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Liu Hong H Department of Emergency Medicine, People's Hospital of Lishui, Zhejiang Province, 15 Dazhong Street, Liandu District, Lishui, 323000, Zhejiang Province, P.R. - - 2014
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMC) is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of peritoneal fibrosis. EMT is at least in part caused by repeated exposure to glucose degradation products (GDPs), such as methylglyoxal (MGO). MiRNA contributes greatly to the EMT of PMCs. In this study, we tried ...
Akinyemi Ayodele J - - 2014
Abstract Our earlier report has shown that salt substitutes (Obu-Otoyo) contain some toxic heavy metals. This study, therefore, investigated the effect of the dietary inclusion of salt substitutes (Obu-Otoyo), namely, salt "A" and "B", on biomarkers of oxidative stress and renal function in rats. Salt "A", which has a gray ...
Inouye Kimberly Ann S KA *Graduate Student, Department of Oral Biology, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA. †Resident, US Army Advanced Education Program in Periodontics, Fort Gordon, Augusta, GA. ‡Colonel, US Army Advanced Education Program in Periodontics, Fort Gordon, Augusta, GA. §Professor, Department of Oral Biology, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA. ‖Research Associate, Department of Oral Biology, Georgia Regents University, Augusta GA. ¶Assistant Professor, Department of Biomaterials, Misr International University, Cairo, Egypt. #Professor, Department of Oral Biology, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA; Professor, College of Dental Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of hyperglycemia and metformin (a popular biguanide antidiabetic) on periimplant healing. Thirty-six male rats were assigned to 3 groups: (1) nondiabetic Wistar-Kyoto rats (controls), (2) Goto-Kakizaki (GK) spontaneously diabetic rats (GK group), and (3) GK rats were fed metformin (100 mg/kg body weight per day) in ...
Ruffino Lise L Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, FI-20014, Turku, - - 2014
Black rats Rattus rattus and mat-forming iceplants, Carpobrotus aff. acinaciformis and Carpobrotus edulis are pervasive pests on Mediterranean islands. Their cumulative impacts on native biotas alter the functioning of island ecosystems and threaten biodiversity. We report here the first attempt to eradicate both taxa from a protected nature reserve in ...
Escudero-López Blanca - - 2013
Two milliliters of a fermented, pasteurized orange juice containing ∼1% alcohol and 2.3 μmol of (poly)phenolic compounds was fed to rats by gavage after which plasma and urine collected over a 36 h period were analyzed by UHPLC-mass spectrometry. The main constituents in the juice were hesperetin and naringenin-O-glycosides, apigenin-6,8-C-diglucoside, ...
Kamoda Hiroto - - 2013
Our purpose was to examine platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for its effect on bone formation and to follow the immunohistochemical changes in calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in dorsal root ganglion neurons innervating the discs as a possible index of nociceptive nerve transmission in a rat model. A total of seventy rats ...
Yang Lei - - 2013
Rats are often used in the electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure experiments. In the study for the effect of 900 MHz EMF exposure on learning and memory in SD rats, the specific absorption rate (SAR) and the temperature rise in the rat head are numerically evaluated. The digital anatomical model of a ...
Ellis Lucy C J - - 2013
Multidrug resistance associated protein-2, MRP2 (human), Mrp2 (rat) are an efflux transporter, responsible for the transport of numerous endogenous and xenobiotic compounds including taurocholate, methotrexate and carboxydichlorofluorescein (CDF). The present study aims to characterise transport of statins by human and rat MRP2/Mrp2 using membrane and vesicle preparations. All statins tested ...
Deoti Beatriz - - 2013
To investigate immunohistochemical aspects of the myenteric plexus of valves constructed in the colon of rats to verify whether any denervation occurs both at the operative site and in those areas adjacent to the third valve. Thirty six male Wistar rats divided into the following three groups were used: Control ...
Inoue Takayuki - - 2013
Novel thiazole derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) inhibitors. Although our previous compound 1 showed potent VAP-1 inhibitory activity, the activity differed between humans and rats. This issue was overcome by a hybrid design using human VAP-1 specific inhibitor 2, which was found by high-throughput screening ...
