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Ogah O S - - 2011
We sought to determine the prevalence of echocardiographically determined left ventricular systolic dysfunction in asymptomatic hypertensive subjects seen in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Echocardiography was performed in 832 consecutive hypertensive subjects referred for cardiac evaluation over a three-year period. Data were obtained in 832 subjects (50.1% women) aged 56.0 ± 12.7 years ...
Philips Binu - - 2012
We report a case of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation treated by catheter ablation of the monomorphic initiating premature beat. The initiating focus was identified using intacardiac defibrillator electrograms (EGMs).
Eitel Ingo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -There is conflicting evidence regarding sex-based differences in myocardial salvage and clinical outcome in patients after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are gender-associated differences in infarct characteristics (myocardial salvage, infarct size, microvascular obstruction) and clinical outcome in STEMI patients reperfused ...
Ernst Michael E ME Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2011
Chlorthalidone (CTD) reduces 24-hour blood pressure more effectively than hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), but whether this influences electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is uncertain. One source of comparative data is the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, which randomly assigned 8012 hypertensive men to special intervention (SI) or usual care. SI participants could use ...
Paiva Vagner Clayton de - - 2011
Several methods have been used to assess cardiac vagal modulation, but there are gaps regarding the association and accuracy of these methods. To investigate the association between three valid, reproducible and commonly methods used to assess cardiac vagal modulation and compare their accuracies. Thirty healthy men (23 ± 4 years) ...
Parikh Puja B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The appropriateness use criteria (AUC) for the performance of transthoracic echocardiography were recently revised. The aims of this study were to evaluate the 2011 AUC for echocardiography for their ability to categorize indications not addressed by the older AUC and to identify trends in ordering unclassified and inappropriate studies ...
Martinez Joseph P - - 2012
Cardiac arrest remains a common problem throughout the world. This article explores several factors that aid in determining prognosis after cardiac arrest. It is broadly divided into prearrest factors, intra-arrest factors, and postarrest factors. Prearrest factors predominantly concern the presence or absence of a shockable rhythm. Intra-arrest factors look at ...
Dumas F - - 2012
Optimal care for out-of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients may depend on the underlying aetiology of OHCA. Specifically chest compression only bystander CPR may provide greater benefit among those with cardiac aetiology and chest compressions plus rescue breathing may provide greater benefit among those with non-cardiac aetiology. The aim of ...
Barbier Charlotte Ebeling - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of unrecognized myocardial infarction (UMI) detected with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and whether it is related to cerebral ischemic lesions on MRI in an elderly population-based cohort. There is a correlation between stroke and recognized myocardial infarction (RMI) and between ...
Jespersen Lasse - - 2011
AimsPatients with chest pain and no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) are considered at low risk for cardiovascular events but evidence supporting this is scarce. We investigated the prognostic implications of stable angina pectoris in relation to the presence and degree of CAD with no obstructive CAD in focus.Methods and ...
Perk Gila - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation is a common, clinically significant arrhythmic disorder that results in increased risk of morbidity and mortality in affected patients. Atrial fibrillation is more prevalent among men compared with women and the risk for developing atrial fibrillation increases with advancing age. Ischaemic stroke is the most common clinical manifestation ...
Hu Xiaorong - - 2011
Endogenous testosterone has been shown to provide a protective role in the development of cardiovascular diseases in men. This study investigated the changes of testosterone level and its relationship to the severity of coronary artery stenosis in middle-aged men with coronary artery disease (CAD). Serum testosterone concentration was measured in ...
Galdas Paul M - - 2011
Objective. To describe how culture underlies Canadian Punjabi Sikh men's experiences of adopting lifestyle changes following myocardial infarction (MI). Design. Qualitative, interpretive design. In-depth, individual interviews were conducted with 27 Canadian Punjabi Sikh men post-MI. Data were analysed using constant comparative methods. Results. Cultural influences were identified in Punjabi Sikh ...
Colossimo Ana P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several factors are known to interfere with electrocardiogram (ECG) sensitivity when diagnosing Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH), with gender and cardiac mass being two of the most important ones OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of gender on the sensitivity of some of the criteria used to detect LVH, according to ...
Francis Gary S - - 2011
For nearly three decades, starting in the early 1970s, the cardiology research laboratories at the University of Minnesota served as the focal point for the discovery and implementation of much of the information we now apply to the management of heart failure. Director Jay Cohn, building on his expertise in ...
Kothawade Kamlesh - - 2011
Women exhibit a greater symptom burden, more functional disability, and a higher prevalence of no obstructive coronary artery disease compared to men when evaluated for signs and symptoms of myocardial ischemia. Microvascular coronary dysfunction (MCD), defined as limited coronary flow reserve and/or coronary endothelial dysfunction, is the predominant etiologic mechanism ...
Shah Amil M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to define the relationship between renal dysfunction - both albuminuria and reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) - and cardiac structure and diastolic dysfunction among patients with chronic hypertension. METHODS: Both albuminuria and eGFR were measured in 540 asymptomatic patients with hypertension and diastolic dysfunction assessed ...
