Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1027
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Yazbek Naji F. - - 2004
Cardiogenic shock is a devastating consequence of acute myocardial infarction; it is associated with an extremely high mortality. Treatment strategies should be focused on prompt reperfusion, as well as hemodynamic support. The optimal approach for therapy is emergent angiography and revascularization using percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass surgery, ...
Rodríguez Blanca - - 2004
The goal of this modeling research is to provide mechanistic insight into the effect of altered membrane kinetics associated with 5-12 min of acute global ischemia on the upper limit of cardiac vulnerability (ULV) to electric shocks. We simulate electrical activity in a finite-element bidomain model of a 4-mm-thick slice ...
Pathan Nazima - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Myocardial failure has a central role in the complex pathophysiology of septic shock and contributes to organ failure and death. During the sepsis-induced inflammatory process, specific factors are released that depress myocardial contractile function. We aimed to identify these mediators of myocardial depression in meningococcal septic shock. METHODS: We ...
Parvaiz A - - 2004
Wandering spleen (WS) is characterised by incomplete fixation of the spleen to its supporting linorenal and gastrosplenic ligaments. It can predispose to life-threatening complications due to torsion of its vascular pedicle, splenic infarction, portal hypertension, and haemorrhage. A 27-year-old, 36-week prima gravida underwent emergency caesarean section for tachycardia and hypotension. ...
Karpati Peter C J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage remains a major cause of global maternal morbidity and mortality, even in developed countries, despite the use of intensive care units. This study sought to (1) assess whether myocardial ischemia could be associated with and even aggravate hemorrhagic shock in young parturients admitted for postpartum hemorrhage, and ...
Bokhari Syed W - - 2004
A 37-year-old man, brought in following a syncopal episode, was found to be in cardiogenic shock with a complete infranodal heart block. A temporary transvenous pacemaker and an intra-aortic balloon pump were inserted emergently. Cardiac catheterization revealed a high left ventricular end-diastolic pressure but normal coronary vasculature. An echocardiogram demonstrated ...
Mink Steven N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Reversible myocardial depression in sepsis has been ascribed to the release of inflammatory mediators. We recently found that lysozyme c (Lzm-S), consistent with that originating from the spleen, was a mediator of myocardial depression in an Escherichia coli model of septic shock in dogs. We further showed in a ...
Rashba Eric J - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the factors that affect defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) has important implications both for optimization of defibrillation efficacy and for the design of new lead systems. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the effect of shock polarity on defibrillation efficacy at the time of routine pulse generator ...
Huang Yuesheng - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the roles of ischemia and hypoxia in the development of post-burn cardiac shock and its molecular pathogenesis. METHODS: One hundred and fifty healthy adult Wistar rats were divided into the control group and burn group inflicted with 30% total body surface area third degree burn. Groups were ...
Delaney A P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of early invasive revascularization for the initial management of critically ill patients after acute myocardial infarction in the daily practice of a University-affiliated referral hospital and to gauge the impact of such a strategy on the intensive care unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational ...
French John K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The enhancement of diastolic coronary blood flow by the combination of thrombolytic therapy (TT) and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in experimental studies provides a rationale for their combined use in acute myocardial infarction (MI) complicated by cardiogenic shock. We examined the relation between TT (with and without IABP) and ...
Sharifov Oleg F - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: It is believed that electrical shocks interrupt fibrillation by directly stimulating the bulk of ventricular myocardium in excitable states, but how shocks activate intramural tissue layers is not known. In this study, Vm responses and transmural activation patterns induced by shocks during diastole were measured in isolated coronary perfused ...
Sanborn Timothy A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe the core laboratory angiographic findings of "SHould we emergently revascularize Occluded Coronaries for cardiogenic shocK" (SHOCK) trial participants and to determine the relationship of angiographic parameters to one-year survival. BACKGROUND: In the SHOCK trial, emergency revascularization improved one-year survival of patients ...
Walcott Gregory P - - 2003
Sufficiently strong defibrillation shocks will cause temporary or permanent damage to the heart. Weak defibrillation shocks do not cause any damage to the heart but also do not defibrillate. A relevant and practical question is what range of shock energies is most likely to defibrillate while not causing damage to ...
Abete Pasquale - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Preinfarction angina, a clinical equivalent of ischemic preconditioning, seems to protect against in-hospital death, cardiogenic shock, and the combined endpoints in adult but not in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction. Experimental evidence indicates that caloric restriction may restore ischemic preconditioning in aged animals. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to ...
Reek Sven - - 2003
The Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator (WCD) automatically detects and treats ventricular tachyarrhythmias without the need for assistance from a bystander, while at the same time allowing the patient to ambulate freely. It represents an alternative to emergency medical services for outpatient populations with a temporary risk of sudden cardiac death. While ...
Doshi Mona - - 2003
The increasing prevalence of acute renal failure (ARF) patients with hemodynamic intolerance of intermittent hemodialysis (HD), generally because of septic vasoparesis or severe cardiac dysfunction, has led to the development of several strategies to improve the delivery of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in ARF patients. Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is caused ...
Rho Robert W - - 2003
Cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) using traditional monophasic shock waveform is unsuccessful in up to 20% of cases, and often requires several shocks of up to 360 J. Based on the success with biphasic shock waveform in converting ventricular fibrillation, it was postulated that biphasic shocks would allow cardioversion with ...
Dens Joseph - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics and mortality rates of 132 cardiogenic shock patients treated with intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation at a university hospital. INTERVENTIONS: All patients underwent intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation. A total of 99 out of 132 patients were revascularized with angioplasty, surgery or were transplanted (intervention group), 33 out of ...
McArdle H - - 2003
In the setting of acute myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiogenic shock in patients with significant unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, treatment options are limited. In this report of a patient presenting in cardiogenic shock secondary to acute MI with critical LMCA stenosis, percutaneous coronary intervention with intra-aortic balloon ...
Pfisterer Matthias - - 2003
Right ventricular involvement in acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock has received little attention by clinicians and researchers, although its pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and natural history are distinctly different from those of left ventricular infarction and associated cardiogenic shock. Right ventricular shock has important therapeutic implications for the management of ...
Lightfoot Christopher B - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Survival decreases with duration of ventricular fibrillation, and it is possible that failed rescue shocks increase myocardial damage. Structure in the ECG signal during ventricular fibrillation can be quantified by using the scaling exponent, a dimensionless measure that correlates with ventricular fibrillation duration. This study examined whether the ...
Thomas M - - 2003
Gastric infarction is rare, owing to the extensive collateral circulation of the stomach. A case of gastric infarction occurring in a patient with septic shock secondary to pneumonia is presented. The aetiology, diagnosis and therapy of gastric infarction are discussed, with consideration of the role of sepsis and vasopressors in ...
Price Suzanna - - 2003
Overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) via the induction of NO synthase (NOS) II is implicated in the pathogenesis of the refractory hypotension that characterizes septic shock. However, clinical trials of nonselective NOS inhibitors have failed to afford a mortality benefit in patients with sepsis, and in those with depressed left ...
Frykman Viveka - - 2003
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of preshock atrial pacing on the atrial defibrillation threshold (DFT) during internal cardioversion of AF. The implantable atrial defibrillator has been added to the therapeutic options for patients with recurrent episodes of persistent AF. Although the device is efficient in ...
Faddy Steven C - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Biphasic waveforms are routinely used for implantable defibrillators. These waveforms have been less readily adopted for external defibrillation. This study was performed in order to evaluate the efficacy and harms of biphasic waveforms over monophasic waveforms for the transthoracic defibrillation of patients in ventricular fibrillation (VF) or haemodynamically unstable ...
Holmes Cheryl L - - 2004
Vasopressin is emerging as a rational therapy for vasodilatory shock states. In part 1 of the review we discussed the structure and function of the various vasopressin receptors. In part 2 we discuss vascular smooth muscle contraction pathways with an emphasis on the effects of vasopressin on ATP-sensitive K+ channels, ...
Ho Tung-Ching - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock complicating acute coronary syndrome (ACS) implies grim prognosis with conventional management. Previous studies of coronary intervention yielded controversial results and were rarely analyzed chronologically. This study was to determine the impact of percutaneous coronary revascularization on outcome by studying two time periods 5 years apart in which ...
Roshon Michael J MJ Division of Research, Department of Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 28323-2861, - - 2003
Septic shock decreases cardiac hydraulic work relative to the rate of myocardial oxygen consumption, causing decreased mechanical efficiency (hydraulic work/myocardial oxygen consumption). This study tested whether the mitochondrial uncoupling protein UCP2 was responsible for decreased cardiac mechanical efficiency after polymicrobial septic shock. Sepsis was initiated in ketamine/xylazine-anesthetized rats by cecal ...
Dzavik V - - 2003
AIMS: The SHould we emergently revascularize Occluded Coronaries in cardiogenic shocK (SHOCK) Trial showed no benefit of early revascularization in patients aged >/=75 years with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock. We examined the effect of age on treatment and outcomes of patients with cardiogenic shock in the SHOCK Trial ...
Schwarz Birgit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Biphasic waveform shocks are more effective than monophasic shocks for transchest ventricular defibrillation, atrial cardioversion, and defibrillation with implantable defibrillators but have not been studied for open chest, intraoperative defibrillation. This prospective, blinded, randomized clinical study compares biphasic and monophasic shock effectiveness and establishes intraoperative energy dose-response curves. METHODS: ...
Jacobs Alice K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics and outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) complicated by cardiogenic shock due to predominant right ventricular (RV) infarction. BACKGROUND: Although RV infarction has been shown to have favorable long-term outcomes, the influence of RV infarction on mortality ...
Hiley C Robin - - 2003
Endocannabinoid production by platelets and macrophages is increased in circulatory shock. This may be protective of the cardiovascular system as blockade of CB(1) cannabinoid receptors exacerbates endothelial dysfunction in haemorrhagic and endotoxin shock and reduces survival. Now evidence suggests that blockade of CB(1) receptors starting 24 h after myocardial infarction ...
Mink Steven N - - 2003
The objective of the present study was to identify the nature of a filterable cardiodepressant substance (FCS) that contributes to myocardial dysfunction in a canine model of Escherichia coli septic shock. In a previous study, it was found that FCS increased in plasma after 4 h of bacteremia (Am J ...
Zhang Yi - - 2003
The aim of the study was to compare biphasic versus monophasic shocks for open-chest epicardial defibrillation. Transthoracic biphasic waveform shocks require less energy to terminate ventricular fibrillation compared to monophasic waveform shocks. However, if biphasic shocks are effective for open-chest epicardial ("surgical") defibrillation has not been established. Twenty-eight anesthetized adult ...
Zhang Yi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine if magnesium reduces free radicals generated by direct current countershock and preserves left ventricular contractile function. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that magnesium reduces free radicals in a coronary occlusion-reperfusion model, and therefore also might reduce free radical generation by direct current shocks. METHODS: ...
Gatt M E - - 2003
Acute myocardial infarction is a common disease rarely seen as a complication of bone marrow transplantation in young patients. We report on a 25-year-old patient 3.5 years after bone marrow transplantation who suffered an acute anterior wall myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. The patient was treated with thrombolysis and ...
Lindholm M G - - 2003
AIMS: Cardiogenic shock accounts for the majority of deaths following acute myocardial infarction. The majority of outcome data on this issue are, however, derived from single hospitals, referral centers or selected patients in randomized studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate incidence, outcome and prognostic significance of cardiogenic ...
Picard Michael H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although echocardiography is used in diagnosis and management of myocardial infarction, it has not been established whether specific features of cardiac structure or function early in the course of cardiogenic shock provide prognostic value. The purposes of this substudy of the SHould we emergently revascularize Occluded Coronaries for cardiogenic ...
Holmes David R DR - - 2003
Cardiogenic shock is a serious complication of myocardial infarction (MI) that affects approximately 7% of MI patients, accounting for the majority of all deaths related to acute infarction. Shock is typically the result of a massive amount of damage to the left ventricular myocardium; its defining characteristics are hypotension (systolic ...
Dunser Martin W - - 2003
The rationale for an arginine vasopressin (argipressin) infusion was put forward after it was discovered that patients in shock states might have an endogenous arginine vasopressin deficiency. Subsequently, several investigations impressively demonstrated that arginine vasopressin can successfully stabilise haemodynamics even in advanced vasodilatory shock. We report on physiological and pharmacological ...
Kontani Makoto - - 2003
A 30-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for left lobar pneumonia with septic shock. Acute left-sided heart failure became evident as sepsis developed. Echocardiography revealed diffuse severe hypokinesis of the left ventricle (LV) and a pulmonary artery catheter showed Forrester subset II hemodynamics. Along with amelioration of sepsis and ...
Nikolsky Eugenia - - 2003
Several investigations have discovered important physiologic links in the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Studies using a canine kidney model showed that contrast media produce a direct cytotoxic effect on the renal structures. Also, there is increasing evidence that apoptosis is involved in CIN as a result of cell injury. ...
Menon Venu - - 2003
Cardiogenic shock is the most common cause of death for patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction. The Should We Emergently Revascularize Occluded Coronaries for Cardiogenic Shock (SHOCK) trial randomly assigned 302 patients with predominant left ventricular failure following an acute myocardial infarction to a strategy of emergency revascularization or initial ...
Gligić Branko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Predilection site for the acute myocardial infarction of the right ventricle, (AMI-RV) is the upper third of the right coronary artery and for this reason such an infarction is followed by numerous complications, primarily by conduction disorders and very often by sudden and rapid cardiogenic shock development. METHODS: Primary ...
Yip Hon-Kan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the clinical features and outcome of patients with left circumflex artery (LCX) infarct-related acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was conducted to investigate the clinical features and outcome of patients who underwent direct percutaneous coronary intervention (d-PCI) for AMI caused by LCX occlusion, and to ...
Penney D J - - 2002
Blunt thoracic trauma may cause cardiac contusion and cardiogenic shock resistant to inotropic support. The use of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABCP) as a mechanical means of augmenting cardiac function following cardiac contusion is rare with case reports largely limited to its use in young trauma patients. We describe the case ...
Vanoverbeke Hans - - 2002
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a valuable tool in the treatment of cardiogenic shock or instable myocardial ischaemia. We report on our recent experience with interhospital transport of haemodynamically unstable patients using on-site stabilization with IABP. A 75% survival rate encourages us to keep using this technique despite the ...
Dauerman Harold L - - 2002
Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated a reduction in mortality with early revascularization of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock, and recent single-center studies have particularly suggested further benefit for coronary stenting. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of revascularization and coronary stenting ...
Yanir Yoav - - 2002
We report the cases of 2 previously healthy young patients with acute carbon monoxide intoxication who deteriorated to cardiogenic shock in the face of apparent metabolic and neurologic recovery. Prolonged exposure to sublethal levels of carbon monoxide (>24 hours, carboxyhemoglobin level of 20.4% and 22.6%) and massive binding of the ...
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