Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1826
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Gil S - - 2006
Coronary artery disease is rarely detected during labour and the puerperium. We report the case of a 31-year-old primigravida at 38 weeks of gestation with hypercholesterolaemia and a family history of coronary heart disease, who presented with septal acute myocardial infarction. We decided to perform a caesarean section under general ...
Yonga G O - - 2005
Post infarction ventricular septal defect results from perforation of the ventricular septum secondary to ischaemic injury following myocardial infarction. Ischaemic heart disease till recently was thought to be an uncommon disease in this part of the world, but now more and more cases are being seen as a result of ...
McCarthy Karen P - - 2005
Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defects has advanced rapidly with improvements in device designs. We review the morphology of ventricular septal defects in heart specimens for a closer look at the shapes, sizes, and proximity to important structures. The three main types of defects, perimembranous, muscular, doubly committed and juxta-arterial, ...
Bertrand Sylvie - - 2005
We report obstruction of the reconstructed left ventricular outflow tract diagnosed 18 months after an arterial switch operation that included closure of a ventricular septal defect. We speculate that either turbulences created by the patch used to close the ventricular septal defect, or postoperative modifications of ventricular geometry, were responsible ...
Hein Ralph - - 2005
Various transcatheter devices and methods to close congenital heart defects are currently available. Devices have been designed specifically for atrial septal defect (ASD), patent foramen ovale (PFO), and ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. The trend in interventional treatment of intracardiac shunts shows toward defect-specific systems. The PFO is a tunnel ...
Frishberg Yaacov - - 2006
Mutations in the gene NPHS2 encoding podocin are responsible for a recessive form of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). The common phenotype is of massive proteinuria in early childhood that tends to progress to end-stage renal failure. Extrarenal manifestations have not been described. Twenty-two children with SRNS from six unrelated Arab ...
Ramsdell Ann F - - 2005
Cellular and molecular left-right differences that are present in the mesodermal heart fields suggest that the heart is lateralized from its inception. Left-right asymmetry persists as the heart fields coalesce to form the primary heart tube, and overt, morphological asymmetry first becomes evident when the heart tube undergoes looping morphogenesis. ...
Carlson Karina M - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate a new technique of sizing atrial septal defects (ASDs) for transcatheter device closure. ASD closure using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) device is commonly performed. Complications, including arrhythmias, pericardial effusions, and perforations, may be related to oversizing ASDs and choosing larger devices. ...
Tan Christopher A - - 2005
Amplatzer ductal occluders were used for percutaneous closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects with associated ventricular septal aneurysm in three patients. The device was well positioned and the ventricular left-to-right shunt was significantly decreased in all three patients. The procedure was tolerated well without complications in each case.
Cook David J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac conduction defects occur after cardiac surgery. We hypothesized that population aging and increased use of beta-blockers would increase the incidence of new conduction defects after coronary surgery. METHODS: We examined the medical records of 800 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients (400 from 1991 and 400 from 2001). ...
Anil S R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Use of trancatheter device closure for membranous ventricular septal defect is still in evolving phase. We report the early and mid-term results of our experience with the new asymmetric Amplatzer membranous ventricular septal defect occluder. METHODS AND RESULTS: We attempted, transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect using asymmetric ...
Moodie Douglas S - - 2005
Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects has been employed increasingly in the past decade. This technique is now regarded as the treatment of choice for patients with appropriate atrial septal defects. Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) has undergone fewer clinical trials, even though VSDs are more common than ...
Sakata Yasuhiko - - 2006
CHF1/Hey2 null mice generated in different laboratories have discrepant cardiovascular phenotypes. To determine the effect of genetic background on phenotype, we backcrossed our knockout strain more than eight generations to the inbred strains BALB/c and C57BL/6. Knockout mice on these backgrounds showed disparate phenotypes. Mice on both backgrounds demonstrated ventricular ...
Suematsu Yoshihiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we tested 3 techniques of atrial septal defect closure under real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography guidance in a swine model. METHODS: The operations were conducted under the sole guidance of a modified real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography guidance system with a x4 matrix transducer (Sonos 7500, Philips Medical Systems, Andover, ...
Gaynor J William - - 2005
Electroencephalographic seizures have been shown to occur in 5% to 20% of neonates and infants after biventricular repair of a variety of cardiac defects. Occurrence of a seizure is a predictor of adverse long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae. The contemporary incidence of postoperative seizures after repair of cardiac defects such as hypoplastic ...
Mellander Mats - - 2005
Prenatal treatment options for fetal heart disease are still limited but pharmacological treatment of fetal tachyarrhythmias is usually effective. Prenatal catheter interventions are likely to be an option in selected fetal cardiac defects in the future. Delivery should be at a tertiary care centre if the need for immediate neonatal ...
Jacobs Jeffrey Phillip - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews the past year's literature on computerized outcomes analysis for congenital heart disease. RECENT FINDINGS: This review focuses on recent advances in four areas of computerized outcomes analysis for congenital heart disease: nomenclature, database, complexity adjustment, and data verification. A common nomenclature, along with a ...
