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Marek Carylyn J - - 2005
The effect of liver growth stimulation [using the rodent PXR (pregnane X receptor) activator PCN (pregnenolone-16alpha-carbonitrile)] in rats chronically treated with carbon tetrachloride to cause repeated hepatocyte necrosis and liver fibrogenesis was examined. PCN did not inhibit the hepatotoxicity of carbon tetrachloride. However, transdifferentiation of hepatic stellate cells and the ...
Ohri Rachit - - 2005
Ectopic calcification is a major cause of bioprosthetic heart valve failure. New therapeutic opportunities are offered by the growing understanding that ectopic calcification is an actively regulated process involving several key gene products. One of these products, osteopontin (OPN), is a glycosylated phosphoprotein previously shown to inhibit apatite crystal formation, ...
Kuwae Shinobu - - 2005
This paper deals with the production of recombinant human antithrombin (rAT) by the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. In preliminary methanol-limited fed-batch fermentation, the rAT concentration reached 324 mg/l at 192 h of cultivation, but the specific heparin cofactor (HC) activity of rAT in the culture supernatant was 10% of that ...
Joseph Brigid - - 2005
Many diseases are associated with cytokine release after inflammatory infiltration, which perturbs organ function. Radioligands capable of noninvasive tracking to assess the integrity of specific biochemical pathways offer potent ways to establish such perturbing mechanisms. METHODS: To demonstrate regulation of hepatobiliary transport in disease, we used (99m)Tc-mebrofenin in a carbon ...
Yokoyama Atsuro - - 2005
The tissue response to hat-stacked carbon nanofibers (H-CNFs) was evaluated. H-CNFs were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. Histological and ultrastructural investigations were carried out by transmission electron microscopy. Although many macrophages and foreign body giant cells were seen around H-CNFs, no severe inflammatory response such as necrosis was ...
Cappon Gregg D - - 2005
Aspirin (ASA), an irreversible cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor, induces ventricular septal defect (VSD) and diaphragmatic hernia (DH) in rat fetuses when administered on gestation days (GDs) 9-10, a critical period for cardiovascular (CV) and midline development. Evaluation of a spectrum of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; reversible COX inhibitors) showed that while ...
Jain M R - - 2004
Yarrowia lipolytica NCIM 3589, a tropical marine degrader of hydrocarbons and triglycerides transformed 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) very efficiently. Though this yeast could not utilize TNT as the sole carbon or nitrogen source, it was capable of reducing the nitro groups in TNT to aminodinitrotoluene (ADNT). In a complete medium containing glucose ...
Dranoff Jonathan A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Portal fibroblasts are newly identified, potentially fibrogenic liver cells that are distinct from hepatic stellate cells. The ectonucleotidase* nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 2 (NTPDase2) is restricted to portal fibroblasts in the normal liver. However, the fate of NTPDase2 after bile duct ligation (BDL) is unknown. AIMS: The aim of this ...
Inao Mie - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inchin-ko-to (TJ-135) is an herbal medicine used in Japan for treatment of icteric patients with cirrhosis. Its efficacy as an anti-fibrogenic drug was evaluated in relation to stellate cell activation. METHODS/RESULTS: Liver fibrosis was induced in rats by repeated injections of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or pig-serum. Oral administration of ...
Brvar Miran - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the possible role of S100B, a structural protein of astroglial cells, as a biochemical marker in acute carbon monoxide-poisoned rats and to compare its prognostic value with consciousness level, which is one of the major parameters for treatment decision in acute carbon monoxide poisoning. DESIGN: Nonrandomized, controlled ...
Ballas Konstantinos D. - - 2004
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of chronic octreotide administration on the development of esophageal varices in rats being at the early stages of carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis. For the development of liver cirrhosis and esophageal varices 96 rats underwent ligation of left adrenal vein followed by phenobarbital and ...
Bae Soo K - - 2004
Pharmacokinetic changes of oltipraz were investigated after intravenous and oral administration at a dose of 30 mg/kg to control Sprague-Dawley rats and rats with liver cirrhosis induced by dimethylnitrosamine. After intravenous administration in rats with liver cirrhosis, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to time infinity ...