Haraki Tatsuo - - 2011
A 68-year-old man with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent emergent coronary angiography which showed total occlusion in the proximal right coronary artery (RCA). Gray-scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) revealed the culprit lesion was expansively remodeled and contained ruptured and echolucent plaques with spotty calcification, whereas thin-capped fibroatheroma and a ...
Torres H J - - 2011
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a major factor limiting long-term survival after heart transplantation (HT). The purpose of this study was to characterize the coronary artery structure and to determine the prevalence of vasculopathy after HT, comparing the sensitivity of coronary angiography with that of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual ...
Genovesi Dario - - 2011
PURPOSE: In clinical myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), attenuation artefacts may cause a loss of specificity in the identification of diseased vessels that can be corrected by means of gated SPECT (GSPECT) acquisition or CT attenuation correction (AC). The purpose of this multicentre study was to assess the ...
Watanabe Kenichi - - 2011
Autoimmune responses and inflammation are involved in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases. There is compelling evidence that inflammatory mechanisms may contribute to progressive heart failure. Thus, myocardial infiltration of lymphocytes and mononuclear cells, increased expression of pro-inflammatory chemokines and cytokines and circulating autoantibodies are frequently observed in myocarditis and ...
Conte Maria Rosa - - 2011
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) can identify areas of myocardial fibrosis in vivo in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The aim of this study was to examine the association between clinical-morphological variables, risk factor for sudden death, and LGE findings in a consecutive, unselected population ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2011
Limited data are available on the relation between left atrial size and outcome among patients referred for clinically indicated echocardiograms. Our aim was to assess the association of left atrial size with all-cause mortality and ischemic stroke in a large cohort of patients referred for echocardiography. Left atrial diameter was ...
Bergman Eva - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the sense of coherence of patients who had suffered their first myocardial infarction. Out of 100 patients at the start of the study, these changes were evaluated in 66 men and 18 women aged 36-70 years. Generally, the sense of coherence ...
Wijnmaalen Adrianus P - - 2011
A left bundle-branch block (LBBB)-like pattern with a dominant S-wave in V(1) is common in idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VA). Discrimination between idiopathic and scar-related LBBB pattern VA has important clinical implications. We hypothesized that the VA QRS morphology is influenced by the presence of ventricular scar, allowing ECG discrimination of ...
Wang Wei-Jian - - 2011
Ventricular assist devices may function as a bridge to recovery or heart transplantation, however, little is known about its mechanisms. This study examined the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP) axis in the process of recovery after unloading in a rat ischemic-induce heart failure (HF) model. Myocardial ...
Hu Xiaorong - - 2011
High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) plays an important role in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Ethyl pyruvate (EP), a potent reactive oxygen species scavenger, has been reported to inhibit myocardial apoptosis and reduce myocardial I/R injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by ...
Hedhli Nadia - - 2011
Removal of cardiac endothelial cells (EC) has been shown to produce significant detrimental effects on the function of adjacent cardiac myocytes, suggesting that EC play a critical role in autocrine/paracrine regulation of the heart. Despite this important observation, the mediators of the protective function of EC remain obscure. Neuregulin (NRG, ...
Li Xu-Yong - - 2011
Many studies have examined the association between coffee consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, but the results still remain controversial. Caffeine is one of the main biologically active compounds of coffee. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of caffeine on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in ...
Sidorov Veniamin Y - - 2011
The heterogeneities of electrophysiological properties of cardiac tissue are the main factors that control both arrhythmia induction and maintenance. Although the local increase of extracellular potassium ([K(+)](o)) due to coronary occlusion is a well-established metabolic response to acute ischemia, the role of local [K(+)](o) heterogeneity in phase 1a arrhythmias has ...
Fellström Bengt C - - 2011
The observational study by Szummer et al. shows that patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are treated less with statins after myocardial infarction, even though statins benefit survival in CKD classes 1-4. The study's limitations are obvious, but such a population may be more representative. The results indicate that ...
Goldstein James A - - 2011
Symptoms and physical signs reflect distinct pathophysiologic derangements of anatomic components and mechanics, a construct that serves as the foundation for clinical evaluation of the cardiovascular system. Evaluation of hemodynamic derangements should be based on interrogation of a cardiac anatomic-physiologic approach to circulatory pathophysiology. This article illustrates a pragmatic problem-solving ...
Thavendiranathan P - - 2011
High-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy may cause acute myocarditis characterised by diffuse myocardial involvement and occasionally fulminant heart failure. Cardiac MRI (CMRI) provides a comprehensive assessment of myocardial function, inflammation and injury in a single examination and has shown value in the diagnosis of myocarditis. We report a case of a ...
Leenders Geert E - - 2011
Echocardiography plays an important role in patient assessment before cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and can monitor many of its mechanical effects in heart failure patients. Encouraged by the highly variable individual response observed in the major CRT trials, echocardiography-based measurements of mechanical dyssynchrony have been extensively investigated with the aim ...
