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Results 401 - 450 of 1064
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Schiønning J D - - 1998
The components of the nervous system of rats that are most critically affected by methyl mercury are still a matter of debate. A recent stereological study of rats with typical symptoms resulting from methyl mercury intoxication demonstrated that the morphology of cerebellar granule cells and Purkinje cells were unchanged at ...
Mohseni S - - 1998
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that causes long-term secondary complications such as neuropathy. The occurrence of diabetic neuropathy has generally been thought of as being associated with hyperglycaemia. However, in a previous light microscopic examination of plantar nerves in diabetic BB/Wor rats treated with insulin implants we ...
Madden K S - - 1998
Previous work in our laboratories has shown a selective age-related loss of sympathetic noradrenergic (NA) nerves from the spleen and lymph nodes of rats. In contrast, NA nerve fiber density is dramatically increased in the thymus of aged mice and rats. We hypothesize that the diminished splenic NA innervation in ...
Turek P J - - 1998
PURPOSE: To gain understanding of the seminal vesicle as a muscular organ, seminal vesicle compliance and contractile properties were quantified with an in vivo, microsurgical rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microsurgical dissection was performed on anesthetized rats to enable simultaneous organ filling and monitoring of intraluminal pressures. The reliability and ...
Vos B P - - 1998
Noxious stimulation of the rat's face evokes intense face grooming with face wash strokes almost exclusively directed to the stimulated area (e.g. Clavelou et al., Neurosci. Lett., 14 (1989) 3263-3270). Similar asymmetric face grooming behavior has been observed after transection (Berridge and Fentress, J. Neurosci., 6 (1986) 325-330) and chronic ...
Ramer M S - - 1998
In rats, partial injury to a peripheral nerve often leads to sympathetically maintained pain (SMP). In humans, this condition is especially apparent in the elderly. Nerve injury also causes perivascular sympathetic axons to sprout into the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), forming a possible anatomical substrate for SMP. Here, we describe ...
Marfurt C F - - 1998
The mammalian cornea receives a dense sensory innervation and a modest sympathetic innervation. The purpose of the current study was to determine if the rat cornea is also innervated by parasympathetic nerves. In the first set of experiments, unilateral combined sympathetic and sensory ocular denervations were performed in adult rats ...
Rehman J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To better define the techniques of nerve-sparing prostate dissection that would result in preservation of erectile function, we characterize the effects of physical pressure on the prostate and cavernous nerve, electrical stimulation of the cavernous nerve, and pharmacologic manipulations on intracavernous pressure (ICP) in normal and diabetic rats. METHODS: ...
Liu Q Y - - 1998
During postnatal development, sympathetic innervation of the heart evolves, and repolarization accelerates. Our goal in this study was to test whether sympathetic innervation modulates the ion channels that regulate repolarization. We studied action potentials and repolarizing K+ currents in epicardial myocytes from rats in which sympathetic innervation was accelerated or ...
Martínez-Gómez M - - 1998
In the rat the pelvic nerve consists of a viscerocutaneous (sensory) branch which receives information from pelvic viscera and the midline perineal region, and a somatomotor (muscular) branch which innervates the ilio- and pubococcygeous muscles. To investigate the contribution of these branches to the parturition process, the length of gestation ...
Selbach J M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To obtain more information about the functional significance of arteriovenous anastomoses as regulatory elements, the authors investigated the topography and innervation of episcleral anastomoses in the rat and rabbit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The topography of arteriovenous anastomoses in the limbal and episcleral vasculature of the rat and rabbit eye ...
Shir Y - - 1998
Some humans with partial nerve injury present a syndrome of neuropathic sensory disorders which depend on the sympathetic activity (sympathetically-maintained pain, SMP). Several years ago we introduced a rat model for SMP, produced by tightly ligating 1/3-1/2 of the sciatic nerve, leading to a partial denervation of the hindpaw (Partial ...
Tsoref L - - 1998
The observation of a 1H double quantum filtered (DQF) NMR signal of water in bovine sciatic nerve, bovine articular cartilage, rat tail tendon, and rat brain is reported. The origin of this signal in rat tail tendon was found to be a result of residual dipolar interaction between water protons ...