Bhandarkar Manoj R - - 2004
Nymphaea stellata willd., a medicinal plant mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of liver disorders, has not been subjected to systematic scientific investigations to asses its hepatoprotective effects. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to investigate the hepatoprotective activity of extract of Nymphaea stellata willd., flower against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic ...
Jung Sang Hoon - - 2004
The present study was carried out to clarify whether tectorigenin and tectoridin isolated from the rhizomes of Belamcanda chinensis (Iridaceae) inhibit hepatic damage induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-intoxication in rats by the experimental methods in vitro and in vivo. Tectorigenin and tectoridin exhibited a significant decrease in serum transaminase activities ...
Sartiani Laura - - 2004
Maternal smoking is an independent risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Carbon monoxide (CO) is a major component of smoke. No information is available about the effect of CO and/or smoking on postnatal maturation of the heart. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ...
Al-Howiriny T A - - 2004
The hepatoprotective activity of an ethanolic extract of Commiphora opobalsamum ("Balessan") was investigated in rats by inducing hepatotoxicity with carbon tetrachloride:liquid paraffin (1:1). This extract has been shown to possess significant protective effect by lowering serum transaminase levels (serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase), alkaline phosphatase and ...
Wu Yueh-Wern - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective and anti-fibrotic actions of crude extracts of Ganoderma tsugae (GTE) on chronic liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats. CCl4 (20%, 0.5 ml/rat) was given twice a week for 8 weeks, and animals received GTE through the whole ...
Kucharská J - - 2004
The effect of rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) on liver antioxidant status and oxidative stress was investigated in rat model of carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage. Synthetic antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) was used for comparison. Administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 10 weeks decreased liver concentrations of reduced and oxidized forms of coenzyme ...
Mesía-Vela S - - 2003
1. Dietary flavonoids including kaempferol, quercetin, genistein and daidzein were tested for their ability to alter the conjugation of oestradiol (E(2)) via rat liver sulfotransferases and glucuronosyltransferase. 2. All four flavonoids inhibited the sulfonation of E(2) via phenol sulfotransferase, SULT1A1 with IC(50)s ranging from 0.29 to 4.61 micro M. Sulfonation ...
Jeon Tae Il - - 2003
Extracts of Phellinus linteus (EPB), grown on germinated brown rice, protected rats from liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Peroxidation products in the liver were decreased to 10% by EPB. Catalase and superoxide dismutase activities were significantly decreased to 55% and 39% by CCl4 administration, but EPB blocked this ...
Sacerdoti David D Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University and Azienda Ospedaliera of Padova, - - 2004
Carbon monoxide (CO), a product of heme metabolism by heme-oxygenase (HO), has biological actions similar to those of nitric oxide (NO). The role of CO in decreasing vascular responses to constrictor agents produced by experimental cirrhosis induced by carbon tetrachloride was evaluated before and after inhibition of HO with tin-mesoporphyrin ...
Muriel Pablo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Thalidomide has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha and anti-collagen activities. Cirrhosis is characterized by inflammation and fibrosis. Thus, thalidomide was evaluated in an experimental model of liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were used. Group 1 (n = 8) received mineral oil i.p. (control); group 2 (n = 15) received ...
Yamamoto Hirofumi - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibition on rat experimental liver fibrogenesis. METHODS: We investigated the inhibitory effects of a selective COX-2 inhibitor, JTE-522, on liver fibrosis induced by a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined diet (CDAA). Inhibitory effect was also tested ...
Oh Woo Yong - - 2003
Holotrichia diomphalia larvae, one of the most widely used Korean folk medicinal preparations, have long been used for the treatment of chronic liver cirrhosis. The present study was undertaken to clarify whether extract of Holotrichia diomphalia larvae could prevent acute liver damage and liver fibrosis in rats. A single administration ...
Sahin Nurettin - - 2003
Oxalic acid and its salts are widespread in nature, as they are produced by many species of plants, algae and fungi. The bacteria, which are capable of using oxalate as a sole carbon and energy source, are described as being "oxalotrophic". Oxalotrophic bacteria do not constitute a homogeneous taxonomic group, ...
