Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2170
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Yang Yang - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is the strongest endogenous myocardial protective mechanism, but up to now, its specific mechanisms have not been completely understood. The Notch network regulates multiple cellular processes, including cell fate determination, development, differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and regeneration. Recent loss-of-function studies have shown that the Notch1 receptor controls the ...
Sung Miranda M Y - - 2011
Recent evidence has suggested that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) induced by short-term caloric restriction (CR) protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Because AMPK plays a central role in regulating energy metabolism, we investigated whether alterations in cardiac energy metabolism contribute to the cardioprotective effects induced by CR. Hearts ...
Xin Wei - - 2011
Previous studies suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated apoptosis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. Gene transfer of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) attenuates myocardial apoptosis in a variety of heart failure models. This study is to investigate the effects of SERCA2a gene delivery ...
Sachdeva Jaspreet - - 2010
Saffron (dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L.), a naturally derived plant product, has long been used as a traditional ancient medicine against various human diseases. The aim of the series of experiments was to systematically determine whether saffron exerts cardioprotection in isoproterenol-induced myocardial damage. Male Wistar rats (150-175g) were divided ...
de Jong Sanne - - 2010
In this review article about fibrosis and arrhythmias we show that the amount of collagen, a normal element of the heart muscle, increases with age and in heart disease. The relation between fibrosis and electrophysiological parameters such as conduction, fractionation of electrograms, abnormal impulse initiation as well as arrhythmogenicity is ...
Mahmoudi Michael - - 2011
Although the use of percutaneous circulatory assist devices is gaining increasing acceptance as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with cardiogenic shock, their role in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) without hemodynamic compromise and elective high-risk PCI remains controversial. This is reflected by the lack of ...
Goodman Michael D - - 2011
The role of other STAT subtypes in conferring ischemic tolerance is unclear. We hypothesized that in STAT-3 deletion alternative STAT subtypes would protect myocardial function against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Wild-type (WT) male C57BL/6 mice or mice with cardiomyocyte STAT-3 knockout (KO) underwent baseline echocardiography. Langendorff-perfused hearts underwent ischemic preconditioning (IPC) or ...
Katsnelson Leonid B - - 2011
Cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) overload is closely linked to cardiac arrhythmias. We have earlier shown in a mathematical model that myocardium mechanical activity may contribute to rhythm disturbances induced by Ca(2+) overload in cardiomyocytes with reduced Na(+)-K(+) pump work (Sulman et al., 2008). The same model is used here to address possible ...
Yang Ping - - 2010
To investigate the protective action of tanshinone IIA (TSN) on myocardial apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and its effect on prohibitin (PHB) expression to probe the role of PHB in the oxidation stress of myocardial cells. Primary cultured neonate rat myocardial cells were cultured with TSN (1 x 10(-4) ...
Piepoli Massimo F - - 2010
Muscular fatigue and dyspnoea on exertion are among the most common symptoms in chronic heart failure; however their origin is still poorly understood. Several studies have shown that cardiac dysfunction alone cannot fully explain their origin, but the contribution of the multiorgan failure present in this syndrome must be highlighted. ...
Silva Doroteia - - 2010
Coronary vasospasm is one cause of chest pain in patients with acute myocarditis. This is a rare association, with few cases reported in the literature. The authors describe a case of acute myocarditis in which presentation mimicked acute myocardial infarction. During hospitalization severe angina recurred twice, accompanied by transient ST-segment ...
Lotz Christopher - - 2011
The second window of anaesthetic-induced preconditioning (APC) is afforded by the interplay of multiple signalling pathways, whereas a similar protective response is mediated by peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonists. However, a possible role of this nuclear receptor during APC has not been studied to date. We investigated the hypothesis that ...
Bae Suk-Hyang - - 2010
Cardiac amyloidosis describes a clinical disorder caused by infiltration of abnormal insoluble fibrils in the heart, characterized by progressive heart failure and a grave prognosis. Pleural effusion in cardiac amyloidosis may represent a sign of heart failure, but it can also result from pleural infiltration of amyloid, manifested by recurrent ...
Norman Greg J - - 2011
The current study examined the role of perceived social isolation in moderating the effects of oxytocin on cardiac autonomic control in humans. Intranasal administration of 20 IU oxytocin resulted in a significant increase in autonomic (parasympathetic and sympathetic) cardiac control. Specifically, oxytocin increased high frequency heart rate variability, a relatively ...
Delbeck Martina - - 2011
G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) has been reported to act as a membrane-bound estrogen receptor that is involved in the mediation of non-genomic estradiol signalling. In this study, we demonstrated that male, but not female, GPR30-deficient mice suffer from impaired left‑ventricular cardiac function. Left ventricles from male mutant mice were enlarged. ...
Kee Hae Jin - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy occurs in association with heart diseases and ultimately results in cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are post-translational modifying enzymes that can deacetylate histones and non-histone proteins. Research with HDAC inhibitors has provided evidence that the class I HDACs are pro-hypertrophic. Among the class I HDACs, ...
