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Results 101 - 150 of 1266
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Ranjan Alok - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Coronary angioplasty and stent implantation is effective as primary intervention in acute myocardial infarction. Because of fewer puncture site complications and improved patient comfort, transradial access has been increasingly used as an alternative to transfemoral access for percutaneous coronary interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 103 patients (94 men, ...
Petronio Anna S - - 2005
Primary angioplasty is the best treatment of acute myocardial infarction but fails to achieve adequate myocardial reperfusion in 25% to 30% of patients, despite TIMI grade 3 flow. Drug treatment aimed at reducing the no-reflow phenomenon may improve myocardial salvage, thus preventing left ventricular remodeling. Our aim was to evaluate ...
Kumar Sridhar Sampath - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Mayo Clinic Risk Score (MCRS) is a validated numeric score that predicts outcome following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PURPOSE: We evaluated the ability of MCRS to risk stratify patients undergoing primary angioplasty. METHODS: Patients undergoing primary angioplasty within 6 hours of the onset of chest pain in ...
Thune Jens Jakob - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials comparing fibrinolysis with primary angioplasty for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction have demonstrated a beneficial effect of primary angioplasty on the combined end point of death, reinfarction, and disabling stroke but not on all-cause death. Identifying a patient group with reduced mortality from an invasive strategy would be ...
Meisel Simcha R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity and safety of contrast injection beyond total occlusions in acute cardiac patients in order to ensure balloon position within the coronary lumen and occasionally to enable the estimate of occlusion length. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous therapy of total coronary occlusions is generally more challenging than the treatment ...
Guerrero Mayra - - 2005
The presence of bundle branch block (BBB) has been associated with poor outcomes in patients who have acute myocardial infarction. Whether this is true in the angioplasty era is not known. We sought to evaluate the outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction and BBB who were treated with primary ...
Le May Michel R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We compared a strategy of tenecteplase (TNK)-facilitated angioplasty with one of TNK alone in patients presenting with high-risk ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Previous trials show that thrombolysis followed by immediate angioplasty for the treatment of STEMI does not improve ischemic outcomes compared with thrombolysis alone and is ...
Schrope Donald P - - 2005
Balloon valvuloplasty has become the accepted method of therapy for the majority of dogs with valvular pulmonic stenosis. Success rate of balloon valvuloplasty is excellent but the procedure can have a steep learning curve. An understanding of the equipment used and specifics of the procedure is important to maximize success ...
Hamilos Michalis I - - 2005
We describe the case of a male patient, aged 62 years, with acute myocardial infarction, who underwent primary angioplasty using a new thrombus aspiration catheter in conjunction with the conventional technique. This catheter is easier to use than similar devices available to date and is extremely effective in the removal ...
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Estrogen has an antioxidant potential which may contribute to its cardioprotective effect. We sought to determine whether estrogen administration can affect coronary vasomotor tone in patients after angioplasty by reducing 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) concentrations, a bioactive product of lipid peroxidation. METHODS: The study was designed to prospectively investigate 30 ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2005
Timely restoration of antegrade blood flow in the infarct-related artery of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) results in myocardial salvage and improved survival. We describe the Zwolle approach with regard to prehospital phase, the first 15 min in hospital, initial pharmacological therapy, angiography, angioplasty, risk stratification, rehabilitation and ...
Tham Edythe B C - - 2005
In a retrospective study, we examined the procedural success rate and the short-, intermediate-, and long-term outcomes of coronary interventional procedures in children with cardiac allograft vasculopathy. Seven patients underwent 13 interventional procedures: balloon angioplasty alone (n = 3), angioplasty with stenting (n = 9), or angioplasty with brachytherapy (n ...
Peels Johannes O J - - 2005
The impact of patient- and operator-related clinical variables of success and evaluation of subsequent midterm effects of percutaneous treatment of left main coronary stenosis were assessed at a tertiary-referral high-volume angioplasty center in a retrospective observational study. A total of 118 consecutive surgical and nonsurgical patients with protected and unprotected ...
Khambekar Sujata - - 2005
The incidence of anomalous origin of the coronary arteries varies between 0.2% and 1.2%; the anomalous right coronary artery accounting for 6--27% of all the cases. To date technical experience on angioplasty in patients with anomalous coronary arteries reported in the literature is limited. A major factor is the selection ...
Campbell Michelle - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore self-reported changes in coronary risk factors by patients three to nine months following coronary artery angioplasty. DESIGN: Descriptive survey. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and thirty four patients, three to nine months after elective angioplasty. Patients were self-selected from a convenience sample of all patients undergoing angioplasty within a ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2005
Several studies have shown that suboptimal myocardial perfusion may be observed despite optimal epicardial recanalisation in patients undergoing primary angioplasty for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), resulting in unfavourable outcome. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the benefits in myocardial perfusion and mortality from adjunctive tirofiban administration ...
