Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 772
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Matsunaga Toshiro - - 2003
The mechanisms underlying coronary capillary growth in response to ischemia are undefined. We hypothesized that the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin (Ang)/Tie-2 were involved in capillary growth as an adaptation to ischemia. To test this hypothesis we measured capillary density, and the expressions of VEGF, Ang-1, ...
Heeschen Christopher - - 2003
In patients with acute coronary syndromes, compensatory processes are initiated, including angiogenesis and endothelial regeneration of ruptured or eroded plaques. Angiogenic growth factors like vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) are upregulated during ischemia. However, it is unknown whether their serum ...
Beygui F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between myocardial viability, coronary flow reserve, and recovery of myocardial contractility after stenting for acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Consecutive sample prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 41 patients with single vessel disease and successful primary stenting for a first acute myocardial infarction. INTERVENTIONS: (201)Tl single ...
Lenihan Daniel J - - 2003
The therapeutic use of angiogenic factors to protect ischemic myocardium is limited by our incomplete understanding of their endogenous production. We determined the association between angiogenic factors and collateral formation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 71 patients underwent catheterization with sampling of the pulmonary artery, ...
Heilmann Claudia A U - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Different therapy strategies for coronary disease in conventionally untreatable patients have been developed, among them transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) and the application of growth factors. The objective of our study was to determine whether a combined therapy of TMLR with a vascular endothelial growth factor(121) (VEGF(121)) plasmid is able ...
Schratzberger Peter - - 2003
Cardiovascular atherosclerotic diseases remain leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Despite the significant progress that has been made in the management of these diseases using medical, surgical and percutaneous therapies over the last three decades, there remains a significant population of patients who are not optimal candidates ...
Palmer-Kazen Ulrika - - 2003
Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) most frequently presents with lower limb pain on walking--intermittent claudication. As the disease progresses the patient might suffer from rest pain and/or ischemic ulceration--critical limb ischemia (CLI). The management of patients with PAD consists of life-style modifications and pharmacotherapy addressing the risk factors to ...
Resnick Nitzan - - 2003
Ischemic heart diseases put a heavy economical burden on Western society. They remain one of the major causes of morbidity, and preventive or postoperative treatments are lengthy and expensive. In some patients of ischemic heart diseases, there is not a direct correlation between the degree of occlusion of major arteries ...
Edwards R J - - 2002
To determine whether the changes in the manifestations of myocardial ischaemia during sequential angina episodes caused by exercise or coronary artery occlusion are collateral dependent. 40 patients awaiting percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for an isolated left anterior descending artery stenosis underwent three sequential treadmill exercise tests, with the second exertion ...
Cahill Mark T - - 2002
Branch vein occlusion is a significant cause of visual loss attributed to retinal vascular disease and is second only to diabetic retinopathy. BVO nearly always occurs at an AV crossing because of compression of the vein by the artery, resulting in hemodynamic abnormalities in the vein, including thrombus formation, reversal ...
Lee Chi Hang - - 2002
Coronary artery disease not amendable to conventional revascularization poses a significant medical problem. Advances in the understanding of blood vessel growth have given rise to efforts to develop novel therapeutic approaches for these "no-option" patients. Therapeutic angiogenesis makes use of the administration of angiogenic growth factor protein or gene to ...
Billinger Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether coronary collateral flow is clinically relevant for future cardiac ischemic events. BACKGROUND: The link between good collateral supply related to less myocardial damage and fewer cardiac events has not been established prospectively beyond doubt. METHODS: In 403 patients with stable angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous ...
Zhu Mingwang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of perfusion MR imaging and angiographic evidence of collateral circulation in symptomatic patients with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases (ICVD). METHODS: Cerebral angiography and perfusion MR were performed in 16 patients with symptoms of ICVD. Qualitative perfusion maps were calculated for regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and ...
Moainie Sina L - - 2002
Coronary arterial disease is the major cause of congestive heart failure, but suitable animal models of postinfarction, dilated cardiomyopathy do not exist. This article describes an ovine model that develops after an anterobasal infarction. The distribution of ovine myocardium supplied by the first two diagonal branches of the left homonymous ...
Bowers Terry R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although proximal right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion is the culprit commonly responsible for acute right ventricular (RV) infarction (RVI), the severity of RV dysfunction ranges broadly. This study was designed to delineate the patterns of coronary compromise that determine the magnitude of RV ischemic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In ...
Zhang Chunxiang - - 2002
We evaluated the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on the extent of atherosclerosis and balloon injury-induced vasoproliferation in atherosclerotic animals with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Fifty-six rabbits were fed a 1% cholesterol diet. Balloon injury of iliac arteries and experimental acute myocardial infarction were induced in the same ...