Cheng Ching-Feng - - 2011
Cardiac angina is the hallmark of myocardial ischemia, but the role of the cardiac sensory nerve has received relatively little attention. Recently, both acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) and capsaicin receptor (TRPV1) have been suggested as important mediators in sensing cardiac ischemia. However, studies comparing the physiological roles of ASIC3 ...
Fay William P - - 2010
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a biomarker of inflammation. Increased plasma levels of CRP are associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction. However, the correlation between plasma CRP concentration and atherosclerotic plaque burden is poor. Based on these observations, it has been hypothesized that CRP increases the risk of myocardial ...
Robinson Tim - - 2010
Heart failure is increasingly common in western populations and is an inevitable consequence of the improved survival after myocardial infarction, and of an ageing population. Heart failure is usually relentlessly progressive as the maladaptive processes triggered by the physiological changes of the condition lead to further deterioration. However, in certain ...
Szabó Gábor G Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheiemer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg, - - 2011
The gaseous mediator hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is synthesized mainly by cystathionine γ-lyase in the heart and plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. Here we first overview the state of the art in the literature on the cardioprotective effects of H(2)S in various models of cardiac injury. Subsequently, ...
Asimaki Angeliki A Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2011
The Role of Endomyocardial Biopsy in ARVC.  Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is characterized by a high incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death that appear early in the natural history of the disease and may precede significant ventricular remodeling. The classical pathology of ARVC is degeneration of right ...
Yudi Matias - - 2013
We report a 43-year-old man with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator for aborted sudden cardiac death. He represents in extreme electrical storm with 111 different ventricular fibrillation episodes. Successful treatment was achieved with multiple antiarrhythmic agents, mechanical ventilation, external shocks, and ultimately overdrive pacing. A cardiac magnetic resonance scan revealed two ...
Qu Zhilin Z Department of Medicine (Cardiology), David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, 650 Charles E. Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2011
Dynamical chaos, an irregular behavior of deterministic systems, has been widely shown in nature. It also has been demonstrated in cardiac myocytes in many studies, including rapid pacing-induced irregular beat-to-beat action potential alterations and slow pacing-induced irregular early afterdepolarizations, etc. Here we review the roles of chaos in the genesis ...
Zhang Ying - - 2010
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis, partially mediated through p53 signaling pathway, plays a crucial role in the progression of pathological remodeling and heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI). We hypothesized that pifithrin-alpha (PFTa), a synthetic p53 inhibitor, would suppress cardiac apoptosis through the disruption of p53-dependent transcriptional activation and thereby improve heart function ...
Gupta S - - 2011
Background: Rheumatic mitral stenosis severity has been assessed by the systolic time interval between the QRS onset and the first heart sound (QS1) by phonocardiography. We hypothesized that non-invasive computerized acoustic cardiography could evaluate mitral stenosis severity compared with echocardiography and invasive haemodynamics in patients undergoing percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). ...
Le May Michel R - - 2010
Time to reperfusion is linked to survival in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is now considered the dominant strategy when it can be performed quickly. Because the number of cardiac catherization facilities is limited, health care workers have attempted to develop systems to ...
Penna Claudia - - 2010
The Chromogranin A (CgA)-derived anti-hypertensive peptide catestatin (CST) antagonizes catecholamine secretion, and is a negative myocardial inotrope acting via a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism. It is not known whether CST contributes to ischemia/reperfusion injury or is a component of a cardioprotective response to limit injury. Here, we tested whether CST by ...
Nagesh C M - - 2010
Diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) encompasses a wide spectrum of myocardial ischaemia varying from assuredly benign to potentially fatal. Cardiac biomarkers have had a major impact on the management of this disease and are now the cornerstone in its diagnosis and prognosis. In this review we discuss both the ...
Shetty Anoop K - - 2011
We describe cardiac resynchronization therapy in a patient with a mitral valve annuloplasty device in situ for functional mitral regurgitation. We successfully implanted a left ventricular lead through a mitral valve annuloplasty device anchor into the coronary sinus and then through the struts of the device's proximal anchor.
Patel Kalpesh - - 2011
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing diagnostic procedures and/or interventional procedures in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) use has been implicated both as increasing the risk of developing CIN and as a protective factor against developing CIN. Because many patients ...
Kvitting John-Peder Escobar - - 2010
The dynamic changes of anterior mitral leaflet (AML) curvature are of primary importance for optimal left ventricular filling and emptying but are incompletely characterized. Sixteen radiopaque markers were sutured to the AML in 11 sheep, and 4-dimensional marker coordinates were acquired with biplane videofluoroscopy. A surface subdivision algorithm was applied ...
Musumeci Beatrice - - 2011
Accessory mitral valve tissue is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly that was initially described in children in association with other cardiac congenital abnormalities and, more recently, has also been reported in adults. The authors report a patient with genetically confirmed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who also had a highly mobile, free-floating membrane-like ...
Quaresma Ana - - 2010
Ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect (osASD) is one of the most common congenital heart defects. Treatment of these defects was revolutionized by the introduction of percutaneous closure. Echocardiography has a major role in the evaluation and treatment of this disease. The authors review the role of this imaging technique in ...
