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Yong Nie - - 2008
Using a rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model, we analyzed the expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) after sciatic nerve injury and its relationship with hyaluronan (HA). MMP-9 expression and activity were induced after the nerve injury. We found that CCI rats with oral administration of 4-methylunbelliferone (4-MU), which ...
Sposato Valentina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to investigate the retrograde axonal transport from optic nerve (ON) to retinal ganglion cell (RGC) in two animal models: in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats, a rat model for retinal degeneration, and in a rat model for glaucoma induced by elevated intraocular pressure ...
Dominguez Cecilia A - - 2008
We have previously demonstrated that differences in neuropathic pain-like behaviors after sciatic nerve injury genetically maps to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in rats carrying RT1(c) or RT1(av1) haplotypes on the Piebald Virol Glaxo (PVG) background. In order to further explore the genetic contribution to neuropathic pain, we have here ...
Lal Devyani - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of electrical stimulation on accelerating facial nerve functional recovery from a crush injury in the rat model. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental. METHOD: The main trunk of the right facial nerve was crushed just distal to the stylomastoid foramen, causing right-sided facial paralysis in 17 Sprague-Dawley rats. ...
Jolivalt Corinne G CG Department of Pathology, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. - - 2008
Prosaposin is both a precursor of sphingolipid activator proteins and a secreted neurotrophic and myelinotrophic factor. Because peripheral nerve regeneration is impaired in diabetes mellitus, we measured prosaposin protein levels from control and streptozotocin-diabetic rats by collecting endoneurial fluid secreted into a bridging tube connecting the ends of transected sciatic ...
Bivalacqua Trinity J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of the fibrin sealant, Evicel, on the neuroregulatory control of penile erections in an experimental rat model. METHODS: Two groups of rats were used: sham-operated rats with exposure of the bilateral cavernous nerves (CNs) and application of saline vehicle (500 microL), and rats treated with ...
Dahlin Lars B - - 2008
Expression of transcription factor ATF3 in sensory neurons in dorsal root ganglion and in Schwann cells in sciatic nerve of diabetic (BB and Goto-Kakizaki rats; experimental models of types 1 and 2 diabetes, respectively) and healthy rats were examined by immunocytochemistry after nerve compression (silicone tube) for 3, 6 or ...
May Olivia L OL Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1078, - - 2008
The terminal fields of nerves carrying gustatory information to the rat brainstem show a remarkable amount of expansion in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) as a result of early dietary sodium restriction. However, the extent to which these axonal changes represent corresponding changes in synapses is not known. ...
Kaufmann Oskar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To develop a rat model of erectile dysfunction (ED) after cavernous nerve injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Given the great similarity between the anatomical structure of the cavernous nerve in rats and humans, 24 rats underwent dissections and the cavernous nerves were identified with the aid of an operating microscope. ...
Furuta Akira - - 2008
Approximately one-third of patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) also suffer from urgency incontinence, which is one of the major symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome. Pudendal nerve injury has been recognized as a possible cause for both SUI and OAB. Therefore, we investigated the effects of pudendal nerve ligation ...
Rigaud Marcel M Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United - - 2008
Hindlimb pain models developed in rats have been transposed to mice, but assumed sciatic nerve neuroanatomic similarities have not been examined. We compared sciatic nerve structural organization in mouse strains (C57BL/6J, DBA/2J, and B6129PF2/J) and rat strains (Wistar, Brown Norway, and Sprague-Dawley). Dissection and retrograde labeling showed mouse sciatic nerve ...
Shibata Minori - - 2008
Orexin-A and -B (identical to hypocretin-1 and -2) are hypothalamic neuropeptides that regulate appetite and arousal. Orexins-producing neurons project their axons to various brain regions, including the olfactory bulb. In the present study, to understand the relationship between orexins and olfaction, we investigated the distribution of the orexin-A- and -B-immunoreactive ...
Imamura Tetsuya - - 2008
AIM: We determined if Gosha-jinki-gan, a traditional Chinese herbal mixture, reduced the presence of the tachykinins neurokinin A, neurokinin B, and substance P, as well as the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and P2X3 purine receptors that are functionally associated with C fibers in the urinary bladder. METHODS: Thirty-six ...
