cyst compressing the left atrium and, therefore, increasing the left-to-right shunt. It led to refractory congestive heart failure ...
Bant Ankur - - 2008
Ventricular septal defects are one of the most common congenital heart defects that either exist alone or coexist with other complex congenital heart diseases. With 3-dimensional echocardiography, exact 3-dimensional shape, size, location, and course of any ventricular septal defects can be evaluated very thoroughly. We are reporting a comprehensive assessment ...
Pujol Elisabet - - 2008
Complete ventricular septal defects (VSD) can be congenital (estimated prevalence 0.5% in live births) (Roguin N, et al. High prevalence of muscular ventricular septal defect in neonates. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995;26:1545-1548) or may be a complication of acute myocardial infarction (estimated incidence in the era of thrombolysis 0.2%) [Crenshaw ...
Li Feng - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate ventricular septal defect occlusion using a lower mini-sternotomy approach. DESCRIPTION: Eleven cases with ventricular septal defect underwent general anesthesia and a 3 to 4 cm lower mini-sternotomy incision was made. Using transesophageal echocardiography, the occluder was released using a mono-tubed unit. EVALUATION: All cases ...
Majunke Nicolas - - 2008
Since the initial description of an atrial septal defect closure device in the mid-1970s by King and Mills, transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects using various devices has now become an established practice in many centers. These techniques have proven to be safe, cost-effective and favorably compared with surgical closure. ...
Eroglu Serpil - - 2008
Left ventricular-right atrial communication, known as a Gerbode-type defect, is a rare form of ventricular septal defect. It is usually congenital, but rarely acquired. Clinical presentation is associated with the volume of the shunt. Transthoracic echocardiography is the most useful diagnostic method. We present a 63-year-old man with chronic renal ...
Tessari Alessandra A CNR Institute of Neurosciences, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, - - 2008
The Pitx2 gene regulates left-right (L/R) asymmetrical cardiac morphogenesis. Constitutive Pitx2 knock out (ko) mice die before birth and display, among other defects, right atrial isomerism, atrial and ventricular septal defects, and double outlet right ventricle. The myocardial role of the gene has not been dissected. In particular, how Pitx2 ...
Shakur R - - 2008
Platypnea orthodeoxia is a rare syndrome that describes breathlessness on standing that resolves on lying flat. We present a previously healthy patient who developed platypnea orthodeoxia in her eighth decade of life. Cardiovascular imaging demonstrated an atrial septal defect, extensive Chiari network and atrial septal hypertrophy. We propose the development ...
Maffe' Stefano - - 2008
We present an atypical case of postinfarction left ventricular pseudoaneurysm involving the posterobasal septal wall, with protrusion into the right ventricle, associated with a small septal defect and left-to-right shunt. In this case, a conservative approach was adopted rather than surgical management, and the patient had a good clinical outcome. ...
Chatzidaki R - - 2009
Few patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease reach adulthood without a cardiac operation. The prognosis for ''unrepaired'' pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect is approximately 8% in the 1st decade of age. Consequently, the number of adults with this particular heart disease (unrepaired) who are expected to need a non-cardiac ...
Durand Eric - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and the incidence of complete heart block (CHB) after non-surgical septal myocardial reduction by coil embolization in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients with HOCM and drug-refractory symptoms underwent non-surgical myocardial septal reduction by coil embolization with detachable coils. Occlusion of septal ...
Ekman-Joelsson Britt-Marie - - 2008
We describe the results of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy performed 4 to 15 years after surgery in 12 patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. We used single photon emission computed tomography after injection of technetium Tc-99m tetrofosmin at submaximal exercise test. The patients, 7 girls and 5 boys, with ...
Kozlik-Feldmann R - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: So far, surgical and interventional therapies for muscular ventricular septal defects (mVSDs) beyond the moderator band have had their limitations. Thus, alternative therapeutic strategies should be developed. We present a new animal model for the evaluation of such strategies. METHODS: In a pig model (n = 9), anterolateral thoracotomy ...
Gelernter-Yaniv Liat - - 2008
Right-to-left interatrial shunts through an atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale may result from congenital and acquired conditions. Right-to-left shunts may occur with normal pulmonary artery pressure and resistance as in right ventricular outflow tract obstruction leading to hypertrophy and reduced diastolic function, in right ventricle ischemia, myocarditis or ...
Zeng Xiang Jun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both surgical management and percutaneous device closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects without cardiopulmonary bypass have drawbacks and limitations. This report describes the experience with intraoperative device closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects without cardiopulmonary bypass by a minimally invasive technique. METHODS: Twelve patients who had perimembranous ventricular septal ...
Konstantinov Igor E - - 2008
A large thrombus entrapped in an atrial septal defect is a rare condition that can lead to life-threatening systemic and pulmonary embolization. The use of thrombolysis may prove dangerous to the patient. Herein, we describe the emergency surgical management that contributed to a successful outcome in a 67-year-old man who ...
