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Results 701 - 750 of 1019
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Benn A - - 1992
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) uses the timed inflation and deflation of a balloon placed in the descending aorta to augment coronary perfusion and reduce myocardial work. The IABP is useful in a number of settings, including acute myocardial ischemia, cardiogenic shock, and mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction; it ...
Kirschner E - - 1992
Five patients, all women, age ranges 59 to 84 years, with underlying hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) presented with profound hypotension. Initial clinical and hemodynamic evaluation suggested cardiogenic shock in two cases, acute myocardial ischemia in two cases, and hypovolemia in one case. The two patients thought to be in cardiogenic ...
Hvid-Jacobsen K - - 1992
In a consecutive study of myocardial scintigraphy in acute ischemic syndrome, four patients had 99mTc-hexamibi injected intravenously before they developed fatal cardiogenic shock. Planar scintigraphy was performed after death. Slices of the hearts after autopsy were analyzed for scintigraphic and pathoanatomic abnormalities. Location of perfusion defects in planar views of ...
Setaro J F - - 1992
Right ventricular myocardial infarction, long unrecognized because of a lack of diagnostic methods and unsupported beliefs regarding the dispensability of the right ventricle, may now be diagnosed using well-accepted criteria. Right ventricular infarction is clearly associated with anterior left ventricular infarction as well as inferior infarction. It may occur in ...
Kou W H - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of loss of consciousness occurring in association with shocks delivered by automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (AICD) in patients who had undergone implantation as treatment for ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Two major tertiary medical care facilities. PATIENTS: A total of 180 patients ...
Rokas S - - 1991
We present a unique patient with a 12-year history of chronic atrial fibrillation resistant to external direct current shocks associated with incessant ventricular tachycardia. Both arrhythmias were treated with a single shock delivered through a catheter at the atrioventricular junction. The other unusual feature is that sinus rhythm has been ...
Chen P S - - 1991
To test the relation between the defibrillation threshold and the upper limit of vulnerability, the shock strength associated with 50% probability of successful defibrillation (DFT50) and that associated with 50% probability of reaching the upper limit of vulnerability (ULV50) were determined in 20 open chest dogs with use of the ...
Applebaum R - - 1991
Between 1981 and 1987, 1726 coronary artery bypass operations were performed by a single group of surgeons at a community hospital. Overall hospital mortality in this group was 2.4% (41/1726). Of these patients 406 were operated on within 30 days of an acute myocardial infarction. The hospital mortality rate in ...
Goldberg R J - - 1991
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock resulting from acute myocardial infarction is a serious complication with a high mortality rate, but little is known about whether its incidence or outcome has changed over time. As part of an ongoing population-based study of acute myocardial infarction, we examined trends over time in the incidence ...
Bates E R - - 1991
As many as one quarter of patients treated with thrombolytic therapy present with congestive heart failure or cardiogenic shock. Although thrombolytic therapy has been shown to limit infarct size, preserve left ventricular ejection fraction and decrease mortality in most subgroups of patients, no apparent benefit has been demonstrated in patients ...
Lane K L - - 1991
We report a case of an 18-month-old male, born to a woman with third trimester febrile illness, who had a history of congestive heart failure and respiratory distress, cardiomegaly, and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings suggestive of cardiomyopathy and myocarditis. After gradual improvement in heart size and function with pharmacologic therapy, he ...
Dillon S M - - 1991
The present data were obtained using the technique of optical recording with the voltage-sensitive dye WW781. This technique, unlike electrical methods, was able to provide uninterrupted recordings free of artifacts during defibrillation shocks. Optical recordings were made from sites on the ventricular epicardium of perfused rabbit hearts during electrical pacing. ...
Epstein A E - - 1991
Signal-averaged electrocardiography has been used to identify patients at risk for arrhythmic death after myocardial infarction. Since patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are at high risk for arrhythmic events, they should also be expected to have a high incidence of abnormal signal-averaged electrocardiograms (SAECGs). However, whether the SAECG can ...
