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Savolainen H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The vasculoprotective effects of estrogen are well-established not only in women with age-related atherosclerosis, but also after experimental vascular injury and in chronic allograft vasculopathy. Evidence exists that the newly discovered estrogen receptor (ER) beta, rather than the classical ERalpha is related to the vasculoprotective effect. Here we investigate ...
Wu G - - 2001
The present study aimed to investigate the role of cellular immune response in the absence of membrane attack complex (MAC) formation in the concordant mouse-to-rat heart xenografting. Hearts from BALB/c mice were transplanted into the neck vessels of C6-competent (C6(+)) and C6-deficient (C6(-)) PVG rats. Liposome-encapsulated dichloro-methylene diphosphonate (Lip-Cl2MDP) was ...
Hirano T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is the main lesion in allografts undergoing chronic rejection. We investigated the effect of OP-2507 (prostaglandin I2 analogue) and OKY-046 (thromboxane A2 synthetase inhibitor) on graft atherosclerosis morphologically and the production of eicosanoids in grafts in a rat aortic allograft model. METHODS: Abdominal aortic allografts of Lewis (RT-1(l)) ...
Blain B - - 2001
Vascular grafts in animal models have been used extensively in the microsurgical laboratory, and the rat offers an excellent source of graft to meet these needs. In this study, we compiled a list of vessels that were previously identified in experimental literature for use as vascular grafts in the rat ...
Andriambeloson E - - 2001
Clinical evidence suggests that early endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction may predict the development of graft vascular disease. We wished to assess the early functional and morphological changes in the graft endothelium in a commonly used animal model of graft vascular disease, the rat aortic interposition allograft model. To assess graft ...
Martelius T - - 2000
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is an adhesion molecule controlling lymphocyte recirculation through high endothelial venules of the lymph nodes. It has also been shown to be induced and to mediate lymphocyte adhesion at sites of inflammation. We studied the expression of VAP-1 and two other inducible adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and ...
Slegers T P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To test the effects of clodronate liposomes on graft survival and neovascularisation after transplantation in pre-vascularised recipient corneas. METHODS: Corneal neovascularisation was induced in F344 rats by injecting heat inactivated rabbit serum intrastromally. After 4 weeks F344 rats were orthotopically grafted with corneal buttons from DA rats. Directly after ...
Goto S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Telomerase activity in grafts may be involved in the alteration of cellular senescence after transplantation or its relevant immunological events. METHODS: At the age of 20 weeks, donor livers harvested from DA (RT1a) were orthotopically transplanted into PVG (RT1c) or LEW (RT1(1)) rats. Rats having undergone orthotopic liver transplantation ...
Kurlberg G - - 2000
Allograft rejection involves T-cell activation, requiring T-cell receptor interactions with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and costimulatory signals delivered through the B7-CD28 pathway. We evaluated the effect of blocking this pathway on graft rejection and survival, in a rat experimental model of small bowel transplantation. Heterotopic small bowel transplantation was ...
Viklický O - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronic rejection remains the most frequent cause of renal graft loss over the long term. However, effective treatment of this process is not yet available. SDZ-RAD (40-O-[2-hydroxyethyl]-rapamycin) is a new, orally active rapamycin derivative with potent immunosuppressive activity. We have examined the effects of SDZ-RAD in a well-established model ...
Wu G - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of macrophage depletion, using liposome-encapsulated dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Lip-Cl2MDP), on delayed xenograft rejection (DXR) in the guinea pig-to-C6-deficient rat heart transplantation model. In this model, hyperacute rejection does not occur, but, in untreated recipients, xenografts are still destroyed by DXR within ...
Muramatsu K - - 1999
The immunosuppressive effect of combined therapy using FK-506 and 15-deoxyspergualin was investigated in rat limb allotransplantation. The right hindlimb of an inbred Dark Agouti rat (RT1a) was transplanted to a Lewis rat (RT1l) and observed for 120 days. Eighty-eight transplantations were performed. Rejection of the grafts was evaluated histologically as ...
Ichiguchi O - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Pretransplantation injection of freshly heparinized donor blood (donor-specific blood transfusion, or DST) significantly prolongs the survival of hepatic allografts from ACI(RT1a) to LEW(RT1l) rats. We investigated hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) expression in rat hepatic allografts of recipients pretreated with or without DST. METHODS: The levels of HGF mRNA and ...
