Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 638
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Sakhno L - - 1998
A new generation of synthetic carbon adsorbents was used in production of deliganded human serum albumin preparation. Thermal effects of officinal and deliganded albumin interaction with specific chemical markers were analyzed by flow microcalorimetry. The results demonstrated a 2.5-fold increase of the complexing ability for the deliganded one. The detoxifying ...
Kim D K - - 1998
A series of 2-amino-9-(3-hydroxymethyl-4-alkoxycarbonyloxybut-1-yl)purines (4-10) and 2-amino-9-(2-(2-oxo-1,3-dioxan-5-yl)ethyl)purine (1) were synthesized as potential prodrugs of penciclovir and evaluated for their oral penciclovir bioavailability in mice and rats. Treatment of 2-(2-benzyloxyethyl)propane-1,3-diol (11) with 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole in THF followed by hydrogenolytic removal of the benzyl group of the resulting cyclic carbonate 12 gave 5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1,3-dioxan-2-one ...
Kajiwara K - - 1998
We investigated whether supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) improves survival of rats with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) -induced cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis was induced in 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats by administering CCl4 for 15 weeks. Twenty rats each were then assigned to the control and BCAA group and fed a casein ...
Vollmar B - - 1998
Quantitative data defining the relationship between the hepatic microcirculation and the development of liver pathological changes could provide a basis for a better understanding of fibrogenic processes, such as cirrhosis. Therefore, we established the technique of intravital fluorescence microscopy and computer-assisted microcirculation analysis systems in developing cirrhosis in rats with ...
Nishida R - - 1998
Animal models resembling the human situation are very useful to investigate human disease. However, there has been no evidence of esophageal varices in rats with liver cirrhosis. In the present study, to determine whether intrahepatic portal hypertension produced by liver cirrhosis induces esophageal varices in rats, the esophagus was examined ...
Karashima S - - 1998
We examined the distribution and maturational changes of carbonic anhydrase I (CAI) and carbonic anhydrase II (CAII) in microdissected nephron segments of Sprague-Dawley rats. CAI and CAII proteins were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CAI was not detected in any nephron segment in 7-week-old rats. CAII was present in the ...
Rao K S - - 1998
Monomethyl fumarate, isolated for the first time from the methanolic extract of the whole plant of Fumaria indica, was characterised and screened for its antihepatotoxic activity in albino rats. The compound showed significant (P < 0.01) antihepatotoxic activity against thioacetamide in vitro, and against hepatotoxicities induced by carbon tetrachloride, paracetamol ...
Torres-Durán P V - - 1998
The aim of the present work was to assess the capacity of Spirulina maxima to prevent fatty liver development induced in rats by an intraperitoneal single dose (1 ml/kg) of carbon tetrachloride. Liver and serum lipids were quantified two or four days after treatment with this agent. Liver lipid concentration ...
Conover C - - 1998
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugation allows bovine hemoglobin (Hb) to retain its oxygen delivery capability while increasing its plasma expansion capacity. To determine whether PEG-Hb's ability to sustain life is due to its oxygen delivery capability rather than its plasma expansion capacity, Sprague-Dawley rats were exchange-transfused up to an 85% hematocrit ...
Valentine W M - - 1998
Although the neurotoxicity of CS2 has been recognized for over a century, presently there is no accepted biomarker of effect for CS2 exposure. Previous investigations have supported covalent cross-linking of erythrocyte spectrin as a potential preneurotoxic marker reflective of the biochemical changes occurring within the axon. In the present investigation, ...
Moser V C - - 1998
The neurobehavioral consequences of inhalational exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) were evaluated as part of a joint project between the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Behavioral changes in rats were measured using a functional observational battery (FOB), which is a series of observations ...
Lai T Y - - 1998
The effect of oral administration of a preparation of human urine (PHU) on the progression of acute liver injury was examined in rats intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) PHU protected the liver from CCl4-induced injury as judged by morphological and biochemical observations. In contrast, PHU aggravated ANIT-induced ...
de la Torre J C - - 1998
Rats were subjected to bilateral carotid artery occlusion (2-VO) or sham occlusion (No-VO) and tested 12 weeks for visuo-spatial memory (VSM) function. After 14 weeks, 2-VO rats (N = 4) showing severe visuo-spatial memory impairment were given dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-fructose 1,6-diphosphate (FDP) i.p. for seven days and retested on the ...