Linden P - - 1991
Following a massive myocardial infarction culminating in cardiogenic shock, a 61-year-old man underwent implantation of the Jarvik 70-ml total artificial heart. On the fifth postoperative day, hemodynamic instability coupled with subtle radiographic changes and impaired mechanical right ventricular diastolic inflow were instrumental in establishing the diagnosis of localized native right ...
Sweeney R J - - 1991
BACKGROUND: To better understand the refractory period extension (RPE) produced by transcardiac shocks and its possible role in defibrillation, we measured RPE under various experimental conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using ventricular pacing in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs, we characterized RPE in relation to the anatomic site of pacing, the local voltage gradient ...
Dalzell G W - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors determining defibrillation success and outcome in patients with ventricular fibrillation. DESIGN: Observational prospective study of age, sex, transthoracic impedance, site of cardiac arrest, ventricular fibrillation duration and amplitude, primary or secondary ventricular fibrillation, aetiology, number of shocks to correct ventricular fibrillation, and drug treatment. SETTING: A ...
Nakata T - - 1991
In a postmortem study of a 69-yr-old female patient who had suffered 2 yr previously a non-Q-wave anterior infarction and who had sustained just seven days earlier a left inferior and right ventricular infarction, the distribution of 111In-antimyosin Fab was compared to the results of 99mTc-pyrophosphate imaging and histologic examination. ...
Tuchschmidt J - - 1991
This review article examines the pathophysiology of septic shock, with special attention to the concept of supply-dependent consumption and the implications this concept has for therapy. Patients with septic shock require higher levels of oxygen delivery (DO2) to maintain aerobic metabolism. When DO2 is inadequate, peripheral tissues switch to anaerobic ...
Chan H S - - 1991
An obese woman with a one-year history of episodic nocturnal chest pain was admitted because of shock and pulmonary edema. A clinical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock was made. She was ventilated and successfully resuscitated. Subsequent investigations showed no evidence of cardiac dysfunction or coronary disease, but ...
Hook B G - - 1991
An antitachycardia pacemaker-cardioverter-defibrillator that is capable of storing ventricular electrograms before and after delivery of device shock therapy was implanted in 16 patients. Three of the patients experienced out-of-hospital device shock therapy preceded by minimal symptoms. Although limitations of electrogram analysis exist and are discussed, careful analysis and registration of ...
Hong R R Department of Medicine John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, - - 1991
The smoking of crystal methamphetamine, or "ice," is a growing drug abuse problem in the United States. The toxic effects of methamphetamine smoking have not been well described. We describe two patients with cardiovascular toxic effects associated with the smoking of crystal methamphetamine. In our first patient, the use of ...
Liau C S - - 1991
Age is one of the important prognostic factors for acute myocardial infarction. This study was performed to clarify the clinical characteristics and outcome of acute myocardial infarction in Chinese geriatric patients. The study subjects included 742 patients, divided by age into 2 groups: Group A greater than or equal to ...
Creamer J E - - 1991
Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the shock sometimes associated with right ventricular infarction, but only small numbers of patients with clinical shock have been studied. The haemodynamic profiles of seven patients with clinical cardiogenic shock after right ventricular myocardial infarction were studied prospectively. They were selected because all ...
Hantson P - - 1991
Cardiac arrhythmias and circulatory collapse account for the high mortality reported after severe chloroquine poisoning. We have recently observed a 17-year-old man who ingested an 8 g chloroquine overdose. Cardiac arrest occurred within 1 h. Cardiogenic shock was refractory to epinephrine, dopamine and molar sodium lactate. Amrinone, a bipyridine analog, ...
Moosvi A R - - 1991
Cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI) carries a high mortality which in some series prior to 1980 exceeded 80%. Neither the use of inotropic and vasopressor agents nor intraaortic balloon counterpulsation was found to improve survival in this group of patients. Intravenous thrombolytic agents improve survival in patients with ...