Szkutnik Malgorzata - - 2008
Rupture of the interventricular septum is an uncommon and often fatal complication of myocardial infarction. Herein, we report the successful deployment of the Amplatzer Multi-Fenestrated Septal Occluder-"Cribriform" (AGA Medical Corporation; Plymouth, Minn) during 2 procedures to close multiple postinfarction ventricular septal defects in a severely ill patient. We show that, ...
Martins Paula - - 2008
Transposition of the great arteries (TGA), also referred to as complete transposition, is a congenital cardiac malformation characterised by atrioventricular concordance and ventriculoarterial (VA) discordance. The incidence is estimated at 1 in 3,500-5,000 live births, with a male-to-female ratio 1.5 to 3.2:1. In 50% of cases, the VA discordance is ...
Hoover Loretta L LL Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Cardiovascular Developmental Biology Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. - - 2008
The importance of retinoid signaling during cardiac development has long been appreciated, but recently has become a rapidly expanding field of research. Experiments performed over 50 years ago showed that too much or too little maternal intake of vitamin A proved detrimental for embryos, resulting in a cadre of predictable ...
Bruch Leonhard - - 2008
Atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion in adult patients with advanced age and left or right heart diastolic or systolic heart failure and in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension bears a considerable risk of deterioration of heart failure. Therefore, we conducted this feasibility trial in 15 ASD patients with pulmonary hypertension ...
Raghuram Arani R - - 2008
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital cardiac anomaly. Even though surgery is the gold standard, percutaneous device closure is gaining popularity because of the short learning curve, cosmetic advantage and relative safety. The long-term implications are open to question. We report here two cases where surgical intervention was ...
Mullen Michael J - - 2007
Thousands of patients have had congenital defects of their intra-atrial septa successfully closed via percutaneous techniques in the cardiac catheterization laboratory for hemodynamic correction, stroke, migraine and decompression illness. However, currently available closure technologies leave a permanent cardiac implant in a relatively young patient population. As the first device incorporating ...
Janion Marianna M Swietokrzyskie Centrum Kardiologii, Kielce, Poland. - - 2007
Postinfarction intraventricular conduction defects lead to asynchronous activation of the myocardium. The aim of the current study is to evaluate contraction asynchrony in postinfarction patients with intraventricular conduction defects. A total of 158 patients 6 months postmyocardial infarction and 15 healthy subjects underwent echocardiography to evaluate atrioventricular, interventricular, intraventricular asynchrony, ...
Bonatti Johannes - - 2008
Surgical treatment of residual shunts after transcatheter occlusion of atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale is reported in approximately one to two percent of these percutaneous interventions. Minimally invasive surgery on the atrial septum is getting more and more common but little data is available on Amplatzer device explantation ...
Kaulfersch C - - 2007
Postinfarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare but fatal complication after myocardial infarction. Surgery for postinfarction VSD is considered the gold standard. However, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality, patient discomfort, need of cardiopulmonary bypass, sternotomy, and skin scarring. As a consequence, less invasive interventional techniques have ...
Dehghani Majid - - 2007
Surgical closure of ventricular septal defect is safe, however, the inherent risks associated with cardiopulmonary bypass and the potential early and late postsurgical complications including complete heart block, arrhythmias, postpericardiotomy syndrome, and rare deaths have led physicians to prefer transcatheter occlusion technique for closure of such defects. The use of ...
El-Sisi Amal Mahmoud - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A variety of transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) occluders are currently in use, the most commonly used device is the Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) yet there is no perfect device. The Helex Septal Occluder is a new device (by W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc.) designed to improve the results ...
Del Pasqua A - - 2008
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital heart defect. Associated lesions are uncommon, and the mortality rates can be as high as 54% during the first month of life. Two cases of severe Ebstein's anomaly with ventricular septal defect are described. It is speculated that this rare association, allowing adequate forward ...
Lemmer Julia - - 2007
Pulmonary hypertension was diagnosed in a former conjoined twin presenting with a ventricular septal defect, moderate congestive heart failure, and dyspnea with hypercapnia due to instable bony chest. He underwent successful corrective cardiac surgery and chest wall reconstruction at the age of 12 months. Subsequently, mechanical ventilation was performed for ...
Mau James - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: An ovine model of septal ablation was studied to elucidate the mechanisms involved in right ventricular failure when commencing left ventricular mechanical assistance. The disruption of ventricular interdependence after acute and chronic septal injury was examined. METHODS: Twelve sheep underwent percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation using 0.6 mL ethanol. ...
Jaffe Ronen - - 2007
Intraluminal filling defects are occasionally encountered on coronary angiography and often related with coronary thrombi. However, other conditions affecting the coronary arteries may present with similar angiographic findings causing diagnostic uncertainty. Accurate characterization of the angiographic filling defect is critical, particularly in patients planned for a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), ...
