Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1444
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Yang Yue-jin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A comparison of efficacy and safety between transradial and transfemoral approach for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in bifurcations has not been done. This study evaluated feasibility of transradial PCI (TRI) and compared the immediate and followup results with transfemoral PCI (TFI) in bifurcations. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four consecutive ...
Li Jian-jun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with small coronary lesions are at increased risk for repeat interventions after coronary angioplasty and stenting. The efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) has been demonstrated to improve the outcomes of these patients and is a focus of interest. Currently, two platforms of DES are available (sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) ...
Rodriguez-Feo Juan A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Reticulon-4/Nogo (Nogo-B) protects mouse arteries from lumen loss by reducing smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and intimal thickening. Our goal was to determine plaque and circulating levels of Nogo-B in atherosclerotic and control subjects. Therefore, we studied the relationships between local Nogo-B, plaque characteristics, and clinical data in patients ...
Younis George A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the predictors of restenosis after carotid artery stenting and report alternatives for its management. Background: Carotid artery stenting has been increasingly accepted as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Predictors of carotid stent restenosis have not been firmly established, and management of restenotic lesions can ...
Furuichi Shinichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is no specific study evaluating the outcome of DES implantation in trifurcation lesions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mid-term clinical and angiographic outcome of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in trifurcation lesions. METHODS: All complications and major adverse cardiac events, including cardiac death, Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization ...
Waseda Katsuhisa - - 2007
Recent sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) studies have suggested higher rates of restenosis in non-left anterior descending (LAD) artery lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate differential vessel response (LAD versus non-LAD) to SES implantation using serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). A total of 94 patients who underwent SES implantation and ...
Tiroch Klaus - - 2007
AIMS: Gene expression analyses, cell culture experiments, animal models, and association studies suggest a protective role of the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein against restenosis. The length of a polymorphic (GT)n dinucleotid repeats sequence in the HO-1 gene promoter influences the transcriptional activity. We evaluated, whether an association existed between this ...
Doshi Amit A - - 2007
Myocardial bridging is the most common congenital coronary abnormality, and is frequently found on post-mortem cardiac examination. Although often asymptomatic, clinical presentation can vary from unstable angina to sudden cardiac death. Only isolated cases of using drug eluting stents (DES) for bridging segments have been described. Our objective was to ...
Hur Seung-Ho - - 2007
Coronary culprit lesions with plaque rupture (PR) have been treated with different coronary interventions. However, it is unknown whether the presence of PR affects the restenotic process after coronary intervention. One hundred forty-two patients undergoing coronary bare metal stent implantation were enrolled in the present retrospective analysis. Case selection was ...
Kim Hyun-Sook - - 2008
The present study examined the alternative treatment of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation for in-stent restenosis (ISR) of the unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA). Twelve patients underwent SES deployment for bare-metal ISR in the LMCA. ISR were 24+/-11 mm in length and located at the ostial (n=1) and distal (n=11) ...
Aubry Marie-Christine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the histologic features of coronary artery disease in patients with RA and non-RA controls. METHODS: Forty-one RA patients who died and underwent autopsy between 1985 and 2003 were matched to 82 non-RA controls of ...
Vigna Carlo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Treatment of bifurcation stenoses (BS) by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains challenging, even with drug-eluting stents (DES). We aimed to appraise clinical, myocardial scintigraphy and late (>9 months) exploratory angiographic outcomes of provisional T-stenting in the management of BS. METHODS: We enrolled 53 consecutive patients with BS in the ...
Kossuth Irmina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The increasing role of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in the treatment of coronary artery disease and relatively high restenosis rate following PCI require the introduction of available, easy to perform and cost-effective tests that would enable detection of restenosis after PTCA and identification of patients at particularly high risk ...
Ehara Mariko - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of coronary binary in-stent restenosis (ISR) with angiography using 64-slice multislice computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) compared with invasive coronary angiography (ICA). BACKGROUND: A noninvasive detection of ISR would result in an easier and safer way to conduct patient follow-up. METHODS: ...
Park Duk-Woo - - 2007
To determine the association of preprocedural C reactive protein (CRP) levels with angiographic restenosis and adverse clinical events after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. A prospective cohort analysis of preprocedural CRP levels as a predictor of serious ischaemic complications or binary restenosis in patients treated with DES. Tertiary referral centre. 1650 ...
Tobis Jonathan - - 2007
The management of intermediate coronary lesions, defined by a diameter stenosis of 40% to 70%, continues to be a therapeutic dilemma for cardiologists. The 2-dimensional representation of the arterial lesion provided by angiography is limited in distinguishing intermediate lesions that require stenting from those that simply need appropriate medical therapy. ...
Suh Jung-Won - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The drug-eluting stent (DES) has been proven its efficacy in randomized trials. But the difference of efficacy between sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in unselected patients is in controversy. Therefore, we investigated the clinical and angiographic outcomes of these two types of the DES. METHODS: All consecutive ...