Corday E - - 1991
The ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitor is a device developed approximately 30 years ago to detect, locate and document hemodynamic insufficiency states in target organs with compromised regional arterial circulations. These insufficiency states are usually silent until they are suddenly precipitated by secondary remote, hemodynamically significant cardiac arrhythmias, hypotensive states caused ...
Meerson F Z - - 1991
In adaptation of rats to repeated stress exposure, a mechanism gradually forms at the level of heart to provide a considerable increase in the organ resistance to reperfusion paradox and toxic concentrations of catecholamines and Ca2+. Sarcoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria isolated from the hearts of adapted animals are highly resistant ...
D'Orio V - - 1990
In 26 consecutive septic shock patients, we analyzed the clinical, hemodynamic, and metabolic data before and during volume infusion to test their circulatory reserve in response to fluid repletion. These patients were investigated to identify early variables that could predict outcome. There were 15 survivors (group A) and 11 nonsurvivors ...
Kahn J K - - 1990
The influence of multivessel coronary artery disease on the outcome of reperfusion therapy for myocardial infarction has not been fully characterized. Direct coronary angioplasty without antecedent thrombolytic therapy was performed during evolving myocardial infarction in 285 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease at 5.2 +/- 4.2 h after the onset ...
Fitzpatrick J C - - 1990
Carcinine (beta-alanylhistamine) is an imidazole dipeptide that exists in mammalian hearts, increases cardiac contractility, and is metabolically linked to carnosine (beta-alanylhistidine), a non-mast cell histidine and histamine precursor during stress. We have previously shown that tissue carnosine levels are regulated by H1 and H2 receptors. This study evaluated the effects ...
Kantrowitz A - - 1990
In 1968, the Journal of the American Medical Association published a paper on the "Initial clinical experience with intraaortic balloon pumping in cardiogenic shock," which gave the results of the first clinical use of the procedure developed in our laboratory. For more than 2 years, our group was the only ...
Jardin F - - 1990
To further define cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with septic shock, serial conventional hemodynamic measurements combined with two-dimensional echocardiographic studies were performed at the bedside in 21 patients admitted for an acute episode of sepsis-related circulatory failure. Measurements obtained during the first hours of hospitalization revealed a group of six patients ...
Sweeney R J - - 1990
In pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs, transcardiac shocks of up to 30 J or pacing stimuli were delivered to myocardial tissue at different times in the electrical cycle. When delivered midway or later into electrical systole, shocks, but not pacing stimuli, greatly extended the refractory period as determined by left ventricular pacing. There ...
Tan L B - - 1990
The hypothesis that the prognosis of cardiogenic shock patients is primarily dependent on cardiac pumping reserve was tested in a prospective study of 28 consecutive patients clinically diagnosed to be in cardiogenic shock and treated medically. Haemodynamic function was assessed by thermodilution Swan-Ganz catheters and arterial cannulas. The cardiac pumping ...
Cryer H G - - 1990
To determine the physiologic cardiopulmonary abnormalities leading to death when pneumonectomy is required to stop bleeding in patients in hemorrhagic shock, we compared cardiopulmonary responses to resuscitation in pigs undergoing hemorrhagic shock alone, pneumonectomy alone, and hemorrhagic shock plus pneumonectomy. Four shock-plus-pneumonectomy pigs died acutely from right heart failure. When ...
Parrillo J E - - 1990
Septic shock is the commonest cause of death in intensive care units. Although sepsis usually produces a low systemic vascular resistance and elevated cardiac output, strong evidence (decreased ejection fraction and reduced response to fluid administration) suggests that the ventricular myocardium is depressed and the ventricle dilated. In survivors, these ...
Nasser T K - - 1990
This report involves a patient who sustained an acute lateral wall myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Cardiac catheterization revealed diastolic equilibration of all intracardiac pressures. Cardiac angiography revealed only acute occlusion of a small branch of the left circumflex coronary artery with good left ventricular systolic function. Since these ...
