Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1181
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Hamada S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether higher coronary blood flow, estimated by the corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count (CTFC), is related to better functional and clinical outcome after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Experimental ...
Kajiyama A - - 2001
The present study investigated the role of the dispersion of QT interval in percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)-induced ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Patients with effort angina without a previous myocardial infarction (n = 22), who had single-vessel disease of the anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), underwent PTCA if the coronary lesion was ...
Rusnak J M - - 2001
Maximal benefits of coronary reperfusion after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with ST-segment elevation may be attenuated by neutrophil-mediated reperfusion injury. Inflammatory mediators released from potentially viable myocytes cause activation of neutrophils, which traverse the endothelium and enter the myocardium. This process involves interaction between the neutrophil-expressed CD11/CD18 and endothelial-expressed intercellular ...
Kent D M - - 2001
A meta-analysis found that primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was more effective than thrombolytic therapy in reducing mortality from acute myocardial infarction. However, fewer than 20% of U.S. hospitals have facilities to perform PTCA and many clinicians must choose between immediate thrombolytic therapy and delayed PTCA. The number of ...
Stone G W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Whereas survival after lytic therapy for myocardial infarction is strongly dependent on early administration, it is unknown whether the otherwise excellent outcomes in patients undergoing primary PTCA for acute myocardial infarction, in whom TIMI-3 flow rates of >90% may be achieved, can be further improved by early reperfusion. METHODS ...
Miyamoto T - - 2001
We have recognized percutaneous transluminal coronary artery angioplasty (PTCA) as an important procedure for achieving myocardial revascularization. PTCA has been performed for stable and unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and silent myocardial ischemia. Among many new devices, the coronary stent is the most important advancement in PTCA. Frequent stent use ...
Kamp O - - 2001
To investigate whether myocardial contrast echocardiography using Sonazoid could be used for the serial evaluation of the presence and extent of myocardial perfusion defects in patients with a first acute myocardial infarction treated with primary PTCA, and specifically, (1) to evaluate safety and efficacy of myocardial contrast echocardiography to detect ...
Economou E - - 2001
Percutaneous coronary transluminal angioplasty (PTCA) may release inflammatory mediators such as chemokines. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and eotaxin (EOX) are monocyte- and eosinophil-specific chemokines involved in the inflammation and pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. A total of 28 patients undergoing elective PTCA, 20 coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing coronary angiography ...
Mattila K J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have linked Chlamydia pneumoniae with atherosclerotic vessel disease and a trend for an association of the bacteria with restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has also been observed. The aim of this study was to assess the role of Chlamydia pneumoniae in the luminal narrowing taking ...
Pell J P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine current outcomes of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: The Scottish coronary revascularisation register provided prospectively collected data on case mix and in-hospital complications for all revascularisation procedures between April 1997 and March 1999 (4775 PTCA; 5115 CABG). Linkage to routine ...
Bar-Or D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous reports suggest that ischemic conditions rapidly reduce the capacity of human albumin to bind exogenous cobalt. A new assay based on human albumin-cobalt binding (ACB) may help detect early myocardial ischemia. We investigated altered ACB during the first 24 hours after transient ischemia induced during elective percutaneous transluminal ...
Rodés J - - 2001
Since late myocardial infarctions after percutaneous coronary interventions have not been well characterized, we intended to evaluate the characteristics of myocardial infarctions occurring > 48 hr after balloon angioplasty of native coronary arteries or saphenous vein grafts. The Montreal Heart Institute database (1985-1996) was interrogated for all patients readmitted with ...
Slagboom T - - 2001
This study tested the safety and feasibility of coronary angioplasty on an outpatient basis. The purpose of this approach includes cost-effectiveness and patient comfort. Included were 159 patients treated with balloon angioplasty or intracoronary stent placement, all performed via the radial artery with 6 French guiding catheters. Patients were selected ...
Srimahachota S - - 2001
Diabetes is one of the controllable risk factors of coronary artery disease. Many reports have shown that diabetes is a poor prognostic indicator for coronary events and revascularization among patients who undergo PTCA or coronary artery bypass surgery. The present work, the first prospective study in Thailand, was conducted to ...
Wilson S H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The benefits of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are limited by reocclusion of the infarct-related artery, which occurs in 25% to 30% of patients after successful reperfusion. The frequency of reocclusion after balloon angioplasty and stenting in this setting is less well documented. The aim of this ...
Bernstein S J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Appropriateness criteria are frequently used to assess quality of care. However, assessing care in one country with criteria developed in another may be misleading. One approach to measuring care across countries would be to develop common standards using physicians from different countries and specialties. OBJECTIVE: To identify the degree ...
