Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2148
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Parakh Neeraj - - 2011
The importance of heart rate in human health and disease has been well known to clinicians for quite some time. Recent epidemiologic studies have further strengthened this concept. Modulation of heart rate by pharmacologic as well as non-pharmacologic means has affected cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in various trials and observational ...
El-Damaty Ahmed - - 2011
Catheter ablation has evolved remarkably over the last 2 decades, bringing nonpharmacologic therapy to complex arrhythmias like atrial fibrillation and scar-related ventricular tachycardia. As our therapeutic options have increased for patients with ventricular tachycardia, choosing the right therapy for the right patient has become more complex. Ablation carries acute and ...
Aizawa Yoshihiro - - 2011
Systolic abnormality, as well as diastolic dysfunction, is observed in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). However, the role of these 2 conditions in the transition from asymptomatic diastolic dysfunction to symptomatic heart failure remains unclear. We recently demonstrated that diastolic wall strain (DWS) inversely correlates to ...
Papavasileiou Lida P - - 2011
No previous reports are available about the potential dramatic effects resulting from the combination of acquired long QT interval not associated to bradycardia and myocardial ischemia. We report the case of a man that during acute necrotic pancreatitis presented QT interval prolongation without bradycardia, TdP, and two episodes of cardiac ...
Rigolli Marzia - - 2011
Background. Neurohormonal systems play an important role in chronic heart failure (CHF). Due to interindividual heterogeneity in the benefits of therapy, it may be hypothesized that polymorphisms of neurohormonal systems may affect left ventricular (LV) remodelling and systolic function. We aimed to assess whether genetic background of maximally treated CHF ...
Rodriguez-Granillo Gastón A - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have a pivotal role in the natural history of atherosclerosis and its cardiovascular consequences. Non-selective MMP inhibition with doxycycline appears as a potential strategy to reduce the residual risk observed in patients already at intensive lipid lowering strategies. However, specific MMPs have different and even contradicting roles ...
Uchida Yasumi - - 2011
The mechanism(s) underlying formation of coronary stent thrombus (ST) in chronic phase is yet unclear. Endothelial cells are highly antithrombotic, therefore, it is conceivable that neoendothelial cells (NECs) covering stent struts are damaged and cause ST. This study was performed to examine the role of damaged NECs covering coronary stent ...
Ritz Eberhard - - 2011
The recent interest in the role of the intestine in the cardiovascular stability of uremic patients, specifically on dialysis, but potentially also in chronic kidney disease, must be seen against the background of the recent great interest in the role of the gut in chronic heart failure [Curr Opin Clin ...
Balijepalli Ravi C - - 2011
Evaluation of: Wei S, Guo A, Chen B et al.: T-tubule remodeling during transition from hypertrophy to heart failure. Circ. Res. 107(4), 520-531 (2010). The highly organized transverse (T)-tubule membrane system in ventricular myocytes plays an integral role in excitation-contraction coupling, and disruption of this T-tubule network has been implicated ...
Masugata H - - 2011
Consensus is lacking about the clinical importance of aortic root dilatation in assessment of the risk of cardiovascular disease. In this study, correlations between aortic root diameter and echocardio-graphic features of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function were investigated in 333 patients with at least one cardiovascular risk factor (hypertension, diabetes ...
Seo Yoshihiro - - 2011
This multicenter prospective cohort study aimed to identify both ability of echocardiographic parameters to detect cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) volume responders and relation of these parameters with clinical outcomes. CRT responder was defined as ≥ 15% reduction of left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume at 6 months. Seven echocardiographic dyssynchrony parameters ...
Rafacho Bruna P M - - 2011
Background: Recent studies have assessed the direct effects of smoking on cardiac remodeling and function. However, the mechanisms of these alterations remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate de role of cardiac NADPH oxidase and antioxidant enzyme system on ventricular remodeling induced by tobacco smoke. Methods: Male ...
