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Results 401 - 450 of 681
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Schröder R - - 1989
To evaluate the impact of late reperfusion of an infarct-related coronary artery on left ventricular (LV) function in the month after myocardial infarction, findings from 368 patients in the Intravenous Streptokinase in Myocardial Infarction study are presented. All patients had a late peaking in the creatine kinase-MB serum time-activity curve, ...
Schneeweiss A - - 1989
We studied the hemodynamic effect of a single dose of the new direct-acting vasodilator, flosequinan, in 25 patients with severe acute-onset heart failure complicating acute myocardial infarction, which was resistant to high doses of diuretics, nitrates and dobutamine given intravenously. Flosequinan was added to conventional therapy within 3.7 +/- 0.8 ...
Singh R B - - 1989
Aluminium phosphide (ALP) a major suicidal agent in the developing countries is freely available as grain fumigant. It is highly toxic to lungs, heart and blood vessels causing pulmonary oedema, shock and arrhythmias. There is massive focal myocardial damage resulting in raised cardiac enzymes. Clinical manifestations were nausea and vomiting ...
Rentrop K P - - 1989
The change in left ventricular ejection fraction from preintervention to predischarge was prospectively assessed in 393 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Within 12 h of symptom onset (mean 6.3 +/- 2.7 h), patients were randomly assigned to a double-blind intracoronary infusion of streptokinase, nitroglycerin, both streptokinase and nitroglycerin or conventional ...
Schneeweiss A - - 1989
We studied the hemodynamic effect of a single dose of the new direct-acting vasodilator, flosequinan, in 18 patients with severe heart failure of acute onset complicating acute myocardial infarction, which was resistant to high doses of diuretics, nitrates and dobutamine given intravenously. Flosequinan was added to conventional therapy at 3.5 ...
Reynolds T R - - 1989
This study investigates whether the addition of magnesium to a hyperkalemic cardioplegic solution containing 0.1 mM ionized calcium improves myocardial preservation, and whether there is an optimal magnesium concentration in this solution. Isolated perfused rat hearts were arrested for two hours by this cardioplegic solution, which was fully oxygenated and ...
Touchstone D A - - 1989
This study tested the hypothesis that reperfusion therapy might provide benefit at two levels: 1) by arresting infarct migration at the endocardial level, such that partial or complete recovery of regional function occurs; and 2) if the former is not achieved, by preventing complete or near complete transmural migration and ...
Rizzon P - - 1989
Fatty acids accumulate in the muscle cells in some carnitine deficiency syndromes due to a variety of genetic defects in intermediary metabolism. L-Carnitine administration may relieve this excess by transporting acyl compounds out of the cell as acylcarnitine. Similar fatty acid accumulation occurs during myocardial ischaemia because of the decreased ...
Verheugt F W - - 1989
Between September 1, 1986, and December 31, 1987, sixty-four consecutive patients younger than 70 years, with early (less than 4 hours) symptoms and signs of myocardial infarction, were treated with 1.5 million units streptokinase intravenously in the emergency room (ER group) before admission to the coronary care unit. Data from ...
White H D - - 1989
Thrombolysis is well established as effective therapy in AMI. Two thrombolytic agents, streptokinase and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), are now widely available for clinical use. These agents have different effects, and there has been considerable debate as to which is superior. Both are effective in preserving myocardial function and reducing ...
Jugdutt B I - - 1989
Evidence of acute infarct expansion and the frequency of the acute infarct expansion syndrome (acute infarct dilatation and thinning associated with hypotension and left ventricular failure but no evidence of new necrosis) occurring at two days or more after a first acute Q-wave myocardial infarction were studied using serial two-dimensional ...
Sheehan J - - 1989
Data pertinent to the role of magnesium deficits in coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction are reviewed. Results of clinical, laboratory and epidemiologic studies indicate an association between magnesium deficiency and a poor prognostic outcome in patients who have had myocardial infarction. It therefore appears to be a reasonable prophylactic ...
