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Abdelkrim M A MA L'UNAM Université Nantes Angers Le Mans, France; Oniris, "UPSP 5304 de physiopathologie animale et de pharmacologie fonctionnelle", Atlanpole-La Chantrerie, BP 40706, Nantes F-44307, - - 2014
Autoantibodies against β1-adrenoceptors (β1-ARs) have been detected in the serum of patients with various cardiac diseases; however, the pathological impact of these autoantibodies (β1-AABs) has only been evaluated in cardiac tissue. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether β1-AABs have deleterious effects on vascular reactivity in rats. ...
Gucciardo Léonardo L Department of Development and Regeneration, Faculty of Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Engineering Research Center, University Hospital Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Large congenital diaphragmatic hernia may require prosthetic correction. Acellular collagen matrices were introduced to avoid complications owing to the use of synthetic patches. We tested 3 different ACM for reconstruction of an abdominal wall defect in an animal model that mimics the fast growth during infancy. Pelvisoft® (CR Bard, Covington, ...
Mladěnka Přemysl P Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Heyrovského 1203, 500 05 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. - - 2014
We wish to offer some comments on the article by H. Liu et al. entitled "Evaluation of antioxidant and immunity activities of quercetin in isoproterenol-treated rats", published in Molecules in 2012 [1]. [...].
Castro Rui E - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a spectrum of stages from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, disease pathogenesis remains largely unknown. microRNA (miRNA or miR) expression has recently been reported altered in human NASH, and modulated by ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in rat liver. Here, we ...
Jung Tae Sik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance, oxidative stress, inflammation and innate immune system activation contribute to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) through steatosis and inflammation in the liver. The powerful antioxidant α-lipoic acid (ALA) has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and suppress inflammatory responses. This study explores how ALA ...
D'Argenio Giuseppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We previously demonstrated the efficacy of garlic extract (GE) in the prevention of rat liver fibrosis by inhibiting tissue transglutaminase (tTG) activity. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the potential of GE in the regression of liver fibrosis and the underlining mechanism. METHODS: Male Wistar ...
Inoue Kenta - - 2012
Hepatitis is a growing health concern and early disease detection is critical. Ultrasound is ideally suited for real-time imaging of liver, but typical ultrasound images do not display quantitative tissue information because it is first necessary to understand the complex interaction between ultrasound and tissue and scattering models based on ...
Xie Tianwu - - 2012
Purpose: Rats have been widely used in radionuclide therapy research for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This has created the need to assess rat liver absorbed radiation dose. In most dose estimation studies, the rat liver is considered as a homogeneous integrated target organ with a tissue composition assumed ...
Holm René - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the rectal absorption of vigabatrin in rats, based on the hypothesis that PAT1 (Slc36a1) is involved. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed rectally with five different gels, varying in buffer capacity, the amount of vigabatrin, and co-administration of proline or tryptophan. Western blotting was used to detect ...
Vilela Fabiana C - - 2012
Lactating female rats show a maternal anxiolysis signal, which is part of the behavioral pattern that develops post-partum and seems to be related to hormonal changes during lactation. Assuming that glucocorticoids modulate prolactin and oxytocin secretion, we evaluated the effect of dexamethasone on behavior responses of fear and anxiety in ...
Amin Zahra A - - 2012
A preclinical study was performed to determine if the extract from Phyllanthus niruri (PN) plays a protective role against liver cirrhosis induced by thioacetamide (TAA) in rats. Initially, acute toxicity was tested and the results showed that the extract was benign when applied to healthy rats. Next, the therapeutic effect ...
de Oliveira E Silva Ana Mara - - 2012
Antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective properties of the aqueous extract and tetrahydrofuran-extracted phenolic fractions of Halimeda opuntia (Linnaeus) Lamouroux were investigated in rats with chemically induced liver injury. Total polyphenols were determined by using the Folin-Ciocalteau reagent. Liver damage was induced by CCl(4) and assessed by a histological technique. Reverse transcription/polymerase ...
Nibourg Geert A A - - 2012
A major roadblock to the application of bioartificial livers is the need for a human liver cell line that displays a high and broad level of hepatic functionality. The human bipotent liver progenitor cell line HepaRG is a promising candidate in this respect, for its potential to differentiate into hepatocytes ...
