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Yoo Mi Young - - 2007
The vascular relaxant effect of the rhizome extract of Rheum undulatum was evaluated with isolated rat thoracic aorta preparations. The methanol extract of the rhizome induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of aortic preparations precontracted with 0.3 microm phenylephrine (EC50 value: 5.8 microg/mL). The activity-guided fractionation of the extract led to the ...
Chauhan Madhu - - 2007
Adrenomedullin-2 (ADM2), a novel calcitonin/calcitonin-gene-related peptide family peptide, is reported to reduce blood pressure in both normal and hypertensive rats. This study demonstrates gestational regulation of circulatory ADM2 in rat plasma. ADM2 dose-dependently reduces the mean arterial pressure in rats, whereas the hypotensive effect of ADM2 is significantly higher during ...
Kubo Satoko - - 2007
We characterized actions of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) on tension of isolated rat and mouse aortae, and then examined if H(2)S could directly modulate activity of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS). Isometric tension was recorded in rat and mouse aortic rings. Activity of recombinant bovine eNOS was determined as conversion ...
Chan Sunny Sun-Kin - - 2007
Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. (Umbelliferae) is a widely prescribed traditional Chinese medicinal herb for cardiovascular diseases in China. However, the cardiovascular actions of ligustilide and senkyunolide A, two of the most abundant Ligusticum chuanxiong constituents, have yet to be examined. The objective of the present study was to investigate the vasorelaxation ...
Oitate Masataka - - 2007
We have previously reported that oral administration of [(14)C]rofecoxib to rats resulted in the long retention of radioactivity by the aorta as a consequence of covalent binding to elastin. Treatment of rats with alpha-phenyl-alpha-propylbenzeneacetic acid 2-[diethylamino]-ethyl ester hydrochloride (SKF-525A), a cytochrome P450 inhibitor, significantly decreased the systemic exposure of 5-hydroxyrofecoxib, ...
Orescanin Z - - 2006
In the present study we investigated the mechanism of nitric oxide induced relaxation of renal arteries, with or without endothelium, taken from normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats. With this purpose in mind, the effects of the nitric oxide donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), with and without L-arg in the medium, ...
Filippi Sandra - - 2007
Benign prostate hyperplasia is the most common disease in the aging male, often comorbid with erectile dysfunction. Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors (sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil) decrease lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with erectile dysfunction and BPH. We studied PDE5 expression and activity in the human bladder and PDE5i ...
Yoshikawa Masayuki - - 2006
The methanolic extract from the dried stems of Cistanche tubulosa (Schrenk) R. Wight was found to show an inhibitory effect on contractions induced by noradrenaline in isolated rat aortic strips. From the extract, new phenylethanoid oligoglycoside constituents, kankanosides F and G, and an acylated oligosugar, kankanose, were isolated together with ...
Fernández-Varo Guillermo - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thinning of the vascular wall occurs in conductance vessels of cirrhotic rats. Increased nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity has been involved in the pathogenesis of this phenomenon. Therefore, we assessed the NO-regulated cell signaling pathways participating in vascular remodeling in cirrhosis. METHODS: Aortas were obtained from 15 control and ...
Varma Daya R - - 2006
This study was done to determine the mechanism of field stimulation-induced tetrodotoxin (TTX)- and NG- nitro-l-arginine (LNA)-resistant vasorelaxation. Field stimulation with platinum and carbon, but not with silver, electrodes (30 V, 30 HZ, 2-5 ms pulse width) as well as electrically stimulated salt (0.9% NaCl) solution (ESSS) or Krebs solution ...
Davies Kelvin P KP Department of Urology, Institute of Smooth Muscle Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA. - - 2007
To determine if the mature peptide product of the Vcsa1 gene, sialorphin, could restore erectile function in ageing rats, and whether these effects are mediated through relaxation of corporal smooth muscle tissue, as we recently reported that Vcsa1 is one of the most down-regulated genes in the corpora of rats ...
