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Hubbard Bradley L - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We want to know whether a low B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level, obtained shortly after presentation and independent of information provided by other clinical findings and laboratory tests, would affect management decisions for emergency department (ED) patients with nondiagnostic troponin levels. Previous studies have generally been retrospective or ...
Konopka Anna - - 2010
This study was designed to check the properties of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) as a new marker of myocardial necrosis. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In one hundred and four patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), plasma human HGF (hHGF) concentrations were assessed twice, i.e. just after admission to hospital and 24 ...
Karakili? Evvah - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a peptide, which has recently been used in the differential diagnosis and follow-up of patients with heart failure. Our aim in the present prospective and diagnostic designed study is to investigate the role of BNP in determining the etiology of dyspnea and to evaluate ...
Mustonen Erja - - 2010
Thrombospondins are matrix proteins linked to extracellular matrix remodelling but their precise role in the heart is not known. In this study, we characterised left ventricular thrombospondin-1 and -4 expression in rats treated with a beta-blocker metoprolol during the remodelling process in response to pressure overload and acute myocardial infarction. ...
Neyou Ariane - - 2011
A modestly increased plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level of greater than 80 pg/mL has been associated with increased mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the prognostic significance of larger increases in BNP during STEMI has not been reported. A total of 420 patients with STEMI ...
Morrow David A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We designed a prospective evaluation of the interaction between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the effect of ranolazine in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) as part of a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial. BACKGROUND: Ranolazine is believed to exert anti-ischemic effects by reducing myocardial sodium and calcium overload and ...
Corte T J - - 2010
Elevated pulmonary vascular resistance portends a poor prognosis across interstitial lung disease (ILD), irrespective of the histospecific diagnosis. Currently, no noninvasive surrogate prognostic marker exists. We explore the prognostic value of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiography across ILD. ILD patients with BNP concentrations performed during 2005-2007 were reviewed (n ...
Raedle-Hurst Tanja M - - 2010
The usefulness of natriuretic peptides to assess myocardial function in patients with a systemic morphological right ventricle is still unclear. In this report we describe the clinical course of a young woman with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) who suffered from a progressive deterioration of myocardial function ...
Dimitroulas Theodoros - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary complications are common in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). We assessed cardiac involvement in patients with SSc using echocardiography and investigated the association of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) with echocardiographic measures of myocardial function in sera of patients with SSc who had no ...
Limongelli Giuseppe - - 2010
We sought to analyze the prevalence, clinical course, and risk profile of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in adolescents with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Patients with clinical onset at <13 years (n = 18) or >19 years (n = 14) of age and/or patients followed up for <12 months were excluded. Clinical ...
Yamashita Teruyo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The expanding role of cardiac markers - cytosolic [heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) and creatine kinase MB (CK-MB)], myofibril [troponin T (TnT)], and cardio-endocrine [N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)] - has been clarified in patients with acute coronary syndrome and those with heart failure. However, these applications for early ...
Stolker Joshua M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiographic tissue Doppler indices (TDI) predict elevated filling pressures, but few data exist comparing these methods while adjusting for clinical variables. We hypothesized that BNP would provide incremental value for estimating left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). METHODS: Clinical data, echocardiograms, and BNP levels were ...
Wang Hsien-Kuo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of cardiac ultrasound in diagnosing acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with acute dyspnea with available plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level. METHODS: Patients with acute dyspnea presenting to the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary medical center were ...
Dronavalli Vamsidhar B - - 2010
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is elevated in subarachnoid haemorrhage, brainstem death (BSD) and heart failure. We examined the relationship between NT-proBNP and cardiac functional status after BSD and left ventricular (LV) BNP precursor gene expression. We assayed NT-proBNP in the serum of potential heart donors investigated with pulmonary artery ...
Haeck Joost D E - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to determine the prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP), among other serum biomarkers, on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging parameters of cardiac function and infarct size in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We measured NT-pro-BNP, ...
Feola M - - 2010
This study compared two different methods, namely the immunoradiometric (IRMA) and fluorimetric (FIA), in order to determine plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients. CHF in-patients underwent echocardiography and plasma BNP determination using both two methods. The echocardiograms analysed left ventricular end-systolic (LVESV) and end-diastolic (LVEDV) ...
Tsai Shih-Hung - - 2010
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) have been found to be useful markers in differentiating acute dyspneic patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) and emerged as potent prognostic markers for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The best-established and widely used clinical application of BNP and NT-proBNP testing is for the emergent ...
Voipio H-M - - 2010
According to the European recommendations rodents should be provided with a nest box if there is insufficient nesting material to build a complete, covered nest. Rats are generally poor nest builders; hence an additional structure is needed. Optimally, housing refinement may be combined with better science; at least it should ...