Kauppila T - - 1998
Effect of weight bearing of the hindlimbs on the assessment of mechanically-induced hindlimb withdrawal threshold was determined in intact rats and in rats with various pathophysiological conditions causing allodynia or hyperalgesia. Hindlimb withdrawal was elicited by applying a series of calibrated monofilaments to the plantar or the dorsal surface of ...
Ricci A - - 1997
Age-related changes of the noradrenergic innervation of the tracheo-bronchial tree and of pulmonary vasculature were investigated in male Wistar rats of 3 months (young), 12 months (adult) and 24 months (old/aged), using catecholamine histofluorescence techniques associated with image analysis and by high pressure liquid chromagraphy with electrochemical detection. In young ...
van Meeteren N L - - 1997
The relation between recovery of function following a sciatic nerve crush lesion and an individual behavioural characteristic, the locomotor activity in an open field, was investigated in rats. Ten high-active (HA) and ten low-active (LA) rats were selected from a stock of sixty male, random-bred Wistar rats, by measuring travelled ...
Wang Y M - - 1997
N-terminal protein arginylation has been demonstrated in vitro and in situ and has been reported to increase following injury to sciatic nerves of rats. The present study attempts to demonstrate these reactions in vivo by applying [3H]Arg to the cut end of sciatic nerves in anesthetized rats and assaying for ...
Hu J - - 1997
To study the distribution of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in the rat brain under physiological as well as pathological conditions, a sensitive sandwich enzyme linked immunoassay (EIA) for rat CNTF was developed using rabbit anti-CNTF antibody. This method detected as little as 10 pg ml-1 CNTF with a good linearity ...
Hines T - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine the contribution of centrally released nitric oxide to baseline sympathetic tone and reflex cardiovascular responses to cardiac stretch in the pregnant rat. STUDY DESIGN: Baseline blood pressure and renal sympathetic nerve activity and reflex changes in these variables in response to intraatrial saline solution ...
Iwamoto H - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: A model of chronic cauda equina compression with conductive stress was studied electrophysiologically. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the pathophysiology arising from chronic compression electrophysiologically. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: This rat model of cauda equina compression that is chronic, not acute, has been reported elsewhere. METHODS: A stainless steel wire ...
Yang C C - - 1997
Neuronal (n) and inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were immunolocalized at the postsynaptic domain of human and rat neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) by light and electron microscopy. We applied polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies for colocalization with three other synaptic proteins, utilizing double and triple fluorescence labeling, and gold and peroxidase ...
Saari J C - - 1997
Cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein (CRALBP) is abundant in the retinal pigment epithelium and Müller glial cells of the retina, where it forms complexes with endogenous 11-cis-retinoids. We examined the distribution of CRALBP in extraretinal tissues using polyclonal antibodies (pAb) and monoclonal antibodies (mAb). A protein was detected by immunoblot analysis in ...
Fukuda Y - - 1997
Noradrenergic innervation of rat liver was studied immunohistochemically using antibody to noradrenaline at the electron-microscopic level. Noradrenaline-immunoreactive nerve fibres were located in the portal tract and some were in close contact with the portal vein and hepatic artery. Noradrenaline-immunoreactive fibres were found to contain many vesicles that were reactive to ...
Hoener M C - - 1997
Nerve growth factor (NGF) was recently found to be largely associated with sedimentable fractions of adult rat brain and treatments of the fractions by alkaline pH increased the measurable amount of their NGF antigen as well as its solubilization [M.C. Hoener, E. Hewitt, J.M. Conner, J.W. Costello and S. Varon, ...
Tamura C S - - 1997
Intraintestinal infusion of the sensory neurotoxin, capsaicin, transiently abolishes behavioral responses to chemical stimulation of the intestine. This desensitizing action of capsaicin may be due to an action on CGRP-containing nerve terminals, which are postulated to serve a sensory function in the enteric plexuses. To determine whether intraintestinal capsaicin treatment ...
