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Dhillon Santokh S - - 2013
We report the case of an 11-year-old boy with familial dilated cardiomyopathy on biventricular assist devices (Berlin Heart EXCOR) who was found to have spontaneous endogenous microbubbles in the left ventricular (LV) cavity on routine echocardiogram. Although no major sequelae resulted from the presence of these microbubbles, it did however ...
Kato Yasuyuki Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sakakibara Heart Institute, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2013
The mortality of postinfarction left ventricular free wall rupture is still high. Several surgical techniques have been used for repairing such ruptures. Here, we describe using an infarction exclusion technique to successfully treat a case of a blow-out type postinfarction left ventricular free wall rupture. This technique has frequently been ...
Neragi-Miandoab Siyamek - - 2013
Rupture of the ventricular septum occurs in 1% to 2% of all acute myocardial infarctions (MI) requiring surgical intervention in the majority of cases. Furthermore, patch dehiscence and residual shunt are major problems following repair in the acute stage. A delay in repair may prevent patch dehiscence. We now describe ...
Si Daoyuan - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is an uncommon complication after transmural acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Here we describe the case of a 43-year-old man who presented with AMI and chest distress despite the normal appearance of his coronary artery during coronary angiography. Timely thrombolytic therapy was administered. Echocardiography, and cardiac computed ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Contemporary studies have shown that spontaneous but not procedural myocardial infarction (MI) are related to subsequent mortality. Whether PCI reduces spontaneous (non-procedural) MI is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: PUBMED, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs), until October 2012, comparing PCI with OMT, for stable ischemic ...
Li Xue - - 2013
Cardiac rupture is a complication of myocardial infarction (MI) with extremely high mortality. Poor prognosis is usually predicted in conservatively treated patients. The treatment for cardiac rupture and thrombosis is in conflict. We reported an MI case of cardiac rupture and cerebral thrombosis using a conservative method. This case indicated ...
Lenglet Sébastien - - 2013
Plaque rupture is the main cause of acute myocardial infarction and stroke. Atherosclerotic plaques have been described to be vulnerable and more prone to rupture when they are characterized by thin, highly inflamed, and collagen-poor fibrous caps and contain elevated levels of proteases, including metalloproteinases (MMPs). Initiation of collagen breakdown ...
Yamaguchi Hiroki - - 2013
A 70-year-old woman was admitted to our institution with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography demonstrated total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery, which was successfully revascularized. Four days later, the patient suddenly went into shock. The subsequent emergency operation revealed a blowout rupture of the left ventricular free wall. ...
Willecke Florian - - 2013
Rupture of the ventricular myocardium is an often lethal complication after myocardial infarction. Due to the dramatic hemodynamics and the short time frame between ventricular rupture and surgical closure of the defect, additional therapeutic strategies are needed. Here we report the successful therapy of ventricular rupture by percutaneous intrapericardial instillation ...
Herry Yan Y Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Diponegoro University/Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, Central Java, - - 2013
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), an uncommon cause of myocardial infarction, typically affects a younger, otherwise healthy population. There are currently no known direct causes of this condition, although some correlations have been noted. Commonly found in women, the asymptomatic presentation in men is very rare. Herein, we report the ...
Formica Francesco F 0000-0003-3989-6134 Cardiac Surgery Unit, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy ; Department of Surgery and Interdisciplinary Medicine, University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy ; U.O. Cardiochirurgia, A.O. San Gerardo Via Pergolesi 33, 20900 Monza (MB), - - 2013
A 77-year-old man, with a recent history of an acute inferior myocardial infarction, was referred to our hospital with echocardiographic and clinical signs of left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR). The intraoperative finding demonstrated a huge double LVFWR. The inferoposterior wall was dramatically destroyed without any possibility to repair.
Ravi Yazhini Y Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, 420 W 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Cardiogenic shock and myocardial rupture can complicate an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A case is reported in which a 58-year-old male with an acute inferior myocardial infarction required placement of biventricular assist device for hemodynamic support eight days after the onset of his AMI; eleven days after his AMI, the ...
Hoogi Assaf - - 2013
Intra-plaque neovascularization and inflammation are considered as important indicators of plaque vulnerability, which when ruptured, may cause stroke or acute myocardial infarction. The purpose of this research was to validate and evaluate a semi-automatic method, which allows quantification of carotid plaque neovascularization using contrast-enhanced ultrasound cines, thus enabling assessment of ...
Jain Sachin Kumar Amruthlal SK Providence Heart Institute, Providence Hospital and Medical Centers, MI, - - 2013
Papillary muscle rupture is one of the catastrophic mechanical complications following myocardial infarction. Rupture leads to acute mitral valve regurgitation, pulmonary edema, and cardiogenic shock. Survival is dependent on prompt recognition and surgical intervention. We present two cases where acute myocardial infarction was complicated by papillary muscle rupture resulting in ...