Kanai S - - 1998
To examine the mechanism of the preventive effect of tannins on the progression of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury in rats, sumac gall (SG) extract and gallic acid (GA) were used as substitutes for crude tannins, because SG is a kind of Chinese traditional medicinal herb containing large amounts ...
Murakami T - - 1998
The effects of ethanolamine on injured liver were investigated by oral administration of ethanolamine to male ddY mice 24 h after carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injection. The serum aminotransferase activities in mice with liver injury were reduced by ethanolamine treatment (10-30 mg/kg body weight). Drastically increased regenerative reaction of ethanolamine treated-CCl4 ...
Shi Y - - 1997
Carbon monoxide is thought to serve as a new endogenous mediator in the pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock. In newborn rat endotoxicosis, carbon monoxide levels in the circulation as well as liver, kidney and lung were found to be significantly increased (P < 0.05). Moreover, the elevations of carbon ...
Castilla-Cortazar I - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bioavailability of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) is reduced in liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of IGF-I on liver histopathology and function in experimental cirrhosis. METHODS: Rats received CCl4 inhalations for 11 or 30 weeks (protocols 1 and 2, respectively) and ...
Yamamura Y - - 1997
The relationships between the pharmacokinetic behaviour of glycyrrhizin and its restorative effect for hepatic function were investigated in patients with chronic hepatitis and in rats chronically treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4-treated rats). In patients, the restorative effects in plasma aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities were 62.2 +/- ...
Aleynik S I - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Polyenylphosphatidylcholine protects against alcoholic cirrhosis in the baboon and carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis in rats. This study addresses the possible mechanism of the protective effect of polyenylphosphatidylcholine. METHODS: For 8 weeks, rats were injected with either carbon tetrachloride in peanut oil or peanut oil alone (control), and pair-fed nutritionally adequate ...
Kaido T - - 1997
We present a rat model in which continuous supply of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) prevents liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and E. coli 011:B4 lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Rat fibroblasts genetically modified to secrete rat HGF were implanted in syngenic rat spleen 7 days before administration of the hepatotoxins. Rats ...
Hammad H M - - 1997
1. Eleven selected flavonoids were studied to evaluate their effects on the rat isolated ileum and to determine their structure-activity relationships. 2. The flavonoids rutin and 3',5,7-trihydroxy-4' methoxyflavone-7-rutinoside, which have a sugar moiety (O-rha-glu), had no significant effect on the ileum, indicating that the presence of sugar substitution reduces the ...
Lin C C - - 1997
The hepatoprotective effect of various fractions (n-hexane, CHCl3, EtOAc, n-BuOH, and H2O) of Ban-zhi-lian derived from Scutellaria rivularis Benth was studied against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), D-galactosamine (D-GalN) and acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute hepatotoxicity in rats. Liver damage was assessed by quantifying serum activities of glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (sGOT) and glutamate pyruvate ...
Mani-Ponset L - - 1997
Cellular distributions of ezrin, a cytoskeletal protein involved in apical cell differentiation in choroid plexus, and carbonic anhydrase II, which is partly involved in the cerebrospinal fluid production, were studied by immunocytochemistry, at the level of choroidal epithelial cells from the lateral, third and fourth ventricles in normal or experimental ...
Fariss M W - - 1997
In addition to its use as a stabilizer/rigidifier of membranes, cholesteryl hemisuccinate, tris salt (CS) administration has also been shown to protect rats from the hepatotoxic effects of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). To further our understanding of the mechanism of CS cytoprotection, we examined in rats and mice the protective abilities ...
Hase K - - 1997
The water extract from the root of Salvia miltiorhiza Bunge showed a protective effect on cultured rat hepatocytes against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced necrosis. A further study was carried out to isolate the active constituent. Activity guided fractionation of the extract and chemical analysis gave us lithospermate B (a salt of ...