Jeon Tae Il - - 2003
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) is a toxic material known to induce lipid peroxidation and liver damage. To determine if chitosan has antioxidative effects on CCl(4)-induced liver injury, we administered 1 ml/kg of CCl(4) resolved in a 50% corn oil solution to rats every week by intraperitoneal injection. Chitosan (200 mg/kg body ...
Grizzi F - - 2003
Mast cells (MCs) have been indicated as a source of various inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and growth factors. This study evaluates liver tissue MC density as a quantitative marker of acute liver inflammation in 2- and 19-month old rats treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) toassess the relationships between MC density, hepatocellular ...
Nakade Yukiomi - - 2003
The effect of intracisternal astressin, a specific and potent corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)(1) and CRF(2) receptor antagonist on carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute liver injury was investigated in rats. Intracisternal astressin inhibited the elevation of serum alanine aminotransferase level induced by CCl(4). Intracisternal astressin also reduced CCl(4)-induced liver histological changes. The protective ...
Ulicná O - - 2003
Hepatoprotective properties of rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) were investigated in a rat model of liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)). Rooibos tea, like N-acetyl-L-cysteine which was used for the comparison, showed histological regression of steatosis and cirrhosis in the liver tissue with a significant inhibition of the increase of ...
Matsunaga Noriko Kose - - 2003
We previously established a method for assessing in vivo drug-metabolizing capacity by pharmacokinetic estimation of the quantity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) in vivo (PKCYP test), in which an apparent liver-to-blood free concentration gradient in vivo (qg) is introduced (Matsunaga et al., Jpn. J. Hosp. Pharm., 26: 492-504 (2000)). This method ...
Espandiari Parvaneh - - 2003
A modified Solt-Farber protocol was established to investigate the potential initiating activity of lower chlorinated polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners in rat liver. Two different studies were conducted in male Fisher 344 rats. PCBs investigated were PCB3, PCB12, PCB38, and PCB77 in study 1 and PCB15, PCB52, PCB77, and the combination ...
Ahmed B - - 2002
Different fractions of alcoholic extracts of aerial parts and roots of Phyllanthus fraternus Webster (Euphorbiaceae) were screened for antihepatotoxic activity on carbon tetrachloride induced liver damage in albino rats. The degree of protection was measured using biochemical parameters like serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), total ...
Janakat Sana - - 2002
The hepatoprotective effect of the boiled and non-boiled aqueous extracts of Pistacia lentiscus, Phillyrea latifolia, and Nicotiana glauca, that are alleged to be effective in the treatment of jaundice in Jordanian folk medicine, was evaluated in vivo using carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) intoxicated rats as an experimental model. Plant extracts were ...
Barth Astrid - - 2002
A standardized extract of Citrullus colocynthis used as an oral natural laxative in folk medicine was tested for its influence on liver function parameters in vitro. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) dependent production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) under the influence of Citrullus colocynthis extract was investigated by means of stimulated lipid ...
Moal Frédéric - - 2002
Fractal analysis measures the complexity of geometric structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of fractal analysis in liver fibrosis. A total of 77 rats were included: 10 sham, 46 with fibrosis secondary to bile duct ligation (BDL), and 21 with fibrosis due to ...
Kang Keon Wook - - 2002
Liver fibrosis is a prepathological state wherein damaged liver tissues in chronic liver diseases, such as hepatitis, are not repaired to normal tissues, but converted to fibrous tissue. 5-(2-Pyrazinyl)-4-methyl-1,2-dithiol-3-thione (oltipraz), a cancer chemopreventive agent, is effective against a wide variety of chemical carcinogens. Recently, we reported that oltipraz inhibits liver ...
Zaratiegui M - - 2002
Systemic administration of recombinant IGF1 at low levels has been shown to improve hepatic function, nutritional status and testicular atrophy in rats with CCl4-induced cirrhosis. We have developed a recombinant adeno-associated (rAAV) viral vector containing the cDNA for rat IGF1 and confirmed the expression of IGF1 after intramuscular injection of ...
