Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1513
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Jaïs, Pierre
The relative merits of rate and rhythm control in the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have been compared in several major clinical trials, none of which demonstrated a significant difference in all-cause mortality. Yet, there is clear evidence that restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm is associated with ...
Grubitzsch Herko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure (CHF) and atrial fibrillation (AF), both of which cause morbidity and mortality, are mutually promoting diseases. We aimed to evaluate surgical AF ablation in CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 212 patients (age 69 +/- 8.8 years, 87% with persistent AF) undergoing concomitant left atrial (LA) ablation, ...
Fujiki Akira - - 2007
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) have significant relation to sinus maintenance after pharmacological conversion of long-lasting atrial fibrillation (AF) with respect to use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAS) inhibitors. METHODS: We studied 35 consecutive patients with AF lasting > or ...
Salehian Omid - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ramipril on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients enrolled in the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation trial. BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia affecting the general population and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Retrospective secondary ...
Goch A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to assess left atrium (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA) function in patients with atrial septum aneurysm (ASA) and to relate it to thromboembolic complications. METHODS: The study group comprised 25 patients with isolated ASA (group I) and 17 clinically healthy subjects (control group = group ...
Castinetti F - - 2007
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-stimulated petrosal sinus sampling is currently the gold standard method for the differential diagnosis between pituitary and ectopic ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Our objective was to determine sensitivity and specificity of desmopressin test during petrosal sinus sampling. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three patients had petrosal sinus sampling because of the ...
Chang Shih-Lin - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The atrial substrate plays an important role in the maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). Further investigation of the biatrial substrate may be helpful for understanding the mechanism of AF. The aim of this study was to investigate the properties of right and left atrial (RA and LA) substrate in ...
Chang Shih-Lin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the imaging of the left atrial (LA) muscular bundle and the relationship between the bundle and inducibility of tachyarrhythmia after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). BACKGROUND: Noninducibility is used as a clinical end point of atrial substrate ablation after PVI. However, little is known about the ...
Knecht Sébastien - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The coronary sinus (CS) is a complex structure comprising a mesh of circumferential muscular fibers with oblique connections to both atria. We describe further evidence for the clinical importance of CS arrhythmogenicity in maintaining atrial fibrillation (AF) in humans. METHODS: Since January 2004, following a sequential approach, the CS ...
Benchimol-Barbosa Paulo R - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia, mechanistically linked to underlying heart disease. AF affects about one fifth of subjects with Chagas' heart disease and is a harbinger of poor prognosis. In a retrospective longitudinal analysis, 50 subjects were investigated in long-term follow-up for the first documented atrial fibrillation (AF) ...
Thomas Liza - - 2008
AIMS: This study evaluates a simple echocardiographic rhythm independent expression of left atrial (LA) function, 'the left atrial function index' (LAFI). BACKGROUND: Quantitation of LA function is challenging and often established parameters including peak A are limited to sinus rhythm (SR). We hypothesized that atrial function could be characterized independent ...
Tian Ying - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and congestive heart failure (CHF) often coexist (AF-CHF), and each adversely affects the other with respect to management and prognosis. Therapy with antiarrhythmic drugs to maintain sinus rhythm was disappointing. Ablation is more successful than antiarrhythmic drug therapy for the prevention of AF with few complications, although ...
Lewicka-Nowak Ewa - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess efficacy and safety of a novel method of multisite atrial pacing, incorporating Bachmann's bundle (BB) and coronary sinus (CS) ostium pacing, which was implemented for the first time in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with intra-atrial conduction delay. METHODS AND RESULTS: This ...
Syed Tariqshah M - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor for disabling ischemic strokes. Anticoagulation is highly effective for stroke prevention in patients with AF, but a substantial number of patients are unable to sustain chronic therapy with warfarin. Most strokes in patients with AF are thought to arise from thrombus formation ...
Lo Li-Wei - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) maintenance is promoted by an atrial substrate that is suitable for the initiation and continuation of the re-entering wavelets. During the first week of AF, the atrial substrate is modified by electrical remodeling, with shortening of the atrial refractoriness and slowing of the conduction velocity. Structural remodeling ...
de Voogt Willem - - 2007
AIMS: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is frequently encountered in pacemaker patients, most commonly in sick sinus syndrome. The combination of site-specific pacing in conjunction with an overdrive algorithm combined with antiarrhythmic drugs on the incidence of PAF in patients with a conventional indication for pacing is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Chiarugi Franco - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and entails an increased risk of thromboembolic events. Prediction of the termination of an AF episode, based on noninvasive techniques, can benefit patients, doctors and health systems. The method described in this paper is based on two-lead surface electrocardiograms (ECGs): 1-min ...