Tsai C C - - 1997
Syh-Mo-Yin (SMY), Guizhi-Fuling-Wan (GFW), Shieh-Qing-Wan (SQW) and Syh-Nih-San (SNS) are prescriptions of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for liver disease. The effects of these four prescriptions against experimental liver injury induced by alpha-Naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) were studied. Rats treated with ANIT (100 mg/kg) exhibited elevations of serum total ...
Mihas A A - - 1997
Fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) was found to cause significant stimulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in rat liver homogenates in vitro. This effect was more pronounced for the inducible isoform than its constitutive counterpart. Furthermore, FDP restored rat liver inducible NOS levels following their depletion by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). This finding may ...
Wheeler R M - - 1997
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) cvs. Red Robin (RR) and Reimann Philipp (RP) were grown hydroponically for 105 d with a 12 h photoperiod, 26 degrees C/22 degrees C thermoperiod, and 500 micromol m-2 s-1 PPF at either 400, 1200, 5000, or 10,000 micromol mol-1 (0.04, 0.12, 0.50, 1.00 kPa) CO2. ...
Lin C C - - 1997
The free radical scavenging and antihepatotoxic activity from Terminalia catappa was studied. Treatment with T. catappa water extracts showed antihepatotoxic activity against CCl4-induced toxicity in the rat liver that was tested. The crude drug also exhibited anti-oxidant effects in FeCl2-Ascorbic acid induced lipid peroxidation in the rat liver homogenate. Moreover, ...
Jiang J - - 1997
This study on conscious rats with occluded left carotid artery investigates the influence of cerebral edema after acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning on cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp) and evaluates the therapeutic effectiveness of normobaric oxygen (NBO2) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2). The CSFp was continuously recorded via a cannula placed in ...
Evasovich M R - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of laparoscopy in the presence of peritonitis, this study was designed to assess bacteremia caused by E. coli-induced peritonitis with a carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum in a rat model. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into inoculum groups (no E. coli, 10(6) colony-forming units [CFU] E. ...
Salto R - - 1996
Pyruvate carboxylase (PC) has been quantified in rat liver and kidney cortex under experimental conditions that modify the gluconeogenic response in both organs: fasting, carbon tetrachloride-induced liver degeneration and alloxan-induced diabetes. Enzymatic activity has been assayed by a 14CO2-fixation method. The amount of enzyme has been determined by competitive ELISA ...
Krauss S - - 1996
We examined the potential of overt carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT I) to control the hepatic catabolism of palmitoyl-CoA in suckling and adult rats, using a conceptually simplified model of fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. By applying top-down control analysis, we quantified the control exerted by CPT I over total carbon flux ...
Gassó M - - 1996
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of S-adenosylmethionine on liver peroxidation and liver fibrogenesis in carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis. METHODS: Cirrhosis was induced in three groups of six rats by repeated injections of carbon tetrachloride over 9 weeks. One group of animals was treated only with ...
Schalinske K L - - 1996
The chemotherapeutic value of methotrexate resides in its ability to perturb folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism and subsequently inhibit DNA synthesis. To assess the functional effect of methotrexate on hepatic one-carbon metabolism, we have developed and applied tracer kinetic techniques in vivo to quantify the carbon flux through the folate-dependent one-carbon pool ...
Irita K - - 1996
It has been reported that carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage is potentiated by starvation partly due to fat accumulation in the liver and a decrease in hepatic reduced glutathione concentration and that dibutylyl-3',5'-cyclic AMP (DBcAMP) affects fuel metabolism and decreases hepatic reduced glutathione. We investigated the effects of DBcAMP on carbon ...
Yamakawa M - - 1996
The distribution of carnitine was investigated in male Wistar rats with sepsis or acute liver failure. Sepsis was produced by cecal ligation and puncture, while acute liver failure was induced by intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride. Then 14C-carnitine or L-carnitine was injected intravenously. In healthy control rats and rats with ...