Muller Lars - - 2005
We describe a 17-year-old male with a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD), who presented with acute myocardial ischemia. The presumptive diagnosis of a paradoxical coronary embolism was based on the demonstration of a large ASD in conjunction with normal coronary arteries, a negative endomyocardial biopsy, and a negative drug screen. ...
Minakata Kenji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic pediatric patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have a higher death rate (6% annually) compared with adults. Transaortic left ventricular septal myectomy provides excellent outcomes for adults with obstructive HCM. We sought to assess the effect of septal myectomy on late survival and outcome in pediatric patients with ...
Bjørnstad Per G - - 2005
We describe a 6-year-old boy with a right-sided heart part of the Kartagener syndrome, complicated by presence of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect. The defect was closed interventionally using the Amplatzer asymmetrical occluder for ventricular septal defects. The procedure was event-free. Non-operative closure of a ventricular septal defect in this ...
Cao Qi-Ling - - 2005
Over the last several years, intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has been employed successfully in guiding transcatheter device closure of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) or patent foramen ovale (PFO). Nothing is known regarding the use of ICE to guide catheter device closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (PMVSD). Twelve ...
Celiker Alpay - - 2005
Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) has been used as an alternative to open heart surgery. Although transcatheter closure of ASD with the Amplatzer septal occluder is a safe and feasible method in pediatric patients, there is little published data on arrhythmia analysis following transcatheter device closure of secundum ...
Carmody Brennan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Internal hernia (IH) is a technical complication of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) that can have severe consequences. Little has been written on characterizing this complication. Antecolic Roux limb passage has been suggested to be safe without defect closure. METHODS: The records of 785 patients who underwent LRYGBP (136 ...
Tatebe Shoh - - 2005
A 52-year-old female, with aortic insufficiency due to doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect (VSD) underwent a successful surgical repair by the Ross procedure. Preoperatively, she developed congestive heart failure because of less compliance to oral medication, raising concerns regarding life-threatening thromboembolism if she undergoes mechanical valve replacement. Despite the ...
Gosselink Martijn P - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the integrity of the anal sphincters after handsewn pouch-anal anastomosis performed with the help of a Scott retractor. For this purpose the anal sphincters were visualized with three-dimensional endoanal ultrasonography. METHODS: Patients undergoing a colonic pouch-anal anastomosis or an ileal ...
Troxclair Dana - - 2005
Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly in which the left atrium is divided into proximal (dorsal or upper) and distal (ventral or lower) chambers by a fibromuscular septum. The upper chamber receives the pulmonary veins and the lower chamber contains the atrial appendage and the mitral valve. The ...
Andrews R E - - 2006
To determine the accuracy of prenatal and postnatal echocardiography in delineating the degree of cardiac fusion, intracardiac anatomy (ICA), and ventricular function of 23 sets of conjoined twins with thoracic level fusion presenting to a single centre over a 20 year period. 13 thoracopagus, 5 thoraco-omphalopagus, and 5 parapagus pairs ...
Chiu Shuenn-Nan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most coronary artery fistulas were reported as congenital. Acquired coronary artery fistula occurring after cardiac surgery has rarely been reported. METHODS: From 1998 to 2003, 10 patients with coronary artery fistula detected by echocardiography after open heart surgery for congenital heart disease were included. Their ages ranged from 2 ...
Olson Jeff - - 2005
Ventricular septal defects do not typically result in a continuous murmur. The only previously reported case involved a congenital ventricular septal defect. We report a case of an acquired ventricular septal defect following a large anterior myocardial infarction resulting in a continuous murmur. The continUous nature was confirmed both with ...
Sivadasan Pillai Harikrishnan - - 2005
Long-term survival is rare in patients not undergoing surgery after post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal rupture. We report our experience of seven patients out of 27, who did not undergo surgery and were followed up for a mean period of 2.8 years. They were evaluated after a mean period of 2.2 ...
AboulHosn Jamil - - 2005
Electron beam angiography (EBA) provides excellent anatomic imaging in patients with congenital heart disease and may be useful in the assessment of atrial septal defects (ASDs). We present four patients with an ASD who were considered for percutaneous closure and underwent EBA for measurement of defect size and assessment of ...
Abd El Rahman M Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of surgical and device closure of atrial septal defects on atrial and ventricular performance assessed by the novel tissue Doppler derived strain rate. BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of transcatheter closures, there is no information comparing the effect of the transcatheter closure technique on atrial ...
Faber L - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: In late 1997, the German Cardiac Society set up a multicenter registry to evaluate the acute and mid-term course of all patients (pts.) treated with septal ablation for symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). An analysis of the acute results has already been published. We now report on the mid-term ...
De Oliveira Nilto C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize morphology and to evaluate a strategy of using biventricular repair in patients with a small right ventricle and an unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect. METHODS: Thirty-eight children with a small right ventricle and an atrioventricular septal defect underwent operative therapy. Thirty-two had biventricular repair, and 6 ...