Sekosan M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We studied the correlation of cardiac and skeletal muscle allograft rejection in a rat model to assess the feasibility of using biopsies from simultaneously transplanted skeletal muscle for surveillance of cardiac graft rejection. METHODS: Thirty Lewis rats (RT1l)) underwent simultaneous heterotopic heart and cutaneous maximus flap (HHCM) allotransplant. Seven ...
Olausson M - - 1999
The aim of the present investigation was to study the possible synergistic effect between cyclosporin A (CsA) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG), using the potent immunostimulator, Linomide. DA rats were transplanted with a PVG/c heart to the neck vessels, and the recipients were treated for 10 days with oral CsA (10mg/kg), ...
Merten S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The delayed allograft rejection in C6-deficient PVG C6- rats compared with normal PVG rats has been attributed to the lack of alloantibody activation of the membrane attack complex of complement. As T cells alone have been shown to effect graft rejection, we examined T-cell responses in PVG C6- rats. ...
Sanada O - - 1998
In this study, we investigated whether establishment of chimerism in donor liver with recipient-type bone marrow cells (BMCs) prior to liver transplantation could prolong the liver allograft survival. Donor female ACI rats were inoculated with recipient-type BMCs of male LEW rats via the portal vein, with or without irradiation as ...
Horimoto H - - 1998
Selectins promote a rolling phenomenon of leukocytes along activated endothelial surfaces, which is the first step in the events that ultimately lead to leukocyte transmigration at acute inflammatory sites. Our previous study revealed that sulfatide, which is one of the selectin inhibitors, prolonged graft survival in rat cardiac allografts. In ...
Moustapha A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The histopathologic changes of fresh rat aortic valve allografts over time and the effect of cryopreservation were examined. METHODS: Fifty-six syngeneic and allogeneic rat aortic valves were transplanted, either fresh or after cryopreservation, and then at different time points they were explanted and histologically examined in a blinded fashion. ...
Sido B - - 1997
CD48, the murine homolog of human CD58, binds to CD2 in rats and mice. Whereas inhibition of CD2 signaling leads to profound immunosuppression, no information is available on CD48-targeted therapy in the rat. We could show that anti-CD2 treatment (OX34) efficiently inhibited TCR-driven as well as CD2-mediated proliferation, whereas blocking ...
Saporta S - - 1997
The transplantation of tissue containing dopamine-producing cells into the mammalian central nervous system is an emerging treatment for Parkinson's disease, despite relatively poor survival of implanted tissue. Recent evidence has suggested that Cytodex microcarriers enhance the survival of dopaminergic rat chromaffin cells transplanted into the rat striatum in the absence ...
Lin Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Factors that contribute to xenograft (Xg) rejection were investigated in complement C6-deficient (C-) PVG rats. METHODS: First and second hamster hearts were transplanted in C6-deficient and C6-sufficient PVG rats. Xenoantibody (XAb) formation, hemolytic C (CH50) activity and immunohistochemistry were studied. RESULTS: PVG C6-deficient rats rejected Xgs 3 days later ...
Lemström K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A wealth of clinical and experimental evidence exists for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection as an accelerating factor in the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy. In this study, the impact of 9-(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl) guanine (DHPG) on rat CMV infection-enhanced cardiac allograft vasculopathy is investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Heterotopic rat cardiac allografts were ...
Hikita N - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate the immunosuppressive effect of topical FK506 on allograft corneal rejection in rats. METHODS: Lewis rats were used as recipients and Fisher rats as corneal graft donors. In Experiment 1, all rats received intraperitoneally FK506 (0.3 mg/kg per day) for 7 days to ensure equal baseline parameters. The ...
Suh C H - - 1997
Rat strains with congenitally reduced total hemolytic complement activity do not reject cardiac xenografts hyperacutely. Prolongation of graft survival in the guinea pig-to-C6-deficient PVG rat donor/recipient combination has been observed. However, experience with this model has been complicated by a high postoperative mortality from respiratory distress. The authors hypothesized that ...