Pichardo Samuel - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently sustained cardiac arrhythmia affecting humans. The electrical isolation by ablation of the pulmonary veins (PVs) in the left atrium (LA) of the heart has been proven as an effective cure of AF. The ablation consists mainly in the formation of a localized circumferential ...
Burstein Brett - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) causes tachycardia-induced atrial electrical remodeling, contributing to the progressive nature of the arrhythmia. Ventricular dysfunction due to a rapid response to AF can cause structural remodeling, but whether AF itself directly promotes atrial fibrosis is controversial. This study investigated the hypothesis that rapid atrial cardiomyocyte activation ...
Roka Attila - - 2008
Several methods are being used to induce atrial fibrillation (AF) in experimental investigations, which may affect the electrophysiologic parameters of the induced arrhythmia. The aim of our study was the investigation of temporal characteristics of AF during and after electrical induction. Direct current and high-frequency stimulation was used for induction ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Triplane tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) makes it possible to simultaneously obtain three apical view images and to measure the dyssynchrony index (DS) for 12 segments in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the feasibility of using triplane TDI to assess intraventricular asynchrony in AF. METHODS: In 50 patients ...
Maruyama Toru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia showing disease progression. However, echocardiographic prediction of such progression remains incomplete. This study aimed to identify echocardiographic predictors of AF progression in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Hypertensive patients with paroxysmal AF were divided into two groups: patients with AF which became permanent (group ...
Wang Zhihao - - 2008
AIM: Strain rate (SR) imaging has been applied to the detection of regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction but not as much to the assessment of left atrial (LA) function. We aimed to assess atrial myocardial properties during atrial fibrillation (AF) by myocardial velocity, SR and strain, focusing on the effects ...
Adam Oliver - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the role of Rac1 GTPase in atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: The signal transduction associated with AF is incompletely understood. We hypothesized that activation of Rac1 GTPase contributes to the pathogenesis of AF via activation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and production of reactive ...
Ng Jason - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Dominant frequency (DF) analysis of atrial electrograms has been used to characterize atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to explore technical issues that may affect the estimation of local activation rate during AF using DF analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Epicardial atrial electrograms recorded during AF from ...
Mischke Karl - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common arrhythmia, has a major impact on both patient morbidity and healthcare economics. Hospital admissions due to AF have risen by two-thirds in the last 20 years. This is due mainly to an aging population and an increasing prevalence of chronic heart disease. Strategies for ...
Pai Ramdas G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been reported to be associated with decreased survival in population-based studies. Its prognostic importance in end-stage heart failure is not clear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the prognostic implications of AF as function of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in 8,931 consecutive patients undergoing ...
Schwarzwald Colin C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atrial contractile dysfunction occurs in some species after conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) to normal sinus rhythm (NSR) but has not been reported in horses with naturally occurring AF. HYPOTHESIS: Transthoracic echocardiography allows detection of left atrial (LA) mechanical dysfunction in horses after conversion of AF to NSR. ANIMALS: ...
Seifert Patricia C - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained disturbance of cardiac rhythm, affecting an estimated 2.3 million people in North America and 4.5 million people in the European Union. Although af is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs, more-precise and less-invasive surgical ablation procedures have been ...
Range Felix T - - 2007
AIMS: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) present with symptoms of myocardial ischaemia despite exclusion of coronary artery disease. A small vessel disease has been suggested. We quantified myocardial perfusion, perfusion reserve, and coronary vascular resistance (CVR) in AF patients using positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five male patients ...
Bollmann Andreas - - 2007
AIMS: In atrial fibrillation (AF), a relation between electrocardiogram (ECG) fibrillatory wave amplitude and thrombus formation has been sought for long with conflicting results. In contrast, the possible relation between atrial fibrillatory rate obtained from the surface ECG and left atrial thrombus formation in patients with AF is unknown and ...
Hou Yinglong - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to systematically investigate the interactions between the extrinsic and intrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) in modulating electrophysiological properties and atrial fibrillation (AF) initiation. BACKGROUND: Systematic ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation to evaluate the extrinsic and intrinsic cardiac ANS relationship has not been detailed. METHODS: The following ...
Melduni Rowlens M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The relation of left atrial (LA) appendage peak emptying flow velocity (LAAEV) with energy requirement for successful direct-current cardioversion (DCCV) in persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. LAAEV correlates with success of cardioversion of AF to sinus rhythm, both of which are related to the LA size and the ...