Iozzo Patricia - - 2011
Myocardial fat content refers to the storage of triglyceride droplets within cardiomyocytes. In addition, the heart and arteries are surrounded by layers of adipose tissue, exerting vasocrine and paracrine control of the subtending tissues. The rapid development of the field of noninvasive imaging has made it possible to quantify ectopic ...
Amann Kerstin - - 2011
ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 13) has been shown to be of major pathophysiological importance for thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in the setting of thrombocytic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) when either lacking (inherited TTP) or if antibodies against ADAMTS13 are present (acquired TTP). A potential pathophysiological role of ...
Al-Shareef Ibraheem M - - 2011
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia is an autosomal recessive disorder of glycine metabolism characterized by the accumulation of glycine in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid with elevated cerebrospinal fluid to serum glycine ratio. The disease primarily affects the central nervous system, and has not been previously associated with myocardial involvement. In this article, ...
Yamashita Takeshi - - 2011
In the management of atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke prevention has been proved to play a pivotal role in addition to therapy for concomitant diseases. And, hitherto, anticoagulation by warfarin has been the only effective choice that is known to decrease the stroke rate with ∼70% risk reduction. Although the evidence ...
Liu Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertension causes cardiac fibrosis characterized by low-grade inflammation. We hypothesized that proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-17 (IL-17) is important in hypertensive cardiac fibrosis. The pre-ligand assembly domain (PLAD) of IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) mediates receptor-chain associations essential for signaling. This study was designed to test the role of IL-17 RA PLAD ...
Chinchilla Ana - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Pitx2 is a homeobox transcription factor that plays a pivotal role in early left/right determination during embryonic development. Pitx2 loss-of-function mouse mutants display early embryonic lethality with severe cardiac malformations, demonstrating the importance of Pitx2 during cardiogenesis. Recently, independent genome-wide association studies have provided new evidences for a putative ...
Thankavel Poonam P - - 2011
Retrograde flow in the aortic arch identifies inadequate cardiac output in neonates with congenital heart disease. We present a left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infant with retrograde flow in the arch that normalized after CDH repair. We hypothesize transient inadequacy of the left heart; prostaglandins might play a pivotal role.
Cao Jiumei - - 2011
In general, young men have a greater risk than age-matched women for many types of cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart diseases, such as acute or chronic myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure. The effects of estrogen-replacement therapy in men have not been extensively studied. We evaluated the cardioprotective effects of supplemental ...
Liu Hong-Mei - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on post-infarct ventricular remodeling remains controversial. We hypothesized that the timing of G-CSF administration after myocardial ischemia plays an important role in determining its efficacy. METHODS: Rat myocardial ischemia was induced by 60 min coronary ligation and reperfusion. Surviving animals received G-CSF after ...
Béguin Pauline C - - 2011
Studies have reported that the intermediate filament protein nestin was expressed in various non-stem/progenitor cells during development, downregulated during postnatal growth and re-expressed following injury. The present study tested the hypothesis that an analogous paradigm was prevalent for ventricular fibroblasts. In the neonatal rat heart, nestin protein levels were significantly ...
Matsui Yutaka - - 2011
Rationale: Syndecan-4 (Syn4), a cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan, has been detected in the infarct region after myocardial infarction (MI), but its functional significance has not been elucidated. Objective: We examined whether and how Syn4 regulates the cardiac healing process after MI. Methods and Results: Although the heart in Syn4-deficient (Syn4(-/-)) ...
Tsai I-Chen - - 2011
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Variation of left ventricular myocardial volumes correlates closely with ischemic heart diseases. In clinical practice, because physicians and radiologists rely much on myocardial contour to diagnose many different cardiac diseases, automatic segmentation of left ventricular myocardium and quantifying myocardium characteristics is clinically beneficial. This paper presents a ...
Xanthos Theodoros - - 2011
Sudden cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death worldwide with survival rates still remaining suboptimal. Unfortunately, most cardiac arrest patients, who achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), develop a multi-faceted post-cardiac arrest syndrome, including post-cardiac arrest brain injury, myocardial dysfunction, and systemic ischemia/reperfusion response. Erythropoietin (EPO), the principal hematopoietic ...
Lauzier Benjamin - - 2011
CD36, a multifunctional protein, is involved in cardiac long chain fatty acid (LCFA) metabolism and in the etiology of heart diseases, yet the functional impact of Cd36 gene variants remains unclear. In 7-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), which, like humans, carry numerous mutations in Cd36, we tested the hypothesis that ...
Attanasio Philipp - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major public health problem. The failure to provide peripheral tissues with sufficient amounts of oxygen is accompanied by maladaptive responses that include pathophysiological pathways that may lead to an anabolic-catabolic imbalance with the development of cardiac cachexia. This review aims to ...
Contamin Hugues - - 2011
Myocardial infarction is frequently developed in canine and porcine models but exceptionally in non-human primates. The aim of this study was to develop a minimally invasive myocardial ischemic/reperfusion model in the monkey intended to be combined with imaging techniques, in particular myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). A balloon-tipped catheter was advanced ...
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