Islinger Markus - - 2012
Peroxisomes exhibit a heterogeneous morphological appearance in rat liver tissue. In this respect, the isolation and subsequent biochemical characterization of peroxisome species from different subcellular prefractions should help to solve the question of whether peroxisomes indeed diverge into functionally specialized subgroups in one tissue. As a means to address this ...
Cotugno Gabriella G Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine, Naples, - - 2012
Liver-directed gene transfer is being investigated for the treatment of systemic or liver-specific diseases. Recombinant vectors based on adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV2/8) efficiently transduce liver cells allowing long term transgene expression after a single administration in animal models and in patients.We evaluated the impact on AAV2/8-mediated rat liver transduction ...
Valdez Susana R - - 2011
OFA hr/hr (OFA) rats present a major lactation deficit that impairs offspring survival. To explore whether abnormal stress responsiveness causes this deficit, we compared their hormonal (prolactin, progesterone, and corticosterone) responses to stress (room change and 2-min ether exposure) with those of Wistar and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. We tested ...
Benedetti Serena - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We previously demonstrated in rat plasma the antioxidant protective effect of whole-grain bread, particularly when made from Kamut brand khorasan wheat. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the same experimental breads in rat liver using two different bread-making procedures (baker's yeast and sourdough fermentation). METHODS: Rats ...
Hong James J Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, - - 2012
Rat embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines are not widely available, and there are only 2 lines available for distribution. Here, ESC lines were derived and characterized from Fischer 344 (F344) rats that express marker transgenes either β-galactosidase or human placental alkaline phosphatase (AP), nontransgenic F344 rats, and from Dark Agouti ...
Okayama Takashige - - 2011
ααα-Trifluorothymidine (TFT), an anticancer nucleoside analogue, is a potent thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitor. TFT exerts its antitumor activity primarily by inducing DNA fragmentation after incorporation of the triphosphate form of TFT into the DNA. Although an oral combination of TFT and a thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor (TPI) has been clinically developed, ...
Lee Richard S - - 2011
Comprehensive High-throughput Arrays for Relative Methylation (CHARM) was recently developed as an experimental platform and analytic approach to assess DNA methylation (DNAm) at a genome-wide level. Its initial implementation was for human and mouse. We adapted it for rat and sought to examine DNAm differences across tissues and brain regions ...
Sierra-Santoyo Adolfo - - 2011
Vinclozolin (V) is a fungicide used in agricultural settings. V administered to rats is hydrolyzed to 2-[[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-carbamoyl]oxy]-2-methyl-3-butenoic acid (M1) and 3',5'-dichloro-2-hydroxy-2-methylbut-3-enanilide (M2). V, M1 and M2 have antiandrogenic properties by interacting with the androgen receptor. Data on V, M1 and M2 biotransformation are limited. Our objective was to characterize V ...
Huang Kai - - 2011
We have previously demonstrated that psychological stress (PS) can cause iron to accumulate in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and striatum of rats. However, why iron accumulates and in what oxidation state iron it accumulates in the brain of PS-exposed rats has not been well elucidated. In the present study, we ...
Okada K - - 2011
Benoxaprofen (BOP) is a 2-methyl propionic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory activity. BOP has an asymmetric carbon, and receives chiral inversion from R to S in vivo. BOP is metabolized to glucuronide (BOP-G) and taurine conjugate (BOP-T). The configuration of BOP-G is mainly S, and that of BOP-T is R. Chiral ...
Lamarre Simon G - - 2012
Formate can differentiate between hyperhomocysteinemia due to impaired remethylation and impaired transsulfuration. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 301: E000-E000, 2011. First published September 20, 2011; 10.1152/ajpendo.00345.2011.-We carried out a (1)H-NMR metabolomic analysis of sera from vitamin B(12)-deficient rats. In addition to the expected increases in methylmalonate and homocysteine (Hcy), we ...
Yasuno Tohru - - 2011
The variety of physiologic and biologic functions of zinc is expected to enable the development of zinc-related medicines. In this study, the distribution of endogenous zinc, the disposition after intravenous injection, and the intestinal absorption of zinc were investigated in vivo using rats from the viewpoints of pharmaceutical science and ...
