Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 167
1 2 3 4 >
McNamara Andrew A AA Department of Psychology Massachusetts College of Liberal - - 2014
Experimentally-naïve rats acquired lever pressing with delayed reinforcement when the immediate programmed consequence for lever pressing was the simultaneous retraction of two identical levers. Presses on one lever also produced access to sweetened condensed milk after a delay of 10seconds following retraction. Presses on the second lever resulted in retraction ...
Yan Dongming D Department of Pharmacology, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 1200 Cai Lun Road, Shanghai, 201203, - - 2014
Xiexin decoction (XXD) is composed of Rhei Rhizoma (DH), Radix Scutellaria (HQ), and Coptis Chinensis (HL). Free anthraquinones in DH are the basic effective constituents in XXD. Reportedly, HL decreases the bioavailability of the anthraquinones, while HQ antagonizes the effect of HL. In this study, we aimed to determine the ...
Choi Mi Ran MR College of Pharmacy and Integrated Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, South - - 2014
Under hyperlipidemic conditions, there are likely to be alterations in the pharmacokinetics of CYP2C11 substrates following decreased expression of CYP2C11, which is homologous to human CYP2C9. The pharmacokinetics of tolbutamide (TB) and its metabolite 4-hydroxy tolbutamide (4-OHTB) were evaluated as a CYP2C11 probe after intravenous and oral administration of 10 ...
Chowdhury Parimal P Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Little Rock, Arkansas, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare physiological effects of hindlimb suspension (HLS) in tail- and pelvic-HLS rat models to determine if severe stretch in the tail-HLS rats lumbosacral skeleton may contribute to the changes traditionally attributed to simulated microgravity and musculoskeletal disuse in the tail-HLS model. Adult male ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
The hypolipidemic activities of high and low molecular weights of chitosan nanopowders (HMW-chitosan-NP: 315kDa; LMW-chitosan-NP: 51kDa) prepared by ultrafine milling were evaluated in rats. The results showed that the hypolipidemic activity of chitosan nanopowder was better than ordinary chitosan, and LMW-chitosan-NP was superior to HMW-chitosan-NP in hypolipidimic activity. Compared with ...
Kwon Mi Hye - - 2013
Purpose. To evaluate the possible changes in CYP2E1 expression and activity in hyperlipidemia (HL), we evaluated the pharmacokinetics of chlorzoxazone (CZX) as a CYP2E1 probe in rats with HL induced by poloxamer 407 (HL rats). Methods. The pharmacokinetics of CZX and its 6-hydroxy metabolite (OH-CZX) were evaluated after intravenous administration ...
Durbin Stephanie M - - 2012
The deleterious bone effects of mechanical unloading have been suggested to be due to oxidative stress and (or) inflammation. Resveratrol has both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties; therefore, the study's objective was to determine whether providing resveratrol in the low supplementation range for a short duration prevents bone loss during mechanical ...
Yang Jie J Department of Liver and Vascular Surgery, Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2012
To investigate the effect of zinc finger protein A20 on chronic liver allograft dysfunction in rats. Allogeneic liver transplantation from DA rats to Lewis rats was performed. Chronic liver allograft dysfunction was induced in the rats by administering low-dose tacrolimus at postoperative day (POD) 5. Hepatic overexpression of A20 was ...
Jia Zhe - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for immunomodulatory therapy that are currently being tested in several organ transplant rejection models. In this study, we tested the immunomodulatory effects of MSC injection in a rat model of corneal allograft rejection. MSCs were isolated and cultured from bone marrow of Wistar ...
Yamauchi Haruo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular allografts in the young have limited durability because of early graft calcification. The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that growth-associated hyperphosphatemia in youth accelerates aortic allograft calcification by osteogenic transformation of graft medial smooth muscle cells (SMCs). METHODS: The descending aortas of donor rats ...
von Süßkind-Schwendi M - - 2012
ABSTRACT Chronic allograft rejection and bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) limited successful long-term outcome after lung transplantation (LTX). Reliable animal models are needed to study the pathogenesis of BO and to develop effective therapeutic strategies. The relevance of an available experimental LTX model without immunosuppression-the Fischer (F344)-Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat strain combination-was ...
