Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 772
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Bruce C J - - 1999
Both experimental and single-center clinical studies have shown that myocardium at risk, residual collateral flow, and duration of coronary occlusion are important determinants of final infarct size. The purpose of this study was to replicate these results on a multicenter basis to demonstrate that perfusion imaging using different camera and ...
Tjomsland O - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Several investigators have reported that transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) prior to acute coronary artery occlusion improves regional myocardial function and reduces the infarct size in animals with significant coronary collateral circulation. Whether the protective effect of TMR is due to perfusion through the laser-made channels, increased collateral flow or other ...
Hasegawa T - - 1999
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has been shown by some to promote angiogenesis and myocardial salvage in experimentally induced acute myocardial infarction. Although these findings have spurred much clinical interest, they are not universally observed, and the true efficacy of bFGF remains unclear. The authors used a rabbit model of ...
Rydberg E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether left atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) at rest was related to severity of coronary atherosclerosis. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Global and regional left AVPD was evaluated by echocardiography in 159 consecutive patients with significant stenoses at coronary angiography and in 15 age-matched healthy controls. The setting was the ...
Derdeyn C P - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Misery perfusion, identified by increased oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), predicts subsequent stroke in patients with carotid occlusion. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relationship of angiographic findings to increased OEF in these patients. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with carotid occlusion were studied with cerebral angiography ...
Billinger M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study in patients with quantitatively determined, poorly developed coronary collaterals was to assess the contribution of ischemic as well as adenosine-induced preconditioning and of collateral recruitment to the development of tolerance against repetitive myocardial ischemia. BACKGROUND: The development of myocardial tolerance to repeated ischemia is ...
van Liebergen R A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of collateral vascular circulation according to hemodynamic variables and its relation to myocardial ischemia. BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the hemodynamic quantification of recruitable collateral vessels. METHODS: Angiography of the donor coronary artery was performed before and during balloon coronary occlusion in 63 patients with one vessel ...
Sasame A - - 1999
We investigated the angiogenic and myocardial salvage effects of bFGF. Twelve beagles with ligated left anterior descending coronary arteries were divided into two groups: a FGF group administered bFGF intravenously, and a Control group, after CAG immediately post-ligation. One week post-ligation, CAG was repeated. The heart was sliced along the ...
Koh T W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of coronary occlusion and collateral supply on left ventricular (LV) function during beating heart coronary artery surgery. DESIGN: Prospective intraoperative study, performed at baseline, during wall stabilisation, coronary artery occlusion, and 2 and 10 minutes after reperfusion. Transoesophageal M mode echocardiograms, simultaneous high fidelity LV ...
Ferrara N - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of verapamil administration on dipyridamole-induced transient wall-motion abnormalities as detected by two-dimensional echocardiographic monitoring in patients with coronary artery disease. Twenty-eight patients (16 men and 12 women; mean age, 60+/-7 years) with angiographic evidence of significant coronary artery disease, positive ...
Wolford T L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Epicardial and resistance vessel function in the transplanted heart has been evaluated primarily in regions supplied by a single vessel. Heterogeneity of flow among multiple perfusion fields as a marker of early endothelial dysfunction in the microcirculation has not been evaluated previously. This study tested the hypothesis that increased ...
Thomas C S - - 1999
Massive, recurrent haemoptyses requiring blood transfusions occurred in a patient who had been diagnosed as having pulmonary thromboembolism 3 months earlier. To the authors' knowledge this is the first case report of this kind, in which massive haemoptyses were proved to be caused by large bronchopulmonary collaterals that had developed ...
Liu Q - - 1999
To evaluate the effect of Salvia Miltiorrhiza on coronary collateral circulation in dogs with experimental acute myocardial infarction, 12 dogs were randomly divided into Salvia Miltiorrhiza group (group D) and control group (group C). Acute myocardial infarction model was established in all dogs, Salvia Miltiorrhiza or saline was administered to ...
Nicolau J C - - 1999
It is known that acutely developed collaterals can prevent the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the presence of a total coronary occlusion. However, there still is controversy concerning long-term follow-up of coronary collateral circulation to the infarct-related artery. In this study we analyze the prognostic role of collateral ...
Kim J S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the pathophysiology of labyrinthine infarction. BACKGROUND: The syndrome of sudden onset vertigo or hearing loss is commonly attributed to inner ear vascular disease, yet histologic studies of isolated labyrinthine infarction in humans have been rare and have not included a complete examination of the vertebrobasilar vascular system. ...
Ottervanger Jan Paul - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Adenosine plays a major role in protecting ischaemic myocardium and may potentiate ischaemic preconditioning. Nucleosine transport inhibition may enhance these favourable effects. DESIGN: Randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study, to investigate the haemodynamic and cardioprotective effects of nucleoside transport inhibition during ischaemia in patients with coronary artery disease. PATIENTS ...