Deschka Heinz - - 2012
Right ventricular rupture after open heart surgery is a rare but severe postoperative complication. In most cases, right ventricular bleeding is associated with mediastinitis and either directly caused by inflammatory processes or iatrogenically through penetration of dehiscent sternal edges or vacuum-assisted closure therapy. We describe a case of right ventricular ...
Zoka Andras - - 2012
Myocardial bridging is a common coronary anomaly, which is generally described as a benign phenomenon. However, a growing number of studies consider this anomaly a relevant pathophysiological phenomenon with serious pathological consequences. Here we report on the case of an 88-year-old woman suffering from myocardial infarction and ventricular septal rupture, ...
Falk Erling - - 2012
Although mortality rates from coronary heart disease in the western countries have declined in the last few decades, morbidity caused by this disease is increasing and a substantial number of patients still suffer acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and sudden cardiac death. Acute coronary syndrome occurs as a result of myocardial ...
Schroeter Thomas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Severe mitral regurgitation secondary to papillary muscle rupture is an infrequent but catastrophic complication after myocardial infarction. Without surgical treatment, mortality can reach 80%, but surgical treatment also carries substantial perioperative morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 28 patients who underwent mitral valve surgery for ischemic papillary muscle ...
Dunlay Shannon M SM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2012
Despite advances in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure (HF) remains a frequent acute and long-term outcome of ischemic heart disease (IHD). In response to acute coronary ischemia, women are relatively protected from apoptosis, and experience less adverse cardiac remodeling than men, frequently resulting in preservation of ...
Vargas-Barrón Jesús - - 2012
Potentially fatal cardiac rupture is a complication of myocardial infarction (MI), which can appear in the first hours of the acute event and during the course of the first week. The intramyocardial dissecting hematoma might appear as a component of the rupture during the evolution process. The description of the ...
Leonardi Sergio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study compared prognoses of myocardial infarction related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, procedural MI) using increasing creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) thresholds with spontaneous MI. BACKGROUND: Procedural MI usually is defined by a CK-MB elevation of more than 3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), but higher thresholds ...
Squeri Angelo - - 2012
Ventricular septal rupture is a rare complication of acute myocardial infarction and its diagnosis can be really challenging especially in the case of complex lesions. Echocardiography is the technique of choice for the detection of mechanical complications following myocardial infarction. The introduction of three-dimensional echocardiography offers new imaging possibilities with ...
Ishikawa Yukio - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Anatomic properties of myocardial bridge (MB) are sometimes responsible for myocardial infarction (MI) through the changes in the atherosclerosis distribution in the left ascending coronary artery (LAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate histopathologic profiles of atherosclerotic lesions resulting from the MB presence in the LAD in ...
Erarslan Elife - - 2012
Spontaneous splenic infarction has been seen rarely in cirrhosis and portal hypertension. The clinical presentation can mimic other causes of acute abdominal pain. The diagnosis of the condition is based on clinical findings and splenic imaging. In recent years, ultrasonography and computed tomographic scan have gained in popularity for the ...
Jin Xin - - 2012
Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is a serious complication of myocardial infarction. It presents with a very high mortality rate and can be rescued by accurate diagnosis and emergency surgery. LVFWR can occur with sudden overt clinical symptoms or present insidiously. This report highlights the case of a man ...
Argiriou Mihalis - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) rupture is a not as frequent, but potentially lethal complication of mitral valve replacement or repair. We report a case of a 67-year-old man who underwent mitral valve replacement and Cox Maze IV procedure. A massive bleed from the LV rupture was noted postoperatively while the patient ...
Rizzello V - - 2012
We report the case of a 70 years old man admitted to our coronary care unit because of atrial fibrillation, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock. Emergency coronary angiography showed a 99 % stenosis of the circumflex coronary that was successfully treated with a bare metal stent. Atrial fibrillation was cardioverted to ...
Hendry Cara - - 2012
Myocardial rupture is an uncommon and life threatening event which may occur in the setting of acute myocardial infarction. In this case report we describe a rare instance of a patient presenting with signs of ventricular rupture as a late presentation of myocardial infarction. The findings of cardiac computed tomography ...
Reynolds Harmony R - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A substantial minority of myocardial infarction (MI) patients have no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) at angiography. Women more commonly have this type of MI, but both sexes are affected. This is not an innocuous problem. Multiple studies have shown 2% death or reinfarction in short-term to ...
Halpern Ethan J - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that electrocardiographically gated coronary computed tomographic angiography provides a clear definition of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), and normal LVOT morphology may not be round, as assumed when the continuity equation is applied during echocardiography. The aims of this study were to demonstrate the ...
Ibebuogu Uzoma N - - 2012
Transradial (TR) access is increasingly being used in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, its role in PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction remains controversial because of concerns of procedural complexity adversely affecting the promptness of reperfusion. In this study, 150 consecutive patients who underwent PCI for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial ...
Matos Jason - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Assessing left ventricular function is a common indication for echocardiography. It generally requires expert echocardiographer estimation and is somewhat subjective and prone to reader discordance. Mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) has been suggested as a surrogate measurement for left ventricular function. The aim of this study was to ...