Bruck R - - 1996
AIMS/METHODS: In the present study, we examined whether a nonpeptidic mimetic of Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), which specifically inhibits RGD-dependent adhesion of CD4+ T lymphocytes or fibroblasts to fibronectin, can prevent thioacetamide-induced liver cirrhosis in rats. The nonpeptidic RGD mimetic, rather than the RGD peptide was utilized, since the peptide is rapidly ...
Usui T - - 1996
The hypothesis that dietary branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation improves the impaired protein turnover in male Donryu rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced liver cirrhosis was tested. We supplemented cirrhotic rats orally for 2 wk with BCAA solution [26.67 mg BCAA/(100 g body weight . d)], a conventional amino acid mixture [4.25 ...
al-Ali S Y - - 1996
The role of adult astrocytes in the removal of cell debris and foreign particles following injury to the brain is controversial. This study was undertaken to elucidate the response of adult astrocytes to needle injury of the rat cerebral cortex, using a suspension of colloidal carbon as a marker for ...
Seya K - - 1996
We investigated the changes in the ability of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis in the inner mitochondrial membrane with the acute and chronic liver injuries by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats. The ability of ATP synthesis was evaluated by measuring the activity of proton ATPase and the ability of oxygen consumption ...
Irita K - - 1996
It has been reported that vasodilatory prostaglandins have cytoprotective effects against various types of liver damage. We investigated the effects OP 2507, a stable analogue of prostaglandin I2, on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage in starved rats. Intraperitoneal administration of OP 2507 at 1,500 micrograms/kg lessened both an increase in serum ...
Wong K K - - 1996
Early hyperglycaemia induced by streptozocin was studied in fasting rats. It was found that the early hyperglycaemia was attenuated, the hypoglycaemia was prolonged, and the initiation of the permanent hyperglycaemia was delayed. The early hyperglycaemia induced by streptozocin was further attenuated in carbon tetrachloride pretreated fasting rats. It was speculated ...
Holecek M - - 1996
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis of reduced plasma levels of branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine and valine in cirrhosis. METHODS: Cirrhosis was induced by intragastric administration of 36 doses of carbon tetrachloride in olive oil over a period of 12 weeks. Rats treated with oil alone served ...
Cox C - - 1996
Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g; 60 per exposure group) were exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2) air concentrations of 0, 50, 150, and 500 ppm(v/v) for 6 hr/day, 5 days/week over six months. Following the exposures, nine rats from each exposure group had four sets of cumulated urines collected (between 0-8, ...
Merino N - - 1996
A histopathological evaluation was performed on liver of rats treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and 25,50 and 100 mg/kg of Cuban red propolis (RP) extract. Additionally, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in serum and liver triglycerides were determined in all animals. The morphometric study included the count of ballooned cells at the ...
Fonia O - - 1995
In the present study we investigated the influence of acute lead poisoning upon the expression of benzodiazepine receptors. In addition, we examined if administration of PK 11195, an isoquinoline carboxamide derivative, to lead-poisoned rats could modulate the changes in receptor binding properties achieved by lead alone. Lead poisoning was ascertained ...
Fujita N - - 1995
We determined whether aquaporin of collecting duct (AQP-CD) is involved in pathogenesis of water retention in rats with experimental models of syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) and liver cirrhosis. SIADH rats were made by administering 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) subcutaneously and providing them with a liquid diet. Serum ...
Tanaka K - - 1995
In normal rats, the activity of the hepatoportal NaCl-sensitive afferent nerves is increased by portal injection of hypertonic NaCl. In the present article, we have found this effect to be markedly reduced in rats with CCl4-induced liver cirrhosis (CT rats). Liver tissue norepinephrine content, a marker of tissue innervation, was ...
Utrilla M P - - 1995
The yield, composition, and some pharmacological activities (hepatoprotective and antioxidant) of the essential oil of Santolina canescens aerial parts have been investigated. The essential oil qualitative data were determined by gc and gc-ms. The main component, santolindiacetylene [1], was isolated and characterized by spectral methods, and the structure assigned as ...
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