De Luca Giuseppe G Isala Klinieken, Hospital De Weezenlanden, Zwolle, The - - 2005
The benefits of abciximab in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are still a matter of debate. To combine data from all randomized trials conducted with abciximab in STEMI. Formal searches of electronic databases (MEDLINE, PubMed) from from January 1990 to December 2004. We examined all completed, published, randomized ...
Meerkin David - - 2005
Balloon angioplasty results in a combination of plaque compression and fracture, creation of intimal flaps and localized medial dissection, as well as the stretching and remodeling of the arterial wall. The application of eccentric pressure to the vessel wall allows for the balloon force to be focused along a specified ...
Tarantini G - - 2005
This report illustrates a magnetic resonance image of aborted myocardial infarction after primary angioplasty. Myocardial oedema in the absence of late enhancement seems to be the magnetic resonance marker of the myocardium at risk of infarction that has been reperfused within 30 minutes and aborted in the clinic.
Amoroso Giovanni - - 2005
Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are a rare angiographic finding, sometimes associated with acute coronary events. We report on a case of primary angioplasty for inferior acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a 66-year-old woman with a solitary coronary ostium in the right sinus of Valsalva and a "superdominant" right coronary artery. ...
Walker Stuart R - - 2005
The management of patients presenting with limb-threatening ischemia after lower limb trauma poses particular demands on vascular surgeons. We describe two patients with lower limb arterial occlusions who presented with limb-threatening ischemia 8 years and 3 years after trauma to the lower limb. They were successfully managed by recanalization angioplasty, ...
Patel Manesh R - - 2005
White blood cell (WBC) count and temperature are 2 global measures of inflammation that are systematically gathered and easily identifiable in a clinical setting, unlike many other markers of inflammation being investigated in patients with coronary artery disease. The prognostic usefulness of the WBC count and temperature were evaluated in ...
Machecourt Jacques - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This ancillary study of the Comparison of Angioplasty and Pre-hospital Thrombolysis in Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAPTIM) trial sought to assess the cost-efficacy ratio of primary coronary angioplasty (PCA) and pre-hospital thrombolysis (PHT) in patients suffering from an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (<6 h) close to (<60 min journey) a ...
Obal D - - 2005
Increasing numbers of elderly patients with severe co-existing medical diseases undergo major surgery. With these patients there is also an accompanying risk of age-related cardiovascular complications such as life-threatening myocardial ischaemia. We present a patient who suffered a myocardial infarction after a hemicolectomy and suffered a cardiac arrest in the ...
Güven Hasan - - 2005
There are reports in the literature describing the utility of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the evaluation of the coronary arteries. Studies have also shown the value of TEE in patients undergoing coronary intervention such as assessing coronary anatomy and flow following angioplasty. We report an interesting case where TEE helped ...
Turowski B - - 2005
This study demonstrates that in experienced hands, intracranial angioplasty is a feasible and safe option in a selected group of patients with severe (>50% stenosis) symptomatic vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral circulation time is a surrogate parameter closely linked to cerebral perfusion. The study presented shows that not only stenosis ...
Betriu Amadeo - - 2005
We studied the relation between angioplasty-related time delay and the effectiveness of the intervention in decreasing death compared with fibrinolysis in patients who had acute myocardial infarction. The absolute survival benefit of angioplasty compared with fibrinolysis decreased by 0.24% for every additional 10-minute delay. Regression analysis showed that percutaneous coronary ...
Brosh David - - 2005
The ACIST injection system is an automatic power injection device that allows for online control of injection rate and volume of contrast. Limited data is available whether this technology allows reducing use of contrast and fluoroscopy time. Accordingly, we compared the use of this system to manual injection among 450 ...
Faxon David P - - 2005
Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is estimated to occur in more than 500,000 people in the US every year. With the introduction of reperfusion therapy by fibrinolysis or primary angioplasty, mortality has significantly fallen. Although fibrinolysis is more readily available than primary angioplasty, the latter is more effective and results ...
Kapoor Rajneesh - - 2005
Thrombus load and its subsequent distal embolization causing slow flow makes primary angioplasty a challenging task. Although data is scanty, these complications may be potentially mitigated by use of distal protection devices. We report 6 cases of PercuSurge distal protection device-assisted primary angioplasty. All lesions were stented with patients achieving ...
Dahm Johannes B - - 2005
To overcome the adverse complications of percutaneous coronary interventions in thrombus laden lesions (i.e., distal embolization, platelet activation, no-reflow phenomenon), mechanical removal of the thrombus or distal embolization protection devices are frequently required. Pulsed-wave ultraviolet excimer laser light at 308 nm can vaporize thrombus, suppress platelet aggregation, and, unlike other ...
Drenth Derk J - - 2004
In a 4-year follow-up study, we compared functional health status (FHS) in patients randomized to surgery (n = 51) or angioplasty (n = 51) for an isolated narrowing of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. FHS was assessed with the Short Form-36 and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure ...
Ilkay Erdogan - - 2004
We evaluated the short-term results of percutaneous excimer laser angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction. Of the 18 patients studied, 2 were female and 16 male with a mean age of 56.6 +/- 12.1 years. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grades 0, 1, and 2 flow was observed in 10, 5, and ...
Schroter S - - 2004
To describe the development and scientific validation of a new patient based measure, the coronary revascularisation outcome questionnaire (CROQ), to evaluate health outcomes and quality of life before and after coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Psychometric validation study conducted with patients from three hospitals in the ...
Fava Mario - - 2004
PURPOSE: A new form of angioplasty, called cryoplasty, was developed to improve the late results typically associated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Cryoplasty combines the dilation force of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with the delivery of cold thermal energy to the vessel wall. This study reports the authors' early clinical experience with ...
Sakai Koyu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mortality of acute unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) occlusion is very high. The objectives of this analysis were to determine the effect of primary angioplasty and the impact of cardiogenic shock on unprotected LMCA occlusion-induced acute anterolateral myocardial infarction (AAMI). METHODS: Of 1,736 consecutive patients with acute myocardial ...
Eckart Robert E - - 2004
Increased pulse pressure has been shown to predict mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in large cohorts of ambulatory patients. There have been reports suggesting worsened outcome following percutaneous coronary balloon angioplasty in patients with increased pulse pressure. We reviewed 434 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary stenting to assess for ...
Cheneau Edouard - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Factors leading to subacute vessel closure after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not been well established in lesions treated with balloon angioplasty or atherectomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to determine the pre- and post-PCI characteristics involved in subacute vessel closure after PCI. Of 3,403 patients ...
Pino Rodolfo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A recognized drawback of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) after fibrinolysis is persistent coronary occlusion or a less than TIMI 3 flow. The present study describes the results of systematic pre-discharge coronary angiography and revascularization, whenever indicated, following fibrinolytic therapy for STEMI. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted with the diagnosis ...
Sheiban Imad - - 2004
The presence of an anomalous origin and/or distribution of a coronary artery as the infarct-related vessel during primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction might represent a clinical and technical challenge. We report on a case of a patient with an acute anterior myocardial infarction who was referred to our hospital ...
Rajan Dheeraj K - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the primary and secondary patency rates for fistulas treated with angioplasty, as well as clinical predictors of fistula patency after angioplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed their institutional experience with autogenous fistulas from June 1997 to June 2002. A total of 104 men and 36 women ...
Wong Aaron - - 2004
We conducted a randomized feasibility pilot study comparing combined fibrinolysis with immediate rescue angioplasty vs. primary angioplasty with adjunctive abciximab in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Seventy patients with ST segment elevation AMI of </= 6 hr were randomized to either 50 mg of alteplase and abciximab (n = ...
Tzifa A - - 2004
A well-recognized complication of the anatomic correction (arterial switch operation) of transposition of the great arteries is obstruction of the translocated coronary arteries. Myocardial reperfusion has previously been achieved by surgical revascularization or percutaneous balloon angioplasty. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant who suffered myocardial infarction 11 weeks ...
Danzi Gian B - - 2004
In patients treated with primary coronary angioplasty, the use of abciximab improves microvascular perfusion and enhances the recovery of contractile function. This study compared the effects of the new dose regimen of tirofiban (25-microg/kg bolus followed by an 18-hour infusion at 0.15 microg/kg/min) on left ventricular function with those of ...
Demoule A - - 2004
Weaning failure can be caused by myocardial ischaemia during the switch from mechanical to spontaneous ventilation. We report ischaemic left ventricular failure and ischaemic mitral insufficiency during weaning. Angiography showed that the coronary vessels were stenosed. Transluminal angioplasty made weaning possible. We conclude that acute ischaemic mitral insufficiency may contribute ...
Wharton Thomas P TP - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate primary angioplasty (PA) for high-risk acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at hospitals with no cardiac surgery on-site (No SOS), we hypothesized that a nonrandomized registry of such patients treated with PA would show clinical outcomes similar to those of a group randomized to transfer for PA, and that ...
Sutani Yasuo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Various vasomotor responses to acetylcholine have been observed after coronary angioplasty. However, the relationship between the grade of vascular injury due to balloon angioplasty and vasomotor response to acetylcholine in the chronic stage is unknown. In this study we examined the correlation between the morphology immediately after coronary angioplasty ...
Laird Jr J R - - 2004
Two decades after the clinical introduction of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), controversy still exists about the role of PTA for the treatment of occlusive disease in the femoropopliteal and infragenicular arteries. For the patient with critical limb ischemia (CLI), where diffuse disease and long occlusions are the rule, the results ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of preprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow on one-year mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary angioplasty. BACKGROUND: Although there is an excellent outcome conferred by primary angioplasty in patients with STEMI, the ...
Baglini Roberto - - 2004
Forty-six patients were randomized to receive drug (group 1) or hypnotic sedation (group 2) during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Intracoronary and standard electrocardiograms were continuously registered, and heart rate spectral variability was studied. Normalized units of low- and high-frequency components and the ratio ...
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