Koeda Tomoko - - 2007
Changed vascular functions have been reported in several pathological conditions, such as chronic regional pain syndrome, obstructive vascular disease, and inflammation. Our previous experiments also showed that electrical stimulation of the lumbar sympathetic trunk (sympathetic stimulation: SS), which normally induces a decrease in blood flow (BF), caused a BF increase ...
Siegel Sandra M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)-I consists of chronic limb pain and dysautonomia triggered by traumas that sometime seem too trivial to be causative. Several pathological studies have identified minor distal nerve injuries (DNIs) in CRPS-I patients, but retrospective studies cannot establish causality. Therefore, we, prospectively investigated whether DNIs are ...
Lee Tsung-Ming - - 2008
17beta-Estradiol (E2) has been shown to exert antiarrhythmic effect after myocardial infarction; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. This study was performed to determine whether E2 exerts beneficial effects through attenuated sympathetic hyperreinnervation after infarction. Two weeks after ovariectomy, female Wistar rats were assigned to coronary artery ligation or sham operation. ...
Sättler Muriel B - - 2008
Heterogeneity in clinical disease course and histopathology complicates the treatment of multiple sclerosis. We detected important differences in neurodegeneration in various subtypes of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced optic neuritis. Dark Agouti (DA) rats showed a significantly higher survival of retinal ganglion cells in comparison to Brown Norway rats. After surgical ...
Wang Qing-Shan - - 2008
To investigate the mechanisms and biomarker of the neuropathy induced by 2,5-hexanedione (HD), male Wistar rats were administrated HD at dosage of 200 or 400mg/kg for 8 weeks (five-times per week). All rats were sacrificed after 8 weeks of treatment and the cerebrum cortex (CC), spinal cord (SC) and sciatic ...
Lane Richard D - - 2008
Neonatal forelimb amputation in rats produces sprouting of sciatic nerve afferent fibers into the cuneate nucleus (CN) and results in 40% of individual CN neurons expressing both forelimb-stump and hindlimb receptive fields. The forelimb-stump region of primary somatosensory cortex (S-I) of these rats contains neurons in layer IV that express ...
Dabrowska-Bouta B - - 2008
The aim of these experiments was to discern whether prolonged exposure of rats to lead (Pb) in water, as occurs in typical environmental exposure, affects the structure of myelin in the brain, the protein levels of the myelin glycoproteins myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). During chronic ...
Tang Xiaorui - - 2007
In a long-term neuromuscular blocked (NMB) rat preparation, tetanic stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve (ADN) enhanced the A-fiber evoked responses (ERs) in the cardiovascular region, the nucleus of the solitary tract (dmNTS). The potentiation persisted for at least several hours and may be a mechanism for adaptive adjustment of ...
Pagani Lucia L Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Neurobiologia e Medicina Molecolare, CNR, NGF Section, Via del Fosso di Fiorano 64, 00143 Roma, - - 2008
To investigate whether genetically modified mouse neural stem cells (NSC) expressing recombinant human nerve growth factor (rhNGF) and transplanted in chemically injured rat brain, can survive and eventually acquire phenotypic characteristics of early nerve cells. Stably high expression of rhNGF in NSC was obtained by a new lentivirus-mediated expression system. ...
Hsieh Ching-Hua - - 2007
The study was carried out to investigate the loss of small fibers during entrapment neuropathy and their regeneration after surgical decompression. Entrapment neuropathy was mimicked in a rat model by wrapping the right sciatic nerve of Sprague-Dawley rats with a silastic tube of 1.3 mm inner diameter. A sham operation ...
Yeh Cory - - 2007
To examine the effect of the immunosuppressive agent FK506 on the rate of functional recovery of the rat facial nerve after crush injury. Forty rats underwent facial nerve crush injury and were randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups: isotonic sodium chloride solution control, FK binding protein 52 (FKBP-52) antibody control, ...
Dominguez Cecilia A - - 2008
Neuropathic pain is a common consequence of damage to the nervous system. We here report a genetic analysis of development of neuropathic pain-like behaviors after unilateral photochemically-induced ischemic sciatic nerve injury in a panel of inbred rat strains known to display different susceptibility to autoimmune neuroinflammation. Pain behavior was initially ...