Scolletta S - - 2010
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) is a peptide released from myocardium in response to ventricular wall stress and dysfunction. Nt-proBNP plasma levels are elevated in a variety of cardiovascular disorders and are largely used for diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases. The cardiac cycle efficiency (CCE) is a haemodynamic variable ...
Tavli Vedide - - 2010
Coarctation of the aorta is associated with increased risk for hypertension in adulthood, despite successful repair. The intrinsic mechanisms underscoring hypertension and left ventricular performance in these patients, however, remains to be determined. Our objective was to evaluate left ventricular performance by means of echocardiographic and biochemical parameters at midterm ...
Roubille F - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the long-term prognostic value of an easy-to-do multiple cardiac biomarkers score after a revascularized acute myocardial infarction (MI) in order to evaluate a multimarker approach to risk stratification, based on routine biomarkers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood samples from 138 patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction and successfully ...
Kasner Mario - - 2011
Conventional echocardiography has limited accuracy in detecting diastolic dysfunction and NT-proBNP is known to be a reliable biomarker to rule out heart failure. Therefore NT-proBNP on top to conventional mitral flow Doppler might improve the diagnostic of diastolic dysfunction in patients with heart failure despite normal EF (HFNEF) without using ...
Dini Frank Lloyd - - 2010
AIMS: This study was designed to ascertain whether the combination of Doppler assessment of the ratio of mitral blood flow to myocardial early diastolic velocities (E/E(m) ratio) and plasma N-terminal pro-type B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) testing is useful to better stratify patients with stable systolic heart failure (HF). METHODS AND ...
Bhat Geetha - - 2010
We report a case of elevated B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) without volume overload in a left ventricular assist device patient with a subdural hematoma and cerebral salt wasting syndrome suggesting a noncardiac etiology for BNP elevation.
Jaubert Marie-Perrine - - 2010
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left atrial volume index (LAVi) are used as surrogate measures for global myocardial function and are recommended for the diagnosis of heart failure with normal ejection fraction. Little is known, however, about predictors in patients with preserved systolic function. To identify factors that influence the ...
Walter Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) and Midregional-pro-Adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) predict mortality of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Comparison of the prognostic values of NT-proBNP and MR-proADM to predict long-term adverse clinical events (AE) after AMI has not been evaluated yet. METHODS: 30 patients with AMI were enrolled into this prospective study. Measurements ...
McCullough Peter A - - 2010
Measurable B-type natriuretic peptides (BNPs), which are largely produced by the left ventricle, include BNP and N-terminal prohormone BNP (NT-proBNP). These proteins are released by cardiomyocytes in response to wall tension and neurohumoral signals, and are established tools in the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure (HF). We identified 32 ...
Prondzinsky Roland - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (CS) are often treated with intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation (IABP), even though the evidence to support this is limited. We determined whether IABP as an addition to PCI-centered therapy ameliorates multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in patients ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2010
Left ventricular systolic time intervals, including pre-ejection period (PEP), ejection time (ET), and their ratio (PEP/ET), is determined by systolic and diastolic function and ventriculo-arterial coupling. We investigated the usefulness of the electromechanical activation time [(EMAT) PEP minus isovolumic contraction time] in the prediction of cardiac mortality or re-hospitalization for ...
Nellessen Ulrich - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy to the mediastinum and breast can be associated with cardiac complications. Cardiac damage may manifest early during radiation therapy or occur late, years after radiation therapy has been finished. HYPOTHESIS: Myocardial damage is associated with the release of both troponin I (TnI) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). ...
Zhu Zhenhua - - 2010
The serum proteins creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CKMB) and cardiac troponin T are classic biomarkers of cardiac ischemic damage in clinical practice, which can sensitively detect myocardial necrosis, while other two serum proteins, ischemia-modified albumin and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), have been recently identified as novel biomarkers of myocardial ...
Nazerian Peiman - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Echocardiography is a fundamental tool in the diagnosis of acute left ventricular heart failure (aLVHF). However, a consultative exam is not routinely available in every emergency department (ED). The authors investigated the diagnostic performance of emergency Doppler echocardiography (EDecho) performed by emergency physicians (EPs) for the diagnosis of aLVHF ...
Kozelj Mirta - - 2010
There is predominate opinion among physicians managing type 1 Gauchers' disease (GD) that cardiac involvement is not an issue in these patients. In order to follow this hypothesis, we prospectively investigated 15 adult imiglucerase-treated type 1 GD patients by echocardiography, Doppler, and tissue Doppler echocardiography. This was a case-controlled study ...
Koch M - - 2010
AIMS: The B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has become increasingly important as a diagnostic and prognostic method for cardiovascular disease or death. To our knowledge no prospective studies exist to evaluate the value of baseline BNP and baseline heart failure as predictors of overall death in incident rather than prevalent hemodialysis ...
