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Martin Carmen Sorina - - 2014
Thyroid dysfunction is a common complication of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and its therapy. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a multifactorial, stress related cardiomyopathy, rarely reported in association with thyrotoxicosis. Simultaneous occurrence of TCM and thyrotoxicosis due to hepatitis C and its treatment has never been reported. A 47-year-old woman was ...
Hatzakorzian Roupen - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is described as transient ventricular dysfunction following emotional or physical trauma. A few reports have described patients with TC in association with various circumstances of thyrotoxicosis. We report an unusual case of TC in a patient with a large retrosternal goiter and normal thyroid function. We speculate ...
Al-Salameh Abdallah - - 2013
Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare myocardial stunning syndrome with a presentation that can mimic acute myocardial infarction. It almost always occurs in elderly women and is usually precipitated by an emotional or physical stressful event. Thyrotoxicosis is one of the medical conditions associated with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy although this association ...
Kumar S - - 2013
The thyroid storm is a medical emergency characterized by decompensation of one or more organ systems. Associated cardiac involvement carries poor prognosis. Early recognition and appropriate management of life-threatening thyrotoxicosis is vital to prevent the high morbidity and mortality that may accompany this disorder. We report a young lady presenting ...
Roef Greet Leen - - 2013
Background Triiodothyronine (T3) has many effects on the heart and marked changes in cardiac function and structure occur in patients with (subclinical) thyroid disease. We investigated whether between-subject variation in thyroid hormone levels within the euthyroid range is also associated with heart rate and echocardiographic heart function and structure. Methods ...
Biondi Bernadette - - 2012
ABSTRACTCONTEXT: Heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Europe and in the United States .The aim of this review article was to assess the results of the prospective studies that evaluated the risk of heart failure in patients with overt and subclinical thyroid disease and to ...
Phillips Patrick J - - 2012
Case study Thea, aged 63 years, presents for review after a small inferior myocardial infarction (MI) 3 months previously.
Swanson Julia C - - 2012
The functional significance of the autonomic nerves in the anterior mitral valve leaflet (AML) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that remote stimulation of the vagus nerve (VNS) reduces AML stiffness in the beating heart. Forty-eight radiopaque-markers were implanted into eleven ovine hearts to delineate left ventricular and mitral anatomy, ...
D'Ascenzi F - - 2012
Left atrial (LA) enlargement and improved myocardial diastolic properties are a component of athlete's heart. We performed a longitudinal study involving adolescent athletes to investigate the impact of training on LA remodelling and diastolic function. 21 competitive adolescent soccer players were enrolled and engaged in an 8-month training program. Echocardiographic ...
Nakai Hiromi - - 2012
 Different influences of left ventricular (LV) remodeling on anterior and posterior mitral leaflet (AML and PML) tethering in ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been fully investigated. We hypothesized that progressive outward displacement of papillary muscles, including posterior vector, may cause greater tethering to PML compared to AML.  In 79 ...
Nakatani Yuki - - 2012
We report a 32-year-old Japanese women with severe hypoglycemia accompanied with thyroid crisis. She complained of dyspnea, general fatigue, and leg edema. She was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism with congestive heart failure and liver dysfunction. Soon after admission, sudden cardiopulmonary arrest occurred. She was then transferred to the intensive care unit. ...
Rautaharju Pentti M - - 2011
We evaluated electrocardiogram estimates of repolarization times (RTs) and action potential durations (APD) separately for initial and terminal repolarization periods in a reference group of 5376 healthy men and women and in 125 acute coronary syndrome patients with and 657 without diagnostic ST elevation (ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] and non-STEMI ...
Olea Fernanda D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In reperfused acute myocardial infarction (RAMI), cardioprotective treatments may enhance myocardial salvage and hence reduce the area of necrosis. Based on studies showing that plasmid-mediated vascular endothelial growth factor (pVEGF) gene transfer reduces infarct size by combining angio-arteriogenic and cardiomyogenic effects and that erythropoietin (EPO) exerts anti-apoptotic actions in ...
Tu Shengxian - - 2011
Aims: To propose and validate a novel approach to determine the optimal angiographic viewing angles for a selected coronary (target) segment from X-ray coronary angiography, without the need to reconstruct the entire coronary tree in three-dimensions (3D), such that subsequent interventions are carried out from the best view. Methods and results: ...
Agarwal Sanjeev Kumar - - 2011
Thrombus remains the bane of interventional cardiology. The use of thrombus extraction devices and distal protection devices has been controversial. Pharmacological modulation using intracoronary (IC) thrombolytic therapy during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is also not an established choice although intravenous thrombolytic therapy is widely accepted and applied treatment of choice ...
Messing Baruch - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Estimation of fetal heart ventricle mass is important for fetal cardiac evaluation in cases of structural or functional cardiac disorders or extracardiac factors. It may join other cardiac parameters to ascertain the severity and prognosis of such disorders, or the nature and timing of intervention. We applied a novel ...
