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Results 201 - 250 of 2148
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Zaheer Aneel - - 2011
Percutaneous cardiovascular device implantation plays an important and increasing role in the treatment of congenital heart disease. Device related complications of malposition and embolisation are uncommon and can usually be retrieved by catheter. We present two interesting cases in which migrated devices resulted in thoracic aortic obstruction; both were refractory ...
Rupasinghe J - - 2011
Valproic Acid (VPA) in overdose is known to cause encephalopathy with or without cerebral odema, hyperammonaemia, hepatotoxicity, bone marrow suppression and non gap acidosis. Most of these conditions are reversible. We report a 45-year-old man who suffered permanent disability from the non reversible effects of cerebral odema and infarctions associated ...
Mattera Giovan Giuseppe - - 2011
Aim:  The force-frequency relation (F-FR) is an important intrinsic regulatory mechanism of cardiac contractility. The involvement of autonomic nervous system in this physiological aspect of cardiac control remains unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of extrinsic and intrinsic cardiac adrenergic innervations on the heart rate-related ...
Piya Milan K MK School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. - - 2011
Left ventricular torsion is increased and cardiac energetics are reduced in uncomplicated type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Our aim was to determine the relationships of these abnormalities to cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in subjects with T1DM. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 20 subjects with T1DM free of known coronary ...
Sala V - - 2011
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of hospitalization worldwide. A recently developed strategy to improve the management of MI is based on the use of growth factors which are able to enhance the intrinsic capacity of the heart to repair itself or regenerate after damage. Among others, hepatocyte growth ...
Wei Jianqin - - 2011
Brief periods of ischemia do not damage the heart and can actually protect against reperfusion injury caused by extended ischemia. It is not known what causes the transition from protection to irreversible damage as ischemia progresses. c-Jun N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK-1) is a stress-regulated kinase that is activated by reactive oxygen ...
Zhang Yuan - - 2011
Cardiomyocyte death is a major event of myocardial infarction. Previously, we and others have shown that E3 ligase-mediated protein turnover plays a critical role in cardiac injury. In this study, we sought to determine the role of a newly identified E3 ligase, neuregulin receptor degradation protein-1 (Nrdp1), on cardiac ischemia/reperfusion ...
Gao Yan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) displays anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective activities to attenuate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MIR)-induced injury, but its role in MIR in diabetics is not known. This study was undertaken to investigate whether H(2)S plays a protective role in MIR in diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetes was induced by streptozocin in Wistar ...
Duan Xin - - 2011
Postconditioning has been verified to provide cardioprotection and is associated with the state of mitochondrial permeability transition pore. However, there are a few limitations with clinical use of classic postconditioning; therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to study whether inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening with cyclosporine A ...
Dai Dao-Fu - - 2011
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in several cardiovascular diseases; however, the roles of mitochondrial oxidative stress and DNA damage in hypertensive cardiomyopathy are not well understood. We evaluated the contribution of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) to cardiac hypertrophy and failure by using genetic mouse models overexpressing catalase targeted to ...
Agarwal Megha - - 2011
An estimated 1 billion people worldwide have deficient or insufficient levels of vitamin D. Even more alarming is the association of vitamin D deficiency with many types of diseases, particularly heart failure (HF). Hypovitaminosis D has been observed to be highly prevalent in the HF community with rates varying from ...
Novo Giuseppina - - 2011
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are produced in response to various stressors, including ischemia-reperfusion, and they can exit cells and reach the blood. In this pilot study, we determined serum levels of Hsp60 and heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1; also named Hsp32) in subjects with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to assess their clinical significance ...
Nihoyannopoulos Petros - - 2011
Echocardiography has a central role for the diagnosis and management of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. Besides the fact that it provides an essential role in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with chest pain in the emergency department, echocardiography provides a comprehensive non-invasive haemodynamic and functional ...
Xin Wei - - 2011
Apoptosis plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of chronic myocardial ischemia (CMI) and heart failure (HF). Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is one of the newly defined signaling pathways which initiate apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that ERS-associated apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of HF induced by pressure-overload and ...
Kwon Jin Sook - - 2011
Mast cells are multifunctional cells containing various mediators, such as cytokines, tryptase, and histamine, and they have been identified in infarct myocardium. Here, we elucidated the roles of mast cells in a myocardial infarction (MI) rat model. We studied the physiological and functional roles of mast cell granules (MCGs), isolated ...
Jing Ling - - 2011
Tenascin-x, an extracellular matrix glycoprotein exclusively expressed in fibroblasts, can mediate fibrosis in the presence of collagen. Therefore, we have investigated its potential role in facilitating myocardial fibrosis and cardiac remodeling via the transforming growth factor-β1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (TGFβ(1)-PPARγ) pathway in alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). Experimental animals were ...
Latronico Michael V G - - 2011
microRNAs (miRNAs) are highly conserved, short non-coding RNAs that have become established as having an important role in regulatory networks. We review here the progress made in our understanding of heart-related microRNAs over the last two years, focusing mainly on hypertrophic growth and heart failure.
