Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 772
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Rakhit Roby D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that there was an association between tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6) release and measured coronary collateral flow in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha and IL-6 increase during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, their ...
Matsunaga Toshiro - - 2005
Angiostatin, an inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis, is produced by the actions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) on plasminogen. Recently, we reported that angiostatin levels are increased in a model of inadequate coronary collateral growth and angiogenesis in response to ischemia, despite high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We hypothesized ...
Heinl-Green Amanda - - 2005
AIMS: Therapeutic angiogenesis is a potential new treatment for patients unsuitable for conventional revascularization strategies. We investigated angiogenesis via a 'master switch gene' hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1alpha). METHODS AND RESULTS: Ameroid occluders were placed around the left circumflex coronary artery of 74 pigs. Three weeks later, pigs were randomized to ...
Ishihara Masaharu - - 2005
To compare the cardioprotective effect of prodromal angina pectoris and collateral circulation, 245 patients with first anterior acute myocardial infarction who underwent coronary angioplasty within 12 hours of symptoms were studied. Prodromal angina pectoris and collateral circulation were independently associated with higher predischarge left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and a ...
Liebeskind David S - - 2005
Neuroprotection for acute ischemic stroke has undergone intense research for more than half a century, but has yielded no therapeutic application and remains an elusive goal. Detailed studies of the ischemic cascade conducted to date appear to have ignored the fundamental role of collateral circulation in the pathophysiology of ischemic ...
Olijhoek Jobien K - - 2005
The metabolic syndrome confers an increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The presence of coronary collaterals may have beneficial effects during myocardial ischemia and may improve cardiovascular outcome in patients with coronary artery disease. Impaired collateral formation could be one of the reasons for the increased cardiovascular risk in ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2005
The measurement of the thrombosis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count is a simple method for evaluating coronary blood flow. Although it is well known that slow coronary flow is present in patients with coronary artery ectasia (CAE), the effects of coexisting stenosis and the severity of ectatic involvement on ...
Promphan Worakan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, pediatric cardiac intervention is an effective optional treatment for congenital heart disease (CHD). Several cardiac centers have been established in different regions of Thailand and Songklanagarind Hospital is the newest of these university cardiac centers. OBJECTIVE: To report results and complications of transcatheter treatment for congenital cardiac defects ...
Baroldi Giorgio - - 2005
This review article is aimed at comparing the results of histopathological and clinical imaging studies to assess coronary collateral circulation in humans. The role of collaterals, as emerging from morphological studies in both normal and atherosclerotic coronary vessels, is described; in addition, present role and future perpectives of echocardiographic techniques ...
Ipek Gokhan - - 2005
We report seven patients with chronic total occlusion of the left main coronary artery that were operated in our institution and discuss the myocardial preservation options in these patients. In addition to total occlusion of the left main coronary artery, three patients also had severe lesions of right coronary artery. ...
Wei Kevin - - 2005
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a technique that uses microbubbles as a tracer during simultaneous ultrasound of the heart. The microbubbles can be used to provide quantitative information regarding the adequacy of myocardial blood flow (MBF), as well as the spatial extent of microvascular integrity. In acute myocardial infarction, MCE ...
Werner Gerald S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A good collateral function in patients with regional myocardial dysfunction may indicate viability with the potential for left ventricular (LV) recovery after revascularization of a chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO). METHODS: A CTO (duration > 2 weeks) was successfully recanalized in 126 patients. During this procedure, the collateral function ...
Yamauchi H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, increased oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) indicates inadequate collateral blood flow distal to the occlusion, which may be caused by poor function of collateral pathways. In ICA occlusion, the circle of Willis may be the major collateral pathway, while the collaterals through the ophthalmic ...
Li Dan-Yang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore the changes of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and angiogenesis, and the effects of bFGF, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibiter(ACEI) benazepril on the angiogenesis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model of rabbits, and to provide a probable evidence for the treatment of AMI. ...
Chaudhry Farooq A - - 2004
Coronary artery collaterals may have a protective role against myocardial ischemia at rest. However, their role during stress is controversial and poorly defined. We evaluated 212 consecutive patients (57 +/- 16 years; 70% men) who underwent coronary angiography and stress echocardiography within a 3-month period. This cohort of patients (all ...
Argaud Laurent - - 2004
AIMS: It is unclear whether the protection observed in human heart following repetition of brief episodes of ischaemia is due to opening of coronary collaterals or to ischaemic preconditioning. We investigated whether the improvement in ST segment change following repeated episodes of brief ischaemia during coronary angioplasty is due to ...
Smith Robert D - - 2004
This section describes the clinical evidence for benefit from coronary collateral channels. There is data to suggest the presence of a protective effect in patients sustaining myocardial infarction regardless of whether they receive reperfusion therapy, and whether the collaterals were preformed. The role of pre-infarction angina in stimulating collateral development ...
Lim M - - 2004
The existence and recruitment of collateral vessels within the coronary circulation may account for the tremendous variability in presentation, symptoms and outcome in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. Multiple episodes of ischemia have been found to produce the stimuli necessary for the growth of new vessels which result in collateral blood ...