Zhang Hongxia - - 2013
Perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) is a member of the perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) family and has broad applications and a wide distribution in the environment. Here, we used TiO(2)-based phosphopeptide enrichment coupled with LC-MS/MS analysis to identify phosphopeptides in rat livers that were influenced by PFDoA treatment. We identified a total of ...
Nakayama Shouta M M - - 2012
The lead-zinc (Pb-Zn) mine in Kabwe City and the copper-cobalt (Cu-Co) mine in the Copperbelt Province are major mining areas in Zambia. To examine the effects of metal pollution on wildlife, wild black rats (Rattus rattus and Rattus tanezumi) were captured in Kabwe and Chingola (in the Copperbelt Province), and ...
Ruscoe Wendy A - - 2012
  Predation on native fauna by non-native invasive mammals is widely documented, but effects of predation at the population level are rarely measured. Eradication of invasive mammals from islands has led to recovery of native biota, but the benefits of controlling invasive mammal populations in settings where eradication is not ...
Pragasam Samuel Joshua - - 2012
The present study was designed to investigate the antiperoxidative potential of p-coumaric acid, a common dietary phenol, in adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats. Arthritis was induced by an intradermal injection of 0.1 mL complete Freund's adjuvant in the foot pad of right hind limb of rats. p-Coumaric acid (100 mg/kg body ...
Zhang Jing J Key Laboratory of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, - - 2012
To characterize pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of diclofenac in Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced arthritic rats using prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) as a biomarker. The pharmacokinetics of diclofenac was investigated using 20-day-old arthritic rats. PGE(2) level in the rats was measured using an enzyme immunoassay. A pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model was developed to illustrate the ...
Saeed Noha M - - 2012
Methyl palmitate (MP) and ethyl palmitate (EP) are naturally occurring fatty acid esters reported as inflammatory cell inhibitors. In the current study, the potential anti-inflammatory activity of MP and EP was evaluated in different experimental rat models. Results showed that MP and EP caused reduction of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema ...
Huang Liya - - 2012
Fractalkine (FKN), a chemokine that acts as both an adhesion molecule and a chemoattractant, is expressed in many inflammatory diseases. Chemokines play a crucial role in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This study used adenovirus-mediated siRNA to target FKN overexpression and assessed its ability to suppress inflammation development in a SAP ...
Moslemi Hamid Reza HR Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, - - 2012
The wound infection is one of the frequent complications in patients undergoing surgical operations. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of surgical wounds. Artemisia absinthium has been shown to bear strong antimicrobial activity, especially against Gram-positive pathogens. This study was designed to investigate the antimicrobial effects of A. absinthium ...
Zhu Wenhua - - 2012
This study is to investigate the regulation of toll-like receptor (TLR) expression in systemic immune reactions in different arthritis rat models, which will provide evidence to understand the mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis further. Arthritis-susceptible DA rats were used to induce arthritis by pristane or collagen type II, and TLR2, 3, ...
Buckle Alan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant resistance in Norway rats at foci in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom is genetically characterised by the same single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and consequent amino acid exchange from tyrosine to cysteine at location 139 of the vkorc1 gene (i.e. tyrosine139cysteine or Y139C). The ...
Moon Hyeyoung H Division of MR Research, Korea Basic Science Institute, Cheongwon, South - - 2012
Limited availability of noninvasive and biologically precise diagnostic tools poses a challenge for the evaluation and management of patients with myocarditis. The feasibility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging with magneto-fluorescent nanoparticles (MNPs) for detection of myocarditis and its effectiveness in discriminating inflammation grades were assessed in experimental autoimmune myocarditis ...
Tu Lina - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Daphne odora var. marginata (D. marginata), an aiophyllus arbuscular plant, is one of the traditional Chinese medicines used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. This study investigated the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of daphnetin, an active monomer ingredient derived from D. marginata, on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. METHODS: The effects ...
Iezaki Takashi - - 2012
We investigated pharmacological properties of naturally occurring polyamines on cartilage and bone destruction seen in joints of rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Daily supplementation of spermine (SPM), but not spermidine, significantly inhibited increases in the hind paw volume and arthritis score in CIA rats, in addition to the increased mRNA ...