Speidl Walter S - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate whether balloon angioplasty of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) increases serum levels of C5a and whether C5a predicts risk of restenosis. METHODS: C5a antigen was measured at baseline and 8 hours after intervention in 131 consecutive patients (76 women; median age 72 years) with intermittent claudication who ...
Kamishirado Hirotoshi - - 2007
Experimental data and preliminary clinical studies suggest that lipid-lowering drugs might have a beneficial effect on restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Recently, statins have been focused on prevention of restenosis after coronary stent implantation. However, their benefit has not yet been established. The authors studied the effects of statins on stent ...
Yanagi Daizaburo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A small number of patients still need target lesion revascularization (TLR) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. It is important for the management of coronary artery disease to assess the predictors of TLR after DES implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-seven patients (325 lesions) were treated with Cypher sirolimus-eluting ...
Park Duk-Woo - - 2007
The correlates of angiographic and clinical outcomes after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for aorto-ostial lesions remain unknown. This study evaluated long-term results of DES implantation for aorto-ostial lesions and determined risk factors for restenosis and adverse cardiac events. In total, 184 consecutive patients who underwent DES implantation for aorto-ostial lesions ...
Steinberg Daniel H - - 2007
Drug-eluting stents (DESs) are superior to bare metal stents (BMSs) in decreasing restenosis rates across a wide range of patient and lesion subsets. However, widespread utilization of DESs raises concerns with regard to risks of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy, the potential for late adverse events such as late thrombosis, and ...
Ozcan Turkay - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the late outcomes of sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents reduce intimal hyperplasia, which is the main cause of in-stent restenosis. Sirolimus-eluting stents significantly reduce clinical and angiographic restenosis and improve event-free survival. METHODS: The study population consisted of 207 patients ...
van Hattum E S - - 2007
BACKGROUND.: A high homocysteine level is associated with an increased risk of ischaemic heart disease. Folate therapy has shown to reduce the homocysteine blood level, but does it decrease the risk of coronary restenosis in patients with coronary arterial disease? METHODS.: A systematic online literature search followed by a critical ...
Kozinski Marek - - 2007
An increasing amount of basic scientific data indicates that adhesion molecules may be involved in the pathogenesis of vessel re-narrowing in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty. Furthermore, inflammation is suggested to be a pivotal mechanism linking atherosclerosis and restenosis. The aim of this study was to assess if periprocedural evaluation of ...
Lee Cheol Whan - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence and predictors of recurrent restenosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in routine clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Although DESs have been increasingly used for treatment of ISR, little is known about the predictors of DES failure. METHODS: We determined the incidence of recurrent ...
Terashima Mitsuyasu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the vessel wall plays an essential role in atherogenesis. Recently, we demonstrated that the generation of ROS via NAD(P)H oxidase was correlated with plaque instability using coronary specimens obtained by directional coronary atherectomy (DCA). In this study, the relation between ...
Mishkel Gregory J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of patients who developed coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR) or stent thrombosis (STH) inside drug-eluting stents (DES). BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents have markedly reduced the incidence of restenosis. However, when restenosis occurs within a DES, its optimal management remains unclear. METHODS: ...
Korten E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the possibility of defining a vascular diameter with a practical cut-off point, which predicts a successful patency for radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulae in dialysis patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered data. Consecutive patients (n=148) with chronic renal failure, needing vascular ...
Pate Gordon E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reports addressing treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) are principally derived from clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the spectrum of ISR in an unselected population, and to explore clinical and angiographic factors determining management. METHODS: During a prespecified six-month period before the introduction of drug-eluting stents, consecutive cases of ISR ...
Barlis Peter - - 2006
Percutaneous coronary intervention has moved forward with great speed since the advent of stents and now more recently the introduction of drug-eluting technologies. This has seen the modern interventional cardiologist tackle more and more complex coronary lesions, of which unprotected left main (ULM) and bifurcations still remain challenging and controversial. ...
Vermeersch Paul - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare, in a randomized fashion, sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in saphenous vein grafts (SVGs). BACKGROUND: Sirolimus-eluting stents reduce restenosis and repeated revascularization in native coronary arteries compared with BMS. However, randomized data in SVG are absent. METHODS: Patients with SVG lesions were randomized ...
Chabbert V - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of 16-slice computed tomography (CT) to detect in-stent restenosis of proximal coronary arteries. From November 2002 to April 2004, 134 consecutive patients with proximal stents (3.25 +/- 0.47 mm) were prospectively studied. Multidetector CT (MDCT) was performed 24 h (baseline) ...