Zelená J - - 1997
Herbst corpuscles were studied in the crural region of perinatal and adult chicken and quail in order to find out their number and dimensions and to learn more about their structure, especially in relation to size. Crural corpuscles are arrayed in an encapsulated string between tibia and fibula. They are ...
Melzer P - - 1997
Transections of the infraorbital nerve in adult rats resulted in progressive alterations of microglia identified by Lipocortinl immunoreactivity at the sites where the primary afferents terminate, i.e. in the trigeminal brainstem sensory nuclei. Microglia proliferated three- to four-fold. Their cell bodies enlarged and their processes thickened. Microglial responses were similar ...
Ashraf S - - 1997
Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) chemotherapy as treatment for human colorectal liver metastases is promising, but not entirely satisfactory. Improved drug delivery during HAI may be achieved by manipulating the different control mechanisms of normal versus tumour blood vessels. The peptidergic/aminergic innervation of vessels in normal liver and in two animal ...
Shin H C - - 1997
Activity-dependent changes of the conduction latency of single A beta fibers of primary afferent neurons were characterized in both neuropathic (L4 and L6 ligated) and normal rats. Activity-dependent increases in conduction latency of dorsal root fibers in neuropathic rats were significantly stronger than those in normal rats. Different profiles of ...
Chudler E H - - 1997
Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a role in mechanisms of inflammation and hyperalgesia in adult animals. We sought to determine if NGF depletion produced by autoimmunization of adult rats altered their thermal sensitivity to an acute noxious thermal stimulus. Anti-NGF IgG was not detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of any ...
Gee M D - - 1997
1. Skin blood flow was monitored during antidromic stimulation of identified cutaneous C fibres in fine filaments dissected from the saphenous nerve of anaesthetized rabbits and rats. The techniques used to monitor skin blood flow were laser Doppler perfusion imaging and laser Doppler flowmetry. 2. In the rabbit filaments a ...
Brown R F - - 1997
A single injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS; i.v. and i.p.) reliably induced peripheral nerve disturbances in male Australian albino Wistar (AaW) rats. Signs developed 6 to 24 h after LPS inoculation and persisted only transiently. Most AaW rats had variable degrees of bilateral hind limb impairment, and rarely had ...
Kreis M E - - 1997
Intestinal afferents are sensitive to cholecystokinin (CCK) octapeptide. However, CCK-58 may be a more biologically relevant molecule. Therefore, recordings from jejunal mesenteric afferent bundles were secured for extracellular multi-unit recording and the responses to CCK-8 and CCK-58 compared. CCK-8 and CCK-58 (i.v.) evoked a dose-dependent, devazepide sensitive, increase in afferent ...
Kontani H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We examined the mechanism of urinary bladder motility return after bladder areflexia induced by interruption of the sacral parasympathetic outflow to the urinary bladder following damage to the sacral cord or pelvic nerves in the rat. METHODS: The L6 and S1 nerve bundles were resected near the vertebrae, and ...
Possas O S - - 1997
The electrical stimulation (ES) of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) produces reflex vasodilation in the rat hindlimb. This study determined whether this vasodilation is mediated by the release of nitric oxide (NO)-containing factors (NOF) from NO synthase (NOS)-positive postganglionic lumbar sympathetic fibers that innervate the rat hindlimb vasculature. ES of ...
Budgell B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and distribution of afferent fibers to the interspinous tissues and facet joints of the lumbar spine in the rat. DESIGN: Dissection and photography of medial branch of the primary dorsal ramus; histological and electron microscopic examination of the medial branch; measurement of conduction velocities of ...
Popitz-Bergez F A - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pregnant patients need less local anesthetic in order to obtain the same quality of functional block as nonpregnant patients. Our goal was to demonstrate a similarly increased functional susceptibility to local anesthetics in the awake pregnant rat during peripheral nerve block and to investigate the pharmacokinetic and/or ...
Williamson D J - - 1997
This study used intravital microscopy to measure the diameter of dural arteries in anaesthetized rats. Electrical stimulation of the surface of a closed cranial window produced increases in dural vessel diameter which were blocked by the CGRP receptor antagonist human-alpha CGRP(8-37) but unaffected by the NK1 receptor antagonist RP67580. Sumatriptan ...
