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Results 451 - 500 of 1025
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Fauvel H - - 2001
Endotoxin is one of the major factors causing myocardial depression and death during sepsis in humans. Recently, it was reported that endotoxin may induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Also, multiple caspase activation has been implicated in endotoxin-induced apoptosis in several organ systems. In this study, we investigated whether endotoxin would increase myocardial ...
Ricard P - - 2001
AIMS: It is well established in transthoracic ventricular defibrillation that biphasic truncated waveform shocks are associated with superior defibrillation efficacy when compared with damped sine wave monophasic waveform shocks. The aim of this study was to explore whether biphasic waveform shocks were superior to monophasic waveform shocks for external cardioversion ...
Dutton R P - - 2001
Shock is the body's response to decreased cellular perfusion. It can begin with hemorrhage, mechanical obstruction of the circulation, cardiac dysfunction, central nervous system injury, or sepsis. Once triggered, shock is perpetuated by the release of toxic compounds from ischemic cells. The treatment of shock consists of the removal or ...
Vieillard Baron A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An accepted concept in septic shock is that preload adaptation by acute left ventricular dilatation, when occurring spontaneously or with the aid of volume loading, permits maintenance of an adequate cardiac output, leading to final recovery. From a physiologic point of view, this concept appears debatable because a normal ...
Yano K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We observed marked myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in the acute stages of inferior wall myocardial infarction (MI) in a group of patients who developed shock despite successful reperfusion of the infarct-related lesion (IRL). HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the ...
Carnendran L - - 2001
AIMS: We analysed time trends in patient characteristics, management, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction in the international, prospective SHOCK Trial Registry and pre-study Registry. BACKGROUND: Despite therapeutic advances in its management, the incidence and high mortality of this complication has remained unchanged for decades. However, in ...
Lee D P - - 2001
We describe the value of mechanical rheolysis as an adjunct to rescue angioplasty and platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibition in a patient with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock in whom the severity of the intracoronary thrombus burden precluded restoration of antegrade coronary flow by conventional balloon angioplasty and stenting.
Di Chiara A - - 2001
Cardiogenic shock is a frequent and threatening complication in the course of acute myocardial infarction. Besides the well known causes (left ventricular failure, acquired interventricular defect, papillary muscle rupture, free wall rupture) other less frequent mechanisms recognize a functional substrate. The recognition of such mechanisms makes us to revert to ...
Goldberg R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Limited recent data are available to describe the magnitude of, and temporal trends in, the incidence and case-fatality rates associated with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to examine recent (1994-1997) trends in the incidence of, and hospital death rates from, cardiogenic shock ...
Dinarello C A - - 2001
Proinflammatory cytokines affect nearly all tissues and organ systems, and the vasculature is no exception. Although a considerable amount of research has focused on the role of the two most prominent proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF), in the pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock, the role ...
Boriani G - - 2001
Low energy internal atrial cardioversion can be performed by delivering biphasic shocks between transvenous catheters positioned within the cardiac chambers or great vessels. Delivery of shocks results in effective cardioversion at energies < 6-10 J and the procedure can be effective even when external cardioversion has failed. Shock induced discomfort ...
Quan L - - 2001
To evaluate the significance of immunohistochemical staining of ubiquitin (heat shock protein) in the midbrain for medico-legal investigation of death in fires, we examined forensic autopsy cases of fire fatalities (n = 35) in comparison with controls (n = 27; brain stem injury, acute myocardial infarction and carbon monoxide poisoning ...
Moreno R - - 2000
Patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiogenic shock constitute a very high risk subset despite an aggressive management. The objective of this study was to evaluate if the results of early coronary angioplasty in patients with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock have changed over the last years, and ...
Menon V - - 2000
AIMS: We used the GUSTO-I and GUSTO-III databases to evaluate our performance in treating cardiogenic shock patients over much of the 1990s. METHODS AND RESULTS: GUSTO-I (1990-1993) and GUSTO-III (1995-1997) prospectively identified all patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. Demographics, clinical presentation and outcomes for cardiogenic shock patients ...
Meisel E - - 2000
The recent success of biventricular pacing with transvenously implantable left ventricular leads suggests that left ventricular leads may be useful for other modes of therapy. Animal studies showed small leads inserted into a left ventricular vein dramatically reduced defibrillation strength requirements. This article describes a human investigation of the feasibility ...
Gazmuri R J - - 2000
Whereas myocardial cell injury can occur during electrical defibrillation proportional to the energy level of individual shocks, only minimal (or no) injury seems to develop when the energy is limited to the levels typically required to terminate ventricular fibrillation. During cardiac arrest, however, multiple shocks are often required to terminate ...
Leger J P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Heat-shock treatment of rats elevates expression of heat-shock proteins, which play a role in improving the contractile recovery and reducing infarct size in hearts after ischemic injury. However, the location of these proteins in the heart is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Anesthetized rats were heat-shocked by elevation of body ...