Xie Yirui - - 2012
Bacterial translocation and the development of sepsis after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) may be promoted by immunological damage to the intestinal mucosa or by quantitative and qualitative changes in intestinal microbiota. This study monitored structural shifts of gut microbiota in rats with OLT using PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and ...
Redman Rs - - 2011
In this article the locations and histologic and ultrastructural features of all of the minor salivary glands of the rat are presented; similarities and differences among them are highlighted. These glands are almost as diverse morphologically as the major salivary glands of the rat. The acini of von Ebner's glands ...
Achiraman Shanmugam - - 2011
Squalene in the rat clitoral gland is reported to be semi-volatile and may serve as a chemo-signal. The objective was to determine squalene concentrations in the clitoral gland throughout the reproductive cycle. Clitoral glands were extracted with dichloromethane; 23 compounds were identified with Gas Chromatography linked Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Since ...
Saul Megan E - - 2011
Snake venom toxins first transit the lymphatic system before entering the bloodstream. Ointment containing a nitric oxide donor, which impedes the intrinsic lymphatic pump, prolonged lymph transit time in rats and humans and also increased rat survival time after injection of venom. This pharmacological approach should give snakebite victims more ...
Nagatomo Fumiko - - 2011
We examined the fiber profiles and the mRNA levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα and PPARδ/β) and of the PPARγ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in the plantaris muscles of 15-week-old control (WR), metabolic syndrome (CP), hypertensive (SHR), and type 2 diabetic (GK) rats. The deep regions in the muscles of SHR and ...
Passafaro Daniela - - 2011
Patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) produce functional IgG against cholinoreceptor of exocrine glands modifying their activity. The aim of the present work was to demonstrate pSS IgG antibodies (pSS IgG) interacting with M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) of rats submandibular glands that alter mucin release and production via phospholipase ...
Chen Shujie - - 2011
The role of gastrin on the development of atrophic gastritis (AG) and its relationship with the expression of RegIα  in vivo remain unclear. We established experimental AG in rats by combination administration with sodium salicylate, alcohol, and deoxycholate sodium. The mean score of inflammation in gastric antrum in AG rats was ...
Xiong Zhaojun - - 2010
The nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway is an important intracellular mediator of cardiac hypertrophy. Recent studies have indicated that the anti-malarial agent artemisinin has the ability to inhibit NF-κB activation. We hypothesized that artemisinin would suppress cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting NF-κB signal pathways. We tested this hypothesis using primary cultured ...
Keränen Mikko A I - - 2010
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a key transcription factor in hypoxia, affects a wide range of adaptive cell functions. We examined the kinetics of endogenous HIF-1alpha during acute and chronic rejection, and the effect of exogenous HIF-1alpha in chronically rejecting rat cardiac allografts. Heterotopic cardiac transplantations were performed between major MHC-mismatched Dark ...
Mi Yuetang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Blockade of CD80-CD28 costimulatory pathway induces unresponsiveness of T cells to alloantigens and protects allografts against immune rejection. The aim of this study was to investigate whether downregulating the expression of B7.1 (CD80) in the donor livers by antisense B7.1 gene transfer could attenuate the acute immune rejection against ...
Oh Joo Youn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can modulate/suppress immunologic responses through interactions with different immune cells. We performed this study in order to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of MSCs in corneal xenotransplantation. ANIMALS STUDIED: Pig and rat. PROCEDURES: We orthotopically transplanted pig corneas into rats and ...
Lee Jeong-Kyu - - 2010
The immunogenicity of lyophilized porcine cornea is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the possibility of using lyophilized porcine cornea as a substrate for ocular surface reconstruction. A porcine cornea stromal button was freeze-dried and vacuum-packed. Lyophilized and fresh porcine corneas were examined histologically, and then implanted ...
Xue F - - 2009
Acute graft-versus-host disease is an uncommon but devastating complication following liver transplantation (LTx-aGVHD). We investigated whether a rat model of LTx-aGVHD could be established using Lewis rat donors and (LewisXBN)F1 rats as recipients, which provides favorable conditions for studies of graft-versus-host reaction or disease. Replacement of (LewisXBN)F1 livers by Lewis ...
van de Sande Wendy W J - - 2009
At present, voriconazole (VOR) is the drug of first choice for treating invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). However, particularly in advanced stages of disease and in the severely immunocompromised host, the mortality remains substantial. The combination of VOR with an echinocandin may improve the therapeutic outcome. We investigate here whether combining ...
