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Results 401 - 450 of 2173
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Chan K M John - - 2009
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is common after myocardial infarction. It results in a significantly increased risk of congestive heart failure and death. The assessment of these patients is challenging as IMR is a dynamic condition and varies in severity under different physiologic conditions, such as physical exertion and changes in ...
Glower Donald D - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Pure annular dilation (PAD) is a recognized etiology of mitral regurgitation, yet few data exist to define the prognostic profile of this disorder relative to other etiologies, such as ischemia or myxomatous prolapse. METHODS: A total of 535 patients undergoing mitral repair at two ...
Atoui Rony - - 2009
Re-operative mitral valve surgery in patients with poor ventricular function can be challenging especially in the presence of patent bypass grafts. We report the case of 11 patients with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy who underwent reoperative mitral valve repair through a limited right thoracotomy approach, on a non-fibrillating beating heart. All ...
Itoh Akinobu A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2009
The anterior leaflet of the mitral valve (MV), viewed traditionally as a passive membrane, is shown to be a highly active structure in the beating heart. Two types of leaflet contractile activity are demonstrated: 1) a brief twitch at the beginning of each beat (reflecting contraction of myocytes in the ...
Kasahara Hirofumi - - 2009
We present a rare case of a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm following mitral valve repair probably due to testing the valve's competence. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with a sutureless technique in which layers of a biodegradable collagen system with fibrinogen-based coating were used. We reviewed the literature regarding left ventricular ...
Masuyama Shinji - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) with leaflet tethering is a serious complication related to dilated cardiomyopathy. Although FMR with mitral leaflet tethering can be improved by secondary chordal cutting, the technique may compromise valvular-ventricular interaction. The aim of chordal translocation (CT) is to maintain valvular-ventricular ...
Quill Jason L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this work were to employ functional imaging capabilities of the Visible Heart laboratory and endoscopic visualization of mitral valves in perfusion-fixed specimens to better characterize variability in mitral valve leaflet anatomy and to provide a method to classify mitral leaflets that varies from the current nomenclature. ...
Myrmel Truls - - 2009
During the last three decades, the most prevalent surgical mitral valve disease in Scandinavia has changed from the sequelae of rheumatic fever to the mitral valve pathologies related to ischemic heart disease. Also, the total number of patients in need of a mitral valve procedure is increasing. For several of ...
Araji Omar A - - 2009
We present a case of acute endocarditis due to enterococcus faecalis involving partially A2 and completely A3 (Carpentier classification) with destruction of the free margin of the mitral valve. Repair was performed by using glutaraldehyde treated porcine pericardium to replace the defect and neochordae of polytetrafluoroethylene sutured to the free ...
Pagel Paul S - - 2009
A 57-year-old patient presented with a long history of minimally symptomatic mitral valve prolapse (MVP). The patient eventually developed severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and clinical evidence of congestive heart failure over 10 years duration before admission. He described a 34-year history of MVP. A transesophageal echocardiography examination demonstrated left atrial ...
Omae Takeshi - - 2009
We report a patient in whom severe hemodynamic instability occurring after mitral valvoplasty (MVP) was successfully treated with cibenzoline. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) with mitral regurgitation (MR) resulting from the systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve that occurs after MVP often leads to hemodynamic collapse. Patients ...
Sersar S I - - 2009
We report the case of a 41 years old woman who presented with massive bleeding after redo mitral valve replacement. A Left ventricular rupture, different from the three known types of wall rupture was hardly identified and controlled with extreme difficulty. The patient died eight days postoperatively due to disseminated ...
Kim Hyung-Kwan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pressure half-time (PHT) method has been widely used to estimate mitral valve area (MVA) in patients with mitral stenosis (MS), in the belief that this simple method provides reliable information on true MVA. However, its limitation has been repeatedly recognized under different circumstances. The aim of this study ...
Aessopos Athanasios - - 2009
Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality and one of the main causes of morbidity in beta-thalassemia. Patients with homozygous thalassemia may have either a severe phenotype which is usually transfusion dependent or a milder form that is thalassemia intermedia. The two main factors that determine cardiac disease in ...
Muresian Horia - - 2009
As a result of the numerous clinical and surgical data accumulated so far, the classical image of the mitral valve-a bicuspid valve, with two leaflets and two papillary muscles-undergoes significant modifications. The valve, included into the larger concept of the mitral valvular complex unveils numerous important valences and characteristics, among ...
Anderson Robert H - - 2009
The essence of anatomic description is to account for structures as they lie within the body as viewed in the so-called anatomic position. This important basic principle of gross anatomy has been ignored for years by those describing the relationships of structures within the heart, these cardiac components usually being ...
Miura Takashi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Residual mitral regurgitation (MR) is a risk factor of reoperation. Here we report the midterm results of mitral valve repair for degenerative disease with mitral valve prolapse and identify important factors for durable repair. METHODS: From April 1999 to September 2007, 116 patients with leaflet prolapse (59 men; mean ...