Kuramochi Y - - 2001
We successfully performed percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in three infants with Kawasaki disease ages 11 to 29 months. The time from the onset of disease to PTCA ranged from 6 to 21 months. On period reevaluation 12 to 40 months after PTCA, they had no evidence of myocardial ischemia ...
Hojo Y - - 2001
Recent studies have clarified the significance of chemokines in cardiovascular diseases, such as development of atherosclerosis, atheromatous plaque rupture and restenosis after coronary angioplasty. We investigated changes in chemokine expression in the coronary circulation induced by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and their clinical significance. We examined 40 patients with ...
Hayat N J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients undergoing bypass surgery experience a higher mortality and morbidity. HYPOTHESIS: The study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and value of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) as a bridge to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in high-risk patients with refractory unstable angina or cardiogenic shock. ...
Filardo G - - 2001
AIM: To assess whether under-use of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) affects patient outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed following up a cohort of patients, candidates for a revascularization procedure (either CABG or PTCA) after an index angiogram. A total ...
Horinaka S - - 2001
We evaluated the influence of local myocardial ischemia induced by acute coronary occlusion during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) on the ventricular gradients (VG) and investigated whether 2:1 alternans of VG occurs. Twenty-seven patients with angina pectoris, who had one-vessel coronary artery stenosis, were studied. The VG of each consecutive ...
Destro G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate if angiographic dye videointensity of the risk area during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of the infarct-related artery (IRA) relates to remodeling. BACKGROUND: Poor reflow after myocardial infarction (MI) predicts worse ventricular remodeling. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with a first anterior MI and isolated disease of ...
Ishibashi F - - 2001
Thrombus in the infarct-related artery is one of the limitations for flow restoration in primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) treatment for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study investigated the benefit of preceding intracoronary thrombolysis (ICT) by retrospectively analyzing acute phase flow restoration in 80 AMI patients with intracoronary ...
Johansson P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Compared to coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) gives additional information important for the percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) procedure, but is time-consuming and may cause complications. AIM: To evaluate, during a period of intensive use of IVUS, the impact of IVUS on the final decision on balloon/stent diameter, consumption ...
Tseng C F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is a common acquired heart disease in children. Only a few reports have been published concerning Kawasaki disease in infants. This study was performed to assess the clinical spectrum of Kawasaki disease in infants. METHODS: Between January 1989 and December 1998, a total of 48 consecutive Kawasaki ...
Cordero H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery perforation is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous coronary interventions. CASE REPORT: We report on the treatment of a coronary perforation during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in a patient suffering from post infarction angina complicated by cardiogenic ...
Srimahachota S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The detection of myocardial ischemia after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is important because 30-50 per cent of the patients will develop restenosis within 6 months. Symptoms of chest pain and exercise stress test (EST) have shown to be less sensitive for detection of ischemia than exercise Technetium-99m Sestamibi ...
Moreno R - - 2001
The objective of this study was to report the experience in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with early coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in a single European center during one decade, attempting to identify the characteristics associated with a poor prognosis in these patients. Eight hundred patients with AMI were ...
Mulvihill N T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of soluble cell adhesion molecules (sCAMs) have been reported in various coronary artery disease processes. The principle stimulus for expression of sCAMs is believed to be an inflamed atherosclerotic plaque within the coronary vessel. The relationship between levels of sCAMs in the coronary circulation and the peripheral ...
Kurbaan A S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In CABRI at 1 year PTCA was associated with greater repeat revascularisation and angina (but not myocardial infarction or death). We determined whether adjusting for baseline risk factors and post revascularisation coronary disease offsets this disadvantage of PTCA. METHODS: In the CABRI population the crude association of revascularisation mode ...
Trevelyan J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient characteristics and utilisation of invasive cardiac procedures in a UK ethnic population with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: Tertiary referral cardiology centre in the United Kingdom serving a large Asian ethnic population. SUBJECTS: White and Asian patients undergoing PTCA for UAP over ...
Schmoor P - - 2001
A woman presented with a chronic radiodermatitis after a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for unstable angina. Two PTCAs had already been performed previously. Although rare, these chronic radiodermatitis have been described after multiple cardiac catheterization procedures as a result of cumulative X-ray exposure. Prevention must therefore be implemented.
Jong P - - 2001
The bleeding risk associated with platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) after full-dose thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear. We examined the risk and predictors of bleeding complications in patients with AMI who received abciximab during rescue or urgent PTCA after full-dose ...