Jackson, William B
The story of rats at Eniwetok Atoll (Marshall Islands) and their apparently uncanny ability to survive atomic detonations and inhabit areas with high levels of radiation has been referred to in various documents (Berrill, 1966; Hines, 1962 and 1966; French, 1965; Woodbury, 1962); all are to some degree incomplete or ...
Stadlbauer Thomas H W - - 2008
AIMS: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) continues to be an unsolved clinical problem requiring the development of new therapeutic strategies. We have previously demonstrated that ex vivo donor allograft treatment with decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) targeting the transcription factors, activator protein-1 (AP-1) or signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1), delays acute ...
Liu C - - 2007
Blockade of CD80-CD28 costimulatory pathway induces unresponsiveness of T cells to alloantigens and protects allografts against immune rejection in numerous animal models. The aim of this study was to investigate whether blocking expression of B7.1 (CD80) on donor splenocytes by an antisense technique protected splenic allografts against immune rejection. Splenic ...
Bourges Jean-Louis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nitrosative stress takes place in endothelial cells (EC) during corneal acute graft rejection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential role of peroxynitrite on corneal EC death. METHODS: The effect of peroxynitrite was evaluated in vivo. Fifty, 250, and 500 microM in 1.5 microL of the ...
Karmakar Surajit - - 2007
Glioblastoma is the most common brain tumor that causes significant mortality annually. Limitations of the current therapeutic regimens warrant development of new techniques and treatment strategies in orthotopic animal model for better management of this devastating brain cancer. There are only a few experimental orthotopic models of glioblastoma for pre-clinical ...
Chabannes Dominique - - 2007
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) display immunomodulatory properties mediated by various factors, including inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Since heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a potent immunosuppressive enzyme, we tested the hypothesis that HO-1 could mediate the immunosuppressive effects of MSCs. We generated adult rat MSCs that inhibited T-cell proliferation in vitro. ...
Chen B - - 2007
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic cytokine that plays a pivotal role in the regulation of immune responses. Hence, we evaluated the effects of a recombinant adeno-associated viral vector 1 (rAAV1) encoding rat IL-10 (rAAV1-IL-10) in a rat model of kidney allograft rejection. Dark Agouti rat kidneys were transplanted into Wistar-Furth ...
Mitsuhashi Noboru - - 2007
CXCL11 is thought to play a critical role in allograft rejection. To clarify the role of CXCL11 in the rat transplantation model, we cloned CXCL11 cDNA from rat liver tissue and used it to study CXCL11 structure, function and expression. The rat CXCL11 gene encodes a protein of 100 amino ...
Urakami H - - 2006
Donor-specific blood transfusion (DST) has been shown to effectively induce tolerance to certain allografts. In addition, it is well known that blockade of costimulatory signals reduces the ability of T cells to respond to alloantigens, prolonging allograft survival in some transplant models. We assessed the effects of single or multiple ...
Li R - - 2006
Complement-dependent antibody-mediated acute humoral rejection is the major obstacle of clinical transplantation across ABO incompatibility and human leukocyte antigen presensitization. We previously demonstrated that Yunnan-cobra venom factor (Y-CVF) could almost completely abrogate complement activity and successfully prevent hyperacute rejection in some xenotransplant models without any obvious toxicity. In this study ...
Zhou H P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult elements that have recently been shown to have profound immunomodulatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Herein we have examined the impact of intravenous infusion of donor MSCs on the survival of transplanted hearts in a rat allograft model. METHODS: Recipient ...
Ruijgrok Elisabeth J - - 2006
Nebulized amphotericin B (AMB) combined with intravenous AMB was studied in persistently leukopenic rats with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Pulmonary concentrations of AMB after aerosol treatment were substantially higher than after intravenous liposomal AMB. Nebulized liposomal AMB in addition to intravenous AMB resulted in significantly prolonged survival compared to controls.