Li Tian-Cheng - - 2011
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a causative agent of hepatitis E. Recently, a novel hepatitis E-like virus was isolated from Norway rats in Germany. However, the antigenicity, pathogenicity and epidemiology of this virus are unclear because of the lack of a cell-culture system in which to grow it. In this ...
Jiang Lingli L Food Science & Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611, - - 2011
The Menkes copper ATPase (Atp7a) and metallothionein (Mt1a) are induced in the duodenum of iron-deficient rats, and serum and hepatic copper levels increase. Induction of a multi-copper ferroxidase (ceruloplasmin; Cp) has also been documented. These findings hint at an important role for Cu during iron deficiency. The intestinal divalent metal ...
Da Silva R S - - 2011
Nucleotides and nucleosides play an important role in neurodevelopment acting through specific receptors. Ectonucleotidases are the major enzymes involved in controlling the availability of purinergic receptors ligands. ATP is co-released with several neurotransmitters and is the most important source of extracellular adenosine by catabolism exerted by ectonucleotidases. The main ectonucleotidases ...
Williams Kelly T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Altered methyl group and homocysteine metabolism was tissue-specific, persistent, and preceded hepatic DNA hypomethylation in type 1 diabetic rats. Similar metabolic perturbations have been shown in the Zucker (type 2) diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat in the pre- and early diabetic stages, but tissue specificity and potential impact on epigenetic ...
Wang Haina - - 2011
Zaltoprofen, available commercially as a racemic mixture, is a propionic acid derivative of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Firstly, (+)- and (-)-zaltoprofen glucuronide was biosynthesized and purified. Then a simple and rapid RP-HPLC analysis method for direct determination of (+)- and (-)-zaltoprofen glucuronide in rat hepatic microsomes was developed and validated. ...
Yun Shaojun - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of proanthocyanidins (PAs) on iron uptake from soybean seed ferritin (SSF) crude by rats with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) for the first time. Six groups of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 10) were used, which contain (1) SSF crude group; (2) SSF ...
Panov Alexander - - 2011
Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of motor neuron degeneration in the G93A mutant transgenic (tgmSOD1) animal model of ALS. However, it is unknown whether mitochondriopathy is a primary or secondary event. We isolated brain (BM) and spinal cord (SCM) mitochondria from 2 month old presymptomatic tgmSOD1 rats and ...
Donovan Lucas M - - 2011
Differences in acute ventilatory behavior are associated with carotid body (CB) structural and immunohistologic profiles in some, but not all, reports. Brown Norway (BN) rats exhibit lower acute ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia compared to Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. We hypothesized that BN rats possess CB with fewer glomus ...
Ishisaka Akari - - 2011
Quercetin is widely distributed in vegetables and herbs and has been suggested to act as a neuroprotective agent. Here, we demonstrate that quercetin can accumulate enough to exert biological activity in rat brain tissues. Homogenates of perfused rat brain without detectable hemoglobin contaminants were treated with β-glucuronidase/sulfatase and the released ...
Vu'o'ng Lê Bá - - 2011
The majority of murine models of iron sucrose-induced iron overload were carried out in adult subjects. This cannot reflect the high risk of iron overload in children who have an increased need for iron. In this study, we developed four experimental iron overload models in young rats using iron sucrose ...
Yoshioka Hirotaka - - 2011
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) is required in many biological processes, including signaling cascades, skeletal development, tooth mineralization, and nucleic acid synthesis. Recently, we showed that Pi transport in osteoblasts, mediated by Slc20a1, a member of the type III sodium-dependent phosphate transporter family, is indispensable for osteoid mineralization in rapidly growing rat ...
Riede Tobias T Department of Biology and National Center for Voice and Speech, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. - - 2011
Across mammals many vocal sounds are produced by airflow induced vocal fold oscillation. We tested the hypothesis that stress-strain and stress-relaxation behavior of rat vocal folds can be used to predict the fundamental frequency range of the species' vocal repertoire. In a first approximation vocal fold oscillation has been modeled ...
Mathan G - - 2011
Butea monosperma (Lam.) (family: Fabaceae) popularly known as 'Palas' or 'fire of forest' has been used traditionally as a hepatoprotective agent. This study evaluated the hepatoprotective and antitumorigenic properties of the aqueous extract and butanol fractions of B. monosperma flowers in animal models. Dried flowers of B. monosperma were extracted ...