Ozdemr Ozcan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The protective effects and the prognostic importance of collaterals during and after acute myocardial infarction (MI) are under debate and heart rate variability (HRV) is a strong predictor of risk of mortality and arrhythmic events after acute MI. We aimed to examine the effects of collateral circulation on HRV ...
Ciaramita Jeffrey P - - 2004
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) determinations have been demonstrated to be largely independent of changes in systemic hemodynamic changes. Herein, we describe a case of obstructive sleep apnea cyclically altering FFR measurements from normal to abnormal in a patient with an intermediately severe coronary narrowing following treatment for an acute coronary ...
Somsen G Aernout - - 2004
In patients with coronary artery disease, the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy secondary to hypertension is associated with an increased collateral development. A patient is described who was admitted for myocardial ischemia and severe hypertension. One day after admission, coronary angiography revealed a proximal chronic occlusion of the left anterior ...
Nathoe Hendrik M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Collaterals limit infarct size, preserve viability, and reduce mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. In patients with stable coronary disease, collaterals are associated with less angina and ischemia during angioplasty and fewer ischemic events during follow-up. The role of collaterals has not been studied in patients undergoing off-pump ...
Toyota Eiji - - 2004
Coronary angiogenesis and collateral growth are chronic adaptations to myocardial ischemia, which are aimed at restoring coronary blood flow and salvaging myocardium in an ischemic region. Although we have assumed that myriad numbers of growth factors are involving in this adaptation, details in the underlying mechanisms, i.e., number of angiogenic ...
Lutter G - - 2004
Protein and gene therapy offer a tremendous opportunity to improve the care of critically ill patients with ischemic heart and peripheral artery occlusion disease. With the availability of purified growth factors such as vascular endothelial and fibroblast growth factors (FGF), several experimental and clinical studies provided data, that the growth ...
Kurotobi Toshiya - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that circulation via collateral vessels to an infarct-related artery (IRA) is impaired with aging in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Animal experiments have shown that advanced age blunts the development of new vessels in response to angiogenic ...
Jerosch-Herold Michael - - 2004
An analysis of the kinetics of myocardial contrast enhancement is an important component of myocardial perfusion studies. The contrast enhancement can be modeled by a linear time-invariant system, and the myocardial impulse response, calculated by deconvolution of the measured tissue response with an arterial input, gives a direct estimate of ...
Zimarino Marco - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Concern has been raised about the effects of prolonged left anterior descending (LAD) artery occlusion during minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass graft surgery (MIDCABG). We sought to assess the impact of myocardial dysfunction during MIDCABG on long-term outcome and the protective role of collateral circulation on myocardial ischemia. ...
Lipsitz Evan C - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fate of collateral vessels adjacent to and within the target lesion following subintimal angioplasty (SIA). METHODS: Pre and postprocedural angiograms were reviewed for 29 patients undergoing SIA of the lower extremity arteries over a 3-year period. The number of patent collateral vessels </=5 cm proximal to ...
Ueyama Koji - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We have developed a technique for biologic coronary artery bypass grafting, which is a revival of a classic concept with modern biotechnology. METHODS: Acute myocardial infarction was created by ligating the major branch of the circumflex artery in rabbits. Animals were divided into four groups: a nontreated group (group ...
Aboul-Enein Fatma - - 2004
The functional role of various angiographic grades for coronary collaterals remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of the Rentrop angiographic grading of coronary collaterals on myocardial perfusion in patients with single-vessel chronic total occlusion (CTO) and no prior myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: The study ...
Hau William Kongto - - 2004
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a well-validated index for assessing the physiologic significance of a coronary stenosis in most clinical conditions encountered in today's catheterisation laboratory. The aim of this paper is to provide a short overview of the theoretical background of the coronary pressure-derived FFR index and its clinical ...
Elsman P - - 2004
AIMS: The role of collateral flow in the first hours of infarction remains unclear. Our aim was to determine whether the presence of coronary collateral flow, as evidenced by angiography, has a beneficial effect on infarct size and left ventricular function in acute myocardial infarction (MI) treated by means of ...
Panchal Vipul R - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether pericardial levels of a pro-angiogenic factor (vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF) or an anti-angiogenic factor (endostatin) related to the presence of coronary collateral circulation in patients with significant coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Coronary collateralization favorably alters the prognosis of patients with occlusive CAD. The specific ...
van Royen N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Arteriogenesis refers to the development of collateral conductance arteries and is orchestrated by circulating monocytes, which invade growing collateral arteries and act as suppliers of cytokines and growth factors. CD44 glycoproteins are involved in leukocyte extravasation but also in the regulation of growth factor activation, stability, and signaling. Here, ...
Fujita M - - 2004
Enhancement of coronary collateral function is an intriguing approach to the preservation of ischaemic myocardium. Coronary collateral development consists of collateral recruitment and collateral growth. Collateral growth encompasses proliferation of capillaries in the ischaemic area (angiogenesis) and maturation of pre-existing collateral vessels (arteriogenesis), with the latter being more relevant in ...