Werner Gerald S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Coronary steal can occur in collateral-dependent myocardium during pharmacologically induced vasodilation. This study assessed coronary steal invasively in chronic total coronary occlusions (TCOs). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 35 consecutive patients with a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of a TCO (duration >4 weeks), coronary flow velocity (APV) by a Doppler ...
Miyamoto Shoichi - - 2002
It is controversial whether newly created channels made by transmyocardial laser revascularization are functionally significant, so the present study evaluated the shunt flow from the left ventricular (LV) cavity to the ischemic myocardium in 51 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) caused by complete occlusion of the proximal left anterior ...
Sakuma Tadamichi - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine the optimal time to assess microvascular integrity within the risk area for myocardial infarction in order to predict unfavorable left ventricular remodeling (LVR) after successful primary coronary angioplasty. Fifty-three patients who underwent myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) just before recanalization, shortly after and ...
Seiler C - - 2002
To test the hypothesis that regional left ventricular (LV) function during balloon angioplasty is related to the amount of collateral flow to the ischaemic region. Prospective study. Tertiary referral centre. In 50 patients with coronary artery disease and without myocardial infarction, regional systolic and diastolic LV function was determined using ...
Watarai Masato - - 2002
Although it is commonly believed that ischemia does not develop during coronary intervention in patients with rich collateral circulation to the target vessel, ST changes are often observed, the study group comprised 40 consecutive patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary angioplasty and who had rich collateral vessels to the target ...
Zhang Duanzhen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether direct administration of adenoviral vectors (Ad) containing the complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) of vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (Ad-VEGF165) induces porcine coronary collateral vessel formation, improves regional myocardial perfusion and function and is safe. METHODS: Three weeks after miniature swine underwent left thoracotomy and placement of ...
Ha Jong-Won - - 2002
A well-developed collateral circulation is frequently observed in patients with total coronary occlusion. However, the fate of the collateral circulation after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has not been fully characterized. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of coronary angiography and myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) ...
Christiansen Jonathan P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) with leukocyte-targeted microbubbles could temporally and spatially characterize the severity of postischemic myocardial inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 9 open-chest dogs, either the left anterior descending or left circumflex coronary artery was occluded for 90 minutes (n=6), while the remaining dogs served ...
Sezer Murat - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Collaterals provide significant blood supply to the myocardium at risk and the presence of a preserved and adequate collateral network may limit microvascular damage during the occlusion of an epicardial coronary artery. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether thrombolytic therapy (TT) may produce beneficial effects at ...
Lee Cheol Whan - - 2002
We investigated the influence of collateral flow on restenosis in 156 consecutive acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients treated with primary angioplasty within 12 hr of symptom onset. Collateral flow was quantitatively assessed using the pressure-derived fractional collateral flow (PDCF) index. Follow-up angiography was performed at 6 months. The patients were ...
Sakai Kenya - - 2002
Nicorandil, a hybrid nitrate and ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener, has had a preconditioning effect in some coronary angioplasty studies. The present study investigated whether the cardioprotective effects of nicorandil involve coronary collateral function. Thirty-two patients with stable angina pectoris were randomized to receive a 1-min intravenous infusion of nicorandil (100 ...
Frommelt Michele A - - 2002
Between August 1991 and September 2000, 15 patients received a diagnosis of the anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin. All were evaluated initially by transthoracic echocardiography, with subsequent diagnosis confirmation at cardiac catheterization and/or surgery. Seven of the 15 patients ...
Liao Robert - - 2002
The objective of this study was to derive a method for quantifying the dynamic geometry of coronary arteries. Coronary artery geometry plays an important role in atherosclerosis. Coronary artery geometry also influences the performance of coronary interventions. Conversely, implantation of stents may alter coronary artery geometry. Clinical tools to define ...
Tessmer John P - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Coronary collateral development is an important adaptive response to chronic myocardial ischemia. Characterization of mitogenic factors responsible for collateral formation has been an elusive goal because these substances are difficult to sample from the myocardial interstitium at multiple times. We report the implantation of an exchange catheter capable of ...
Villanueva Flordeliza S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic angiogenesis is a new approach to treating ischemic heart disease, and the optimal method for assessing its efficacy is unclear. We used myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) to evaluate the therapeutic response to the angiogenic agent, vascular endothelial growth factor-121 (VEGF121). METHODS AND RESULTS: After placement of an ameroid ...
Nagai Yoshitaka - - 2002
Homocysteine induces endothelial injury and inhibits endothelial cell proliferation, which is a key role in angiogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the plasma level of homocysteine is associated with the development of collaterals in patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD). Among a series of 105 ...
Rockstroh Julia - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Stimulation of coronary collateral growth has potential clinical value, yet techniques to assess such growth in patients are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cineangiographic approach to classify the dominant collaterals and to quantify their lumen caliber and flow capacity was developed and validated. For measurement of 0.4- to 1.5-mm-diameter ...