Loth Eduardo Alexandre - - 2012
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a disease caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), is highly prevalent in Brazil, where it is the principal cause of death by systemic mycoses. The disease primarily affects men aged 30-50 year old and usually starts as a pulmonary focus and then may spread to other organs and ...
Macor Paolo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show that a new recombinant protein (MT07) obtained by fusing a synovium homing peptide to a neutralizing antibody to C5 is selectively delivered to inflamed synovia and effectively controls joint inflammation in experimental models of arthritis. METHODS: Binding of MT07 to human, ...
Jung Hyung Keon - - 2012
Status epilepticus increases brain-blood barrier (BBB) permeability leading to vasogenic edema. This BBB disruption is usually confined within relatively limited cerebral regions including the piriform cortex (PC), and leads to epileptogenesis and contributes to progression of epilepsy. Although cytokines are at least partly responsible for changes in BBB permeability, the ...
Nanjundaiah Siddaraju M - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the joints that can lead to deformities and disability. The prolonged use of conventionally used drugs is associated with severe adverse reactions. Therefore, safer and less expensive therapeutic products are continually being sought. Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling dan (HLXL), a traditional Chinese herbal mixture, ...
Laurido Claudio - - 2012
N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAr) activation requires the presence of D-serine, synthesized from L-serine by a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent serine racemase (SR). D-serine levels can be lowered by inhibiting the racemization of L-serine. L-serine-O-sulfate (LSOS) and L-erythro-3-hydroxyaspartate (LEHA), among others, have proven to be effective in reducing the D-serine levels in culture ...
Shahab Uzma - - 2012
The oxidation of proteins by endogenously generated free radicals causes structural modifications in the molecules that lead to generation of neo-antigenic epitopes that have implications in various autoimmune disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Collagen induced arthritis (CIA) in rodents (rats and mice) is an accepted experimental model for RA. Hydroxyl ...
Prati Clément - - 2012
Endothelial dysfunction (ED) participates to atherogenesis associated to rheumatoid arthritis. We recently reported increased arginase activity/expression in vessels from adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a curative treatment with the arginase inhibitor Nw-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine (nor-NOHA) on vascular dysfunction in AIA rats. AIA rats were ...
Abdelmagid Samir M SM Department of Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Division, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2012
This study elucidates exposure-response relationships between performance of repetitive tasks, grip strength declines, and fibrogenic-related protein changes in muscles, and their link to inflammation. Specifically, we examined forearm flexor digitorum muscles for changes in connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; a matrix protein associated with fibrosis), collagen type I (Col1; a ...
Khairuddin Nurul Liyana NL School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Pulau Pinang, - - 2011
A study of the population size of Bandicota bengalensis rats in three markets in Penang was conducted from April 2004 through May 2005. Taman Tun Sardon Market (TTS), Batu Lanchang Market (BTLG) and Bayan Lepas Market (BYNLP) were surveyed. Six sampling sessions were conducted in each market for four consecutive ...
Hanafy Sherif - - 2011
Angiotensin converting enzymes (ACE) and more recently discovered ACE-2 are important proteins involved in the renin-angiotensin system. The balance between ACE and ACE-2 is important for the regulation of blood pressure and electrolyte homeostasis. Inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular complications. We studied the ...
Eastwood Paul - - 2011
Optimisation of a series of indolin-2-one p38α inhibitors was achieved via both blocking of a potential metabolic 'hot spot' and by increasing overall polarity of the lead series leading to non-cytotoxic compounds which showed improved oral bioavailabilities in the rat.
Katoh Akiko - - 2011
We have generated rats bearing an oxytocin (OXT)-monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) fusion transgene. The mRFP1 fluorescence was highly visible in ventral part of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and the posterior pituitary in a whole mount. mRFP1 fluorescence in hypothalamic sections was also observed in the SON, the paraventricular ...
Wang Chen - - 2011
Objective: This study was to develop an experimental rat model of subcutaneous fistula induced by bacteria infection and treat it with thread-dragging therapy. Methods: A spring-gauze was surgically implanted into 24 male Sprague-Dawley rats' dorsal muscles, respectively, then mixed Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were injected into the spring-gauze. After ...