Baba Shiro - - 2009
We treated a 10 year 11 month old girl with severe mitral valve regurgitation, stenosis and dilated cardiomyopathy, presented with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification IV. She acutely developed cardiogenic shock with a dyskinetic anterior-septal left ventricle and entered a shock state during our consultation about heart transplantation. ...
Wang Xing-Xiang - - 2009
A 24-year-old woman admitted with mild chest distress associated with activity without chest complaint for twenty days. Two orifices were visible at the level of the mitral valve with a transthoracic short-axis view of the two-dimensional and three-dimensional echocardiography. The left ventricle was mildly dilatated and the left ventricular wall ...
Rukosujew Andreas - - 2009
Secondary mitral insufficiency (SMI) is an indicator of a poor prognosis in patients with ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathies. Numerous studies corroborated that mitral valve (MV) surgery improves survival and may be an alternative to heart transplantation in this group of patients.The aim of the study was to retrospectively analyze the ...
Micovic Slobodan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Mitral incompetence is a chronic sequela of myocardial infarction. It is caused by apical displacement and tethering of the mitral valve leaflets after myocardial infarction, resulting in incomplete coaptation. The consensus is for mitral valve surgery in the presence of significant ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). Previously, the only option ...
Caciolli Sabina - - 2008
A rare case of a 14-year-old child with congenital mitral insufficiency secondary to hypoplasia of the posterior leaflet is reported. Echocardiography revealed the almost complete absence of the posterior mitral leaflet, which determined massive regurgitation. At surgical inspection the posterior leaflet was almost completely absent, represented only by tags of ...
Davidson M J - - 2008
Technological advances have recently enabled mitral valve repair to be performed using endovascular techniques and thus open the possibility of nonsurgical treatment of mitral valve disease. While balloon valvotomy has been applied to mitral stenosis for over 20 years, a number of devices aimed at correcting mitral regurgitation are currently ...
Carrigan Thomas P - - 2008
A 39 year old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with severe latent obstruction and mitral regurgitation, presented with symptoms of dyspnea and atrial fibrillation, and developed an acute embolic stroke. After thrombolysis and complete neurologic recovery, a transesophageal echo revealed six mobile densities, on her mitral and aortic valves, and in ...
Hashim Sabet W - - 2008
Chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation is a prevalent problem among patients following a myocardial infarction. Until recently, the pathophysiology was poorly understood, resulting in surgical strategies with suboptimal results and limited durability. The surgical approach has evolved from revascularization alone to an additional mitral valve procedure, replacement, or repair. When the ...
Gorman Joseph H JH 3rd University of Pennsylvania, Glenolden Research Laboratory, 500 South Ridgeway Avenue, Glenolden, PA 19036, - - 2008
Five million Americans suffer from heart failure (HF). Despite innovative new pharmacologic and device therapies, the 5-year mortality rate for patients remains near 50%. Conservatively, 300,000 patients with HF also have severe functional mitral regurgitation. Over the past decade, the surgical approach to these patients has become more aggressive because ...
Rankin J Scott - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Previously, surgery hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) has consisted primarily of septal myectomy and/or resection of the anterior mitral leaflet with low-profile valve replacement. However, recent studies have shown that the anterior papillary muscle and chordal fan can contribute to obstruction, and also that significant ...
George Kristopher M - - 2008
In patients with degenerative mitral valve disease and tall leaflets, systolic anterior motion after mitral valve repair is generally avoided by use of a sliding posterior leaflet repair technique with an annuloplasty of appropriate size. Occasionally, in spite of these maneuvers, systolic anterior motion occurs intraoperatively after discontinuing cardiopulmonary bypass. ...
Scohy Thierry V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography allow to obtain real-time 3D transesophageal (RT3DTEE) images intraoperatively. METHODS: Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed: hypertrophic ventricular septum (TTE:19.3 mm), systolic anterior motion (SAM) not causing obstruction and malcoaptation of the anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL), and posterior mitral valve leaflet (PMVL) with ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2008
Accessory mitral valve tissue is an unusual congenital cardiac anomaly and a rare cause responsible for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. An 18-year-old patient was referred to this hospital due to an occasionally noted heart murmur in a medical examination. Echocardiography facilitated the diagnosis of accessory mitral valve tissue. To ...
Rama Akhtar - - 2008
In patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction and functional mitral regurgitation, the surgical treatment of the mitral insufficiency remains a challenging issue. Several procedures were described to restore a more normal alignment between the mitral annulus and the laterally displaced papillary muscles. We report a new approach to relocate the ...
Marijon Eloi - - 2008
Despite marked global differences in the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease, little is known about geographic variations in the characteristics of patients with severe mitral stenosis. To determine if differences in rheumatic fever epidemiology influence the characteristics of patients with mitral stenosis and the immediate results of percutaneous mitral commissurotomy ...
Messika-Zeitoun David - - 2008
Percutaneous mitral valve commissurotomy (PMC) is the treatment of choice for patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and favorable anatomy. Evaluation of MS should answer two questions: is MS severe? And is the valve suitable for PMC? Evaluation of MS severity relies on accurate echocardiographic assessment of the mitral valve area ...