Veer Vijay - - 2002
Three sulphur containing compounds, carbon disulphide, dimethyl disulphide and dimethyl sulphide were bioassayed for preference after admixing them in cereal base as ready bait block for use against commensal rat, R. rattus (wild type) in four way choice chamber system. Rat preference for different baits was also studied with automatic ...
Guo Mei-Zi - - 2002
AIM: To investigate the effect of rhein on liver fibrosis induced by the exposure of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)/ethanol in rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into four study groups (n=10 each group): healthy controls, CCl4/ethanol-injured rats left untreated, and CCl4/ethanol-injured rats treated with rhein of low-dose (25 mg/kg) and ...
Leach Matthew C - - 2002
Despite euthanasia being the most common of all procedures carried out on laboratory animals, the potential distress associated with gaseous agents has received little interest until recently, with growing concern over use of carbon dioxide as a humane method of euthanasia. The distress associated with exposure to carbon dioxide, argon, ...
Venukumar M R - - 2002
Antioxidant effect of methanol extract of Coscinium fenestratum stem powder was examined using carbon tetrachloride-intoxicated rat liver as the experimental model. Hepatotoxic rats were treated with the methanol extract for 90 days (daily, orally at the dose of 60 mg/kg body weight). Lipid peroxidation in carbon tetrachloride-administered rats was evidenced ...
Nan Ji-Xing - - 2002
This study was carried out to investigate the antifibrotic effects of methanol extracts from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb, the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, on liver fibrosis induced by bile duct ligation and scission (BDL) or carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats. Liver fibrosis was assessed by histological observations and ...
David Pascale - - 2002
Repeated administration of thioacetamide (TA), either intraperitoneally or in drinking water, produced liver cirrhosis in normal Sprague-Dawley rats (SDR) with significant histological alterations similar to those observed in human cirrhosis. In the present study, we evaluated the ability of TA to induce liver cirrhosis in mutant Nagase analbuminaemic SDR. Thioacetamide ...
Kohashi T - - 2002
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a heparin-binding protein, which induces growth, angiogenesis, differentiation, and transformation of cells. The aim of this study was to examine the role of PTN in liver fibrogenesis. Rats were treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 3-9 weeks to induce liver fibrosis. The sirius-red staining of these liver ...
Bodake H B - - 2002
Orange peel oil is used extensively as an approved flavour enhancer in fruit drinks, carbonated beverages and as a scenting agent in soaps and cosmetics. Limonene, which is a monocyclic monoterpene is present in orange peel oil from 90 to 95% (w/w). Monoterpenes have been shown to be very effective ...
Liu Jian-Jun - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Renal failure in cirrhotic patients is a severe complication and endotoxemia might be involved. We investigated the effect of endotoxin on renal function of cirrhotic rats and the potential protective role of N-acetylcysteine (NAC). MATERIAL/METHODS: Hepatic cirrhosis was generated in a rat model by carbon tetrachloride. Both cirrhotic and ...
Peng Jun - - 2002
In order to explore whether monophosphoryl lipid A (MLA)-induced delayed cadioprotection is mediated by calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the regulatory effect of inducible heme oxygenase isorform (HO-1)/carbon monoxide (CO) on CGRP synthesis and release, the expression of CGRP and HO-1 in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and CGRP concentration in ...
Garcia-Bañuelos J - - 2002
Adenoviral vectors efficiently target normal liver cells; however, a clear-cut description of the safety boundaries for using adenovectors in hepatic cirrhosis has not been settled. With this in mind, we used a first-generation, replication-deficient adenoviral vector carrying the E. coli lacZ gene (Ad5betaGal) to monitor therapeutic range, biodistribution, toxicity and ...
Matsunaga N - - 2001
Previous reports have shown that the determination of drug metabolism capacity can be made by the pharmacokinetic estimation of the quantity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) in vivo (PKCYP-test), in which an apparent liver-to-blood free concentration gradient in vivo (qg) is introduced, which is useful for evaluating fluctuations of CYPIA2 in ...
Germanò M P - - 2001
Trichilia roka Chiov. (Meliaceae) is a tree widely distributed in tropical Africa. It has been used in Mali folk medicine for the treatment of various illnesses. A decoction of the roots is taken as a remedy for colds and pneumonia, and it is used as a diuretic and in hepatic ...
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