Hashimoto Norikazu - - 2011
Hepatocarcinogenesis-resistant DRH rats exhibit few and small preneoplastic hepatocytic lesions during hepatocarcinogenesis, of which traits have been assigned to two major chromosomal regions, Drh1 and Drh2. In this study, hepatocytes from DRH.F344-Drh1, a congenic strain in which the Drh1 chromosomal region was replaced with that of F344 rats, were compared ...
Hamanaka Sanae - - 2011
Recent progress in rat pluripotent stem cell technology has been remarkable. Particularly salient is the demonstration that embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in the rat (rESCs) can contribute to germline transmission, permitting generation of gene-modified rats as is now done using mouse ESCs (mESCs) or mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs; ...
Martins Joyce da Silva Jda - - 2011
This study evaluated the effects of photodynamic therapy on pathogenicity of Candida albicans. Fifty-six rats were submitted to development of candidiasis on the tongue dorsum by C. albicans inoculations. After 5 days, different treatments were administered: laser and photosynthesizer methylene blue (L+P+); laser only (L+P-); photosensitizer only (L-P+); and physiologic ...
Darpolor Moses M MM Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5488, USA. - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the primary form of human adult liver malignancy, is a highly aggressive tumor with average survival rates that are currently less than 1 year following diagnosis. Most patients with HCC are diagnosed at an advanced stage, and no efficient marker exists for the prediction of prognosis and/or ...
Takano Hiromichi - - 2010
We determined the hepatic volume change in anaphylactic hypotension by using four ultrasonic crystals in anesthetized rats. The hepatic volume was measured with four ultrasonic crystals arranged to form a tetrahedron on the liver surface. Before in vivo experiments, using isolated perfused rat liver preparations, we compared the measured liver ...
Lai Ren-Hau - - 2010
In the absence of the plant enzyme myrosinase, such as in cooked broccoli, glucoraphanin is considered to be hydrolyzed by bacteria in the lower gut to produce the bioactive isothiocyanate sulforaphane. Simulated digestion using US Pharmacopeia methods caused no loss of glucoraphanin, confirming that glucoraphanin is not destroyed by digestive ...
Reddy P Ganapati - - 2010
A series of novel 2'-deoxy-2'-α-fluoro-2'-β-C-methyl 3',5'-cyclic phosphate nucleotide prodrug analogs were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anti-HCV activity and safety. These prodrugs demonstrated a 10-100-fold greater potency than the parent nucleoside in a cell-based replicon assay due to higher cellular triphosphate levels. Our structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies provided ...
Uche-Nwachi E O - - 2011
Water extracts from pawpaw seed have been reported to reversibly decrease the testicular weight and to suppress spermatogenesis, and fertility of Wistar rats. The reversible changes become evident, 30 - 45 days after the withdrawal of the extract. The possible effect of this extract on the activities of steroidogenic enzymes ...
Joshi Apurva Kumar R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the involvement of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition in hyperglycemic and stressogenic effects of monocrotophos in rats. Oral administration of monocrotophos (1.8mg/kg b.w., 1/10 LD(50)) caused reversible hyperglycemia in rats with peak increase occurring at 2h following administration. The hyperglycemic outcome at 2h was ...
Pooranaperundevi M - - 2010
Insulin resistance (IR) is recognised as an aetiopathogenic factor for a variety of liver diseases. This study investigated the susceptibility of the liver to the toxic actions of thioacetamide (TA) in a rat model of IR, induced by feeding the rats a high-fructose diet (60 g/100 g) for 30 days. ...
Zhang Lijun - - 2010
It is important to study the mechanism of liver fibrogenesis, and find new non-invasive biomarkers. In this study, we used subcellular proteomic technology to study the plasma membrane (PM) proteins related to immune liver fibrosis and search for new non-invasive biomarkers. A rat liver fibrosis model was induced by pig ...
Gradilone Sergio A SA Miles and Shirley Fiterman Center for Digestive Diseases, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2010
In polycystic liver diseases, cyst formation involves cholangiocyte hyperproliferation. In polycystic kidney (PCK) rats, an animal model of autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), decreased intracellular calcium [Ca(2+)](i) in cholangiocytes is associated with hyperproliferation. We recently showed transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (Trpv4), a calcium-entry channel, is expressed in normal cholangiocytes ...
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