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Results 351 - 400 of 638
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Stevenson D K - - 1990
We determined the relative potential for nonbacterial CO production after oral heme feeding of 12-hour-old rats. The intestinal flora was eliminated by treatment with kanamycin, ampicillin, and neomycin. CO excretion (VeCO) was measured after oral administration of heme (0.64 mumol/animal). Antibiotic treatment alone did not significantly affect the VeCO of ...
Neuman M G - - 1990
Venom sac extract (VSE) of the Oriental hornet (Vespa orientalis) has been shown to exert a toxic effect on hepatic cells. The present work set out to examine its effect on liver cells using serum levels of a lysosomal hydrolase as a marker of injury in rats. Serum activities of ...
Frink E J EJ - - 1989
Elevated serum ammonia may play a role in central nervous system derangement after transurethral resection of the prostate. Glycine used as a surgical irrigant for prostate resection produces ammonia as a by-product after liver and renal metabolism. The presence of liver dysfunction often leads to an inability to remove generated ...
Arimori K - - 1989
The characteristics of exsorption and/or excretion of theophylline into the small intestinal lumen in rats with hepatic cirrhosis (HC rats) induced by carbon tetrachloride were investigated by an in situ single-pass perfusion technique. The serum concentrations of theophylline after i.v. administration of aminophylline (10 mg/kg) in the HC rats were ...
Towner R A - - 1989
Both in vivo and in vitro 31P-NMR spectroscopy were used to demonstrate metabolic changes in rat liver as a function of time after exposure to either carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or bromotrichloromethane (BrCCl3). The inorganic phosphate resonance, measured in vivo, moves upfield, which is associated with a decrease in cytosolic pH ...
Kefalas V - - 1989
Hepatocytes isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to carbon tetrachloride together with various concentrations of trichloroethylene over a 40-fold range. A potentiation of carbon tetrachloride-induced lipid peroxidation by trichloroethylene and an enhanced toxicity on combined exposure were clearly demonstrated. Additionally, rats were treated 2.5 hr before isolation of hepatocytes, which ...
Aragno M - - 1989
A mixture of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) results in a significant increase in relative liver weight (RLW) when compared with the effect of each substance individually. At the same time, the liver triglyceride levels of rats treated with the mixture are lower than in those treated with CCl4 ...
Ichinose T - - 1989
A gas chromatographic method for the measurement of free and bound malonaldehyde (MA) in rat liver homogenate was developed to investigate biological damage caused by lipid peroxidation. Free MA was derivatized 1-methylpyrazole (1-MP), which was subsequently analyzed by capillary gas chromatography (GC). Bound forms of MA were determined by first ...
Lekholm U - - 1989
The effects of carbon tetrachloride-induced liver cirrhosis and xerostomia on oral carcinogenesis were studied in rats given the lipid-soluble carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz-[a]anthracene (DMBA). The first carcinoma was detected after only 1 month of DMBA applications. After a further 8 months 85% of the animals had developed one or more squamous cell ...
Vaghadia H - - 1989
The reliability of various methods for detecting oesophageal intubation was assessed by means of a single blind study in rats. Both oesophagus and trachea were simultaneously intubated. The presence or absence of various clinical signs was noted during tracheal or oesophageal ventilation and arterial blood gases and end-tidal CO2 were ...
Takahashi H - - 1989
Biochemical characterization in alveolar lavage fluids of rats which had inhaled 5% oxygen, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide was studied in comparison with control rats. The protein content, consisting mainly of serum albumin, markedly increased in the hypoxic states. The phospholipid content also increased one and a half to two ...
Shibayama Y - - 1989
To clarify whether glycyrrhizin, the aqueous extract of licorice root and a drug for treatment of chronic active hepatitis, prevents the development of hepatic injury induced by carbon tetrachloride, allyl formate, and endotoxin, the present study was undertaken in rats. The treatment with glycyrrhizin 20 hr before carbon tetrachloride administration ...
Momose Y - - 1989
Experiments were conducted by radiorespirometry to elucidate the relation between the respiratory 14CO2 wave pattern derived from intravenously injected 14C-substrates and the dispositional partition of these substrates in rats. Two types of 14C-methionine and 4 types of 14C-glucose molecules were used as the 14C-substrates. The respiratory 14CO2 wave patterns obtained ...