Matsumoto T - - 2006
The effect of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) on aortic contractions in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a type 2 diabetic model, was studied. Using OLETF rats and control (Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO)) rats, the effects of LPC on the contractions induced by high-K(+) (10-40 mM), UK14,304 (10 approximately 100 nM; ...
Blanco-Rivero Javier - - 2006
This study examines the effect of male sex hormones on the release, metabolism and function of endothelial nitric oxide (eNO) in rat aorta. Aortic segments from orchidectomized and control male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to measure eNO synthase (eNOS) expression, nitric oxide (NO) release, acetylcholine (ACh)- and sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced ...
Yamaguchi Masakazu - - 2006
Propofol is considered suitable for induction of anesthesia in patients with bronchial asthma. However, the mechanisms of its action on bronchi are not fully understood. We examined the effects of propofol on ovalbumin (OA)-induced contraction of OA-sensitized rat trachea. Male Wistar rats were sensitized by a single intraperitoneal injection of ...
Bökenkamp Regina - - 2006
Persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common cardiovascular anomaly in children caused by the pathologic persistence of the left sixth pharyngeal arch artery. The inbred Brown-Norway (BN) rat presents with increased vascular fragility due to an aortic elastin deficit resulting from decreased elastin synthesis. The strikingly high prevalence of PDA ...
Sarapee Throrarith
Thesis (M.Sc. in Pharm.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2004
Jitima Srisomboon
Thesis (M.Sc. in Pharm.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2004
Jang Joon - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of intravesical cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 40 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control, OAB, and COX-2 inhibitor-treated groups. OAB was induced ...
Matsumoto Takayuki - - 2007
We examined the responses of basilar arteries taken from Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a type 2 diabetes model. Both the nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation and the cyclic 3',5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production elicited by acetylcholine (ACh) were much weaker in OLETF rats than in age-matched control Long Evans Tokushima ...
Xu Y - - 2007
Rats with chronic heart failure (CHF) develop increased myogenic constriction in mesenteric resistance arteries. Here we investigated increased myogenic constriction in relation to alterations in EDHF- and NO-mediated dilatation in CHF-rats. Male Spraque-Dawley rats were subjected to myocardial-infarction or sham-surgery. At 9-10 weeks after surgery, isolated mesenteric artery ring preparations ...
Haruna Yoshisuke - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate endothelial function and levels of vascular oxidative stress in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA), in view of mounting evidence for an association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and accelerated vascular disease. METHODS: Thoracic aortic rings were prepared from AIA and control rats. After preconstriction by norepinephrine, the vasodilatory response ...
Valls Josep - - 2006
An extract from in vitro cultures of Curculigo orchioides grown as bulbils in shake flasks, afforded two new glucosides of substituted benzylbenzoate - curculigoside C (3) and curculigoside D (4) - together with two known compounds - curculigoside A (1) and curculigoside B (2). Their structures were elucidated on the ...
Lippton Howard - - 2006
The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of intravenous (i.v.) administration of rat hemopressin (rHP), 30-1000 microg/kg, on systemic arterial pressure (SAP), cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) in the anesthetized rat. Bolus i.v. injections of rHP produced mild decreases in SAP that were dose-dependent. Since ...
Lewis Stephen J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The major aim of this study was to determine whether the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, captopril or enalapril, restore the diminished vasodilator potency of the endothelium-dependent agonist, acetylcholine (ACh), and the endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), L-S-nitrosocysteine (L-SNC), in conscious Spontaneously Hypertensive (SH) rats. METHODS: The hemodynamic responses elicited ...
Tasatargil Arda - - 2006
We prepared diet-induced hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcy) in adult male Wistar rats and investigated the effects of hHcy on the adenosinergic and adrenergic responses in vitro and in vivo. The responsiveness of right atria from hHcy rats to the negative chronotropic effects of adenosine (Ado) was found to be significantly greater in ...
Matsumoto Takayuki - - 2006
We previously reported that in mesenteric arteries from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-type relaxation is impaired, possibly due to a reduced action of cAMP. Here, we observed an impairment of acetylcholine-induced EDHF-type relaxation in mesenteric arteries from a type 2 diabetic model, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) ...