Sharieff Saleem - - 2008
BACKGROUND Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) is a well known non-surgical technique for treating patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). There are very few studies that have compared the 3 techniques together for their safety and efficacy. To compare the three different techniques for percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) using Inoue balloon ...
Stephens Elizabeth H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although chronic mitral regurgitation results in adverse left ventricular remodeling, its effect on the mitral valve leaflets per se is unknown. In a chronic ovine model, we tested whether isolated mitral regurgitation alone was sufficient to remodel the anterior mitral leaflet. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-nine sheep were randomized to ...
Levionnois Olivier - - 2008
A one-year-old healthy sheep received an implant stenting the mural ('posterior') leaflet of the mitral valve. The experiment was authorized by the Cantonal Ethical Committee. The surgery was performed on the open, beating heart during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Management of anaesthesia was based on isoflurane with mechanical intermittent positive pressure ...
Newcomb Andrew E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the outcomes of mitral valve repair in a defined group of patients with mitral regurgitation caused by advanced myxomatous degeneration. METHODS: Advanced myxomatous degeneration of the mitral valve was defined as a degenerative process whereby both leaflets are voluminous and aneurysmal and the mitral annulus diameter ...
Dhaliwal R S - - 2008
An optimal approach to the mitral valve for repair or replacement must provide adequate exposure even in a small left atrial and redo cases, without need for forceful retraction. This benefit of good exposure must not be at the cost of increased morbidity from increased postoperative bleeding, SA node, or ...
López-Pardo Francisco - - 2008
We report a case of giant blood cyst originating from the anterior mitral valve leaflet, which was discovered during a two-dimensional echocardiography examination performed for investigation of a systolic murmur in a 34-year-old healthy man. Three-dimensional microbubble-enhanced images showed a heart-shape appearance that may be pathognomonic for blood cyst of ...
Akay Tankut Hakki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the risk factors for hospital mortality, short (five years) and mid-term (10 years) survival in patients who underwent mitral valve replacements in redo patients with previous mitral valve procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 1989 and December 2003, 62 redo patients have undergone mitral valve ...
Cianciulli Tomás F - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) is an effective method for treating patients with severe mitral stenosis. The study aim was to compare left and right atrial appendage functions before and after PMV. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (23 women, two men; mean age 38 +/- 9 years; ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2008
A critically ill patient had a major mitral paravalvular leak, failed device closure of the leak, and severe hemolytic anemia after a third mitral valve replacement. Echocardiography showed the Amplatzer occluder device completely displaced and swirled in the left atrial cavity. His condition was greatly improved after a fourth mitral ...
Chitwood W Randolph WR - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve repair is the standard therapy for patients with degenerative (myxomatous) disease and severe mitral regurgitation. Robotic mitral valve repair provides the least-invasive surgical approach. We report the largest single-center robotic mitral valve repair experience. METHODS: Between May 2000 and November 2006, 300 patients underwent a robotic mitral ...
García-Fuster Rafael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Subvalvular preservation is beneficial in patients undergoing mitral valve replacement, especially in degenerative mitral regurgitation. Its feasibility and benefit is less evident in rheumatic disease. Our aim was to study the impact of preservation techniques in rheumatic patients and determine risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Five hundred sixty-six rheumatic ...
Mabrouk-Zerguini N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Using echocardiography, perioperative assessment of systolic function by fractional area change (FAC) is questionable in patients suffering from mitral regurgitation (MR). Tei index, an index expressing global cardiac function, has been reported to be unchanged after mitral valve surgery. We tested the hypothesis where the Tei index could be ...
Hasegawa Hiroki - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve motion after performing an edge-to-edge repair is a major concern, but it has not yet been observed directly. Mitral valve motion was assessed by using a high-speed digital video camera and microsonometric analysis in an isolated swine heart, and any changes in the mitral valve area or ...
Sorgente Antonio - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomic relation between the coronary sinus (CS), mitral annulus, and coronary arteries using 64-multislice computed tomography (MSCT) in patients presenting with a wide range of atrial volumes and left ventricular functions to determine the potential clinical use for percutaneous mitral annuloplasty ...
Katircioglu Salih Fehmi - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardiac reperfusion injury is a well-described complication occurring after ischemia or following cardioplegic arrest. Various strategies have been developed to prevent ischemic reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and applicability of the on-pump beating heart mitral valve surgery without cross-clamping the ...
Miwa Kunihisa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small heart syndrome has previously been reported as neurocirculatory asthenia, associated with a small heart shadow on a chest roentgenogram. This is characterized as weakness or fatigue even after ordinary exertion, palpitation, dyspnea, and fainting, resembling patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). HYPOTHESIS: Small heart syndrome may be prevalent ...
Selamet Tierney Elif Seda - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to identify independent echocardiographic predictors of mitral stenosis (MS)-related death or intervention in infants. Congenital MS is a rare and morphologically heterogeneous lesion with variable prognosis. Among patients diagnosed with MS in early infancy, echocardiographic factors associated with MS-related intervention or death have ...
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