Racotta R - - 1989
Oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), the resulting respiratory quotient (RQ), and motor activity were recorded simultaneously by an on-line computer every ten seconds during 16-20 hours in two decerebrate male rats. Being aphagic and adipsic the rats were fed twice daily by gastric intubation with a mixture of ...
Fenwick D C - - 1989
The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) with, and without, oxygen (O2) as a short-term restraint anaesthetic for Wistar rats in which subclinical respiratory disease was endemic, was assessed in 3 separate experiments. In the first, rats were placed in a CO2 atmosphere generated from solid CO2 chips in a 70 ...
McGrath J J - - 1989
At higher altitudes, ambient carbon monoxide levels are increasing with the number of residents and tourists and their use of motor vehicles and heating devices (such as fireplaces, furnaces, and stoves). Although chronic exposure to carbon monoxide or high altitude causes pronounced cardiovascular changes in humans as well as in ...
Shoemaker J D - - 1989
Ammonia clearance, portal blood ammonia, and amino acid concentrations were studied during induction of cirrhosis by carbon tetrachloride in rats. Exposure to CCl4 vapors twice weekly for 7-16 weeks doubled orotic acid excretion. If exposure was discontinued for 7 days, the orotic acid excretion decreased despite the presence of cirrhosis ...
Schalinske K L - - 1989
The quantitation of carbon flow through the folate-dependent one-carbon pool in regard to the synthesis of methionine from the amino acid precursor, serine, was determined in rat liver. Utilizing duodenal cannulated rats and in vivo tracer kinetic techniques where [3-14C]serine was continuously infused at a rate of 3.32 microCi/h, a ...
Mochida S - - 1989
When a liver perfusion with nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) was performed in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-intoxicated rats, formazan deposition was remarkable in macrophages in the necrotic areas of the liver, its intensity varying with the extent of injury. The deposits almost disappeared after addition of Cu(Lys)2, ...
Marks G S - - 1989
We have demonstrated previously that glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) undergoes biotransformation to two glyceryl dinitrate (GDN) metabolites in the human red blood cell-supernatant fraction (RBC-SF) by hemoglobin-mediated and sulfhydryl-dependent enzymatic mechanisms. In the present study, we have shown that biotransformation of GTN in rabbit RBC-SF yields a glyceryl-1,2-dinitrate (1,2-GDN)/glyceryl-1,3-dinitrate (1,3-GDN) ratio ...
Jayathilaka K A - - 1989
Aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of Melothria maderasptana and the leaves of Osbeckia octandra have been compared with (+)-3-cyanidanol with regard to their abilities to alleviate carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver dysfunction in albino rats by comparing the abilities of these drugs to protect the liver against CCl4-mediated alterations in ...
Baden J M - - 1989
A rat model was used to determine whether isoflurane exacerbates liver dysfunction and whether its metabolism is changed in the presence of cirrhosis. Male Wistar rats were gavaged weekly with carbon tetrachloride until cirrhosis was well advanced. They and control rats without pretreatment with carbon tetrachloride and without cirrhosis were ...
Stenbäck F - - 1989
The possible effects of a synthetic progesterone, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), on carbon tetrachloride/phenobarbital (CCl4/PB)-induced rat liver injury were studied by morphological methods. CCl4/PB-treated rats showed extensive liver fibrosis consisting of procollagen type III aminoterminal propeptide-positive strands and fibres with concomitant extensive basement membrane deposits and fibronectin synthesis. MPA treatment after ...
Roberts S M - - 1989
A number of lines of evidence suggest that the lupus-like symptoms associated with procainamide therapy may be caused by products of metabolic N-oxidation. In the present study, the perfusion of the isolated rat liver with a hemoglobin-free solution containing procainamide (100 microM) resulted in the rapid appearance of the N-oxidation ...
de Perez O A - - 1989
1. Male Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) liver activates CCl4 to free radicals that bind covalently to cellular components (CB) and stimulate a lipid peroxidation (LP) process to a larger extent than the rat liver. 2. CCl4 administration results in a less intense necrogenic effect in gerbils than in rats and ...