Thanyasiri Panuratn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Restenosis remains an important limitation of PCI. Although local factors such as small vessel diameter and systemic factors such as diabetes explain some of its incidence, it nevertheless also occurs in low-risk patients. We hypothesize that endothelial dysfunction may be an independent risk factor in some of these cases. ...
Sachdeva Rajesh - - 2006
Remarkable progress has been achieved in the percutaneous management of coronary artery disease over the last decade. In the early 1990s, the primary success rate with the use of bare metal stents was 86-88% and the restenosis rate, 30%-40%. Over the last decade, drug-eluting stents have been developed to check ...
Kelbaek Henning - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary restenosis is more common in a total coronary occlusion (TCO) than other lesion types after implantation of bare metal stents (BMS). But whereas sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) have been shown to improve the outcomes in simple coronary artery lesions, data on their efficacy in complex coronary lesions are scarce. ...
Prasan Ananth M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) commonly have a responsible culprit coronary lesion. There is limited data on the natural history of this culprit lesion in the short term and whether there is a change in morphology of this lesion in the days following presentation. Furthermore, the effect ...
Kim Young-Hak - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Outcomes remain relatively unfavorable for stent-based coronary intervention of lesions with long diseased segments. This study compared sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) for long coronary lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present randomized, multicenter, prospective study compared the use of long (> or =32 mm) SES with PES ...
Moses Jeffrey W - - 2006
Smaller reference vessel diameter is a recognized determinant of in-stent restenosis. The SIRIUS 2.25 trial was a prospective, nonrandomized study including 100 patients (mean age 63.4 years; 64% men, 40% with diabetes mellitus) assessing the safety and efficacy of the 2.25-mm sirolimus-eluting Bx Velocity stent in patients with de novo ...
Kim Young-Hak - - 2006
This study compared the safety and efficacy of repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) with conventional therapies for restenosis after drug-eluting stent placement. Fifty-five consecutive patients with 58 restenotic lesions (31 treated with SESs and 27 treated with paclitaxel-eluting stents) underwent PCI using SESs (33 lesions) or ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2007
The development of coronary stent has revolutionized the field of interventional cardiology by reducing the incidence of restenosis after balloon angioplasty. Despite significant progress in its prevention and treatment, however, in-stent restenosis (ISR) is still common, and remains a challenge for the interventional cardiologist. Restenosis after stent implantation is mainly ...
Lasala John M - - 2006
Restenosis remains a problem following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary artery disease. Drug-eluting stents (DES), which combine mechanical and pharmacologic properties, have been shown to prevent or reduce neointimal growth after deployment. This review describes the TAXUS paclitaxel-eluting stent clinical trial expansion program (TAXUS Express, Boston Scientific, Natick, ...
Di Pede Francesco - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The impact of vessel injury on the outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention combined with brachytherapy for in-stent restenosis is under investigation. We report our clinical experience adopting a low aggressive balloon angioplasty technique, to limit vessel trauma, associated with brachytherapy and short-term dual antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: Forty-nine ...
Lee Steve S - - 2006
The optimal treatment for sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) restenosis is not known. This study evaluated the safety and clinical outcome of paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation for SES restenosis. From March 2004 to July 2005, PESs were implanted in 125 patients with 140 lesions with SES restenosis. Acute and 6-month clinical outcomes ...
Saia Francesco - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We compared the clinical outcome of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in a real-world scenario. BACKGROUND: In selected patients, SES has been associated with lower late luminal loss than PES. Whether this emerging biological difference could translate into different clinical efficacy in daily practice is presently unknown. ...
Elezi Shpend - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the influence of vessel size on the outcomes of patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. BACKGROUND: There are no dedicated studies on the influence of vessel size on the outcomes of patients treated with different DES. METHODS: The study population was composed of 2,058 ...
Radke Peter W - - 2006
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an established risk factor for stent restenosis, in part as a result of the smaller vessel dimensions and longer lesions. This study compared the magnitude of acute lumen gain and late lumen loss after elective coronary stent implantation in patients with and without DM using a ...
Shim Chi Young - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Interaction between advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) and receptor for AGEs (RAGE) in vessel wall may lead to inflammation, smooth muscle cell proliferation, and extracellular matrix production, culminating in exaggerated intimal hyperplasia and restenosis. We investigated the possibility that single nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes encoding RAGE are associated ...
Turco Mark A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and angiographic outcomes of the Symbiot ePTFE covered stent versus bare metal stents (BMS) for the treatment of saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease. BACKGROUND: The Symbiot stent was developed to reduce periprocedural complications, by potentially preventing distal embolization, and ...
Iofina Ekaterina - - 2006
Although polymer coating of coronary stents enables sufficient loading and release of incorporated drugs, it has also been associated with potentially negative effects. This study compared the clinical, angiographic, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) outcomes of patients treated with polymer- versus nonpolymer-based paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs). Sixty-five consecutive patients (70 de novo ...
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