Luchner Andreas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: N-terminal-pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a useful cardiac marker that is also influenced by renal dysfunction. It was our objective to assess the relationship between NT-proBNP concentrations in plasma and worsening renal function, and to attempt adjustment of NT-proBNP for renal dysfunction in a prospective, stratified multi-center study. ...
Magnusson Martin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of left ventricular systolic (LVSD) and diastolic (LVDD) dysfunction, and to test if BNP and urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) are related to LVSD, LVD and left ventricular mass (LVM) in asymptomatic type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: Presence of ...
Urbanova D - - 2010
Late cardiac complications in cancer survivors may develop from subclinical myocardial damage. Biochemical correlates of minimal myocardial changes can be analyzed using a commercially available rapid assay. Biomarkers are considered more sensitive markers of subclinical cardiotoxicity than conventional electrocardiographic and echocardiographic methods. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Kruszewski Kirsten - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Elevated left ventricular filling pressure after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be identified using clinical assessment, echocardiography, and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. All of these predict outcome in this setting. There are, however, no data assessing their relative prognostic value. The current study addresses this. METHODS: Four hundred ...
Kremastinos Dimitrios Th - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Beta-thalassemia major is a unique disease characterized by early diastolic dysfunction, related exclusively to iron myocardial deposition. N-terminal-proBNP(amino-terminal) (NT-proBNP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are sensitive biomarkers for the detection of asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and they have important diagnostic and prognostic implications. Using beta-thalassemia as a model ...
Amin Osama S M - - 2010
Ischaemic stroke syndromes in the vascular territory of middle cerebral artery may have atypical presentation and radiographic findings because of the variable anatomy of that artery. Therefore, misdiagnosis of these syndromes as neoplastic or infectious processes is not uncommon. This case describes a 69-year-old comatose woman who was referred to ...
Palazzuoli A - - 2010
For patients presenting with acute dyspnea, an incorrect diagnosis could increase the mortality risk. When used in the evaluation of patients with acute symptoms, brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (BNP and NT-proBNP, respectively) testing is highly sensitive for the diagnosis or exclusion of acute or chronic decompensated ...
Garcia-Alvarez Ana - - 2010
Chagas disease remains a major cause of mortality in several countries of Latin America and has become a potential public health problem in non-endemic countries as a result of migration flows. Cardiac involvement represents the main cause of mortality, but its diagnosis is still based on nonspecific criteria with poor ...
Vaes Bert - - 2010
In the elderly the diagnosis of chronic heart failure is often challenging and the availability of echocardiography can be limited. Plasma levels of NT-proBNP are valuable tools to diagnose patients with heart failure. However, the performance of this biomarker to detect cardiac abnormalities in the very elderly remains unclear. The ...
Surdacki Andrzej A 2nd Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - - 2010
To assess endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) counts, a novel prognostic marker, in relation to classical adverse outcome predictors - N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), impaired left ventricular (LV) relaxation and exercise-induced ischemia - in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) with preserved LV systolic function. We studied 30 non-diabetic men with ...
George Isaac I Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, - - 2010
The effects of exogenous B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) on postmyocardial infarction (MI) are not known. We tested the hypothesis that in vivo infusion of BNP would improve cardiac function and affect left ventricular (LV) remodeling in an experimental model of MI. MI was induced by coronary ligation in rats and ...
Masutani Satoshi - - 2009
Device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is sometimes followed by elevation of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), a marker of heart failure, and progression to heart failure. This study tested the hypothesis that the underlying diastolic dysfunction, assessed on tissue Doppler images (TDI) before device closure, can predict BNP ...
Matsumoto Mika - - 2010
Cytokines play important roles in heart failure (HF). We examined whether cytokine levels are different in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients between with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSDF) and with preserved LV ejection function (PLVEF). We studied 81 HF patients who were admitted to our hospital with acute decompensation. ...
Gould Paul A - - 2010
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is associated with elevated levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). The exact cardiac source and implications of this are currently unknown, as are the effects of left atrial ablation on cardiac BNP release. We sought to investigate BNP levels at different cardiac sites in PAF patients ...
Nishikimi T - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)-32 and proBNP-108 are increased in heart failure (HF) and that the BNP-32 assay kit in current clinical use cross-reacts with proBNP-108. We investigated why proBNP is increased without processing in HF was investigated. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2010
In aortic stenosis (AS), the increased afterload results in progressive structural and functional changes that precede the development of symptoms. We hypothesized that the detection of abnormalities in left ventricular long-axis function could identify patients with asymptomatic AS at increased risk of events. We prospectively examined the outcome of 126 ...
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