Sakurai Shinya S Third Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara 634-8522, - - 2006
To investigate whether adrenomedullin, a potent vasodilator peptide, plays a role in the circulatory disturbance in cirrhosis. Cirrhosis was induced in rats by weekly gavage of carbon tetrachloride. Hemodynamic studies were performed in vivo using radioactive microspheres and in vitro using isolated aortic rings. The adrenomedullin concentrations were measured by ...
Hennenberg Martin - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Portal hypertension is associated with arterial hypotension and vascular hypocontractility, which persists despite elevated plasma levels of vasoconstrictors. We investigated the role of the RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway in vascular smooth muscle hypocontractility of rats with secondary biliary cirrhosis. METHODS: Aortic expressions of RhoA and Rho-kinase were analyzed in ...
Nishihashi Tsuyoshi - - 2006
Vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a serious complication and we have been investigating the relationship between vasoconstrictors and vasospasm after SAH. The present study was designed to investigate the vasocontractile responses to reactive oxygen species in isolated rat basilar arteries from the control and experimental SAH rats. Contractile responses ...
Nahavandi Arezo - - 2006
Cardiac attacks and sudden cardiac deaths are more common in cold seasons. Up to now the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism of the seasonal variation in cardiovascular accidents is scarcely known. There are many physiological mechanisms which exhibit seasonal variation (e.g. blood pressure). Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent vasodilator, and impaired ...
Oniki Hideyuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and vasodilator dysfunction may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. We previously demonstrated that the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) corrected the impaired endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated arterial hyperpolarization and relaxation associated with hypertension or aging, partially independently of ...
Minami, Kazuhiro
MINAMI, K. and KASHIMURA, O., Exercise Training Inhibits Vasoconstriction of the Rat Pulmonary Artery. Abv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.10, No.3 pp.71-75, 2004. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of exercise training on the regulation of pulmonary artery tone in rats. Twnety 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were housed in ...
Ramirez Rolando J J - - 2006
Plasma ascorbic acid is decreased in women with the pregnancy disorder preeclampsia. We used a mutant strain of rats (Osteogenic Disorder Shionogi), dependent on dietary sources of vitamin C, to investigate whether reduced intake of the vitamin would differentially affect vascular function in late-pregnant (day 19) and age-matched virgin rats. ...
Yang Jing-Hui - - 2006
Intermedin (IMD), a novel member of the calcitonin/calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) family, has similar or more potent vasodilatory and hypotensive actions than adrenomedullin (ADM) and CGRP. The present study was designed to observe the effects of synthetic rat IMD1-53 on L-arginine (L-Arg) cellular transport, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and ...
Koetzler Rommy - - 2006
A variety of clinical and experimental evidence indicates that surfactant may be important in the pathogenesis and treatment of asthma. The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacologic effect of pulmonary surfactant and its major lipid and protein constituents on bronchial smooth muscle. First-generation bronchi from male Sprague-Dawley ...
Viswanad Bhoomi - - 2006
The altered vascular responses to various vasopressors and relaxants have been well reported in various animal models of hypertension, insulin resistance and diabetes. Though the role of oxidative stress (increased superoxide levels) associated with these altered vascular responses in hyperglycemic/diabetic state is well documented, the role of the same remains ...
Teixeira Cleber E - - 2006
Decreases in intrinsic NO cause cerebral vasospasms because of the dysregulation of cGMP formation by NO-mediated pathways. Because 5-cyclopropyl-2-{1-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-yl}pyrimidin-4-ylamine (BAY 41-2272) is a potent soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) stimulator in an NO-independent manner, this study aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying the relaxant effects of BAY 41-2272 in the rat ...
Tahseldar-Roumieh Rima - - 2006
Previous studies suggested that increased activity of phosphodiesterase (PDE)5 in the kidneys of cirrhotic rats contributes to sodium retention. This study examined the role of PDE5 in the changes in vascular reactivity, hemodynamics, and sodium excretion in rats with liver cirrhosis. Four weeks after bile duct ligation (BDL) or sham ...