Lambiase Pier D - - 2002
The mechanisms responsible for collateral development have attracted considerable attention in cellular and molecular research because these vessels have the capacity to protect against myocardial infarction and reduce exercise-induced ischemia. This has led to a number of phase I trials employing angiogenic peptides, genes and cell transplantation. However, there are ...
Yonekura Katsunori - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Decreased myocardial flow reserve (MFR) in angiographically normal coronary arteries in patients with old myocardial infarction (OMI) has been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: To clarify factors for the reduced MFR in OMI and to compare them with those in angina pectoris (AP), baseline myocardial blood flow (MBF) and MBF ...
El-Mitwalli Ashraf - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is predictive of thrombus presence but has limited ability to identify occlusion location in the anterior circulation. We describe clinical and sonographic patterns that are associated with tandem internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. METHODS: ...
Pohl T - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the pathogenetic predictors of collateral channels in a large cohort of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: The frequency distribution of collateral flow in patients with CAD is unknown. Only small qualitative studies have investigated which factors influence the development of collateral channels. METHODS: ...
Hatada K - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of coronary flow to the infarct zone before primary coronary angioplasty on hospital complications in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). DESIGN: Consecutive case series analysis. SETTING: Coronary-care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Two hundred sixty-four consecutive patients with ST-elevation acute MIs who ...
Huwer H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is capable of triggering angiogenesis and at higher concentrations vasculogenesis. We report on a pilot study where VEGF-DNA as an additional therapy to coronary artery bypass grafting was injected into the myocardium in 24 patients (pts) with proximal coronary artery stenosis and ...
Hendrikse J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The circle of Willis is regarded as the major source of collateral flow in patients with severe carotid artery disease. The purpose of the present study was to assess whether the presence of border zone infarcts is related to the collateral ability of the circle of Willis ...
Coggins M P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that by detecting regions with adequate collateral-derived myocardial blood flow (MBF) within the risk area (RA), we could predict ultimate infarct size (IS) at the time of coronary occlusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Group 1 dogs (n=15) underwent coronary occlusion without reperfusion, whereas group 2 dogs (n=6) underwent ...
Seiler C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that the time to washout of radiographic contrast medium trapped distal to an occluded collateral receiving vessel is inversely related to collateral flow, and that this provides an accurate method for characterising coronary collaterals. METHODS: An intracoronary pressure derived collateral flow index was determined in ...
Yamamoto K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the implications of the pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Higher CFIp is associated with less severe myocardial ischemia during angioplasty in the non-infarcted heart. It remains unknown whether CFIp also identifies collateral function in AMI ...
Seiler C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Experimentally, activated macrophages have been documented to induce vascular proliferation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 21 patients (age 74+/-9 years) with extensive coronary artery disease not eligible for coronary artery bypass surgery, the effect of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF, Molgramostim) on quantitatively assessed collateral flow was tested in a randomized, ...
Hatori T - - 2001
Complete occlusion (CO) of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a rare but often fatal condition. The diagnosis is frequently missed because the signs and symptoms are often obscure and diverse. We describe three patients with CO-LMCA who showed unusual myocardial scintigraphic findings. The patients had extensive right-to-left collateral ...
Vale P R - - 2001
Research in animal models of ischemia has shown that administration of angiogenic growth factors, either as a recombinant protein or by gene transfer, can augment nutrient perfusion through neovascularization to promote the development of supplemental collateral blood vessels that will constitute endogenous bypass conduits around occluded native arteries; a strategy ...
de Marchi S F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether myocardial contrast echocardiography can be used to quantify collateral derived myocardial flow in humans. METHODS: In 25 patients undergoing coronary angioplasty, a collateral flow index (CFI) was determined using intracoronary wedge pressure distal to the stenosis to be dilated, with simultaneous mean aortic pressure measurements. During ...
Sakata Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate how collateral flow changes during myocardial ischemia in patients. METHODS: Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and rapid atrial pacing were performed in 20 patients with angiographically evidenced coronary collaterals from the right coronary artery (RCA) to the occluded left anterior descending coronary artery. Sonicated contrast ...
Goel P K - - 2001
Patients evaluated for chest pain with angiographically normal coronary arteries are usually labelled syndrome X. A portion of these patients may not have a cardiac cause for their symptoms. The authors aimed to study a subset within this group who showed the phenomenon of slow coronary flow (SCF) as evidenced ...
Emanueli C - - 2001
Ischaemic diseases are characterized by an impaired supply of blood resulting from narrowed or blocked arteries that starve tissues of needed nutrients and oxygen. Coronary-atherosclerosis induced myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of mortality in developed countries. Ischaemic disease also affects the lower extremities. Considerable advances in both ...
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