Clemedson C - - 1989
The effects of carbon tetrachloride on embryonic development were investigated in a mammalian and a non-mammalian system. In the former, whole-rat embryos, taken at 9.5 days of gestation, were exposed in vitro to different concentrations of CCl(4) (10, 100, 300, 600 and 1000 mug/ml) in rat serum with or without ...
Kanta J - - 1989
Rat liver DNA was labelled with [methyl-3H] thymidine after partial hepatectomy, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, or an intravenous injection of silica dust. Changes in DNA labelling were studied for 4 weeks after the single pulse. Total radioactivity incorporated into liver DNA after partial hepatectomy and after carbon tetrachloride administration remained on ...
Ariosto F - - 1989
The goal of this study was to evaluate the presence of extrahepatic damage and the uniformity and reversibility of the histological findings in CCl4-induced liver cirrhosis in the rat. To verify these findings rats were sacrificed 2 and 10 weeks after a treatment consisting of ten intragastric doses of CCl4, ...
de Ferreyra E C - - 1989
In agreement with the hypothesis that changes in calcium homeostasis might be significant in late stages of chemically-induced liver cell injury, a calcium chelating agent, Calcion, was able to partially prevent CCl4-induced liver necrosis observed at 24 h, when treatment was given as late as 6 or 10 h after ...
Hamori C J - - 1989
We studied the effect of zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) on in vivo total bilirubin production, as measured by the excretion rate of carbon monoxide (VeCO), in adult rats. A single subcutaneous dose of ZnPP (40 mumol/kg) suppressed the VeCO between 2-12 h posttreatment, with maximum suppression of approximately 20% by 4 ...
Theodossiou M - - 1988
To achieve biologic potency, vitamin D must undergo two successive hydroxylations, first, in the liver and then, in the kidney. Carbon tetrachloride is known to cause extensive damage to the liver, but its effect on vitamin D metabolism has not been studied thoroughly. The effect of carbon tetrachloride on renal ...
Morita M - - 1988
Experimental studies were presented here concerning death by asphyxia due to the inhalation of carbon dioxide and methane gases. The morphological changes were almost the same as those demonstrated in our previous report. The authors concluded that the morphological changes in the lung tissue were not attributable to the chemical ...
Singh K P - - 1988
Protection from carbon tetrachloride (CCL4)-induced hepatotoxicity by protein A was assessed histologically in rats. Carbon tetrachloride exposure produced swollen, vacuolated and necrotic cells in the centrilobular region of the hepatocyte in rats. Animals given protein A prior to and during CCL1 treatment showed a complete absence of hepatic lesions. Our ...
Kelly C D - - 1988
cDNA clones for rat muscle carbonic anhydrase III have been isolated from a lambda gt-11 library and sequenced. Comparison with human CAIII cDNA showed about 90% homology to rat. The rat clones were used to estimate mRNA from liver and muscle on Northern blots and showed that the sexual dimorphism ...
Tansey F A - - 1988
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) catalyzes the first and, possibly, the rate-limiting step in fatty acid biosynthesis. Because oligodendrocytes must synthesize large amounts of lipid during myelination, the hypothesis was proposed that ACC might be localized in cells of that type. In sections from the brains of 12-day-old rats, ACC immunostaining was ...
Wohlrab H - - 1988
Three proteins (D2, D3, D4) have been identified in the male Fischer 344 rat liver that decrease their concentration dramatically to virtually zero during the transition from physiological maturity to senescence. D3 (Mr 28 kDa), absent (or at a very low concentration) from the livers of newborns and females of ...
Nadkarni G D - - 1988
Liver cirrhosis was induced in rats by the combined action of oral phenobarbitone and inhalations of carbon tetrachloride vapors. These rats manifested hepatosplenomegaly, hypoalbuminemia, and 2- to 17-fold elevations in serum transaminases and alkaline phosphatase levels. The hepatic antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase and catalase, showed 28 and 60% decreases, respectively. ...
Fujiwara K - - 1988
Liver damage was induced in rats by injection of dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) or carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Fibrin clots were observed in the hepatic sinusoids at 12 hours and soluble fibrin monomer complexes were markedly detected at 24 hours only in the rats given DMN. When antithrombin III concentrate was infused at ...