Horiuchi Keisuke - - 2005
Defects in heart development are the most common congenital abnormalities in humans, providing a strong incentive to learn more about the underlying causes. Previous studies have implicated the metalloprotease-disintegrins ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) 17 and 19 as well as heparin binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) and neuregulins in heart ...
Blom N A - - 2005
It is generally considered that the development of secundum atrial septal defect (ASDII) or oval fossa defect is the result of excessive resorption of the embryological atrial septum primum, but this does not seem to explain all defects. We investigated 58 postmortem hearts with an ASDII and 22 normal hearts ...
Ellis Christopher R - - 2005
The clinical presentation of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) is exceptionally diverse. Operated, unoperated acyanotic, and cyanotic patients often have similar physiologic characteristics, and thus shared clinical symptomatology. Five illustrative cases are included to highlight important considerations in the diagnosis and management of ACHD. This article focuses on epidemiology, ...
Rocha-e-Silva Roberto - - 2005
We present the case of an asymptomatic 31-year-old man with perimembranous ventricular septal defect and aortic insufficiency due to a prolapsed right cusp. The ventricular septal defect was corrected with the rotation of the right cusp, and the Ross procedure was performed for the aortic insufficiency. The patient had an ...
Cui Jianhua - - 2005
Extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds may be useful as a tissue engineering approach toward myocardial regeneration in the infarcted heart. An appropriate large-animal model for testing the utility of biologically derived ECM in this application is needed. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model for optimal procedural ...
Rahman Abdul - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is common cause of death in developed as well as developing countries. The most common cause of Ischemic Heart disease is narrowing of coronary arteries, a process called as atherosclerosis. The objective of the present study is to determine the pattern of ischemic changes detected by technetium ...
Wackers Frans J Th - - 2005
It is a great honor and privilege to present the Third Annual Mario S. Verani, MD, Memorial Lecture. Mario Verani (1943-2001) will be remembered foremost for his major contributions to the field of nuclear cardiology (Figure 1). For instance, he was one of the first investigators to recognize that fixed ...
Ayabakan Canan - - 2005
The clinical, echocardiographic and angiographic aspects of a four-month-old boy with double-outlet left ventricle, atrioventricular discordance, L-malposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis are described. Additionally, in this patient, the right arcus aorta and the ligament of ductus arteriosus caused anterior compression of the trachea. The ...
Jux Christian - - 2005
The Cardioseal/Starflex septal occluder is usually deployed through a long transvenous sheath for closure of atrial septal defects, persistent foramen ovale, and, less commonly, ventricular septal defects. We describe two patients with residual left-to-right shunting after surgical palliation of congenital heart defects and illustrate the successful use of the double-umbrella ...
Kim Hyun Koo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography and follow-up transthoracic echocardiography have been useful in assessing cardiac function in complete atrioventricular septal defects. However, it has been suggested that a discrepancy exists between intraoperative and postoperative findings, and that intraoperative findings cannot reliably predict long-term results. This study aims to determine whether this ...
Thilén U - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Study aimed to describe the extent and the temporal profile of cardiac remodeling after atrial septal defect closure in the adult. METHODS: Prospective and longitudinal echocardiographic assessment of right and left heart size before and after (1 day-1 week/1/4/12 months) surgical or catheter-based atrial septal closure in 39 adults ...
Baysal Tamer - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The myocardial performance index (MPI) measures the ratio of isovolumic time intervals to ventricular ejection time. The effects of altered ventricular preload or afterload on MPI have yet to be determined. This study was designed to determine the impact of altered preload on left and right ventricular myocardial performance ...
Gott Vincent L - - 2005
The dawn of open-heart surgery occurred at the University of Minnesota on September 2, 1952, when Dr John Lewis and his surgical team closed an atrial septal defect using total-body hypothermia and inflow stasis. Eighteen months later on March 26, 1954, Dr C. Walton Lillehei and his surgical team used ...
Tanaka Seiya - - 2005
It has been reported that most patients with untreated tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) die by the time they reach adulthood. We report the case of a 72-year-old female diagnosed by echocardiography and cardiac cathetherization as having TOF and diagnosed at birth with a ventricular septal defect (VSD). During childhood, she ...
Syamasundar Rao P - - 2005
In this review, the clinical features and management of most commonly encountered acyanotic, left-to-right shunt lesions are discussed. Patients with small defects, especially in childhood, are usually asymptomatic while moderate to large defects in infancy may present with symptoms. Hyperdynamic precordium, widely split and fixed second heart sound, ejection systolic ...
Vida Vladimiro L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Congenital cardiac disease is the greatest cause of death in patients with Down's syndrome during the first two years of life, with from two-fifths to two-thirds of those with Down's syndrome also having congenital cardiac malformations. The lesions within the heart can be single or multiple. Our objective was ...
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