Gabriel M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of cryopreservation on changes in diameter and compliance of allografts. METHODS: Sixty aortic allografts implanted in situ in rats were analyzed. The animals were divided into four groups that received fresh or cryopreserved isogenic (Lewis to Lewis) grafts, or ...
Han Bo - - 2006
In order to investigate the effects of mouse CTLA4Ig gene-modified dendritic cells (DCs) on the survival of the corneal allografts in rats, the plasmid PG\CTLA4Ig was transfected into DCs of F344 rats mediated by Lipofectamine 2000. The expression of CTLA4Ig was detected by immunofluorescent microscopy. The effects of donor DCs ...
Niittymäki Jaana - - 2005
The sialyl Lewis x (NeuAcalpha2-3Galbeta1-4(Fucalpha1-3)GlcNAc) determinants serve as ligands in the selectin-mediated adhesion of leukocytes to activated endothelium. The final step in the sialyl Lewis x synthesis is catalyzed by alpha1-3-fucosyltransferase, which transfers fucose to sialylated type 2 chain. We report the cloning of rat alpha1-3-fucosyltransferase gene (rFUT) isolated from ...
Ouyang Jun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cytotoxic nitric oxide (NO) is produced during ischemia-reperfusion injury and acute and chronic rejection in allografts by expression of inducible (i) NO synthase (NOS). Therefore, continuous inhibition of iNOS may prevent early graft dysfunction and immune injury (rejection) and consequently improve graft survival. FR260330 is a potent and selective ...
Kelaher Jim - - 2005
We describe an outbreak of rat mite dermatitis that affected 15 employees of an animal research facility. Cases of rat mite dermatitis are infrequently reported, and outbreaks are reported even less. Our case series demonstrates that in contrast to most prior outbreaks, rat mite dermatitis may occur even in modern, ...
Vriens Patrick W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In previous studies we have shown that pre-transplant hamster blood transfusion (HBT) can induce non-responsiveness in the T cell independent immunecompartment and result in tolerance towards hamster cardiac xenografts (Xgs) in T cell deficient athymic nude rats. In this study we test the combination of pre-transplant HBT with cyclosporin ...
Song You-Xin - - 2005
The immunosuppressive effect of combined therapy using FK506 and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was studied in rat limb allotransplantation. Dark Agouti rat donor hindlimbs were orthotopically transplanted into Lewis rat recipients. In total, 38 models of transplantation were performed and divided into 8 groups that were treated individually or in combination ...
Phillis, Benjamin D.
Includes bibliographical references.
Uchino Shinichiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Fatty split-liver and living-related liver transplantation is associated with massive hepatocellular necrosis during acute rejection. Uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 is a potential regulator of energy expenditure and ATP production. We investigated the role of UCP-2 and the effects of a metalloprotease inhibitor, Y-39083, on hepatocellular injury in fatty liver allografts ...
Slegers Tanja P A M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rat corneal allograft rejection is delayed by repeated local injection of liposomes filled with clodronate (dichloromethylene diphosphonate), which selectively deplete macrophages. Various administration schedules of liposomes were tested to determine the optimum schedule for prevention of graft rejection. Cell subpopulations in the anterior segment of the eye were studied ...
Creel Naomi B - - 2003
Rat mite dermatitis is characterized by pruritic papules in a patient exposed to the tropical rat mite Ornithonyssus bacoti. We report a case of a woman with rat mite dermatitis who developed this eruption after exposure to her pet hamster. Mites were collected from the hamster and identified as O ...
Mark Walter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Chronic rejection (CR) with graft vasculopathy is recognized as a major cause of graft loss over time. Sinomenine (SN) has anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, and immunomodulatory effects. Previously, we demonstrated antimacrophage and anti-T cell effects of SN in acute rejection. In the current study, we investigated the effect of SN in ...
Labat A - - 2002
Graft vascular disease (GVD) remains the major limitation to long-term survival after solid organ transplantation. Aortic or carotid allografts in rats have been shown to be useful models because similar changes to those observed in man develop within weeks. Both immunological and non-immunological factors influence the process of GVD and ...
1 2 3 4 >