Lockwood G F - - 1988
Breath tests have been widely advocated for use as non-invasive probes of mixed function oxidase activity in vivo. A catenary sequence of events begins with demethylation and results in the exhalation of 14CO2. Intermediates in this chain include formaldehyde and formate. In this current study [14C]-antipyrine, [14C]-formaldehyde and [14C]-formate have ...
Thabrew M I - - 1988
An investigation was carried out to evaluate the ability of Melothria maderaspatana to protect the livers of albino rats from carbon tetrachloride-mediated alterations in liver histopathology and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase. Treatment with an aqueous extract of Melothria aerial parts (either before or after ...
Itoh T - - 1988
The pharmacokinetics of phenytoin (DPH) was investigated in rats with uranyl nitrate induced renal failure, and with D-galactosamine induced hepatic failure. The serum disappearance of DPH after 10 mg/kg i.v. dose followed a two-exponential decline in normal and both types of intoxicated rats. The serum disappearance half-life (t1/2) and the ...
Tu Z B - - 1988
The MeOH extract of Senecio vulgaris L., administered po to rats on Days 1-10 postcoitum, significantly decreased the number of normal fetuses per pregnant rat found at autopsy on Day 16. Additional experiments showed a similar activity for its hepatotoxic constituents senecionine and senecionine N-oxide, suggesting that the latter two ...
Hatch G E - - 1988
Oxidation of rat hepatic tissue was measured as incorporation of oxygen-18 (18O) from 18O2 following exposure to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Anesthetized rats were injected with CCl4 and allowed to breathe 18O2 for 1 hr, and then livers were homogenized, fractionated, and dried. The dried fractions were pyrolyzed to CO by ...
Härkönen P L - - 1988
The distribution of carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes I and II in rat accessory sex glands was studied by use of immunohistochemistry. Carbonic anhydrase I could not be demonstrated in any of the organs studied, whereas carbonic anhydrase II was found exclusively in epithelial cells of the lateral and dorsal prostates as ...
Grond J - - 1988
Administration of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) to Wistar rats induces proteinuria and enhanced mesangial deposition of circulating macromolecules. After proteinuria of longer duration focal and segmental glomerular hyalinosis and sclerosis (FSGHS) develops. The present report analyzes these aspects of PAN nephrosis in PVG/c rats, a strain previously shown to be remarkably ...
Jeevarathinam K - - 1988
A two compartment system is used to study the therapeutic efficacy of pralidoxime chloride (1) along with a suitable pretreatment against diisopropyl fluorophosphate (2) intoxication in rats. The data were analyzed by standard techniques. Though thiamine hydrochloride pretreatment prolonged the biological half-life of 1 but it failed to increase the ...
Blackshaw J K - - 1988
Euthanasia of chickens, young and mature rats, and mice was assessed using chloroform, carbon dioxide and ether. Behavioural patterns were recorded to give some indication of the stress involved. Carbon dioxide induced collapse faster (11.2 +/- 0.4 s) than chloroform (18.9 +/- 0.4 s) or ether (greater than 60 s). ...
Vreman H J - - 1988
A method is described for the in vitro determination of heme oxygenase (HO) activity in animal tissue preparations through determination of carbon monoxide production. Tissue homogenates were centrifuged and the 13,000g supernatants were incubated in septum-sealed vials with methemalbumin in the presence and absence of NADPH at 37 degrees C ...
Janzen E G - - 1988
Spin trapping techniques have been used to detect free radicals generated from the in vitro metabolism by rat liver microsomes of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and bromotrichloromethane (BrCCl3) under conditions of varying oxygen tension and pH. Dispersions of rat liver microsomes incubated with 12CCl4, 13CCl4 or Br12CCl3, alpha-phenyl-tert-butyl nitrone (PBN) and ...
Albro P W - - 1988
Both 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) have conspicuous effects on lipid metabolism in rat liver. Although it is generally accepted that CCl4 administration leads to hepatic lipid peroxidation in vivo, conflicting reports from different laboratories make it unclear whether or not lipid peroxidation is involved in the mechanism of ...
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