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2011
Superoxide has been shown to play a major role in ventricular remodeling and arrhythmias after myocardial infarction. However, the source of increased myocardial superoxide production and the role of superoxide on sympathetic innervation remain to be further characterized. Male Wistar rats after ligating coronary artery were randomized to either vehicle, ...
Oomah Sacha R - - 2011
Although marathon running is associated with transient right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction as detected by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, quantitative assessment of the right ventricle is difficult because of its complex geometry. Little is known about the use of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in the detection of cardiac dysfunction after a ...
Beauloye Christophe - - 2011
Heart failure is a progressive muscular disorder leading to a deterioration of the heart characterized by a contractile dysfunction and a chronic energy deficit. As a consequence, the failing heart is unable to meet the normal metabolic and energetic needs of the body. The transition between compensated left ventricular hypertrophy ...
Verheugt Freek W A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative frequency of access and nonaccess site bleeding, the association of these events with 1-year mortality, and the impact of randomized antithrombotic therapy. Post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) bleeding has been strongly associated with subsequent mortality. The extent to which access versus ...
Zhang Ye - - 2011
The current study aimed to delineate the mechanism of remote preconditioning by intracerebroventricular morphine (RMPC) against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given an intracerebroventricular morphine injection before myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. Ischemia-reperfusion injury was achieved by 30min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 120min of reperfusion. ...
Arias Miguel A - - 2011
Cases of sudden cardiac death have been reported in patients with acromegaly. Malignant ventricular arrhythmias may play an important role in this fatal complication, but the exact mechanisms are not well understood. We report on an acromegalic patient presenting with documented recurrent syncopal ventricular tachycardia.
Carbajal Enrique V - - 2011
Chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) is a highly prevalent and complex health problem in the United States. The goals of treatment in patients with stable CAD are to reduce symptoms and thus improve quality of life, reduce myocardial ischemia, and, more importantly, reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and death. ...
Lardizabal Joel A - - 2011
Angina pectoris resulting from myocardial ischemia afflicts half of all patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Chronic angina remains a major public health burden despite state-of-the-art therapies, and improvement in survival from myocardial infarction and CHD has only increased its prevalence. There is growing experimental and clinical evidence pointing to ...
Kawaguchi Masanori - - 2011
Background- Inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, the mechanism by which myocardial I/R induces inflammation remains unclear. Recent evidence indicates that a sterile inflammatory response triggered by tissue damage is mediated through a multiple-protein complex called the inflammasome. Therefore, we hypothesized that ...
Dries Jessica L - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of intramyocardial administration of chimeric ephrinA1-Fc in modulating the extent of injury and inflammation in non reperfused myocardial infarction (MI). Our results show that intramyocardial injection of 6 μg ephrinA1-Fc into the border zone immediately after permanent coronary artery ligation ...
Singh Madhu V - - 2011
Myocardial infarction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing and developed world. Although current interventions have been successful in prolonging life, they are inadequate because mortality is still high among MI patients. The multifunctional Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMKII) plays a key role in the structure and ...
Hatcher A Shea - - 2011
Sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation (VF) remains a major cause of mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of loss of oxidative phosphorylation and activation of the mitochondrial KATP channel and permeability transition pore in VF development during myocardial ischemia by using mitochondrial uncoupling ...
Alves Marco G - - 2011
In conditions of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), the relative use of all available substrates by the heart has a significant effect on the recovery of the organ. This substrate preference in perfused hearts is influenced by ischemia. We followed the metabolic fate of [U-(13) C]glucose and [3-(13) C]lactate in hearts preserved in ...
Hajsadeghi Fereshteh - - 2011
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) was the leading-cause of death in individual aged 5-20 years a century ago. Developments in diagnosis and treatment, decreased the incidence of RHD and dropped its mortality-rate to less than 10% since the 1960s. Despite the existence of proven preventive strategies in early detection and management ...
Lu Shajia - - 2011
The muscle-specific protein NRAP is concentrated at cardiac intercalated disks, plays a role in myofibril assembly, and is upregulated early in mouse models of dilated cardiomyopathy. Using a tet-off system, we developed novel transgenic lines exhibiting cardiac-specific NRAP overexpression ~2.5 times greater than normal. At 40-50 weeks, NRAP overexpression resulted ...
Chopra Vineet - - 2011
Initially coined in 1989, biomarkers have become a cornerstone of modern cardiovascular medicine. The past decade has borne witness to the rapid transition of cardiac biomarkers from bench to bedside in the management of patients with coronary artery disease. The implementation of cardiac biomarkers has transformed the internists' approach to ...
Dorn Gerald W GW - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRs) are transcriptionally regulated single-strand RNAs that depress protein expression through posttranscriptional mRNA silencing. A host of recent studies have established essential roles for miRs in cardiac development and cardiac health. Regulated myocardial miR expression is observed in a variety of cardiac syndromes, and serum miR levels are being ...