Parafioriti Antonina - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) 1-injection during an Achilles tendon rat tear model. 80 male adult imbreded rats (Wistar Kyoto), underwent under surgical tendon rupture. 40 Animal (PRP group rats) were given a local injection with 0,25 mL of PRP, and ...
Patel Tejaa - - 2011
The present study evaluated the anti inflammatory activity of ethyl acetate and aqueous extracts of bark of M. nagi using carrageenan and histamine induced rat paw edema. Adult Wistar albino rats were subjected to carrageenan and histamine induced rat paw edema tests. In carrageenan induced rat paw edema the effects ...
Kawamata Masaki - - 2011
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from blastocysts and are capable of differentiating into whole tissues and organs. Transplantation of ESCs into recipient blastocysts leads to the generation of germline-competent chimeras in mice. Transgenic, knockin, and knockout gene manipulations are available in mouse ESCs, enabling the production of genetically modified ...
Berger Julie V - - 2011
Neuroinflammation and nitroxidative stress are implicated in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. In view of both processes, microglial and astroglial activation in the spinal dorsal horn play a predominant role. The present study investigated the severity of neuropathic pain and the degree of glial activation in an inflammatory- and nitroxidative-prone ...
Filipcik Peter - - 2010
Neurofibrillary degeneration induced by misfolded protein tau is considered to be one of the key pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, we have introduced a novel transgenic rat model expressing a human truncated tau that encompasses 3 microtubule binding domains (3R) and a proline-rich region (3R ...
Neudecker Sabine - - 2010
The PKD/Mhm(cy/+) rat is a widely used animal model for the study of human autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, one of the most common genetic disorders, affecting one in 1000 individuals. We identified a new gene, Anks6, which is mutated (Anks6((p.R823W))) in PKD/Mhm(cy/+) rats. The evidence for a causal link ...
Hsu Yu-Hsiang - - 2010
Interleukin-20 (IL-20) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated whether anti-IL-20 antibody treatment would modulate the severity of the disease in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. We generated a CIA model by immunizing rats with bovine type II collagen. Rats with CIA ...
Wang Qing-Tong - - 2011
To investigate the expression of β-arrestins in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats and the effect of total glucosides of paeony (TGP). TGP and glucosides of tripterygium wilfordii (GTW) were intragastriclly administrated to collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats after immunization. The secondary inflammatory reaction was evaluated by hind paw ...
Zhao Wei - - 2011
Chicken type II collagen (CCII) is a protein extracted from the cartilage of chicken breast and exhibits intriguing possibilities for the treatment of autoimmune diseases by inducing oral tolerance. In this study, we investigated the effects of CCII on inflammatory and immune responses to the mesenteric lymph node lymphocytes (MLNLs) ...
Cramer Gregory D - - 2010
Adhesions (ADH) have been previously identified in many hypomobile joints, but not in the zygapophyseal (Z) joints of the spine. The objective of this study was to determine if connective tissue ADH developed in lumbar Z joints after induced intervertebral hypomobility (segmental fixation). Using an established rat model, 3 contiguous ...
Cadirci Elif - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Adrenal gland hormones have been shown to have a role in the antiinflammatory effect mechanism of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. This study investigates whether the analgesic effects of indomethacin, diclofenac sodium, aspirin, and nimesulide (IDAN; upper case letters of the four drugs we used) are also related to adrenal gland ...
Swearingen C A - - 2010
To develop a short-term in vivo model in rats, with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) readout for specific aggrecanase-cleaved aggrecan fragments, to facilitate testing of aggrecanase inhibitors. Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA), a metabolic inhibitor, was injected into the right knee joint of male Lewis rats and the release of aggrecanase-cleaved fragments ...
Hagiwara Satoshi - - 2011
Systemic inflammation, which is associated with various conditions such as sepsis, pneumonia, and trauma, can lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Systemic inflammation can be life-threatening and is often associated with conditions seen in the intensive care unit. Leukocytes exert a proinflammatory effect and damage various tissues during systemic inflammation. The ...
Hou W - - 2010
Both collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and pristane-induced arthritis (PIA) are commonly used rat models of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was systematically to compare the differences between CIA and PIA in Dark Agouti (DA) rats. The CIA was induced by immunising DA rats intradermally with collagen type (C) ...
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