Periasamy Srinivasan - - 2011
Background/Aims: The protective role of sesamol and its possible action against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and infarction is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that sesamol's protection against myocardial infarction is associated with the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. Methods: Four groups of experimental rats were subcutaneously injected with sesamol ...
Yu Gang-Gang - - 2011
1. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases and their arachidonic acid metabolites play a protective role against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, we investigated whether endogenous CYP2J3/epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) mediates the cardioprotective effects of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) and ischaemic post-conditioning (IPost). 2. Male Wistar rats were subjected to two cycles of ...
Masiha Said - - 2011
Common conditions such as obesity and hypertension result in hemodynamic alterations that will induce remodeling of the left ventricle (LV). However, differences between the genders in the relationship of hemodynamics to LV geometry are not well known.The present study aims to investigate differences between the genders in this respect, in ...
Waehre Anne - - 2011
Inflammatory mechanisms have been suggested to play a role in the development of heart failure (HF), but a role for chemokines is largely unknown. Based on their role in inflammation and matrix remodeling in other tissues, we hypothesized that CXCL13 and CXCR5 could be involved in cardiac remodeling during HF. ...
He Bin - - 2011
Ischemic postconditioning (IPost) has aroused much attention since 2003 when it was firstly reported. The role of microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) in IPost has rarely been reported. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether miRNAs were involved in the protective effect of IPost against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and ...
Afzal Faraz - - 2011
β-Adrenoceptors play a major role in regulating myocardial function through cAMP-dependent pathways. Different phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate intracellular cAMP-pools and thereby contribute to the compartmentalization of cAMP-dependent effects. We explored the involvement of PDEs in limiting the β(2) adrenoceptor-mediated positive inotropic (PIR) and lusitropic (LR) responses in sham-operated (Sham) and failing ...
Brade Thomas - - 2011
Epicardial signaling and Rxra are required for expansion of the ventricular myocardial compact zone. Here, we examine Raldh2(-/-) and Rxra(-/-) mouse embryos to investigate the role of retinoic acid (RA) signaling in this developmental process. The heart phenotypes of Raldh2 and Rxra mutants are very similar and are characterized by ...
Govoni Stefano - - 2010
The review emphasizes the role of NGF, the most representative member of the neurotrophins family, in cardiac physiopathology with a particular focus on healing and sprouting processes occurring after tissue damage. Cardiac and circulating NGF levels dramatically increase following myocardial injury (MI). A very early rise of this neurotrophin is ...
McCarthy Joy - - 2010
PKCε is central to cardioprotection. Sub-proteome analysis demonstrated co-localization of activated cardiac PKCε (aPKCε) with metabolic, mitochondrial, and cardioprotective modulators like hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α). aPKCε relocates to the mitochondrion, inactivating glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) to modulate glycogen metabolism, hypertrophy and HIF-1α. However, there is no established mechanistic ...
Pung Yuh Fen - - 2010
The myocardium adapts to ischemic insults in a variety of ways. One adaptation is the phenomenon of acute preconditioning, which can greatly ameliorate ischemic damage. However, this effect wanes within a few hours and does not confer chronic protection. A more chronic adaptation is the so-called second window of preconditioning, ...
Ahmed M Shakil - - 2011
CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a CCN family matricellular protein repressed in healthy hearts after birth, is induced in heart failure of various etiologies. Multiple cellular and biological functions have been assigned to CCN2/CTGF depending on cellular context. However, the functions and mechanisms of action of CCN2/CTGF in the heart ...
Dib Nabil - - 2011
The field of myocardial regeneration utilizing novel cell-based therapies, gene transfer, and growth factors may prove to play an important role in the future management of ischemic heart disease and cardiomyopathy. Phases I and II clinical trials have been published for a variety of biologics utilizing four methods of delivery: ...
Wu Yanling - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leads to an 18-fold increase in cardiovascular complications not fully explained by traditional risk factors. Levels of renalase, a recently discovered oxidase that metabolizes catecholamines, are decreased in CKD. Here we show that renalase deficiency in a mouse knockout model causes increased plasma catecholamine levels and ...
Sciarretta Sebastiano - - 2011
Autophagy is a catabolic process that degrades long-lived proteins and damaged organelles by sequestering them into double membrane structures termed "autophagosomes" and fusing them with lysosomes. Autophagy is active in the heart at baseline and further stimulated under stress conditions including starvation, ischemia/reperfusion, and heart failure. It plays an adaptive ...
Ananthasubramaniam Karthikeyan - - 2010
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major and growing problem in the western hemisphere, affecting about 5 million patients in the United States. In daily practice patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and significant angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) are felt to have an ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICMP) and those without ...
Charles Rebecca L RL King's College London, Cardiovascular Division, The Rayne Institute, St Thomas Hospital, London, SE1 7EH, United - - 2011
15-Deoxy-Δ-prostaglandin (15d-PG)J(2) is an electrophilic oxidant that dilates the coronary vasculature. This lipid can adduct to redox active protein thiols to induce oxidative posttranslational modifications that modulate protein and tissue function. To investigate the role of oxidative protein modifications in 15d-PGJ(2)-mediated coronary vasodilation and define the distal signaling pathways leading ...
Pol Christine J - - 2011
Similarities in cardiac gene expression in hypothyroidism and left ventricular (LV) pathological remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) suggest a role for impaired cardiac thyroid hormone (TH) signaling in the development of heart failure. Increased ventricular activity of the TH-degrading enzyme type 3 deiodinase (D3) is recognized as a potential cause. ...
Yang Yang - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is the strongest endogenous myocardial protective mechanism, but up to now, its specific mechanisms have not been completely understood. The Notch network regulates multiple cellular processes, including cell fate determination, development, differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and regeneration. Recent loss-of-function studies have shown that the Notch1 receptor controls the ...
Sung Miranda M Y - - 2011
Recent evidence has suggested that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) induced by short-term caloric restriction (CR) protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Because AMPK plays a central role in regulating energy metabolism, we investigated whether alterations in cardiac energy metabolism contribute to the cardioprotective effects induced by CR. Hearts ...
Xin Wei - - 2011
Previous studies suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated apoptosis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. Gene transfer of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) attenuates myocardial apoptosis in a variety of heart failure models. This study is to investigate the effects of SERCA2a gene delivery ...
Sachdeva Jaspreet - - 2010
Saffron (dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L.), a naturally derived plant product, has long been used as a traditional ancient medicine against various human diseases. The aim of the series of experiments was to systematically determine whether saffron exerts cardioprotection in isoproterenol-induced myocardial damage. Male Wistar rats (150-175g) were divided ...
de Jong Sanne - - 2010
In this review article about fibrosis and arrhythmias we show that the amount of collagen, a normal element of the heart muscle, increases with age and in heart disease. The relation between fibrosis and electrophysiological parameters such as conduction, fractionation of electrograms, abnormal impulse initiation as well as arrhythmogenicity is ...
Mahmoudi Michael - - 2011
Although the use of percutaneous circulatory assist devices is gaining increasing acceptance as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with cardiogenic shock, their role in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) without hemodynamic compromise and elective high-risk PCI remains controversial. This is reflected by the lack of ...
Goodman Michael D - - 2011
The role of other STAT subtypes in conferring ischemic tolerance is unclear. We hypothesized that in STAT-3 deletion alternative STAT subtypes would protect myocardial function against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Wild-type (WT) male C57BL/6 mice or mice with cardiomyocyte STAT-3 knockout (KO) underwent baseline echocardiography. Langendorff-perfused hearts underwent ischemic preconditioning (IPC) or ...
Katsnelson Leonid B - - 2011
Cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) overload is closely linked to cardiac arrhythmias. We have earlier shown in a mathematical model that myocardium mechanical activity may contribute to rhythm disturbances induced by Ca(2+) overload in cardiomyocytes with reduced Na(+)-K(+) pump work (Sulman et al., 2008). The same model is used here to address possible ...
Yang Ping - - 2010
To investigate the protective action of tanshinone IIA (TSN) on myocardial apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and its effect on prohibitin (PHB) expression to probe the role of PHB in the oxidation stress of myocardial cells. Primary cultured neonate rat myocardial cells were cultured with TSN (1 x 10(-4) ...
Piepoli Massimo F - - 2010
Muscular fatigue and dyspnoea on exertion are among the most common symptoms in chronic heart failure; however their origin is still poorly understood. Several studies have shown that cardiac dysfunction alone cannot fully explain their origin, but the contribution of the multiorgan failure present in this syndrome must be highlighted. ...
Silva Doroteia - - 2010
Coronary vasospasm is one cause of chest pain in patients with acute myocarditis. This is a rare association, with few cases reported in the literature. The authors describe a case of acute myocarditis in which presentation mimicked acute myocardial infarction. During hospitalization severe angina recurred twice, accompanied by transient ST-segment ...
Lotz Christopher - - 2011
The second window of anaesthetic-induced preconditioning (APC) is afforded by the interplay of multiple signalling pathways, whereas a similar protective response is mediated by peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonists. However, a possible role of this nuclear receptor during APC has not been studied to date. We investigated the hypothesis that ...
Bae Suk-Hyang - - 2010
Cardiac amyloidosis describes a clinical disorder caused by infiltration of abnormal insoluble fibrils in the heart, characterized by progressive heart failure and a grave prognosis. Pleural effusion in cardiac amyloidosis may represent a sign of heart failure, but it can also result from pleural infiltration of amyloid, manifested by recurrent ...
Norman Greg J - - 2011
The current study examined the role of perceived social isolation in moderating the effects of oxytocin on cardiac autonomic control in humans. Intranasal administration of 20 IU oxytocin resulted in a significant increase in autonomic (parasympathetic and sympathetic) cardiac control. Specifically, oxytocin increased high frequency heart rate variability, a relatively ...
Delbeck Martina - - 2011
G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) has been reported to act as a membrane-bound estrogen receptor that is involved in the mediation of non-genomic estradiol signalling. In this study, we demonstrated that male, but not female, GPR30-deficient mice suffer from impaired left‑ventricular cardiac function. Left ventricles from male mutant mice were enlarged. ...
Kee Hae Jin - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy occurs in association with heart diseases and ultimately results in cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are post-translational modifying enzymes that can deacetylate histones and non-histone proteins. Research with HDAC inhibitors has provided evidence that the class I HDACs are pro-hypertrophic. Among the class I HDACs, ...
Cheng Ching-Feng - - 2011
Cardiac angina is the hallmark of myocardial ischemia, but the role of the cardiac sensory nerve has received relatively little attention. Recently, both acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) and capsaicin receptor (TRPV1) have been suggested as important mediators in sensing cardiac ischemia. However, studies comparing the physiological roles of ASIC3 ...
Fay William P - - 2010
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a biomarker of inflammation. Increased plasma levels of CRP are associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction. However, the correlation between plasma CRP concentration and atherosclerotic plaque burden is poor. Based on these observations, it has been hypothesized that CRP increases the risk of myocardial ...
Robinson Tim - - 2010
Heart failure is increasingly common in western populations and is an inevitable consequence of the improved survival after myocardial infarction, and of an ageing population. Heart failure is usually relentlessly progressive as the maladaptive processes triggered by the physiological changes of the condition lead to further deterioration. However, in certain ...
Szabó Gábor - - 2011
The gaseous mediator hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is synthesized mainly by cystathionine γ-lyase in the heart and plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. Here we first overview the state of the art in the literature on the cardioprotective effects of H(2)S in various models of cardiac injury. Subsequently, ...
Asimaki Angeliki - - 2011
The Role of Endomyocardial Biopsy in ARVC.  Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is characterized by a high incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death that appear early in the natural history of the disease and may precede significant ventricular remodeling. The classical pathology of ARVC is degeneration of right ...
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