Conti Elena - - 2011
IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor-1) plays a unique role in the cell protection of multiple systems, where its fine-tuned signal transduction helps to preserve tissues from hypoxia, ischaemia and oxidative stress, thus mediating functional homoeostatic adjustments. In contrast, its deprivation results in apoptosis and dysfunction. Many prospective epidemiological surveys have associated ...
Hammoud Lamis - - 2011
Cardiac rupture is a fatal complication of myocardial infarction (MI); however, its underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. This study investigated the role of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3)/matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)/epidermal growth factor (EGF)/transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 pathway in infarct healing and effects of cetuximab on cardiac rupture after ...
Li Jifen - - 2011
Mutations in the plakoglobin (JUP) gene have been identified in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) patients. However, the mechanisms underlying plakoglobin dysfunction involved in the pathogenesis of ARVC remain poorly understood. Plakoglobin is a component of both desmosomes and adherens junctions located at the intercalated disc (ICD) of cardiomyocytes, where ...
Damilano Federico - - 2011
Signaling from phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) is crucial for leukocyte recruitment and inflammation but also contributes to cardiac maladaptive remodeling. To better understand the translational potential of these findings, this study investigates the role of PI3Kγ activity in pressure overload-induced heart failure, addressing the distinct contributions of bone marrow-derived and ...
Yano Toshiaki - - 2011
AIMS: Group V secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-V) is highly expressed in the heart. This study examined (i) the role of sPLA(2)-V in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and (ii) the cooperative action of sPLA(2)-V and cytosolic PLA(2) (cPLA(2)) in myocardial I/R injury, using sPLA(2)-V knockout (sPLA(2)V(-/-)) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial ...
Lopes Floro Kylie - - 2011
Cited2 is a transcriptional coactivator that is required for normal development of the embryo and placenta. Cited2-null mice die during gestation with fully penetrant heart defects and partially penetrant laterality defects. The laterality defects occur due to the loss of Nodal expression in the left lateral plate mesoderm (LPM). The ...
Givvimani Srikanth - - 2011
We reported previously that although there is disruption of coordinated cardiac hypertrophy and angiogenesis in transition to heart failure, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 induced antiangiogenic factors play a vital role in this process. Previous studies have shown the cardioprotective role of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) in various cardiac diseases, but its role ...
Alcaraz Raúl - - 2011
The complete understanding of the mechanisms leading to the initiation, maintenance and self-termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) still is an unsolved challenge for cardiac electrophysiology. Studies in which AF has been induced have shown that electrophysiological and structural remodeling of the atria during the arrhythmia could play an important role ...
Glenn Denis J - - 2011
Lipid accumulation in the heart is associated with obesity and diabetes mellitus and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of heart failure seen in this patient population. Stored triglycerides are synthesized by the enzyme diacylglycerol acyl transferase (DGAT). We hypothesized that forced expression of DGAT1 in the cardiac ...
Lian Wei-Shiung - - 2011
AIM: Intra-myocardial injection of adult bone marrow-derived stem cells (MSC) has recently been proposed as a therapy to repair damaged cardiomyocytes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). PGI(2) has vasodilatation effects; however, the effects of combining both MSC and PGI(2) therapy on AMI have never been evaluated. MAIN METHODS: We genetically ...
Leyva Francisco - - 2011
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has revolutionized the treatment of selected patients with systolic heart failure. It is well recognized, however, that the symptomatic response to and the outcome of CRT is highly variable. The degree of pre-implant mechanical dyssynchrony and the extent as well as the localization of myocardial scarring ...
Maciver David H - - 2011
AIMS: Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) is a suboptimal measure of ventricular function. Recent mathematical modelling of left ventricular contraction has shown that the EF is determined by both myocardial shortening (strain) and by end-diastolic wall thickness. Increasing end-diastolic wall thickness resulted in augmented radial wall thickening. This may result ...
Maejima Yasuhiro - - 2011
The NADPH oxidases (Nox) are transmembrane proteins dedicated to producing reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, by transferring electrons from NAD(P)H to molecular oxygen. Nox2 and Nox4 are expressed in the heart and play an important role in mediating oxidative stress at baseline and under stress. Nox2 ...
Roth David M - - 2011
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The molecular signaling pathways involved in cardiac protection from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury are complex. An emerging idea in signal transduction suggests the existence of spatially organized complexes of signaling molecules in lipid-rich microdomains of the plasma membrane known as ...
Nekolla Stephan G - - 2011
Myocardial perfusion imaging is a widely used approach to noninvasively identify myocardial ischemia and guide therapies. It is typically performed using single photon emission computed tomography. The competing technology positron emission tomography (PET) offers higher diagnostic accuracies but suffers from logistical limitations due to the use of short-lived radioisotopes. New ...
Shinmura Ken - - 2011
Caloric restriction is an established intervention, of which anti-aging effects are scientifically proven. It has pleiotropic effects on the cardiovascular system: vascular protection, improvement of myocardial ischemic tolerance and retardation of cardiac senescence. First, increasing evidence from both experimental and clinical studies supports the concept that "a man is as ...
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