Nikitin E S - - 2006
The upper tentacle of the snail, bearing the olfactory organ, produces complex movements when the snail explores a new environment. Tentacle trajectories were reconstructed in the presence and absence of odors using two simultaneous video recordings. Reconstructions showed that in the absence of odor, snails constantly scanned the surrounding space ...
Weiss Michael - - 2006
It has been hypothesized that coronary vasoconstriction is involved in the cardiotoxic action of anthracyclines. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an increase in coronary resistance induced by idarubicin (IDA) or its primary circulating metabolite idarubicinol (IDOL) is correlated with a decrease in vascular sensitivity to vasoconstrictor ...
Mascher Dieter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aortic rings with endothelium excised from fructose-fed obese rats develop more tension in response to phenylephrine and relax less in response to carbachol than corresponding rings from lean rats. This altered vascular reactivity is prevented when Spirulina maxima is added to the fructose-rich diet. In the present study the ...
Sagach Vadim - - 2006
Endothelial function is impaired in atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes and aging, and this may be associated with an attenuated ability of endothelial cells to generate nitric oxide (NO). To evaluate possible alterations in endothelium-dependent relaxation in rat aortic rings, the activity of constitutive NO synthase and endothelial electrical responses to acetylcholine ...
Keung Wendy - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to investigate the gender differences in the acute effects of 17beta-estradiol on the rat superior mesenteric artery. Isometric tension was measured in rings of mesenteric arteries from both male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Relaxation to acetylcholine was not significantly different between arteries (with ...
Cai Guo-Jun - - 2005
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that arterial baroreflex dysfunction promotes the development of atherosclerosis. Experiment 1: the baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was measured in 30 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats in conscious state with a computerized blood pressure monitoring system. Four weeks later, the rats were administered with Vitamin ...
Karamürsel Sebat - - 2005
The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of rat penile replantation as a new microsurgical training model. The study was performed in 2 parts. ANATOMIC STUDIES: Fifteen Wistar albino rats were used to study and document the penile vascular anatomy. In 5 rats, dissections were performed after ...
Wróbel MichaƂ - - 2005
Strips of longitudinal myometrium from cows were obtained on days 19-21 and 1-5 of the estrous cycle and incubated (aerated atmosphere; 4 degrees C; 24, 48 or 72 h) with a mixture of PCBs Aroclor (Ar) 1248 or with one of three PCBs (77, 126 or 153), all at doses ...
Kakutani Tetsuya - - 2005
Nitroglycerin (TNG) tolerance, defined as an impaired vasodilation response to TNG, has been recently demonstrated to be associated with increased production of reactive species. We designed this study to investigate the mechanisms that mediate TNG tolerance and to compare the effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane on the development of TNG ...
Abdelrahman Aly Mohamed - - 2005
We investigated the mechanism of the vasodepressor effect of endokinin A/B. An intravenous (IV) bolus of endokinin A/B (0.05-0.3 nmol/kg) dose-dependently decreased mean arterial pressure in thiobutabarbital-anesthetized rats. The magnitude of the response was unaffected by IV pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase), methylene blue ...
Miyamoto A - - 2005
Since endotoxin-induced vascular hyporeactivity to phenylephrine is enhanced in Mg-deficient rats, this study was designed to determine whether endotoxin directly enhances nitric oxide (NO) production in thoracic aortas isolated from Mg-deficient rats in vitro. Thoracic aortas isolated from Mg-deficient and control rats were cultured for 6 h with or without ...
El-Hajj H - - 2006
Rats chronically exposed to cold (5 degrees C for 5 weeks) develop hypertension. Isoprenaline-induced vascular smooth muscle relaxation is increased in these animals. Our main objective was to compare isoprenaline-induced relaxation of aortae isolated from control and cold-acclimated rats and attempt to relate the differences to changes in receptor parameters ...
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