Nakajima Hiroyuki - - 2004
We review our studies on therapeutic angiogenesis using basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) released in a controlled manner from biodegradable gelatin hydrogel (GH). The bFGF-GH was intramuscularly injected in rabbits with limb ischemia. The group treated with bFGF showed an increase in tissue blood flow under laser Doppler imaging and ...
Lee Ju-Hun - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In acute infarction involving the anterior circulation, the ipsilateral posterior cerebral artery (PCA) often appears to be longer than the contralateral PCA on magnetic resonance angiography. We described this finding as dominant ipsilateral PCA (DIPCA). We sought to find the frequency of DIPCA and its predictors. METHODS: We recruited ...
Yilmaz M B MB Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Cardiology Clinic, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2003
Chronic myocardial ischaemia due to coronary artery stenosis or occlusion has been shown to increase the growth of coronary collateral circulation. Collateralization leads to increased oxygen delivery to the area at risk and hence may reduce ischaemia, prevent infarction and preserve contractile function. However, there is considerable variation among patient ...
De Clerck M - - 2003
We reviewed the case history of a 45 year-old women, who presented a pure right sensorimotor stroke, due to a left paramedial medullary infarct as result of a left cervical vertebral artery occlusion. The unusual location of the infarct could be explained by the combination of an anatomical variant of ...
Werner Gerald S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Collaterals can maintain myocardial function or preserve viability in chronic total coronary occlusions (CTOs). It is unknown whether and to what extent collaterals regress after successful recanalization of a CTO. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 103 patients with successful recanalization of a CTO collateral function was assessed by intracoronary Doppler ...
Chouraqui Pierre - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The determination of viability and perfusion within the infarct zone in post-myocardial infarction patients has both therapeutic and prognostic significance. Reversibility of thallium 201 uptake within the territory of the infarct-related coronary artery (IRA) as shown by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is associated with a jeopardized but ...
Pourati Isaac - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The presence of coronary collateral vessels has been associated with improved clinical outcome in patients with coronary artery disease. Animal experiments have shown that hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) can promote angiogenesis in ischemic tissues in a cholesterol-independent manner. We hypothesized that statin therapy is associated with ...
Sezer Murat - - 2003
During acute occlusion of an epicardial vessel collaterals preserve the microvascular perfusion and limit the extent of myocardial damage. Pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp) assessed by intracoronary pressure measurement allow us to quantify collateral vessel development. The angiographic myocardial blush (MB) scores, based on the contrast dye density and washout ...
Wada Aya M - - 2003
Development of the coronary vascular system is an interesting model in developmental biology with major implications for the clinical setting. Although coronary vessel development is a form of vasculogenesis followed by angiogenesis, this system uses several unique developmental processes not observed in the formation of other blood vessels. This review ...
von Degenfeld Georges - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to improve regional myocardial delivery and subsequent collateral perfusion induced by basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) using selective pressure-regulated retroinfusion of coronary veins for delivery. This hypothesis was tested in a newly developed pig model with percutaneous induction of chronic ischemia. BACKGROUND: Selective pressure-regulated retroinfusion of coronary ...
Lamping Kathryn G - - 2003
Estrogen increases proliferation and migration of cultured endothelial cells and perfusion of ischemic hindlimbs of rabbits. We tested the hypothesis that estrogen is angiogenic and arteriogenic in the heart during progressive coronary occlusion. Ovariectomized (OVX) and 17beta-estradiol (1 mg.kg(-1).wk(-1) im)-treated OVX (OVX-ES) female New Zealand White rabbits were instrumented with ...
Ninomiya M - - 2003
We previously reported adenovirus-mediated ex vivo gene transfer of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) as a new treatment for leg ischemia. This time, we tested this method on a swine myocardial ischemia model, seeking the possibility of its application for ischemic heart disease. An ameroid constrictor was placed around the ...
Rozenberg V D - - 2003
We evaluated pathomorphological changes in the vascular bed of postinfarction heart in various types of remodeling. Dilatational remodeling was characterized by dilation of coronary arteries, increase in their volume density, and regular arrangement. Signs of coronary blood flow reduction and microcirculatory disturbances in the left ventricle were revealed during hypertrophic ...
Hughes G Chad - - 2003
"Therapeutic angiogenesis" describes an emerging field of cardiovascular medicine whereby new blood vessels are induced to grow to supply oxygen and nutrients to ischemic cardiac or skeletal muscle. Various methods of producing therapeutic angiogenesis have been employed, including mechanical means, gene therapy, and the use of growth factors, among others. ...
Dixon Stacey A - - 2003
The development of new coronary artery constitutive models is of critical importance in the design and analysis of coronary replacement grafts. In this study, a two-parameter logarithmic complementary energy function, with normalized measured force and internal pressure as the independent variables and strains as the dependent variables, was developed for ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >