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Lip Gregory Y H - - 2010
There remains uncertainty over optimal antithrombotic management strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) presenting with an acute coronary syndrome and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention/stenting. Clinicians need to balance the risk of stroke and thromboembolism against the risk of recurrent cardiac ischaemia and/or stent thrombosis and the risk of bleeding. ...
van Diepen Sean - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atrial infarction reportedly occurs in 0.7% to 52% of ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs), up to two thirds of whom develop atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF). Prospective validation of electrocardiographic atrial infarction patterns is lacking. Hence, in STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, we examined whether baseline atrial ...
Bahouth Fadel - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The role of factors that increase left atrial pressure or cause acute left atrial dilatation is frequently emphasised in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was designed to test the hypothesis that functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) occurring after AMI may ...
Yujing Wang - - 2010
This study was designed to investigate whether administration of digitalis could improve mechanical function of left atrial appendage (LAA) and left atrium prospectively in patients with atrial stunning. Fifty-four consecutive patients in whom atrial stunning was observed immediately after cardioversion of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) were randomized into digitalis or ...
Jang Jin-Kun - - 2010
During the index procedure of catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF), it is important to assess whether other atrial or ventricular tachyarrhythmia coexist. Their symptoms are often attributed to residual tachycardia after successful elimination of AF by CA. This tachycardia could also be non-pulmonary vein (PV) foci initiated AF. ...
Andrade Jason G - - 2010
The pharmacologic management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, has been traditionally dichotomized into control of ventricular rate or re-establishment and maintenance of sinus rhythm. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of rate-controlling drugs and antiarrhythmic drugs (AAD) in the Canadian Registry ...
Kulik Alexander - - 2010
Mounting evidence suggests that statins possess antiarrhythmic properties and inhibit atrial fibrillation (AF). The goal of this study was to evaluate the relation between statin use and new-onset AF in a large cohort of patients with coronary artery disease. We identified all Medicare beneficiaries > or =65 years old who ...
Kato Yoshiaki - - 2010
We report a 19-year-old male patient with left ventricular non-compaction who presented with atrial fibrillation (AF) and ventricular tachycardia. Ventricular tachycardia was induced by AF with rapid ventricular response, but was prevented by electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins and superior vena cava.
Dell'Era Gabriele - - 2010
The relation between left atrial (LA) electrical and mechanical activity is a challenging field of investigation. The availability of echocardiographic strain analysis techniques has enhanced our ability to non-invasively assess LA wall mechanical synchrony and performance. The aim of our study was to investigate how new strain analysis tools describe ...
Li Chen - - 2010
The role of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) after catheter ablation remains unknown. We investigated LV diastolic function using the ratio of early transmitral flow velocity (E) to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (e') and evaluated its predictive value for AF recurrence. One hundred three ...
Winkel T A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) mortality. This study aims to evaluate the prognostic implication of AF in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). METHODS: The International Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry included 23,542 outpatients in Europe with established coronary artery ...
Iijima Kenichi - - 2010
Because bepridil blocks multiple myocardial ionic channels, including the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor-operated potassium current (I(KAch)), bepridil is expected to suppress atrial fibrillation (AF) mediated by vagal nerve stimulation (VNS). The therapeutic effects of bepridil were studied with a special focus on heart rate variability (HRV) in a canine model of ...
Chang Dong - - 2010
Atrial electrical remodeling (AER) is the underlying mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study investigated the impact of epicardial fat pad (FP) ablation on acute AER (AAER) and inducibility of AF. AAER was performed in 28 mongrel dogs through 4-h rapid atrial pacing (RAP). Before RAP, 14 dogs (ablation ...
Lu Weijia - - 2010
Epicardial potential mapping is an efficient way to visualize the potential distribution on the epicardial surface. We found in our previous study, that the traditional linear interpolation used for the epicardial mapping may cause errors and distortions in reconstruction of the electric activities on the epicardial surface especially during the ...
Ozaydin Mehmet - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between renin - angiotensin - aldosterone system blockers and risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) development in patients with mild and moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction. METHODS: The population of this prospective and observational study consisted of 269 patients ...
Trappe Hans-Joachim - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF), atrial flutter, AV-nodal reentry tachycardia with rapid ventricular response, atrial ectopic tachycardia and preexcitation syndromes combined with AF or ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTA) are typical arrhythmias in intensive care patients (pts). Most frequently, the diagnosis of the underlying arrhythmia is possible from the physical examination (PE), the response ...
Zhao Qing-Yan - - 2010
AIMS: The effects of ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation on atrial fibrillation (AF) inducibility and atrial autonomic innervation remodelling have not been elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen dogs were randomly divided into sham-operated group and GP ablation group. All animals underwent a right thoracotomy at the fourth intercostal space. Atrial fibrillation ...
Jons Christian - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between diastolic dysfunction and long-term occurrence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) and cardiac events in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. The study was performed as a substudy on the CARISMA study population. The ...
Oliveira Mário - - 2011
Slowed atrial conduction may contribute to reentry circuits and vulnerability for atrial fibrillation (AF). The autonomic nervous system (ANS) has modulating effects on electrophysiological properties. However, complex interactions of the ANS with the arrhythmogenic substrate make it difficult to understand the mechanisms underlying induction and maintenance of AF. To determine ...
Shan Zhaoliang - - 2010
Previous studies suggest that a short temporal excitable gap exists between the fibrillation waves during atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of that gap in the development of sustained AF in goats. Eight female goats were instrumented with left atrium (LA) electrodes, and ...
Cervigón Raquel - - 2010
Since the cardiac activity during atrial fibrillation (AF) may be influenced by autonomic modulations, in this study, a novel method to quantify the effects of the most common anesthetic agent (propofol) in AF ablation procedures is introduced. This study has two main objectives: first, to assess whether the sedation earlier ...
Rossi Pietro - - 2010
Control of atrioventricular (AV) nodal conduction by endocardial stimulation of efferent AV nodal vagal fibers [atrioventricular nodal vagal stimulation (AVNS)] is a promising approach for long-term device-based modulation of ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF). However, few data on the efficacy of AVNS delivered as high-frequency stimulus packages (burst AVNS) ...
Elezi Shpend - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most important risk factor for ischemic stroke. Anticoagulation therapy can substantially decrease the risk of stroke in patients with AF. The aim of our study was to investigate the patient's comorbidities and management of patients with AF on the discharge. METHODS: From 5382 consecutive ...
Antzelevitch Charles C Masonic Medical Research Laboratory, Utica, New York 13501, USA. - - 2010
Safe and effective pharmacologic management of atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the greatest challenges facing an aging society. Currently available pharmacologic strategies for rhythm control of AF are associated with ventricular arrhythmias and in some cases multi-organ toxicity. Consequently, drug development has focused on atrial-selective agents such as IKur ...
Veasey Rick A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The beneficial effects of atrial pacing on the incidence, duration and symptomatology of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) may be negated by increased ventricular pacing. This prospective randomised study evaluates the effect of pacing algorithms that minimise ventricular pacing (MinVP) with and without anti-AF algorithms, on AF burden (AFB) in ...
Pujadas S - - 2010
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) often shows delayed contrast enhancement (DE) representing regions of focal myocardial fibrosis. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a commonly reported complication of HCM. We determined the relationship between the presence of left ventricular myocardial fibrosis (LVMF) detected by DE-CMR and the occurrence ...
Zhao J - - 2010
Suppression of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system can prevent atrial fibrillation (AF) by attenuating atrial structural remodelling but the role of aldosterone in AF prevention has not been investigated thoroughly. We explored whether the aldosterone antagonist, spironolactone, could improve atrial structural remodelling in long-term rapid pacing-induced AF. Three groups of dogs were ...
Kushiyama Yasunori - - 2010
There is evidence that verapamil promotes the persistence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Little is known about the underlying mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of verapamil on dominant frequencies (DFs) in the pulmonary veins (PVs) and atria during paroxysmal AF with reference to its ...
Choi Jong-Il - - 2010
AIMS: Multisite atrial pacing has been suggested to be effective in suppressing atrial fibrillation (AF), however, the effect of linear triple-site atrial pacing (LTSP) in humans has not been evaluated. We compared the effects of LTSP to single-site atrial pacing (SSP) on the atrial activation and wavefront propagation pattern in ...
Seiler Jens - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) are common and interrelated conditions, each promoting the other, and both associated with increased mortality. HF leads to structural and electrical atrial remodeling, thus creating the basis for the development and perpetuation of AF; and AF may lead to hemodynamic deterioration and the ...
Schapira Jay N - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in adults and accounts for approximately one-third of all arrhythmias requiring admission to the hospital. Treatment strategies are determined by the classification of AF, whether paroxysmal or persistent, as well as numerous patient-specific cardiac and medical considerations (eg, pre-existing congestive heart ...
Saur J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most frequent heart rhythm disorders. It potentially influences cardiac function and its measurement. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has become the new gold standard for non-invasive assessment of cardiac output (CO). A novel inert gas rebreathing (IGR) device based on the Fick ...
Mohammed Khaja S - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart rhythm disorder, with increasing prevalence in the aging US population and affecting more than 2.3 million people. Current approaches for managing AF are rate- or rhythm-control strategies, both using anti-thrombotic therapy to prevent thromboembolism. While great advances have been made in understanding ...
Eren Mehmet - - 2010
This study was prospectively designed to evaluate the relationship between the mitral A wave acceleration slope (AWA-slope) and the left atrial ejection fraction (LA-EF) after the restoration of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and also to evaluate the change in the AWA-slope between the sequent second day ...
Tu Hans T H - - 2010
The reasons for worse outcome following ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) remain unclear. We aimed to elucidate the pathophysiological determinants of poorer stroke outcome in patients with AF using systematic MRI data from the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolytic Evaluation Trial (EPITHET). Comparisons of infarct size, hypoperfusion volume, infarct ...
Moon Jeonggeun - - 2010
Regression of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is known to be related to a lower incidence of stroke in hypertensive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF). However, its mechanism remains controversial. Recently, diastolic dysfunction (DD) was reported to be correlated with ischemic stroke in NV-AF. We hypothesized that hypertension (HTN) ...
Ho Kwok M - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is very common within the first 5 days of cardiac surgery. It is associated with significant morbidity including stroke, ventricular arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, heart failure, acute kidney injury, prolonged hospital stay, and also short- and long-term mortality. The underlying mechanisms of developing AF after cardiac surgery are ...
Tsutsui Kenta - - 2010
Atrial tachycardia (AT) and atrial fibrillation (AF) were observed in a 21-year old male who had a history of patch closure for an atrial septal defect (ASD) at the age of 5 and a persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC). During electrophysiologic study, atrial extrastimuli reproducibly induced AT which spontaneously ...
Islam Mohammed A - - 2010
Despite the emerging new insights into our understandings of the cellular mechanisms underlying cardiac arrhythmia, medical therapy for this disease remains unsatisfactory. Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most prevalent arrhythmia, is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. On the other hand, ventricular fibrillation results in sudden cardiac deaths in many instances. ...
Nusair Maen - - 2010
Electrical cardioversion (EC) has been performed for atrial fibrillation (AF) for over 40 years. EC is safe, effective and reliable method for aborting AF especially in unstable situations. Numerous technical and patient characteristics contribute to the success of EC. Recently various developments in this field and newer antiarrhythmic agents have ...
De Potter Tom - - 2010
AIMS: The objective of the study was to analyse the influence of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) on the outcomes of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation after a first procedure. Pre-procedural predictors of recurrences after AF ablation can be useful for patient information and selection of candidates. The independent influence ...
Ghanbari Hamid - - 2010
Atrial overdrive pacing algorithms have been partially effective in controlling atrial fibrillation (AF). A 76-year-old man with history of a cardiomyopathy and paroxysmal AF underwent implant of a dual-chamber ICD. After enabling preferential pacing (PP) algorithms, marked control of his AF was demonstrated, but with inappropriate ICD shocks secondary to ...
Shelton Rhidian J - - 2010
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with heart failure (HF) is high, but longitudinal studies suggest that the incidence of AF is relatively low. The authors investigated this paradox prospectively in an epidemiologically representative population of patients with HF and persistent AF. In all, 891 consecutive patients with ...
Sobieszczańska-Małek Małgorzata - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia among patients (pts) with heart failure and has significant influence on survival. to assess prognosis of pts with refractory heart failure (HF) qualified for heart transplantation (HTX). 872 pts (107 W and 765 M) were qualified for HTX between Dec 2003 and ...
Osman Faizel - - 2010
Catheter ablation is increasingly used to treat patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Ablation of ganglionic plexi is often performed to reduce vagal innervation and has been shown to confer a better long-term outcome in terms of AF recurrence. We report a case of a patient having AF ablation with a ...
Bonizzi Pietro P Laboratoire I3S, UNSA/CNRS, 2000 Route des Lucioles, Les Algorithmes Euclide B, B.P. 121, 06903 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France. - - 2010
Selection of candidates to catheter ablation (CA) of long-lasting persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is challenging, since success is not guaranteed. In this study, we put forward an automated method for noninvasively evaluating the reduction of the complexity of the AF organization following CA. Complexity is meant as the amount of ...
Masè M M Biosignals and Biophysics Lab, Department of Physics and BIOtech, Trento, Italy. - - 2010
Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery, its pathophysiology remains unclear. The study of post-operative AF demands for the recording of cardiac electrical activity in correspondence of AF onset and progression. Long-term recordings in post-surgery patients could provide this information, but, to date, have been limited ...
Hansen James C - - 2010
PURPOSE: The induction and sustainability of atrial fibrillation (AF) are most commonly due to pulmonary vein (PV) triggers and left atrial (LA) substrate. We hypothesized that simultaneous pacing of the PV ostia, LA, and right atrium (RA) reduces AF susceptibility by synchronizing atrial activity. METHODS: Mongrel dogs were rapidly paced ...
Workman Antony J - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, and it causes substantial mortality. The autonomic nervous system, and particularly the adrenergic/cholinergic balance, has a profound influence on the occurrence of AF. Adrenergic stimulation from catecholamines can cause AF in patients. In human atrium, catecholamines can affect each of the ...
Yoshida Kentaro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Termination of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is associated with a high probability of freedom from AF but requires extensive ablation and long procedure times. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a critical decrease in the dominant frequency (DF) of AF is ...
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