Gottlieb S S - - 1989
There are many reasons to expect magnesium deficiency in patients with chronic congestive heart failure. Medical therapy, neurohormonal activation and decreased dietary intake could all contribute to low concentrations of serum and muscle magnesium. Although the ideal serum level of this electrolyte is not known, multiple studies have documented lower ...
Hollifield J W - - 1989
Clinical and investigational evidence has proved an association between thiazide-induced electrolyte imbalances and ventricular arrhythmias. It is hypothesized that this increases the potential for sudden unexplained death. Elderly hypertensive patients are at particular risk because of their tendency to have significantly depressed serum magnesium levels, which decrease even further when ...
Bassand J P - - 1989
Two hundred thirty-one patients with a first acute myocardial infarction were randomly allocated within 5 h after the onset of symptoms either to treatment with anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC), 30 U over 5 min, or to conventional heparin therapy, 5,000 IU in a bolus injection. Heparin was reintroduced ...
Wackers F J - - 1989
In Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Phase I,290 patients with acute myocardial infarction were randomized to either intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) or intravenous streptokinase. Two hundred twenty-nine patients had radionuclide ventriculograms at discharge for assessment of global and regional left ventricular ejection fraction. Among these 229 patients 185 ...
White H D - - 1989
In a double-blind trial comparing two thrombolytic agents as treatment for acute myocardial infarction, we randomized 270 consecutive patients an average (+/- SD) of 2.5 +/- 0.6 hours after the onset of chest pain from a first myocardial infarction--135 to receive intravenous streptokinase (1.5 million units over 30 minutes) and ...
Seaberg D C - - 1989
A 72-year-old woman with acute myocardial infarction underwent intravenous streptokinase therapy following an unsuccessful attempt at right subclavian vein catheterization. Three hours after initiation of therapy, chest radiograph revealed a markedly elevated right hemidiaphragm. Subsequent computed tomography and fluoroscopy of the chest revealed paralysis of the phrenic nerve by hematoma. ...
Gordon I - - 1989
Over a six-month study in general practice 43 patients were identified whose presenting symptom was chest pain thought to be cardiac in origin. The median time from the onset of pain to the general practitioner attending was 60 minutes. On the basis of history, examination and initial electrocardiogram these patients ...
al Khateeb H - - 1989
79 consecutive patients with documented acute myocardial infarction were admitted. 29 of these patients underwent early cardiac catheterisation, coronary arteriography and intracoronary streptokinase injection usually in response to post-myocardial infarction angina. Satisfactory reperfusion occurred in 80% of the patients with the least morbidity and mortality rate compared with medically anticoagulation ...
Greco R - - 1989
A randomized, single-blind controlled study intended to assess the potential benefits of intravenous amiodarone in anterior myocardial infarction is presented. Three hundred nineteen patients entered the study, 159 received amiodarone infusion, and 160 received glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusion. Basal characteristics were similar in the two experimental groups, who were randomized on ...
Vogel J H - - 1988
The efficacy of intravenous streptokinase in the initial management of acute myocardial infarction was evaluated over a 6-year period in 130 patients admitted to 3 community hospitals. Most patients were admitted within 2 hours of onset of symptoms and received 1.5 million units of streptokinase over a 30- to 60-minute ...
Lee K J - - 1988
We tested the hypothesis that preservation of left ventricular function results from treatment with intravenous streptokinase given in the first 2 hours from onset of acute transmural myocardial infarction together with nitroglycerine and verapamil. Thirty-three consecutive patients with onset of pain less than 2 hours prior to admission, received intravenous ...
de Nooijer R C - - 1988
The acute effects on left ventricular function of nisoldipine were studied in six patients 56 +/- 12 hours (range 44 to 72 hours) after the onset of uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. Nisoldipine was administered as a 4.5 micrograms/kg intravenous bolus over 3 minutes followed by an infusion of 0.2 microgram/kg ...
Rasmussen H S - - 1988
Central hemodynamic parameters were registered by right-side heart catheterization before and after intravenous administration of 12 mmol magnesium chloride (MgCl) in 15 patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and heart failure, New York Heart Association classes II and III. Serum magnesium concentrations increased from 0.76 +/- 0.03 (mean +/- SD) ...
Cohen L - - 1988
Two groups of patients with multifocal atrial tachycardia (MAT) were treated with the intramuscular and continuous intravenous magnesium sulphate regimens used in pre-eclampsia. Both routes of administration were successful in causing reversion to sinus rhythm but the intramuscular regimen, by attaining a higher and more sustained serum magnesium concentration, converted ...
Aksut S V - - 1988
Previous reports have shown that TI-201 myocardial imaging with either an oral or intravenous administration of dipyridamole is a suitable diagnostic examination for patients at risk for coronary artery disease who cannot perform treadmill exercise. To compare the incidence of complications associated with these two routes of drug administration, the ...
Bigi A - - 1988
X-ray diffraction, i.r. absorption, and chemical analyses have been carried out on the mineral deposits of calcified human mitral valves and glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine aortic grafts. The mineral deposits isolated from highly calcified mitral valves and porcine aortic grafts are constituted of type B-carbonate apatite. Magnesium substituted beta-tricalcium phosphate is present, ...
Hackworthy R A - - 1988
The angiographic films of 240 patients with acute myocardial infarction were studied in a randomized trial of intravenous anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) versus intracoronary streptokinase therapies. The interobserver variability of grading coronary artery perfusion by the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Study Group (TIMI) criteria was measured as well ...
Meinertz T - - 1988
A multicenter randomized trial of anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) versus heparin in patients with acute myocardial infarction of less than 4 hours' duration was undertaken in 19 hospitals. Of the 313 patients, 151 received heparin and 162 APSAC (30 U as intravenous injection). Within 28 days of hospital ...
Natarajan D - - 1988
Forty-five consecutive patients with transmural anterior acute myocardial infarction were prospectively studied to determine the effect of intravenous streptokinase on the incidence of left ventricular thrombi. Three patients died. The remaining patients were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 patients (n = 22) received 750,000 units of intravenous streptokinase within ...
Ruda MYa - - 1988
On the basis of the positive results of recent experimental research, a clinical trial of phosphocreatine (Neoton) was carried out in 60 randomized patients with acute myocardial infarction (30 patients in the Neoton group and 30 patients in the control group). Neoton was given intravenously not later than 6 hours ...
Martin G V - - 1988
The Western Washington Intravenous Streptokinase Trial randomized 368 patients with acute myocardial infarction to receive either intravenous streptokinase or standard therapy. The ventriculograms and coronary angiograms obtained in 170 patients 10.4 +/- 7.4 days after infarction were analyzed to evaluate the effects of thrombolytic therapy on global and regional systolic ...
Bonnier H J - - 1988
Coronary angiography was used to compare the efficacy of anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) administered intravenously and streptokinase given by intracoronary infusion in inducing reperfusion in patients with a proven acute myocardial infarction. Forty-two patients received 30 U of APSAC intravenously over 5 minutes and 43 patients received 250,000 ...
Rasmussen H S - - 1988
Recent studies have shown that patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are magnesium-deficient and develop an additional transient decrease in serum magnesium concentrations (S-Mg c) during the acute phase of the infarct. Animal experiments, as well as studies on humans, have indicated that the acute decrease in S-Mg c as ...
Abraham A S - - 1988
This paper summarizes the evidence that magnesium and potassium ions play a vital role in the generation of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with acute myocardial infarction. In particular, the protective role of magnesium is stressed. Patients with acute myocardial infarction treated prophylactically with magnesium intravenously for the first 24 hours ...
Sorber W A - - 1988
A palpable, purpuric, nonpruritic eruption occurred in a 64-year-old man nine days after he received intravenous streptokinase therapy, which was successful in treating acute myocardial infarction. Perivascular mononuclear and eosinophilic infiltration was noted on routine staining of skin biopsy specimens: immune complexes, fibrin, and complement deposition in the skin microvasculature ...