Lønnebakken Mai T - - 2012
Background: Significant gender differences in angiographic severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) have been demonstrated among patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). However, it is unknown if these gender differences are reflected in the extent of myocardial ischemia.Design and methods: We assessed segmental myocardial wall motion and perfusion by contrast ...
Celik T - - 2012
Tricuspid annular ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rarely encountered entity. Despite abundant data on idiopathic VTs, the prevalence and clinical characteristics of this infrequent form are not well defined and the efficacy of radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation treatment remains unknown. We report on a case of a 44-year-old male presenting ...
Kociol Robb D - - 2012
The following are highlights from Circulation: Heart Failure Topic Review. This series summarizes the most important articles, as selected by the editors, that have been published in the Circulation portfolio. The objective of this series is to provide our readership with a timely comprehensive selection of important articles that are ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Young patients (aged≤45 years) presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction present unique challenges. The quality of care and in-hospital outcomes may differ from their older counterparts. METHODS: A total of 31,544 patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and enrolled in the American Heart Association's Get With the Guidelines ...
Pfister Roman R Department III of Internal Medicine, Heart Centre of the University of Cologne, D-50937 Cologne, Germany. - - 2012
Increasing levels of resting heart rate are associated with increased risk of developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease, and seem to play a role in the progression of heart failure. The shape of the association between resting heart rate and risk of developing heart failure has not been examined in healthy ...
Orozco-Beltran Domingo - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Mortality from myocardial infarction is declining in high income countries, but the magnitude of this decline could differ between countries. We sought to compare the mortality trends from myocardial infarction between Spain and the United States. METHODS: This was an observational retrospective study. Crude data were obtained ...
Soumagne Daniel - - 2012
Upon beginning cardiac rehabilitation after a cardiac event, stationary cycle exercise ergometry is commonly performed to determine maximum exercise aerobic capacity (peak oxygen uptake [peak VO2]) and anaerobic threshold. The Weber classification stratifies patients based on peak VO2 and anaerobic threshold to define functional physical capacity. The purpose of the ...
Duraković Zijad - - 2012
The article deals with 17 sudden deaths which occurred during recreational swimming and diving in men in Croatia in a 14-year period: from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2011. The sample is taken out from the total number of 61 sudden deaths in men during or immediately after sport ...
Kirchberger Inge - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The patients' misinterpretation of symptoms of an evolving acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a major cause for prolonged pre-hospital delays. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with an attribution of the symptoms to the heart and to investigate the association between symptom misinterpretation and time ...
Kociol Robb D - - 2012
The following are highlights from Circulation: Heart Failure Topic Review. This series will summarize the most important articles, as selected by the editors, that have published in the Circulation portfolio. The objective of this series is to provide our readership with a timely comprehensive selection of important papers that are ...
Webner David - - 2012
PURPOSE: There is no reporting system for marathon-associated sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) or sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the United States. The purpose of this study was to estimate and characterize the risk of marathon related SCA to assist with emergency planning. METHODS: A retrospective, web-based survey was sent out ...
Javierre Casimiro - - 2012
We investigate age and sex differences in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after cardiac surgery in a prospective study of 2038 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. An age of ≥ 70 years implied changes in the type of AMI from the ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to non-ST-segment ...
Cevik Cihan - - 2012
We present the case of a 69-year-old woman with end-stage hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy who developed cardiogenic shock. She underwent emergent placement of a percutaneous left ventricular assist device (TandemHeart) in the catheterization lab as a bridge support device until a septal myectomy could be performed as definitive treatment. This case ...
Tuomainen Petri O - - 2012
The TITAX-AMI trial demonstrated a better clinical outcome of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents (BAS) as compared with paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We explored the gender-based 3-year outcome of BAS as compared with PES in a subgroup analysis of the ...
Chuang Michael L - - 2012
We sought to determine whether depressed myocardial contraction fraction (MCF; ratio of left ventricular [LV] stroke volume to myocardial volume) predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in initially healthy adults. A subset (n = 318, 60 ± 9 years old, 158 men) of the Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort free of ...
Strajina Veljko - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This study presents a case series of suicides carried out by self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the chest-a relatively uncommon means of suicide. The retrospective autopsy study performed included all cases of single suicidal gunshot injuries to the chest during a 20-year period and which were committed by the use ...
Barsheshet Alon - - 2012
Men and women with heart failure display important differences in clinical characteristics that might affect their responses to pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies. In women, heart failure is associated with a higher frequency of hypertension, nonischemic cardiomyopathy and left bundle branch block than in men. Subgroup analyses of data from randomized ...
Sukpraphrute Bunyapon - - 2012
Echocardiography is usually performed to quantify the severity of regurgitation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also quantify mitral regurgitation. This study was performed to determine whether MRI can reliably quantify the severity of mitral regurgitation when compared with echocardiography The authors retrospectively studied patients who underwent cardiac MRI between January ...
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