Brown J M - - 1990
Hypertonic saline with dextran (HSD) has been recently introduced for prehospital resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock, and is currently undergoing clinical investigation. To determine the effect of clinically relevant amounts of hypertonic saline (7.5% NaCl) and/or 6% dextran 70 on non-ischemic and post-ischemic hearts, we infused rat hearts (Langendorff, 20 minutes ...
Williams J F JF - - 1990
Right ventricular infarction commonly occurs in association with acute inferior left ventricular infarction, but is uncommon when infarction involves other areas of the left ventricle. Evidence of right ventricular infarction often can be detected by physical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography, or radionuclide ventriculography. However, hemodynamically significant infarction (i.e., hypotension or shock) ...
Lefemine A A - - 1990
The application of pumps and other mechanical and physiologic aids for improving circulation and heart recovery must be based on physiologic requirements. The needs of circulation and cardiac recovery are different and depend on competence of the right ventricle as well as the left ventricle and the pattern of cannulation ...
Mills R M - - 1990
More than 98% of coronary studies performed in our laboratory are done with the transfemoral approach. In this report, we review our experience with 67 cases in which we used the percutaneous brachial approach as an alternative for patients with peripheral vascular disease. Sixty-six cases (99%) were completed; one case ...
Høegholm A - - 1990
The case of a 68 year old man in whom hydrochlorothiazide induced pulmonary oedema with hypovolaemic shock is presented. The condition was misdiagnosed as myocardial infarction until an early echocardiogram excluded a cardiac cause. The diagnosis was confirmed by an oral challenge.
Kerber R E - - 1990
Dual pathway sequential DC shocks reduce energy requirements for internal defibrillation. Our purpose was to determine if dual pathway shocks similarly reduce energy requirements or improve shock success in transthoracic (external) defibrillation. We studied 39 closed-chest anesthetized mongrel dogs. The dual pathways used were left chest to right chest and ...
Schremmer B - - 1990
Many animal studies have attempted to simulate the circulatory responses to Gram-negative septicemia (iv infusion of live bacteria, fecal inoculation into body cavities, and administration of purified endotoxins by various routes), but the contribution of the heart to the adverse hemodynamic derangements and thus to the pathogenesis of shock is ...
Abel F L - - 1990
Evidence for a major participatory role of the myocardium in the hemodynamic response to endotoxemia and sepsis has been controversial. Early interpretations about in situ changes in cardiac performance during shock were confounded by the concomitant influence of uncontrolled pathophysiologic adjustments in cardioactive variables such as preload, afterload, sympathoadrenal discharge, ...
Parker M M - - 1990
Septic shock in humans is usually characterized by a high cardiac output, a low systemic vascular resistance, reversible depression of left ventricular ejection fraction, and transient left ventricular dilatation. The relationship of left ventricular to right ventricular function in septic shock is poorly understood. To evaluate right ventricular vs left ...
Sotolongo R P - - 1990
From July 1986 through June 1988, 135 consecutive patients with myocardial infarction, including 23 in cardiogenic shock, were treated with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in a community-hospital setting. In 109 (81%) of the cases, angioplasty was successful, resulting in brisk anterograde flow and in residual stenosis of less than 50%. ...
Thijs L G - - 1990
Both peripheral vascular abnormalities and changes in myocardial function are hallmarks of septic shock. Their complex interactions result in inadequate and maldistributed microcirculatory flow and progressive organ dysfunction. Inappropriate vasodilation, microembolization and endothelial cell injury are proposed mechanisms that may induce maldistribution of flow in the microcirculation and inefficient, defective ...
Chua T S - - 1990
To evaluate the clinical features, complication rates, and mortality from infarction in the coronary care unit, we analysed all cases of acute myocardial infarction admitted to the Coronary Care Unit of the Singapore General Hospital over a 4 month period in 1988. There were 184 cases of acute infarction with ...
Misset B - - 1990
A 38-year-old man with a colonic carcinoma experienced cardiogenic shock during continuous intravenous treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), without clinical or electrical signs of coronary insufficiency and with a normal coronary angiogram. His symptoms resolved after eight days of inotropic and vasodilator therapy. Because of the severity of the shock, rechallenge ...
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