Hishida N - - 1997
The fiber composition of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) which is served as the laryngeal afferent pathway was clarified in rats and guinea pigs. The proportions of the number of myelinated and unmyelinated fibers in the SLN were almost the same in both rats and guinea pigs. The unmyelinated fibers ...
Lai C L - - 1997
In order to detect the dysfunction of central and peripheral nervous systems among rats with varied duration of hypothyroidism and to elucidate the pattern of recovery after thyroxine replacement, a series of BAEP and PNCS (Peripheral Nerve Conduction Study) were conducted and compared with age-matched controls. BAEP and PNCS were ...
Salo P T - - 1997
Retrograde tracing with Fluoro-Gold was used to identify the complete population of knee joint afferents in the lumbar dorsal root ganglia of adult female Wistar rats. There was an average of 581 +/- 31 (mean +/- S.D.) afferents supplying each joint. These were found distributed from L1 to L5 with ...
Lunn K F - - 1997
The Sprague Dawley myelin mutant, the taiep rat, demonstrates a defect in CNS myelination which worsens with age and which is associated with abnormal accumulations of microtubules in oligodendrocytes. Quantitative and qualitative electron microscopic studies of myelin development and oligodendrocyte morphology were used to describe the temporal development of the ...
Spector A C - - 1997
Although rats treat the taste of sucrose and maltose as perceptually similar, they nonetheless appear to be able to distinguish between the two sugars, as suggested from prior work examining the cross-generalization of conditioned taste aversions. This study explictly tested whether rats could behaviorally discriminate sucrose from maltose and examined ...
Mizisin A P - - 1997
The impact of exaggerated polyol pathway flux on ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF)-like bioactivity and expression of CNTF in rat sciatic nerve was examined after 2 months of galactose intoxication. Polyol content was elevated (P < 0.001) and motor nerve conduction velocity reduced (P < 0.05) in galactose-fed rats compared with ...
Couve E - - 1997
The presence of microtubules physically bound to smooth endoplasmic reticulum profiles of oligodendrocytes constitutes the most conspicuous feature observed in the myelin mutant taiep rat. The endoplasmic reticulum membranes associated with microtubules were morphologically characterized as transitional elements that constitute the intermediate compartment according to their topographic location close to ...
Yamanaka Y - - 1997
Rats showing an ataxic gait induced by 20 wk of treatment with 0, 30, or 60 mg/kg of difluorobenzhydrylpiperadine (DFBP), a detriazinyl metabolic of almitrine, were examined by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Vacuolar degeneration associated with lamellar inclusions was observed in musculus soleus and m. interossei of the ...
Sánchez-Fernández J M - - 1997
The purpose of this paper was to establish a mammalian comparative study between the neuronal spaces of the upper versus the basal cochlear turns. We studied with light microscopy i) Webster albino rat embryos at various gestational days (GD), and a postnatal (PN) series; ii) kittens 3 weeks old; iii) ...
Sotgiu M L - - 1997
An investigation was made into a possible contribution of saphenous nerve to altered central processing of noxious information following sciatic nerve chronic constriction (CCI) in rats. Spinal sciatic neuron spontaneous and noxious evoked activities were recorded in CCI rats, CCI rats with saphenous nerve sectioned just before the sciatic nerve ...
Berthoud H R - - 1997
Intraganglionic laminar endings (IGLEs) are special terminal structures of vagal afferent fibers and have been demonstrated in the myenteric plexus of esophagus and stomach. In order to quantitatively map their presence and distribution over the entire gastrointestinal tract, including the small and large intestines, vagal afferents were anterogradely labeled in ...
Albee R R - - 1997
Humans overexposed to trichloroethylene (TCE), under specific conditions, were reported to develop trigeminal nerve dysfunction. A degradation byproduct dichloroacetylene (DCA), however, has been suggested as the probable neurotoxicant rather than TCE. Studies in mice, rats, and rabbits support the hypothesis of DCA-induced trigeminal neurotoxicity. This study, therefore, was conducted to ...
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