Freudenberger Ronald S - - 2007
Optimal treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is not well defined. It is unclear if sinus rhythm is of greater benefit in patients with significantly reduced ejection fraction (EF) than in patients with normal or mildly depressed LV function. The Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation ...
Lip G Y H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) plays an important role in atrial fibrillation (AF). Evidence shows that blocking the RAAS with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) has a definite role in preventing new onset AF and in maintaining sinus rhythm in recurrent AF. Our aim was to ...
Nakamura Hirofumi - - 2007
A 64-year-old man had demonstrated palpitations caused by paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) documented by ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring. Effectiveness of antiarrhythmic agent (disopyramide: 300 mg/day) was limited. Based on the gastrointestinal endoscopic findings, proton pump inhibitor (PPI: rabeprazole, 10 mg/day) was administered to eliminate heart burn due to reflux esophagitis. Symptoms ...
Akoum Nazem - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical cardiology, particularly in patients with heart failure. Its prevalence increases with the degree of left ventricular dysfunction and severity of heart failure symptoms. The development of AF in the setting of heart failure has been shown to ...
Schmidt Boris - - 2007
In carriers of dual chamber pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD), detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is crucial for adequate mode switch function and to avoid inappropriate shock delivery. Detection algorithms rely on the atrial rate and on the relationship of atrial to ventricular intracardiac electrograms, but the relative portion of ...
Budeus Marco - - 2007
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in advanced heart failure. The occurrence of AF increases the risk of death and hospitalization for patients with heart failure. The results of different studies indicated that patients with paroxysmal AF have a longer filtered P wave duration (FPD), a lower root ...
Oral Hakan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) guided by complex fractionated atrial electrograms has been reported to eliminate AF in a large proportion of patients. However, only a small number of patients with chronic AF have been included in previous studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 100 patients (mean age, ...
Gorenek Bulent - - 2008
Short-long-short sequences (SLSS), related to atrial ectopic beats (AEBs), predict the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in some clinical situations. We investigated whether SLSS predict the occurrence of AF in acute phase of inferior myocardial infarction (MI). In patients who developed AF AEBs were more frequent. We concluded that the ...
Khumri Taiyeb M - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is independently associated with increases in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Although cardiovascular co-morbidities predict stroke risk in AF, their relation with mortality has not been well described. To identify clinical and echocardiographic markers of mortality in patients with AF, 524 patients with AF underwent transesophageal echocardiography from ...
Gradaus Rainer - - 2007
AIMS: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, multicentre study was to investigate whether the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia can be reduced in standard implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) patients by implanting a dual-chamber ICD capable of atrial therapy delivery. METHODS AND RESULTS: A Jewel AF or GEM III AT ICD (Medtronic Inc., ...
Rha Seung-Woon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to assess the initiation and maintenance mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) and their relationships with the anatomical structures of the left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins (PVs). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients (pts; 33 men, mean age 50+/-12, range 25-68 years) with paroxysmal AF (n=29) and persistent ...
Everett Thomas H TH - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that canine models of atrial fibrillation (AF) have different substrates (either structural or electrical) that lead to differences in AF characteristics. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the differences in AF characteristics also would lead to differences in atrial defibrillation thresholds (ADFTs). ...
Lin Chih-Sheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by structural remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in cardiac atrium. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gain further insight into atrial ECM remodeling at the molecular level and to test whether altered expression of ECM proteins was associated with the disease. ...
Hosokawa K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common complications after cardiothoracic surgery and is associated with an increased risk of stroke, and longer hospital stay. The pathophysiology of postoperative AF is uncertain, and its prevention remains unsatisfactory. Many previous studies have examined the predictors of AF after ...
Mráz Tomás - - 2007
Percutaneous occlusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is a modern alternative for the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and with a high risk of stroke who are not eligible for long-term anticoagulation therapy. Echocardiography plays a significant role in selecting patients, guiding the procedure, and in the ...
Hoppe Uta C - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure often coexist and are believed to directly predispose to each other. Cardiac resynchronization does not prevent or increase the induction of AF. However, new onset of AF does not seem to diminish the beneficial effects of CRT on symptoms, cardiac function and, more importantly, ...
Chalfoun Nagib - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether the signal-averaged electrocardiogram of the P-wave (SAPW) is an independent predictor of recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) post cardioversion (CV), and to assess atrial remodeling using SAPW. BACKGROUND: There are limited electrophysiologic data to predict the recurrence of AF post-CV. The electrical ...
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