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Results 1001 - 1019 of 1019
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Bercot M - - 1975
Myocardial protection, in two parallel series of 100 consecutive valvular patients operated upon between June 1972 and July 1973 in Broussais Hospital, was afforded in two different ways: one withh hypothermic ischemia (H.I.) as it was advocated by N. Shumway, the other with coronary perfusion (C.P.) of a beating heart ...
Mulligan C D - - 1975
Continuing evaluation of coronary care is necessary to determine its present effectiveness and to establish direction in the effort to decrease mortality after myocardial infarction. Data have been collected on 157 consecutive patients diagnosed as having myocardial infarction who were admitted to the coronary-care unit at St. Joseph's Hospital and ...
O'Rourke M F - - 1975
One hundred patients were referred with suspected acute cardiac failure following acute myocardial infarction. The diagnosis was confirmed in 72: 31 of these patients underwent elective medical treatment, with 2 survivors (6%); 41 were accepted for counter pulsation, but 9 died before this could be initiated and another 2 died ...
Iannone L A - - 1975
Fatal myocardial infarction occurring in a neonate is reported. The patient presented with a clinical picture of cardiogenic shock simulating a hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Etiology of the myocardial infarction is uncertain for the coronary arteries were patent, anatomically and histologically normal, and there was no significant associated cardiac defect. ...
Fulton R L - - 1975
Respiratory failure in man most frequently follows sepsis. A sign of occult sepsis may be pulmonary failure. Shock and its necessary fluid therapy may predispose to a brief requirement for ventilatory assistance. Shock and multiple injury predispase to sepsis. Mechanical ventilation with intubation has adverse effects upon the lung as ...
Willerson J T - - 1975
Of the 27 patients described, 23 were in cardiogenic shock, 2 had severe left ventricular failure, and 2 had medically refractory ventricular tachycardia. Utilizing intraaortic counterpulsation, adequate systemic blood pressure was initially restored in 19 patients. Nine of these were subsequently weaned from circulatory assistance, but only three were discharged ...
Berger R L - - 1975
Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) is the form of mechanical circulatory assistance in widest clinical use today. The clinical results with IABC employed in 63 patients over a four-year period are presented. The clinical conditions necessitating mechanical circulatory assistance were: cardiogenic shock following acute myocardial infarction; myocardial infarction complicated by mitral ...
Kolber-Postepska B - - 1975
The levels of kininogen, prekallikrein and kininase activity in the plasma of 54 patients with myocardial infarction were studied. It was demonstrated that in acute myocardial infarction (during the first two days after its onset) the level of kininogen and that of prekallikrein decreased simultaneously. After two weeks of the ...
Rossi P - - 1975
186 out of 391 patients with acute myocardial infarction were treated with C-3 and 205 with placebo in a multicenter, double-blind clinical trial. Ensuing complications were treated in the same way in both groups. C-3 was injected i.v. slowly at the dose of 2 g statim plus 6 g by ...
Kones R J - - 1975
Several uncontrolled early studies established that corticosteroid administration to patients with ischemic heart disease and cardiogenic shock was relatively safe. Whether or not the glucocorticoids were of benefit or not remained unclear when mortality was used as an index of efficacy. Hemodynamically, glucocorticoids may decrease peripheral vascular resistance, increase cardiac ...
Kwan A - - 1974
The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of intraluminal chyme and the splanchnic vasomotor reaction on the pathogenesis of non-occlusive intestinal infarcts. In 5 mongrel dogs, 3 types of intestinal loops were created. A cervical loop, which is a heterotopic autotransplant of a segment of intestine, contains ...
Hamosh P - - 1971
Left ventricular catheterization was carried out in 40 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was elevated in 85% of the patients studied. In 14 patients with apparently uncomplicated infarcts, LVEDP averaged 15 mm Hg, and cardiac index (2.98 liter/min/m(2)), stroke volume (38.3 ml/m(2)), and stroke work ...
Karliner J S - - 1971
Current knowledge concerning the major hemodynamic features of acute myocardial infarction has been reviewed and discussed in relation to present concepts of cardiac pathophysiology. The physical examination provides a great deal of information and new, noninvasive methods promise to supplement the bedside appraisal of left ventricular function. Direct hemodynamic methods ...
Harnarayan C - - 1970
A post-mortem study of the heart was performed in 20 patients dying of cardiogenic shock. The extent of infarcted myocardium was defined by using a mitochondrial dehydrogenase stain nitro-BT which allowed macroscopical recognition of tissue death as early as 12 hours. Extensive myocardial injury was found to accompany cardiogenic shock ...
Sibelius U - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cardiac performance is severely depressed in septic shock. Endotoxin has been implicated as the causative agent in Gram-negative sepsis, but similar abnormalities are encountered in Gram-positive sepsis. We investigated the influence of the major exotoxin of Staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcal alpha-toxin, in isolated perfused rat hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Alpha-toxin ...
Cohn J N - - 1969
Left ventricular end diastolic (LVEDP) and mean right atrial (RAP) pressures were recorded simultaneously in 30 patients with shock (14 acute myocardial infarction, 10 acute pulmonary embolism or severe bronchopulmonary disease, and 6 sepsis). Myocardial infarction was characterized by a predominant increase in LVEDP, pulmonary disease by a predominant increase ...
Riordan J F - - 1969
Treatment of cardiogenic shock with vasodilator drugs has been advocated on the basis of experimental work showing that a fall in peripheral resistance allows the cardiac output to increase without any increase in cardiac work.Seven patients suffering from shock secondary to myocardial infarction were treated with phenoxybenzamine. In two cases ...
Findley J D - - 1965
Fixed-interval responding which produced time out from shock avoidance schedules was established in a chimpanzee. Two widely differing discriminated avoidance schedules were employed in a multiple schedule arrangement. Differences in fixed interval rate were found to be related both to the schedule from which the subject was escaping and to ...
Cronin R F - - 1965
All admissions for acute myocardial infarction to a metropolitan general hospital over a 10-year period have been reviewed. One hundred and forty patients developed complications meeting the criteria for cardiogenic shock. The mortality rate in this group of patients was 83%. The mortality rate in 95 patients who received treatment ...
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