Dedieu Natalie - - 2011
A 12-year-old child with no previous medical history was referred with a 4-day history of cough, shortness of breath, and peripheral blood eosinophilia. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a soft tissue infiltrating the left ventricular free wall, the lateral mitral annulus, and the mitral valve leaflets. A soft tissue strand connecting the ...
Hwang Hye Jin - - 2011
the geometry of the mitral apparatus changes dynamically throughout systole and diastole. We investigated how geometric dynamics of the mitral apparatus could affect the haemodynamics of the outflow tract in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy presenting with systolic anterior motion (HCM(SAM)) using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. we obtained transthoracic volumetric images in ...
Jiang Shengli - - 2010
We studied the clinical characteristics and operative treatment of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) caused by a congenital accessory mitral valve (AMV). Two patients were admitted to our department. Preoperatively, case 1 was diagnosed as congenital heart disease with severe LVOTO and an anterior mitral valve cleft. The patient ...
Yousefnia Mohammad Ali - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of performing papillary muscle repositioning (PMR) for subvalvular-sparing mitral valve replacement procedures in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation and to determine the early and late effects of this procedure on the clinical outcome and left ventricular mechanics. METHODS: We ...
Amirghofran Ahmad Ali - - 2010
The patient is a 17-year-old boy who was referred to our center with complaints of easy fatigability and exertional dyspnea. In echocardiography, the left ventricle was identified to be composed of a small functional cavity, and 2 sequestrated apical cavities that communicated with the functional cavity only through few stenotic ...
Padala Muralidhar - - 2010
Interest in developing durable mitral valve repair methods is growing, underscoring the need to better understand the native mitral valve mechanics. In this study, the authors investigate the dynamic deformation of the mitral valve strut chordae-to-anterior leaflet transition zone using a novel stretch mapping method and report the complex mechanics ...
Burch Thomas M - - 2011
A 45-year-old woman with a history of rheumatic mitral disease underwent valve replacement. After surgery, the patient became hemodynamically unstable. A transesophageal echocardiogram showed an underfilled left ventricle with a clot impinging on the lateral aspect of the left ventricle and a malfunctioning mitral valve prosthesis. After evacuation of the ...
Arı Hasan - - 2010
We evaluated the effects of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation on slow coronary flow (SCF). The study included 26 patients (group 1; 13 females, 13 males; mean age 58.8 years) who had normal coronary arteries but SCF in three coronary vessels and 25 subjects (group 2, 14 females, 11 males; mean ...
Timek Tomasz A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The optimal treatment of moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) remains contested. Thus, radiopaque markers were implanted on valvular structures to investigate the geometric and hemodynamic variables associated with the evolution and progression of acute ovine IMR. METHODS: Eight adult sheep underwent implantation of five ...
Asmer Ihab - - 2010
Flail mitral valve usually causes severe mitral regurgitation, which may lead to left ventricular dysfunction if left uncorrected. The authors present a case of flail posterior mitral valve leaflet and severe mitral regurgitation in which mitral valve adaptation led to enlargement of the anterior mitral valve leaflet, decrease in mitral ...
Salati Maurizio - - 2010
In 10 patients, a free-wall plication of inferior or lateral scar was performed. The procedure was done on cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamping by means of four or five wide U-stitches. Six patients underwent concomitant mitral annuloplasty and one mitral valve replacement. One patient died postoperatively. There was a sudden ...
Roscani Meliza Goi - - 2010
Heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is a complex syndrome that has been broadly studied since the last decade. It is caused by diastolic ventricular dysfunction demonstrated by complementary methods, such as hemodynamic study or echocardiogram, in the presence of a normal ejection fraction (EF). It affects primarily elderly ...
Krishnamurthy Gaurav - - 2010
Anterior mitral leaflet stiffness during isovolumic contraction (IVC) is much greater than that during isovolumic relaxation (IVR). We have hypothesized that this stiffening is due to transient early systolic force development in the slip of cardiac myocytes in the annular third of the anterior leaflet. Because the atrium is excited ...
Kawata Mitsuhiro - - 2010
We are developing an alternative mitral valve suture annuloplasty technique on the beating-heart under real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) guidance. The purpose of this initial study was to evaluate a feasibility of this technique using commercially available suturing devices (Sutur Tek Endo 360-degree, Sutur Tek Inc, North Chelmsford, MA, USA). Isolated ...
Pederzolli Nicola - - 2010
Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is a rare primary cardiac tumour. This tumour constitutes about 10-15% of all primary cardiac tumours. We report here a case of CPF of an anomalous mitral valve chorda.
Gogoladze George - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is associated with leaflet displacement and tethering. Little is known about regional coaptation zones, including variations in coaptation length (CL) and contributions of anterior and posterior leaflets. Regional coaptation zones were analyzed in patients with normal mitral valves and with FMR. METHODS: Cardiac surgery patients ...
George Kristopher M - - 2010
Noncompaction of the left ventricle is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by prematurely arrested compaction of the endocardial and myocardial fibers. Although systolic heart failure is assured, treatment has been traditionally limited to palliative medical therapy or transplantation. We present the first report of long-term clinical and echocardiographic follow-up (50 ...
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