Sganzerla P - - 2000
A 56-year-old patient was admitted with cardiogenic shock due to an acute anterior myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization with coronary angiography disclosed a thrombotic occlusion of the left main coronary artery. Prompt mechanical recanalization of the infarct-related artery with multiple stent implantations associated with prolonged circulatory and respiratory supports allowed for ...
Ghacha R - - 2000
Fifty consecutive patients of acute renal failure (ARF) seen over a period of two years at the Dammam Central Hospital, Dammam were studied. The mean age of the patients was 39.3 years ranging from 14 to 90 years. The main etiological factors for ARF were acute tubular necrosis (67.5%) and ...
Hasdai D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The study examined whether antiplatelet treatment with eptifibatide affected the frequency and outcome of shock among patients in the Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy (PURSUIT) trial who had acute coronary syndromes but not persistent ST-segment elevation. BACKGROUND: Preliminary reports suggest a salutary effect ...
Webb J G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the implications of the timing of onset of cardiogenic shock (CS) after acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: Little information is available about the relationships between timing, clinical substrate, management and outcomes of shock. METHODS: The multinational SHOCK Trial Registry enrolled MI patients with CS from ...
Hochman J S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This SHOCK Study report seeks to provide an overview of patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI) and the outcome with various treatments. The outcome of patients undergoing revascularization in the SHOCK Trial Registry and SHOCK Trial are compared. BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause ...
Wong S C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate the angiographic findings, clinical correlates and in-hospital outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Patients with CS complicating acute myocardial infarction carry a grave prognosis. Detailed angiographic findings in a large, prospectively identified cohort of patients with CS are currently ...
Nyui N - - 2000
During admission for investigation of dysphagia, an 82-year-old woman suddenly complained of dyspnea, which was followed by cardiogenic shock. Her symptoms, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and laboratory data were compatible with an extensive acute anterior myocardial infarction. Emergency cardiac catheterization showed no atheromatous narrowing in any coronary artery. However, the contractions of ...
Cheng Y - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the mechanisms of vulnerability and related failure of defibrillation therapy: the cross-field-induced critical point hypothesis and the virtual electrode-induced phase singularity hypothesis. These two hypotheses predict the opposite effect of preshock repolarization on the chirality (direction of rotation) of shock-induced reentry. The ...
Hasdai D - - 2000
Cardiogenic shock remains the major cause of death among patients with all types of acute coronary syndromes. Thus, there is a growing interest in the identification of patients who are at risk for developing cardiogenic shock, in the exploration of different therapeutic approaches to preventing its development, and in the ...
Kawase M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the sequential changes in heart rate (HR), autonomic nervous activity presented by the spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV), hemodynamics and metabolism during massive hemorrhage and progressive hemorrhagic shock in dogs. METHODS: Twelve dogs were subjected to acute massive hemorrhage until mean arterial pressure (MAP) reached ...
Efimov I R - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: We recently demonstrated that virtual electrode-induced phase singularity is responsible for arrhythmogenesis during T wave shocks and explains the upper and lower limits of vulnerability. Furthermore, we suggested that the same mechanism might be responsible for defibrillation failure. The aim of this study was to experimentally support this hypothesis. ...
Kenknight B H - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: For endocardial shocks near the defibrillation threshold (DFT), postshock activity originates from the lateral left ventricular apex, where the shock field is weak. This study tested the hypothesis that an auxiliary shock (AS) delivered between an electrode at this site and a superior vena cava (SVC) electrode before the ...
Barbee R W - - 2000
We have demonstrated previously that dichloroacetate (DCA) treatment in rodents ameliorates, via activation of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, the cardiovascular depression observed after hemorrhagic shock. To explore the mechanism of this effect, we administered DCA in a large animal model of hemorrhagic shock. Mongrel hounds were anesthetized with 1.5% isoflurane ...
Boriani G - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Electrical shocks delivered for atrial cardioversion (CV) may cause myocardial damage. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of myocardial injury caused by repeated intracardiac shocks delivered for low-energy internal atrial CV. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five patients with chronic persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) of different etiologies ...
Gazmuri R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Although substantial myocardial cell injury has been reported after high-energy electrical defibrillation, only minimal injury with transient functional defects seems to develop at energy levels not exceeding those required to reverse ventricular fibrillation. Because multiple electrical shocks are often delivered in clinical settings during attempts to reverse ventricular fibrillation, ...
Fabbiocchi F - - 2000
Effective treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock depends on restoring persistent patency of the infarct-related artery. Coronary stenting, reducing abrupt or delayed closure related to dissection and suboptimal result, may improve PTCA results in cardiogenic shock. Eighteen patients (14 males and 4 females, mean age 59 ...