Bianca Ralph - - 2007
Pupil dilatation (PD) was produced by vaginocervical mechanical stimulation (VCMS) in intact rats, and in rats with spinal cord (SC) transection at level T7 (i.e., above the level of entry into SC of all genitospinal nerves). After transection of SC, bilateral vagotomy abolished PD in response to VCMS, providing evidence ...
Sakai Noriko - - 2007
Microcirculation of the sheath of the rat sciatic nerve fiber was investigated by using an intravital microscope, and changes in the diameter of the epineurial arterioles in response to highly oxygenated Krebs-bicarbonate solution were evaluated. Superfusion of low-oxygen (0%) Krebs-bicarbonate solution (LKS) onto rat sciatic nerves did not affect changes ...
Zhang Ying - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of dopamine (DA) and DA receptor's antagonist on the transmission of noxious information in the central nervous system of normal rats or morphinistic rats. METHODS: The influence of DA on the electric activity of the pain-excited neuron (PEN) in the caudate nucleus (Cd) of normal ...
Santos Ana Paula - - 2007
In the present study, we analyze the morphology and morphometry of the lateral proper digital nerve of the third finger, and of the proximal and distal segments of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves, in Wistar rats 4 or 7 weeks old. The fascicular area and diameter were generally significantly ...
Gu Xing-Long - - 2007
The hindpaw withdrawal latencies (HWLs) to noxious thermal and mechanical stimulation increased significantly after intra-hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) injection of galanin in mononeuropathic rats, while intra-ARC injection of the putative antagonist of galanin receptors markedly reduced the HWLs. The number of galaninergic neurons in the ARC increased in rats with ...
Pakdeechote Poungrat - - 2007
Noradrenaline and ATP are sympathetic co-transmitters. In rat isolated mesenteric small arteries, activation of sympathetic nerves can produce a vasoconstrictor response mediated by ATP. In contrast, the rat perfused mesenteric bed displays vasoconstrictor responses that are blocked solely by alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists. This study assessed the effect of raising tone with ...
Meyer zu Horste Gerd - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy, and a duplication of the Pmp22 gene causes the most frequent subform CMT1A. Using a transgenic rat model of CMT1A, we tested the hypothesis that long-term treatment with anti-progesterone (Onapristone) reduces Pmp22 overexpression and improves CMT disease phenotype of older ...
Li Yongling - - 2007
Neuroendocrine secretory protein 55 (NESP55) is a soluble, acidic and heat-stable protein, belonging to the class of chromogranins. It is expressed specifically in endocrine cells and the nervous system, and is probably involved in both constitutive and regulated secretion. In the present study, we investigated the distribution of NESP55 in ...
Tanida Mamoru - - 2007
Previously, we observed that in rats, olfactory stimulation with scent of grapefruit oil (SGFO) elevates the activities of sympathetic nerves. SGFO also suppresses gastric vagal (parasympathetic) nerve activity (GVNA), increases the plasma glycerol concentration, blood pressure (BP) and body temperature, and reduces appetite. In contrast, olfactory stimulation with scent of ...
Romero-Figueroa Socorro - - 2006
Intrathecal injection of phenol (ITP) has been used to control intractable pain and spasticity. Direct caustic nerve damage has been postulated as the mechanism of analgesia. Sensation is commonly recovered, suggesting that a spontaneous regeneration process takes place. There is, however, a lack of mechanistic information on ITP therapy. To ...
Ettema Anke M - - 2006
The tenosynovium in the human carpal tunnel is connected to the flexor tendons and the median nerve by the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT). The most common histological finding in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), a compression neuropathy of the median nerve, is noninflammatory fibrosis of the SSCT. The relationship, if any, ...
Yasuhara Osamu - - 2007
Cholinergic innervation of the heart has been analyzed using cholinergic markers including acetylcholinesterase, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT). In the present study we demonstrate putative cholinergic nerves in the rat heart using an antibody to ChAT of a peripheral type (pChAT), which is the product of a ...
Matsuura Shinobu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Alginate, a biodegradable polysaccharide, may be applied to facilitate nerve regeneration. We attempted to regenerate excised cavernous nerves by filling the gap with a biodegradable alginate gel sponge sheet without sutures. METHODS: Bilateral cavernous nerves of male Wistar rats were excised to make an approximately 2-mm gap. A piece ...