Kemal Erol M - - 2001
Adrenomedullin (ADM) production and secretion have been reported in endothelial cells. The present study was designed to assess whether coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) affect plasma ADM levels. We measured plasma concentrations of ADM using a specific radioimmunoassay method in patients undergoing coronary angiography or PTCA ...
de Belder A J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To create a risk model for predicting major adverse complicating events of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and to test the accuracy of the model on a prospective cohort of patients SETTING: Tertiary cardiac centre METHODS: Available software can predict probabilities of events using Bayes's theorem. To establish the ...
Dens J A - - 2001
The NIsoldipine in COronary artery disease in LEuven (NICOLE) study investigates (1) whether nisoldipine, a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, reduces the progression of minor coronary arterial lesions in the long term, and (2) whether it reduces the restenosis rate after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The NICOLE study is a ...
Widmark A - - 2001
The Nordic radiation protection authorities have already published recommended guidance levels for patient doses for six conventional radiological examinations. Over the past two years a similar protocol has been in progress for three interventional procedures. Measurements have been performed in 22 different hospitals in the Nordic countries on patients in ...
Mizuno O - - 2001
We investigated changes in blood coagulation in the coronary circulation after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and its clinical significance. We examined 43 patients with ischemic heart disease who underwent elective PTCA of isolated stenotic lesions in the left coronary artery. Ten patients underwent PTCA alone, 15 received percutaneous transluminal ...
Arnesen H - - 2001
Largely initiated by studies among Greenland Eskimos in the early 1970s, great attention has been given to the possible effects of the very long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in a variety of cardiovascular disease states. A series of possibly positive effects on pathogenetic mechanisms in cardiovascular disease has ...
Azeem T - - 2001
We conducted an open observational study with blinded endpoint evaluation to validate the use of the Duke treadmill score in identifying patients likely to require coronary intervention. We studied 101 consecutive patients referred for coronary angiography from a cardiology clinic. All patients had a Bruce protocol exercise test. A 70% ...
Asinger R W - - 2001
We compared clinical outcomes following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for 77 chronic renal failure (CRF) (dialysis and nondialysis) patients and a control group matched for history of myocardial revascularization, specific revascularization procedure, gender, age, diabetes, number of native vessels diseased, number of vessels dilated, and the specific vessel(s) dilated. ...
Iuliano L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Isoprostanes, stable end-products of oxygen free radical mediated-lipid peroxidation, were measured in the coronary vessels during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to provide direct evidence for enhanced oxidative stress in a local milieu in vivo. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty is associated with complications such as myocardial stunning and ...
Ricchiuti V - - 2000
The objective of this study was to detect myocardial injury defined by an increase of plasma cardiac troponin I (cTnI) following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and compare plasma cTnI with the risk of cardiac complications at 30 days. Plasma cTnI, creatine kinase (CK) MB, and total CK were determined ...
Pillay D - - 2000
AIM: To explore the safety and feasibility of coronary angioplasty and stenting via the radial artery in a heterogenous group of patients and to report the immediate and 3-month clinical follow-up. BACKGROUND: The use of the transradial approach for coronary angiography was first described by Lucien Campeau in 1989. Based ...
Philbin E F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Patient and hospital characteristics influence the use of invasive cardiac procedures. Whether socioeconomic status (SES) has an influence that is independent of these other determinants is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of household income as a measure of SES on the use ...
Saraste M - - 2000
We investigated the capability of transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) to detect and quantify the severity of restenosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). We studied 10 consecutive patients assigned for quantitative coronary angiography (qCA) due to a recurrent angina pectoris after PTCA ...
Singhaviranon L - - 2000
The aim of this study was to follow-up immediate and long term results of patients aged less than 40 years with CAD treated by PTCA. Primary end points were to record major coronary events, incidence and timing of restenosis and requirement of repeated revascularization after initial PTCA. Data was collected ...
Stangl K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Since hyperhomocysteinaemia is an independent risk factor for development of atherosclerosis as well as for arterial and venous thrombosis we investigated whether elevated homocysteine levels are associated with procedural excess risk which complicates coronary interventions including coronary angioplasty (PTCA), stenting, or directional coronary atherectomy (DCA). Design: Consecutive cases receiving ...
Heidland U E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess whether pharmacologic preconditioning by exogenous or endogenous adenosine prevents the deterioration of hemodynamic function and left ventricular performance during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Ischemic preconditioning renders the heart more resistant to subsequent ischemia. Adenosine plays a key role in its ...
Beygui F - - 2000
Acute myocardial infarction remains a complex medical problem despite major advances in its management, especially early myocardial reperfusion by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Situations such as absence of TIMI 3 flow grade and/or persistence of ST segment elevation despite successful PTCA, no-reflow phenomenon and absence of improvement of myocardial ...
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