Nawrot Tim S - - 2011
Acute myocardial infarction is triggered by various factors, such as physical exertion, stressful events, heavy meals, or increases in air pollution. However, the importance and relevance of each trigger are uncertain. We compared triggers of myocardial infarction at an individual and population level. We searched PubMed and the Web of ...
Michalski Błażej - - 2011
The authors present a case of 51-year-old male patient with symptoms of congestive heart failure. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D TTE) at the time of admission revealed a spherical, highly mobile structure in the right atrium (4.5 cm in diameter). Despite using multiple views it was impossible to distinguish if this ...
Luewan Suchaya - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To establish normative reference ranges of fetal cardiac dimensions derived from volume datasets of cardio-STIC-M (spatio-temporal image correlation with M-mode display) METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken on singleton pregnancies with accurate gestational age and normal fetuses. Volume datasets of cardio-STICs were acquired by experienced sonographers with a high-resolution ...
Hasanin Adel M - - 2011
We report a case of a 41-year-old man who had fatal multiple cerebral and bilateral renal infarcts 1 hour after initiation of thrombolytic therapy for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction. Echocardiography study disclosed dilated left ventricle with severe global hypokinesia suggestive of preexisting cardiomyopathy and a disintegrated left ventricular apical ...
Lee Wei-Ning - - 2011
The capability of currently available echocardiography-based strain estimation techniques to fully map myocardial abnormality at early stages of myocardial ischemia is yet to be investigated. In this study, myocardial elastography (ME), a radio-frequency (RF)-based strain imaging technique that maps the full 2D transmural angle-independent strain tensor in standard echocardiographic views ...
Simioni Christiane - - 2011
Objectives. The aim of this study was to establish nomograms for fetal stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), and ejection fraction (EF) using four-dimensional ultrasound with spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) modality. Methods. The fetal heart was scanned using STIC modality, starting with classic four-chamber view plane, during fetal quiescence with abdomen uppermost, ...
Klug Gert - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find out if single time point and estimated cumulative release of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and creatine kinase (CK) correlate with early infarct size and left ventricular function measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: CMR and serial CK and cTnT measurements ...
Medina Alfonso - - 2011
The plaque distribution patterns in coronary bifurcation lesions are not well understood. It has been speculated that carina is free of plaque partly because of high wall shear stress providing an atheroprotective effect. To study plaque distribution with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in the coronary bifurcation and the prevalence of carina ...
Jiang Peng - - 2011
A metabolomic method using reversed-phase liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) was developed to obtain a systematic view of the development and progression of myocardial infarction (MI). By combining with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), 16 biomarkers in rat urine were identified and eight of them were related to ...
Kunadian Vijayalakshmi - - 2012
Coronary artery disease is the single leading cause of death in the United States. Occlusion of the coronary artery was identified to be the cause of myocardial infarction almost a century ago. Following a series of investigations, streptokinase was discovered and demonstrated to be beneficial for the treatment of patients ...
Lo Ada - - 2010
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening illness that is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Patients with extensive emboli usually have associated right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. With anticoagulation therapy, RV function usually returns to normal. In patients with massive and submassive PE, echocardiography may directly visualize the embolus ...
Campbell Jennifer - - 2010
Recombinant thrombolytic peptides are mainly represented by recombinant forms of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), a proteolytic enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of plasminogen into active plasmin, which then functions to dissolve clots. The three clinically relevant recombinant thrombolytic peptides are alteplase (t-PA), reteplase (r-PA), and tenecteplase (TNK). r-PA and TNK ...
Bostan M - - 2010
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), caused by acute occlusion of the infarct-related coronary artery, is an emergency condition. The primary therapy is restoration of full antegrade flow by either percutaneus coronary intervention (PCI) or thrombolytic therapy (TT). Although primary PCI is superior to TT in patients with STEMI, there are many ...
Akdemir Ramazan - - 2010
It is known that primary angioplasty is more effective than thrombolytic therapy for the treatment of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. The aim of the present study is to compare the effects of the two strategies on the left ventricular functions using the Tei index (a combined myocardial performance index). ...
Yaşar Ayşe Saatci - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: High levels of mean platelet volume (MPV) have been shown to be a predictor of poor clinical outcome among survivors of myocardial infarction. We evaluated the association between admission MPV and infarct-related artery (IRA) patency in patients treated with thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). STUDY DESIGN: We ...
Vallé Baptiste - - 2010
We report the case of a 46-year-old patient who presented a chest pain with ST-segment elevation in precordial leads V1 (2 mm), V2 (4 mm), and V3 (3 mm). Thrombolytic therapy was initiated with the combination tenecteplase tissue plasminogene activator, aspirin, and heparin. Further electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes measured every ...
Yaylali Yalin Tolga - - 2010
Thrombolytic therapy is still the fastest and most accessible treatment for patients presenting with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The time to treatment is a pivotal parameter in reperfusion. We examined the effects of implementing a better organized team approach to reduce door-to-needle times in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Fully ...