Morse H G - - 1988
To determine whether intravenous streptokinase can be delivered safely and effectively in a community hospital without acute angiography, we treated 120 patients with intravenous infusion of 1.5 million units of streptokinase shortly after arrival in the emergency room. Average time from onset of pain to treatment was 2.7 hours. Therapy ...
Anderson J L - - 1988
The recent establishment of a firm therapeutic role for reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction has stimulated interest in the development of more ideal thrombolytic agents. Anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) is a new plasminogen activator possessing properties that are promising for intravenous thrombolytic application in acute myocardial infarction. To ...
O'Neill W W - - 1988
Single-plane contrast ventriculography was performed on admission and before hospital discharge in more than 200 patients with acute myocardial infarction participating in a series of prospective clinical trials including intracoronary streptokinase, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and thrombolysis (intravenous rt-PA or streptokinase) followed by PTCA. ...
Bennett J M JM Department of Medicine, University of - - 1988
The safety and efficacy of streptokinase (STK) (Kabikinase; Keatings) in restoring vessel patency in 70 patients with acute myocardial infarction are reported. Return of vessel patency occurred more frequently (76%) in patients receiving STK than in patients in a control group (12%) (P = 0.001). The main complication was bleeding, ...
Natarajan D - - 1988
To assess the relative efficacy of coronary thrombolysis using intracoronary versus intravenous streptokinase, 32 patients with acute myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to receive intracoronary (n = 17) and intravenous streptokinase (n = 15). All patients underwent selective coronary arteriography before and after administration of streptokinase by either route within ...
Richardson S G - - 1988
One hundred and eighty-eight patients with evolving acute myocardial infarction were treated with intravenous streptokinase. Serial 12-lead electrocardiograms were recorded for 3 hours after treatment and inspected for rapid repolarization changes of the ST segment and T wave. Abrupt electrocardiographic repolarization changes were observed in 106 patients (56%) and were ...
Horowitz J D - - 1988
The vasodilator effects of nitroglycerin (NTG) are mediated via activation of guanylate cyclase; this process is believed to require the availability of free sulfhydryl groups. Previous studies in man have shown that the sulfhydryl donor N-acetylcysteine (NAC) potentiates the systemic and coronary vasodilator effects of NTG. Furthermore, interaction of NTG ...
Ritchie J L - - 1988
The Western Washington Intravenous Streptokinase in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial randomized 368 patients with symptoms and signs of acute myocardial infarction of less than 6 h duration to either conventional care or 1.5 million units of intravenous streptokinase. The mean time to randomization was 209 min and 52% of patients ...
Epplin J J - - 1988
To determine the safety and efficacy of the use of intravenous streptokinase in a 110-bed rural community hospital, we studied 28 consecutive patients with clinical and ECG evidence of acute myocardial infarction. Twenty (74 percent) of the 27 patients who had cardiac catheterization after treatment with intravenous streptokinase were found ...
Vlay S C - - 1988
To assess the safety of combined intervention in acute myocardial infarction, a pilot study of thrombolysis and beta-adrenergic blockade was performed. Twenty-five subjects were randomized to therapy with intravenous (IV) metoprolol and IV streptokinase (group 1) or to IV metoprolol (group 2) alone. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed before intervention and ...
de Zwaan C - - 1988
The activity of alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, creatine kinase MB and aspartate aminotransferase was measured on serial plasma samples from patients with acute myocardial infarction. The study was part of a multicentre randomised trial of the effect of thrombolytic treatment in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction. The applicability ...
Kennedy J W - - 1988
Three hundred sixty-eight patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous streptokinase (IVSK) (n = 191) or standard therapy (n = 177) to determine the efficacy of IVSK in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. The mean time to treatment was 3.5 hr. At 14 days there were 12 deaths in ...
Ellis V M - - 1988
Plasma magnesium concentrations were monitored daily in 86 patients who were admitted to a coronary care unit with a provisional diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-six patients had suffered a myocardial infarction, while the remainder had angina or non-cardiac chest pain. Magnesium levels were also obtained daily for five consecutive ...
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