Moss Andrew A Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK. a9813963@hotmail.com - - 2007
Neuropathic pain behaviour is not observed in neonatal rats and tactile allodynia does not develop in the spared nerve injury (SNI) model until rats are 4 weeks of age at the time of surgery. Since activated spinal microglia are known to play a key role in neuropathic pain, we have ...
Pashchenko P S - - 2006
The aim of the present work was to undertake a complex of studies of structural transformations in the anterior thoracic ganglia of the sympathetic trunk and the thoracic part of the vagus nerve after acute and chronic gravitational overloading (GOL). Studies were performed on 28 white mongrel male rats aged ...
Orojan Ivan - - 2006
Dithranol has been used to treat psoriasis for decades. Although its beneficial effect may involve the induction of cutaneous inflammation, and inflammation often leads to damages in nerve fibers, these alterations are not well documented. Therefore, we investigated the effects of dithranol on the immunohistochemical characteristics of the cutaneous nerve ...
Kurimoto Takuji - - 2006
Xylazine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, activates the endogenous trophic factors and neuronal survival signaling. Here, we tested the regenerative effect of xylazine on damaged optic nerve axons in adult rats. After optic nerve crush, xylazine was intraperitoneally injected into three groups of rats: a single administration immediately after the crush, ...
Peeva Gergana P - - 2006
Within a recent study on the vibrissae motor performance after facial nerve repair in strains of blind (SD/RCS) and sighted (SD) rats we found that, despite persisting myotopic disorganization in the facial nucleus, the blind animals fully restored vibrissal whisking. Here we searched for morphological substrates of better recovery in ...
Coronel María Florencia - - 2006
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) preferentially migrate to the injured hemisphere when administered intravenously to rats with traumatic or ischemic brain injuries. In this study, we have investigated the localization of MSCs injected into the lumbar-4 dorsal root ganglion (L4-DRG) of rats with a sciatic nerve single ligature nerve ...
Sotgiu Maria Luisa - - 2006
Heterotopic inputs activate spinal wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons in rats with chronic constriction of one sciatic nerve (CCI rats). A possible contribution from these inputs, to long-lasting afterdischarges (ADs) of noxious evoked responses, was investigated during reversible input blockade from adjacent saphenous nerve and contralateral peripheral nerve territories. The ...
Blonde Ginger D - - 2006
Chorda tympani nerve (CT) transection in rats severely impairs NaCl taste detection. These rats can detect higher concentrations of NaCl, however, suggesting that remaining oral nerves maintain some salt sensibility. Rats were tested in a gustometer with a 2-response operant taste-detection task before and after sham surgery (n = 5), ...
Takatori Shingo - - 2006
The present study investigated the influence of chronic hyperinsulinemia on vascular responsiveness induced by adrenergic nerves and calcitonin gene-related peptide-containing (CGRPergic) nerves in pithed rats with insulin resistance. Male Wistar rats (6 weeks old) received 15% fructose solution in drinking fluid for 10 weeks (fructose-drinking rats: FDR), which resulted in ...
Siau Chiang C Department of Anesthesia, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2006
Paclitaxel and vincristine are chemotherapeutic drugs that often evoke a long-lasting painful peripheral neuropathy. Using drugs that reduce intracellular or extracellular calcium ions (Ca2+), we investigated the hypothesis that impaired Ca2+ regulation contributes to the chemotherapy-evoked neuropathic pain syndrome. For comparison, we also tested rats with painful peripheral neuropathy caused ...
Chen Ruei-Feng - - 2006
A quantitative relationship between power densities of blood pressure (PBP) and sympathetic nerve activity (PSNA) in a low-frequency range (LF, 0.016-0.85 Hz), expressed as PSNA=PBPxax10bx(frequency) was proposed in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats. For evaluating the general applicability of this equation, the quantitative relationship of power density ratio Hf=PBP/PSNA across frequency was tested ...
Levanti M B - - 2006
In addition to their well-known roles within the nervous system, the neurotrophins and their receptors regulate some functions in the reproductive system. In this study we used combined morphological and immunohistochemical techniques to investigate the presence and cellular localization in the rat testicle of the two receptors of nerve growth ...
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