Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1181
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Takeuchi S - - 1998
A 20 year old man with severe chest pain was hospitalised for acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed total obstruction of his right coronary artery, which was successfully recanalised by direct percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). There was also diffuse thrombi in the left coronary artery that was not recanalised ...
Weintraub W S - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the outcome of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) (n = 834) and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (n = 1805) in diabetic patients with multivessel coronary disease from an observational database. BACKGROUND: There is concern about selection of revascularization in diabetic patients with ...
Seyithanoglu B Y - - 1998
It has been proposed that directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) should be an intervention of choice in larger vessels as one can achieve a greater minimal luminal diameter with DCA than with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). This in turn should translate into a higher success rate and may even reduce ...
Yoshitomi Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The vasoreactivity after direct percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with previous myocardial infarction remains unknown. We examined the constrictor response to ergonovine of the infarct-related coronary artery in comparison with that of noninfarct-related coronary artery after angioplasty. METHODS: Ergonovine was administered intravenously to 17 patients with previous ...
Bruna C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The presence of late potentials (LP) after myocardial infarction (MI) is related to an occluded infarct-related coronary artery (IRA). However, the effects of the signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) of systemic thrombolysis are contradicting. Reperfusion in the IRA is more frequently observed after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) than after ...
Parlapiano C - - 1998
Plasma beta-endorphin levels were studied in the coronary sinus of 8 patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). All the patients had ECG ischemic signs and pain during the inflation of the balloon. No significant changes in plasma beta-endorphin levels were observed during PTCA-induced ischemia. Baseline coronary sinus plasma beta-endorphin ...
Mandinov L - - 1998
Coronary vasoconstriction of the distal vessel segment has been reported after percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography (PTCA), which was explained by increased vasoconstrictor influences. In patients with acute ischemia these changes may be even enhanced. Thus, vasomotion of the epicardial coronary arteries was studied before and after PTCA in patients with ...
Inoue T - - 1998
To investigate the neutrophil activation process following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), we examined the expressions of Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18), L-selectin (CD62L), and sialyl-LewisX (SLX) on the surface of neutrophils after the PTCA procedure, by flow cytometric analysis. Twenty-nine patients with single vessel coronary artery disease of the left anterior descending ...
Platis H - - 1998
The paper display in a short way the concepts of medical cost and cost-effectiveness analysis and present the educational implications arising from the assessment and the comparison of the Hospital cost of two different therapeutic methods of myocardial revascularization: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (C.AB.G.) surgery and Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty ...
Windecker S - - 1998
The working group Coronary Circulation of the European Society of Cardiology conducts an annual survey of cardiac interventions in Europe with the support of the national societies of cardiology. A detailed questionnaire about cardiac interventions performed during 1994 was mailed to all members of the European Society of Cardiology. Incomplete ...
Zwinderman A H - - 1997
Existing methods to analyse data from repeated arteriographic progression/regression studies are restrictive and do not fully explore the dynamics of coronary artherosclerosis. We present a new approach making a distinction between new occlusions, new lesions, and growth of existing lesions. Random effect models, based on the logistic, the Poisson, and ...
Koch K T - - 1997
In a prospective evaluation of the safety of short-term observation after elective percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in 1,900 consecutive patients, 1 of 1,680 patients triaged to discharge after 4 hours of observation reached the primary end point of acute recurrent ischemia, 7 patients underwent repeat PTCA during 4 hours ...
Timmis S B - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Intracoronary ultrasonography was used to assess coronary arteries before and after balloon percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to determine whether the mode of coronary atherosclerotic remodeling affects the mechanism of balloon dilation. BACKGROUND: Coronary arteries may enlarge or shrink in response to atherosclerotic plaque development. The effect of coronary ...
Azar R R - - 1997
C-reactive protein (CRP) levels increased more than sixfold above baseline when measured 48 hours after elective percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients without underlying inflammatory conditions and did not change significantly in controls undergoing coronary angiography. Only 3 of the 42 PTCA patients had clinical restenosis and underwent target ...
Browne K F - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the performance of angioplasty catheters, restored under a strict manufacturing process, in patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Most countries outside the United States routinely reuse disposable medical equipment, resulting in significant cost savings. Because of quality and legal concerns, reuse in the United States ...
Muhlestein J B - - 1997
This study sought to test the effect on thrombus score of the "rescue" utilization of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist abciximab given to patients in whom intracoronary thrombus has developed as a complication after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and to determine its clinical utility. Abciximab is effective in the prevention ...