Dauerman H L - - 2000
Hospital survival of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock has improved during recent years. Before the 1990s, emphasis on a medical and supportive approach to treatment of these high-risk patients (including thrombolytic therapy) was not clearly associated with improving outcomes. However, in the past decade, the interventional ...
Jin X - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To document the relationships between cardiac index and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (PetCO2 during diverse low-flow states of circulatory shock. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled studies on animal models of hemorrhagic, septic, and cardiogenic shock. SETTING: University-affiliated research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Sixteen anesthetized domestic pigs weighing 35-45 kg. INTERVENTIONS: Hemorrhagic shock ...
Liu D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To understand the effect of right ventricular dysfunction on circulatory supportive therapy in patients with septic shock. METHODS: 25 patients with septic shock who were admitted consecutively to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Peking Union Medical College Hospital were observed prospectively. Hemodynamic profile of the left side and ...
Morishita A - - 2000
Two patients had percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) used as a bridge to emergency surgery. A 66-year-old man admitted with profound cardiogenic shock underwent direct stenting under PCPS with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction of the left main trunk, with the intention of performing revascularization as soon as possible. Subsequently, ...
Lim T W - - 2000
A patient with perforated appendicitis developed progressive vasodilatory shock which was complicated by perioperative acute myocardial infarction. Cardiovascular support included dopamine infusion, and later, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation balloon pump and noradrenaline and dobutamine infusion. Vasopressin was introduced as a final attempt to reverse the refractory shock and was associated with ...
Janssens U - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report tension pneumothorax (TP) as a cause of severe myocardial ischemia. DESIGN: Clinical case report. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: One patient with severe shock attributable to right TP after unsuccessful percutaneous central venous catheterization. INTERVENTIONS: Blood pressure, electrocardiogram (ECG), chest radiograph, and ...
Goff D C DC - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Declining mortality rates of coronary heart disease in the United States could be attributable to declining incidence, declining severity, and/or improvements in treatment. METHODS: We examined trends in severity of patients hospitalized for myocardial infarction to characterize its contribution to this decline by using data from the Atherosclerosis Risk ...
Kumar A - - 2000
Over the last decade, it has become clear that myocardial depression, like vascular dysfunction, is typical of human septic shock. Human septic myocardial depression is characterized by reversible biventricular dilatation, decreased ejection fraction, and decreased response to fluid resuscitation and catecholamine stimulation (in the presence of overall hyperdynamic circulation). A ...
Menon V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock is usually characterized by inadequate cardiac output and sustained hypotension. However, following a large myocardial infarction, peripheral hypoperfusion can occur with relatively well maintained systolic blood pressure, a condition known as nonhypotensive cardiogenic shock. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients with ...
Worthley L I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review pathophysiology and management of hypovolaemic, cardiogenic and septic shock in a two-part presentation. DATA SOURCES: Articles and published peer-review abstracts and a review of studies reported from 1994 to 1998 and identified through a MEDLINE search of the English language literature on septic shock, cardiogenic shock and ...
Cury P M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Partial left ventriculectomy (PLV) is an alternative to heart transplantation for patients with severe heart failure. However, this procedure is accompanied by high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we studied the hearts of 12 patients who underwent this procedure to increase our understanding of the causes of bad outcome. METHODS: ...
Shahani R - - 2000
Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) repair, a combination of hemorrhagic shock and lower-torso ischemia, is associated with a 50-70% mortality. Myocardial dysfunction may contribute to the high rate of mortality after aneurysm repair. We attempted to determine whether RAAA repair results in cardiac dysfunction mediated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). ...
Moubarak J B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that post-shock dispersion of repolarization (PSDR) is higher in T wave shocks that induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) than in those that do not, as well as in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) defibrillation shocks which fail to terminate VF when compared with those that are successful. ...
Rihner M - - 2000
In the setting of acute myocardial infarction, the timely recognition and treatment of cardiogenic shock are essential in reducing the incidence of death. Patients with cardiogenic shock should be treated aggressively with a combination of pharmacologic agents and mechanical support devices to achieve stabilization. Once stabilization has been achieved, the ...
Kleen M - - 2000
Hemorrhagic shock alters heterogeneity of regional myocardial perfusion (RMP) in the presence of critical coronary stenosis in pigs. Conventional resuscitation has failed to reverse these effects. We hypothesized that improvement of the resuscitation regime would lead to restoration of RMP heterogeneity. Diaspirin-cross-linked hemoglobin (10 g/dl; DCLHb) and human serum albumin ...
Barbash I M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effect of on-site catheterization facilities on the survival of all patients with myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock has been questioned. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of the availability of on-site catheterization facilities on the outcome of unselected patients with cardiogenic shock. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Hasdai D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study characterized clinical factors predictive of cardiogenic shock developing after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock remains a common and ominous complication of AMI. By identifying patients at risk of developing shock, preventive measures may be implemented to avert its development. METHODS: We analyzed ...
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