Mendola J F - - 1997
We examined in fully mismatched rats, the survival of pancreatic islet allografts in recipients treated with either fusidic acid (FA), an antistaphyllococcal antibiotic that has been shown to possess an immunosuppressive effect in vitro and in vivo, or cyclosporin-A (CsA). Islets were isolated by collagenase digestion, separated from acinar tissue ...
Martelius T - - 1997
Rat models are often used to study liver allograft rejection. We have established a model for rat liver allograft rejection, monitored by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), in the strain combination PVG-to-BN with a mean survival time of 37 +/- 20 days. In this model, we observed acute rejection with ...
Bashuda H - - 1996
We previously reported that a short course of treatment with anti-LFA-1 and anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) led to a persistent acceptance of mouse cardiac allografts, which resulted from the induction of allospecific tolerance. In the present study, we tested the effect of anti-LFA-1 and anti-ICAM-1 mAbs on rat allograft rejection ...
Kashu Y - - 1996
The effect of splenectomy on allograft survival was investigated using orthotopic liver transplantation in a rat experimental model (ACI rat liver grafted to LEW rat). Control rats without any immunosuppressive treatment died, on average, 10.4 +/- 1.4 days after operation. Splenectomy alone somewhat prolonged the survival (13.4 +/- 2.0 days), ...
Brauer R B - - 1996
A critical role of the complement membrane attack complex (C5b-9) in mediating hyperacute rejection has been demonstrated previously in fully C6-deficient PVG (C-)(RT1c) rats that reject guinea pig cardiac xenografts at a delayed tempo (45 +/- 9 hr; n=16) compared with C6-sufficient PVG (C+)(RT1c) hosts (0.5 +/- 2 hr; n=6). ...
Freise C E - - 1995
Many investigators presently use a rat orthotopic liver transplant (OLTX) model without rearterialization of the graft. Rearterialization has been demonstrated to have a variable effect on the rejection response in various strain combinations. However, there are little data on the effects in a model with immunosuppression. The influence of rearterialization ...
Winter J B - - 1995
In a previous study we found that a local immune response did not develop in the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) of infected rat allografts. We hypothesized that the BALT in rat lung allografts was damaged after allotransplantation. Therefore, we investigated three prerequisites for a normal function of the BALT, i.e., ...
Larkin D F - - 1995
Orthotopic penetrating guinea pig to rat and chicken to rat corneal xenografts were performed to examine the nature of the host response. Guinea pig to rat xenografts failed at a median of day 3 after surgery. A similar but slightly accelerated pattern of failure was seen in guinea pig xenografts ...
Yang H - - 1995
In this study, we investigated the effects of treatment with monoclonal antibodies against the VLA-4 and LFA-1 adhesion molecules on rat islet allograft rejection. TA-2 and TA-3 are function-blocking mAb against rat VLA-4 and LFA-1, respectively. Lewis rats were made diabetic (plasma glucose levels > 22.2 mmol/L) with streptozotocin. One ...
Brauer R B - - 1995
The liver is the major source of complement (C) components, but extrahepatic sources of C, such as macrophages and endothelial cells, have been hypothesized to contribute to inflammation. Our experiments demonstrate that extrahepatically produced C6 can contribute to hyperacute rejection. PVG (RT1c) rats with normal C activity (PVG (C+)) reject ...
Motomura N - - 1995
In this study, we established an experimental cryopreserved aortic allograft model in rats and examined the long-term histological changes in the allograft. The thoracic aorta of Brown Norway rats (RT1n) was cryopreserved with 10% dimethylsulfoxide using a programmable freezer, and was allo-transplanted to the infrarenal abdominal aorta of Lewis rats ...
Minamoto A - - 1995
The usefulness of the subconjunctival injection of FK-506 for suppression of allograft rejection was investigated in a rat model of orthotopic penetrating keratoplasty. Fischer rats were used as donors and Dark Agouti rats, as recipients. FK-506 was administered subconjunctivally in a dosage of 0.3 mg/kg/day for 15 consecutive days after ...
Zhao X M - - 1994
The allospecific immune response in rats to a major histocompatibility complex-disparate aortic valve allograft was investigated using three in vitro assays. In each assay, DA strain (RT-1a) rats served as allograft recipient and syngeneic donor, Lewis strain (RT-1l) rats were allogeneic donors, and Buffalo (RT-1b) rats provided third-party control cells. ...