Hong M K - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and predictors of major in-hospital ischemic complications after planned and unplanned procedures with new angioplasty devices from the New Approaches to Coronary Intervention (NACI) registry. The NACI registry is a multicenter, voluntary reporting of consecutive patients undergoing new-device angioplasty procedures ...
Ogawa S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction are the most serious complications of coronary artery lesions in children with Kawasaki disease (KD). Therefore, early detection and treatment of myocardial ischemia in patients with KD is essential. We studied the effectiveness of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with silent myocardial ...
Serruys P W - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, multicenter study was the identification of Doppler flow velocity measurements predictive of clinical outcome of patients undergoing single-vessel balloon angioplasty with no previous Q-wave myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 297 patients, a Doppler guidewire was used to measure basal and maximal hyperemic flow ...
Reilly M P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The role of oxidant stress in cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury in humans remains controversial. This is due, in part, to the limitations of available indices of oxidant stress in vivo. Isoprostanes are stable, free radical-catalyzed products of arachidonic acid. We assessed their formation in patients undergoing coronary reperfusion via percutaneous ...
Lim R - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized a time-dependent relation between angina occurring spontaneously before percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and the likelihood of an ischemic response during initial balloon occlusion. We further hypothesized that the ability to elicit the "classic" mode of PTCA-related preconditioning would vary with the interval from clinical angina to ...
Koide Y - - 1997
To develop an improved method for diagnosing restenosis using treadmill exercise electrocardiography (ECG) following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), we prospectively evaluated 46 patients who underwent PTCA for the treatment of single-vessel coronary artery disease and who did not have a history of myocardial infarction. Treadmill exercise ECG and coronary ...
Gersh B J - - 1997
The optimal treatment of patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic stable angina is controversial. Therapeutic options include medical therapy with pharmacologic agents and/or coronary revascularization via surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]), percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and/or other transcatheter techniques. Early studies found no difference in ...
Doty J R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Single or double (limited) coronary artery revascularization using percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary artery bypass (CAB) surgery has recently been enhanced with further innovation in intracoronary stenting and the emergence of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) grafting. Resource allocation for all modalities is directly dependent ...
Achenbach S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) has been shown to permit noninvasive visualization of the coronary arteries. We determined the value of EBCT to noninvasively detect high-grade restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients (37 to 68 years of age), were investigated by EBCT ...
Jain A - - 1997
We evaluated the functional significance of angiographically successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in 50 patients before and after PTCA using an atrial pacing stress test. Before balloon angioplasty, 40/50 patients had transient ST-segment changes on the intracoronary (IC) ECG. After PTCA 14/50 patients continued to have ischemic changes on ...
Javeed N - - 1997
Primary PTCA as a means of reestablishing coronary blood flow in the infarct related artery is preferable in certain subgroups of patients with acute myocardial infarction. While the success rate of primary PTCA is very high, the procedure is not without risk. We report a case of hemodynamic collapse during ...
Agarwal R - - 1997
We investigated the possible association of post catheterization hypotension/bradycardia and neurocardiogenic syncope. Head up tilt test (HUTT) was performed in 12 consecutive patients (age 32Ð65 years) who developed transient hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 80 mmHg) and/or bradycardia (heart rate < 50/min) with or without syncope following a percutaneous coronary ...
Tanaka T - - 1997
Ischemic preconditioning, defined as a reduction in myocardial ischemia caused by repeated brief episodes of coronary occlusions, is observed during percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTCA). To elucidate the effects of the length of the interval between consecutive balloon inflations on ischemic preconditioning during PTCA, we examined 62 patients with chronic ...
Yasuda H - - 1997
A 76-year-old man with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and concomitant gastric cancer, who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), presented with recurrent exertional angina. Both lesions, the AAA and advanced gastric cancer, exhibited an absolute indication for urgent surgery. Coronary revascularization with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was carried ...
Taniyama Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the acute effect of intracoronary injection of verapamil on microvascular function after primary percutaneous translumanal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in relation to functional outcomes. BACKGROUND: Recent clinical studies have documented the potential of verapamil for possible increase in ...
De Scheerder I K - - 1997
To defray the escalating costs of coronary stenting, we handmade a balloon-expandable, stainless steel stent, which after experimental evaluation, was implanted in 156 patients undergoing PTCA complicated by a major dissection. The procedural success rate was 98%. The in-hospital course was characterized by a 1.3% cardiopulmonary mortality and a 4.5% ...
Neumann F J - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate changes in myocardial perfusion after direct percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: After initially successful recanalization of the infarct-related artery, coronary perfusion may deteriorate as a result of reocclusion, distal embolization of platelet aggregates formed at the dilated plaque ...