Ergelen Mehmet - - 2009
Behcet's disease is a multisystemic, rheumatic disorder characterized by oral and genital ulceration and ocular inflammation. Although cardiac involvement is not rare as a manifestation of Behcet's disease, coronary arteritis is reported seldom. We present the first case of left main coronary artery thrombosis in literature leading to acute myocardial ...
Zinkstok S M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is currently the only approved acute therapy for ischemic stroke. After rt-PA-induced recanalization, reocclusion is observed in 20-34%, probably caused by platelet activation. In acute myocardial infarction, the combination of thrombolytic and antiplatelet therapy leads to a better outcome compared to thrombolytic ...
Mehta Sameer - - 2009
Management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has undergone seismic changes in the last two decades, primarily with the global availability of thrombolytic agents and with the burgeoning use of Primary PCI. Application of these two modalities has dramatically reduced both the mortality and morbidity from AMI. Advances in thrombolytic therapy ...
Saran R K - - 2009
Tenecteplase is a genetically engineered product of the Alteplase molecule. Mutations of Alteplase at three locations result in a more fibrin specific thrombolytic agent with a longer half life. Such properties would allow bolus administration, leading to faster reperfusion of occluded arteries. Tenecteplase is equivalent to front loaded Alteplase in ...
Yasar Ayse Saatci - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is highly prevalent in patients with acute myocardial infarction. It has been shown that MS is associated with poor in-hospital outcome and long-term survival in patients with acute myocardial infarction. We aimed to investigate the effect of MS on the infarct-related artery patency in patients ...
Collen D - - 2009
Milestones in the development of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) as a fibrin-specific thrombolytic agent include: purification of human t-PA from the culture fluid of the Bowes melanoma cell line, elucidation of the molecular basis of fibrin-specific plasminogen activation, first experimental animal models of thrombosis, first patient (renal allograft) treated with ...
Falcon-Chevere Jorge L - - 2009
This 63 years old man presented to the emergency room with chest pain of more than 12 hours duration. The initial electrocardiogram showed as ST segment elevation inferior and right ventricular infarction. He developed signs and symptoms consistent with cardiogenic shock, followed by life threatening ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest. ...
Todd Jamie L - - 2009
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a prevalent condition that may account for > 300,000 deaths annually in the United States alone. Although thrombolytics have been studied as a treatment for acute PE since the 1960s, to date there have been only 11 randomized controlled trials comparing thrombolytic therapy to conventional anticoagulation, ...
Szabo Sebastian - - 2009
In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), myocardial reperfusion is associated with an inflammatory response leading to adverse effects on further myocardial damage. Therefore, we investigated the effects of the thrombolytic regimen with half-dose reteplase (r-PA) combined with abciximab on different cytokines involved in the local and systemic inflammatory ...
Lago Rodrigo M - - 2009
Individuals with type 2 diabetes are more likely to experience a myocardial infarction and have worse outcomes compared with nondiabetic individuals. The underlying pathophysiology of the atherosclerotic process is accentuated but not significantly different in patients with type 2 diabetes. In addition, the prothrombotic state associated with diabetes may also ...
Orhan Ahmet L - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between homocysteine levels and the development of left ventricular thrombus in acute anterior myocardial infarction patients directed to thrombolytic therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients presenting with ST elevated acute anterior myocardial infarction and treated with thrombolytic agent, t-PA, ...
Melandri Giovanni - - 2009
TNKase is a genetically engineered variant of the alteplase molecule. Three different mutations result in an increase of the plasma half-life, of the resistance to plasminogen-activator inhibitor 1 and of the thrombolytic potency against platelet-rich thrombi. Among available agents in clinical practice, TNKase is the most fibrin-specific molecule and can ...
Brouns Raf - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Thrombolytic therapy improves clinical outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke but is compromised by symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and an unpredictable therapeutic response. In vitro and in vivo data suggest that activation of procarboxypeptidase U (proCPU) inhibits fibrinolysis. AIMS: To investigate whether the extent of proCPU activation is related ...
Provenzale James M - - 2008
The use of thrombolytic agents and other forms of reperfusion therapy has provided a means to reverse ischemia and minimize the size of infarctions. The purpose of this review is to examine various clinical trials of reperfusion agents and address key imaging issues. Advanced MRI and CT play a growing ...
Keeble William - - 2008
Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging can define the territory and extent of myocardial infarction from patterns of late gadolinium enhancement. Following failure to reperfuse with thrombolytic therapy, a case of myocardial infarction is described in which ongoing symptoms and an electrocardiogram change led to a diagnostic dilemma. Cardiac magnetic resonance ...
Dogan Mehmet - - 2009
Coronary embolism is an uncommon cause for myocardial infarction in clinical practice and there is no consensus on the treatment of this subject. Thrombolytic agents and percutaneous intervention are up to date options and yet there are only a few case reports regarding thrombolytic therapy in this special subgroup of ...
Finelli Pasquale F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The role of neuroimaging in acute posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory infarction is less well appreciated compared with the anterior cerebral circulation because PCA infarction occurs less frequently and more often is associated with limited neurologic deficit not qualifying for thrombolytic therapy. On occasion, however, hemiparesis and/or visual field ...
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