Valdivia L A - - 1994
Hamster hearts transplanted into stable rat recipients of hamster livers (OLT rats) were hyperacutely rejected after transfer with unaltered rat antihamster hyperimmune serum (HS). This was followed by immediate liver xenograft rejection in 4 of 5 rats. In contrast, simple heat inactivation of the rat HS resulted in prolonged survival ...
Chen H - - 1994
In this study the mechanism of rapamycin-induced long-term allograft tolerance was investigated in a rat model. We have demonstrated that the tolerance is strain specific, but is not organ specific. The tolerized rats failed to generate high levels of donor-specific cytotoxic Ab and cytotoxic cells in vivo. Removal of the ...
Brauer R B - - 1993
C plays a critical role in the hyperacute rejection (HAR) of discordant xenografts (Xg), but the relative contribution of early vs late C components is unknown. In this study, genetic differences in C6 activity were correlated with HAR of guinea pig cardiac Xg by the rat. Seven rat strains were ...
Forshell L P - - 1993
Survival of S. dublin, S. senftenberg and S. typhimurium in composted cattle manure was less than seven days. In cold cattle manures S. dublin survived 183 days but not 190, while S. senftenberg and S. typhimurium survived 204 but not 214 days. In composted sow manure S. senftenberg and S. ...
Slater A D - - 1993
Rats were used as a model for a living heterotopic cardiac allograft organ transplant. Rats treated in this model with recombinant rat interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) showed accelerated rejection in a dose-dependent fashion. However, rats treated with maintenance doses of cyclosporine and IFN-gamma expressed increased rejection at 20 days that had resolved ...
Kissling G - - 1993
The validity of the thermal dilution technique for the measurement of cardiac output was verified in experiments on a circulation model and on anesthetized rats under open- and closed-chest conditions. In the circulation model thermal dilution was compared with direct (Fdir) and electromagnetic (F(elm)) flowmetry. Flow values measured in the ...
Nishi M - - 1993
PURPOSE: The immunosuppressive effects of FK506 on allogeneic corneal transplantation were tested in a rat model. METHODS: Inbred-strain Lewis rats were used as recipients, and Fisher rats were used as donors. Intraperitoneal injection of FK506 (0.3, 1.0, and 3.0 mg/kg per day) was administered for 2 weeks, and the grafts ...
Dickey J B - - 1993
FK-506 is a new immunosuppressant with the ability to inhibit activation of T-lymphocytes that would be cytolytic to an allograft. We studied periocular injection of FK-506 in a rat penetrating keratoplasty model. Corneas were transplanted from Brown Norway rats into Lewis rat recipients. The transplanted rats received periocular injection of ...
Olausson M - - 1993
The alterations in the absolute levels of lymphocyte phenotype subsets were measured in a rat model for heart allograft acceptance induced by antithymocyte globulin (ATG). In untreated, allografted rats all T lymphocytes decreased with 50% within 3 days after transplantation and recovered within 1 week. ATG alone induced a depletion ...
Midha R - - 1993
The efficacy of short-term immunosuppression in a nerve allograft model was examined by comparing regeneration across peripheral nerve allografts with either temporary (12 weeks) or continuous (30 weeks) cyclosporin A treatment. One-hundred fifty Lewis rats received 2-cm nerve grafts from allogeneic ACI or syngeneic Lewis rat donors and were allocated ...
Omura T - - 1992
Infusion of mouse anti-rat ICAM-1 into the portal vein of ACI rat liver graft before transplantation resulted in accelerated rejection by LEW recipients (2.9 +/- 2.5 days), when compared to the ACI liver grafts perfused with either Lactate-Ringer's solution (9.8 +/- 1.3) or anti-human ICAM-1 mAb (9.8 +/- 3.1). Histologic ...
Nakano Y - - 1992
Antigen pretreatment through the oral or intraportal route has been reported to suppress antibody formation or delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response to the same antigens. However, this effect on allografted organs has not been well studied. In this study we evaluated the efficacy for suppression of antibody formation and DTH response ...
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