Jacobs A K - - 1997
To determine whether there has been an improvement in the relatively unfavorable outcome of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in women, the 1993 to 1994 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty Registry collected data from 12 clinical centers that participated in the earlier registries. We compared ...
Chaitman B R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cardiac mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) rates are used to evaluate the efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). We compared 5-year cardiac mortality and MI rates in 1829 patients with multivessel disease randomized to CABG or PTCA. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 5-year ...
Hitchcock T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: If primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) cannot be performed within times comparable to thrombolysis, the possible advantages of that management may be offset by the logistic difficulties associated with its delivery. AIM: To measure and compare the time delay involved in administration of thrombolysis and primary PTCA over ...
Altstidl R - - 1997
Quantitative coronary angiography was applied to investigate the degree and extent of coronary vasoconstriction following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in single-vessel disease of segments distal to the PTCA site (n = 46) and of control segments in nonmanipulated vessels (n = 33) before PTCA, 15 minutes after PTCA, and ...
Qureshi N - - 1997
Percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is usually performed using concentric shaped balloon catheters with the guidewire passing through the center of the shaft. The Falconª balloon catheter features a guide wire lumen on the outside of the balloon so that an eccentric balloon catheter profile is obtained concentrating the dilating force ...
Vaitkus P T - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to broaden assessment of the economic impact of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) revascularization salvage strategies by taking into account costs, revenues, the off-setting effects of prevented clinical complications and the effects of payer mix. BACKGROUND: Previous economic analyses of PTCA have focused on the direct costs ...
Qureshi N R - - 1997
Patients with unstable coronary syndromes are more likely to have a lesion containing thrombus and have a higher procedural complication and restenosis rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an ionic (ioxaglate) and a nonionic (iohexol) low osmolality contrast media on thrombus generation using percutaneous ...
Fuchi T - - 1997
We treated a 23-year-old male with neurofibromatosis with acute myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization revealed severe organic stenosis in the left anterior descending artery, an ectasic left circumflex artery and a small right coronary artery. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was performed on the stenosis. In follow-up catheterizations, intracoronary administration of ...
McElwee N E - - 1997
Despite the institution of various cost control measures in the 1980s, healthcare costs have continued to rise. Following the adoption of the Medicare prospective payment system, the Health Care Financing Administration (HFCA) recognized the need to assess medical effectiveness as well as the cost of care. Coronary artery bypass graft ...
Steg P G - - 1997
The role of systematic emergency percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with spontaneous reperfusion during myocardial infarction is debated. We retrospectively examined the inhospital outcome of 47 consecutive patients with myocardial infarction < 6 hours and angiographically proven spontaneous patency of the infarct artery managed without initial PTCA. There ...
Surawicz B - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the configuration, and investigate the mechanisms, of QRS changes occurring during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). BACKGROUND: QRS changes during PTCA have been attributed to both a passive ST segment shift and conduction disturbances (peri-ischemic block). The direct relation between ST ...
Funck R C - - 1997
There is a subgroup of patients with coronary artery disease who are refractory to the therapeutical methods so far applied. We report on 128 patients who fulfill this definition and have therefore undergone pure transmyocardial laser revascularisation (TMLR) or transmyocardial laser revascularisation in combination with coronary bypass surgery at our ...
Appels A - - 1997
Restenosis after successful percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is a major problem because it occurs in 25% to 35% of all patients. Because psychological factors, especially anger and vital exhaustion, have been found to increase the risk of new cardiac events after PTCA, a behavioral intervention might contribute to the reduction ...
Bernstein S J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare criteria for coronary revascularization developed by the expert panel process and by decision analysis. METHOD: We reviewed the medical records of 3080 chronic stable angina patients who either underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and determined the agreement between appropriateness ...
Gibson C M - - 1997
Rescue percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has been used to establish reperfusion after failed thrombolysis, and the goal of this study was to examine the angiographic and clinical outcomes after rescue PTCA performed for an occluded artery 90 minutes after thrombolysis. Four hundred two patients with acute myocardial infarction were ...
Johnson R G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We previously have established characteristics predictive of the need for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) over many years after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). In this study, we examined the factors associated with the need for CABG within 1 year of successful PTCA, and the recent impact of ...
Horie H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], which structurally resembles-tissue-type plasminogen, is reported to be associated with coronary atherosclerosis. We examined whether the acute change in Lp(a) by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is related to restenosis after PTCA. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured serum Lp(a) and other lipid parameters (triglycerides and total, LDL, ...
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