Jacobs Jeffrey P - - 2007
This review discusses the historical aspects, current state of the art, and potential future advances in the areas of nomenclature and databases for the analysis of outcomes of treatments for patients with congenitally malformed hearts. We will consider the current state of analysis of outcomes, lay out some principles which ...
Sulafa K M A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To describe the diagnosis, management and outcome of patients with congenital heart disease seen at Sudan Heart Centre. DESIGN: A prospective follow up of all patients diagnosed as congenital heart disease. SETTING: Sudan Heart Centre. SUBJECTS: All children and adults with congenital heart disease seen at Sudan Heart Centre ...
Brulotte Steeve - - 2007
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare defect of which recognition is critical because it can be associated with catastrophic outcomes. While some carriers of this condition may present with a lethal complication, most are asymptomatic, and the defect is found incidentally. The case of a 49-year-old woman is ...
Jesurum Jill T - - 2007
The objective of the study was to assess differences in proportion of large right-to-left shunt (RLS) and atrial septal characteristics between migraineurs and non-migraineurs referred for transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PF0). This retrospective study took place in a large metropolitan medical centre. The patients were migraineurs with aura ...
Patanè Francesco - - 2007
We present the case of a 59-year-old male, admitted to hospital for cardiogenic shock due to massive infero-lateral myocardial infarction. Angiography showed occlusion of the right coronary artery and widespread critical lesions of both the anterior descending and circumflex artery. Echocardiography showed inferior akinesia with a large posterior ventricular septal ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2008
Left ventricular-to-right atrial communications are rare types of ventricular septal defect known collectively as the Gerbode defect. These defects are usually congenital and they have also been reported after bacterial endocarditis and after acute myocardial infarction. Echocardiography is the most useful diagnostic method. We describe a case of echocardiographic diagnosis ...
Perez-David Esther - - 2007
Acute ventricular septal rupture is a high-risk complication of myocardial infarction. Although early surgical treatment improves the prognosis of this condition, hospital mortality after emergency surgery ranges from 10% to 60%. Transcatheter closure is an established method of treating selected congenital septal defects; less experience exists regarding its usefulness for ...
Kanter Kirk R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with aortic coarctation and ventricular septal defect (VSD) remains controversial. We reviewed our experience with coarctation and VSD from 2002 to 2006. METHODS: Three approaches were used to manage 36 consecutive infants with coarctation and VSD. Group I had staged coarctation repair with or without ...
Galindo A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and clinical significance of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) in fetuses with and without cardiac and extracardiac anomalies. METHODS: Charts and recorded images were reviewed from high-risk patients who underwent fetal echocardiography between January 2000 and December 2005. This retrospective study included 54 fetuses ...
Eng J B - - 2007
A 57 year old man presented with postinfarction ventricular septal infarct (VSD) a week after myocardial infarction and thrombolytic therapy. Coronary angiography confirmed double vessel disease. He underwent surgical repair of the VSD and coronary artery bypass grafting. Two days postoperatively, he deteriorated due to recurrence of VSD. Reoperation was ...
Fischer Gunther - - 2007
Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defects with the Amplatzer Membranous VSD Occluder has yielded promising initial results, but disturbances of conduction, including complete heart block, have been reported. We report our experience with the Amplatzer occluder in 35 patients with a median age 4.5 years, the defects being sized angiographically ...
Cakir Cayan - - 2007
Traumatic aorto-right ventricular fistulas are rare lesions after penetrating thoracic injuries. Although aorto-right ventricular fistulas are well tolerated initially, most of them result in heart failure over a variable period. Penetrating cardiac trauma cases often need prompt cardiac surgery that does not allow further and detailed imaging methods for early ...
Marin Liliana M - - 2007
The vertebral heart size (VHS) is used to objectively assess cardiac dimensions on thoracic radiographs. A high VHS suggest the presence of cardiac pathology, such as dilated cardiomyopathy, degenerative atrioventricular valvular disease, pericardial effusion, pericardioperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia, tricuspid dysplasia, ventricular septal defect, or patent ductus arteriosus, among others. However, breed ...
Martinez Matthew W - - 2007
Hemolytic anemia related to intracardiac prosthetic materials has been described. We describe a case of a 74-year-old female with a history of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy that had a postoperative ventricular septal defect closed with a muscular ventricular septal defect occluder. The device caused intractable hemolytic anemia that required surgical removal ...
Chehab Ghassan - - 2007
AIMS: To test on a large cohort whether parental consanguinity varies among different types of congenitally malformed hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1 May, 1999, and 28 February, 2006, a large cohort of 1585 newly diagnosed cases with non-syndromic congenitally malformed heart was enrolled at the National Register of Paediatric ...
Zacà Valerio - - 2008
We report the case of a 24-year-old man who underwent surgical repair of a sinus venosus atrial septal defect. Transthoracic echocardiograms performed on Day 3 and 6 after surgery demonstrated a very early cardiac remodeling with dramatic reduction of the right ventricular and atrial dimensions paralleled by an increase in ...
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