Kozman H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) may have areas of hibernating myocardium that improve functionally after revascularization. Coronary collateral circulation may sustain ischemic, dysfunctional myocardium and favor myocardial recovery after revascularization. We evaluated the effect of angiographic coronary collaterals on myocardial functional recovery after coronary ...
Lopez J J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Previous investigations have shown the effectiveness of sustained intra- or extravascular administration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in chronic myocardial ischemia in improvement of left ventricular function. The present investigations were undertaken in order to evaluate efficacy of a single bolus or local intracoronary delivery. METHODS: Yorkshire pigs ...
Caplan L R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between hypoperfusion, embolism, and brain infarction. DESIGN: We studied 4 situations in which brain infarction is related to hypoperfusion: extracranial and intracranial occlusive vascular disease, reduced functional vascular reserve in patients with carotid artery occlusive disease, reduced collateral blood flow in patients given thrombolytic treatment, ...
Petronio A S - - 1998
AIMS: We explored the role of microcirculation integrity following the chronic occlusion of an infarct-related artery to assess the behaviour of collateral circulation during and after reperfusion by coronary angioplasty METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients with a proximally occluded left anterior descending artery and firm evidence of intercoronary collateral circulation ...
Vassalli G - - 1998
Coronary anatomy and myocardial blood flow are major determinants of clinical symptomatology and survival in patients with coronary artery disease. While coronary anatomy has been successfully assessed by coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound imaging, measurements of coronary blood flow are more difficult and their prognostic value has not been definitively ...
Knudsen J F - - 1998
Sumatriptan succinate, a serotonin-1 (5-hydroxytryptamine-1) receptor agonist, is an antimigraine drug that is reported to act by selectively constricting intracranial arteries. Recently, vasopressor responses that are distinct from the cranial circulation have been demonstrated to occur in the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary circulations. Cases have been published of coronary vasospasm, ...
Weihrauch D - - 1998
Our objective was to delineate the temporal sequence of mitogenic activity in myocardial interstitial fluid (IF) during enhancement of collateral growth. Collateral development in chronically instrumented dogs was induced by eight 2-min coronary occlusions/day for 21 days. Collateralization was assessed by measurement of blood flow in the region distal to ...
Kumbasar S D - - 1998
In this study, patients who have recovery-only ST segment depression in exercise stress test were chosen. It is proposed that coronary collateral circulation could improve with stress-increased coronary perfusion, and accordingly, patients with recovery-only ST segment depression were evaluated by coronary angiography for grading the coronary collateral circulation. Twenty-one men ...
Kelly RF - - 1998
Poloxamer 188 is a surfactant with hemorheological, antithrombotic, and neutrophil-inhibitory properties. This agent has been demonstrated to reduce infarct size and to improve left ventricular function in animal models of myocardial infarction and reperfusion, and recently in a randomized trial of patients receiving thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. In ...
Mutlak D M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the effect of collateral flow, stenosis severity, antegrade flow, and location of the lesion on regional myocardial function in patients with chronic left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-four patients who underwent coronary angiography and ventriculography were divided into three ...
Senti S - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This prospective, cross-sectional study sought to determine an association between the level of long-term physical activity as well as other clinical and angiographic variables and an index of collateral flow to the vascular region undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). BACKGROUND: There is limited and conflicting information about the ...
Vrachatis A D - - 1998
This study shows that in patients with subtotal (95% to 99%) coronary artery stenosis, the presence of myocardial ischemia is dictated primarily by the presence and degree of coronary collateral flow, with anterograde flow participating little, if at all, in the origin of myocardial ischemia and angina pectoris. Conversely, in ...
Dodge J T JT - - 1998
To date, there have been no quantitative in vivo assessments of contrast volumes and injection rates using modern high flow catheters during coronary angiography. Contrast volumes (n = 554), injection durations (n = 563), and injection rates (n = 498) were collected during 88 cardiac catheterizations. With increasing cathetersize (6, ...
Nyamekye I - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent varicose veins may result from poor initial surgical technique or progression of varicosities in collateral veins. In some cases new veins may develop at the saphenofemoral junction (neovascularisation) and cause recurrent saphenofemoral incompetence. This was a histological study of recurrent varicose veins. DESIGN: This clinicopathological study included 20 ...
Pérez-Castellano N - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to study whether the in-hospital prognosis of anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is influenced by preexistent collateral circulation to the infarct-related artery. BACKGROUND: Collateral circulation exerts beneficial influences on the clinical course after AMI, but demonstration of improved survival is lacking. METHODS: We studied 238 consecutive ...
Kim J S - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Correlation of MRI findings with various vascular pathologies has rarely been attempted in patients with lateral medullary infarction (LMI). The aim of the present study was to correlate the diverse MRI lesions with the vascular lesions seen on conventional cerebral angiography in LMI. METHODS: The subjects included ...
Lopez J J - - 1998
A number of heparin-binding growth factors, including basic (bFGF) and acidic (aFGF) fibroblast growth factors have been shown to promote angiogenesis in vivo. In this study, we employed a sustained-release polymer extravascular delivery system to evaluate the angiogenic efficacy of a novel form of genetically modified aFGF in the setting ...
Ilia R - - 1998
One hundred and twenty consecutive patients with significant coronary artery disease, normal left ventricular systolic function and coronary collaterals (group A) were compared to 120 patients with the same characteristics but with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (group B). No significant differences were found between the two groups on age, hypertension, ...
Lu C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Even late restoration of anterograde coronary flow may have beneficial effects on left ventricular function, electrophysiology, and survival in postinfarction patients. HYPOTHESIS: The patency or occlusion of an infarct-related coronary artery in the chronic phase may also be associated with myocardial ischemia provoked by pharmacologic and physiologic stress tests. ...
Tasaki N - - 1998
We could detect recruitable backward collateral flow in systole and diastole by using a Doppler guide wire during coronary artery spasm in a 42-year-old female among 20 patients with documented variant angina. The electrocardiogram (ECG) showed no ST-segment deviation, although she had chest pain and her coronary angiography showed a ...
Mack C A - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic mediator, can be delivered to targeted tissues by means of a replication-deficient adenovirus (Ad) vector. We hypothesized that direct administration of Ad vector expressing the VEGF121 complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (AdGVVEGF121.10) into regions of ischemic myocardium would enhance collateral vessel formation and ...
Cortis B S - - 1998
Collateral circulation was studied in the heart of 20 normal human fetuses aged 19 to 39 weeks, using a radiographic technique. The radiograms showed the presence of coronary anastomoses ranging in size from 3 to 50 mu. The anastomoses were more abundant and of larger diameter in the interventricular septum ...
Salati M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: A prospective angiographic study was undertaken to investigate, with an objective analysis, the global and regional wall response to myocardial revascularization. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (30 men and 1 woman, mean age, 61 years) with a left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 0.30 were admitted to our institution between ...
Vrachatis A D - - 1997
Coronary collateral circulation helps to preserve myocardial perfusion distal to severely stenotic or totally obstructed coronary arteries. The presence or absence of angina pectoris and the state of myocardial function depend on the extent of collateralization and its functional contribution to myocardial blood flow. Clinical and experimental observations have suggested ...
Charitos C E - - 1997
Two patients with total occlusion of the left main coronary artery and well preserved left ventricular function are reported. Twenty one similar cases have been reported in the world literature. All the patients had angina pectoris. Twenty one of the 23 patients (including our cases) underwent coronary artery bypass graft ...
James T N - - 1997
It is too often deduced that myocardial infarction is due to coronary occlusion and that subsequent death needs no other explanation. But the great majority of myocardial infarctions are not fatal, whether treated or untreated. There is, of course, some relation to the size of the infarct and the presence ...
Knudtson M L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Apex rotation has been shown to provide a reliable index of the dynamics of left ventricular (LV) twist. In this study, we aimed to characterize twist at baseline and during acute ischemia in 20 patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery and to ...
Jia Y Z - - 1997
Histological changes were examined in the left ventricular free wall of the heart in 40 rats after ligation of the distal anterior descending coronary artery for 15, 30 minutes and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 hours. Auto-injection of tracers for light microscopy was used to examine the development of ...
Piek J J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The pharmacological responsiveness of the coronary collateral circulation in humans has been studied only by indirect means. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with one-vessel disease and recruitable (n = 14) or spontaneously visible (n = 24) collateral vessels were studied during coronary angioplasty. Collateral flow in the recipient coronary artery ...
Uren N G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study the vasomotor response (cold pressor/basal flow) in myocardium perfused entirely by collaterals, using the reflex sympathetic stimulation of cold pressor stress. DESIGN: Regional myocardial blood flow was measured in collateral dependent and in remote myocardium using positron emission tomography with 15O water at basal and at cold ...
Lopez J J - - 1997
Recently, a number of growth factors including basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) have been shown to promote angiogenesis in vivo. In this study, we evaluated dose-dependent effect of bFGF administration in the setting of chronic myocardial ischemia. A total of 18 Yorkshire pigs subjected to ameroid occluder placement on the ...
Tyagi S C - - 1997
Heart failure secondary to ischemic cardiomyopathy is the primary cause of cardiovascular mortality. The promise of the collateral circulation lies in its potential to alter the course of the natural history of coronary heart disease. The collateral circulation of the heart is responsible for supplying blood and oxygen to the ...
Sakata Y - - 1997
To assess the immediate change in collateral flow distribution within the occluded myocardium and the acute protective effects on myocardial ischemia after coronary occlusion, myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) was performed in 15 patients with normal left ventricular function undergoing elective coronary angioplasty of the left anterior descending artery, and the ...
Kyriakides Z S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cardiac hypertrophy is associated with numerous alterations in the coronary circulation. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that, during angioplasty, the coronary collateral blood flow during repetitive coronary occlusions increases more in hypertensives than it does in normotensives. METHODS: We studied 34 patients (22 normotensives and 12 hypertensives) with stable ...
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