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Djikić Jasmina J Department of Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 450 Vojvode Stepe, 11221 Belgrade, - - 2014
Aging is associated with the decline in immune response to infectious agents and tumors and increasing risk of autoimmunity, but the incidence of autoimmune diseases does not increase in the elderly. To elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms influencing clinical expression of autoimmunity in aged animals, the phenotypic and functional ...
Tsuchida T T Department of Regenerative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, - - 2014
The animal model with humanized liver is useful for testing drug metabolism and toxicity in preclinical studies. A mouse model has been reported in which the liver was repopulated more than 90% with human hepatocytes; however, in the rat, the target is far from being reached. In this study, we ...
Nikenina E V - - 2012
Nociceptive thresholds decreased in rats at the early stage of inflammatory reaction induced by subcutaneous injection of BSA and complete Freund's adjuvant. At the later stage of this reaction, there was a trend of restoring nociceptive parameters in behaviorally passive rats in contrast to active animals, which demonstrated further decrease ...
Li Hui - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to characterize the effect of insulin plus hCG on the expression of steroidogenic enzymes (P450scc and CYP17) in polycystic ovaries of rats. Changes in estrous cycle, ovarian morphology, hormonal levels, and protein levels by immunohistochemistry and western-blot were determined. Rats treated with insulin ...
Brown Russell E - - 2012
An intact hypothalamic kiss1/kisspeptin/kiss1r complex is a prerequisite for reproductive competence, and kisspeptin treatment could be a practical therapeutic approach to some problems of infertility. One such disorder is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a common cause of infertility affecting more than 100 million women. A rodent model of PCOS is ...
Frye Jennifer B - - 2012
Various age-related diseases increase in incidence during perimenopause. However, our understanding of the effects of aging compared with hormonal changes of perimenopause in mediating these disease risks is incomplete, in part due to the lack of an experimental perimenopause model. We therefore aimed to determine whether manipulation of the transition ...
Abramovich Dalhia - - 2012
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinological pathology among women of reproductive age. It is characterized by anovulation, oligo- or amenorrhea, hyperandrogenism, obesity, and insulin resistance. PCOS patients present with elevated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in serum and follicular fluid. In this study, we examined ...
Kilic Sevtap - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the intrauterine effect of cigarette smoke on cell death and DNA damage in follicular cells of fetal ovarian tissue. Methods: A prospective, randomized study was conducted with 25 female wistar-albino rats. The rats were randomized either to be exposed to cigarette smoke or to room air, ...
Figueroa Florencia - - 2012
AIMS: The macrophage secretions' effect on ovarian steroidogenesis is investigated in a polycystic ovary syndrome rat model (PCO rat). The influence of testosterone environment on the expression of macrophage pro-inflammatory cytokines that participate in ovarian steroidogenesis is studied. MAIN METHODS: PCO rats were induced by estradiol valerate. Spleen macrophages were ...
Dostal Alexandra - - 2012
Iron (Fe) deficiency anemia is a global health concern and Fe fortification and supplementation are common corrective strategies. Fe is essential not only for the human host but also for nearly all gut bacteria. We studied the impact of Fe deficiency and Fe repletion on the gut microbiota in rats. ...
Augustin Mary Ann - - 2011
Fish oil labelled with [(14)C-linolenin] tracer was orally administered by gavage as an oil-water mixture (free oil) or as an oil-in-water emulsion formulation (microencapsulated oil) to fasted rats. Groups of rats were then given food after gavage or alternatively not fed to examine the effect of food on intestinal passage. ...
Terada Yuki - - 2011
Vitamin E deficiency from birth or infancy has recently been found to increase anxiety-like behavior in rodents. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of dietary vitamin E deficiency on anxiety in adult rats in comparison with juvenile rats. Male Wistar rats, 3 or 10 weeks old, were ...
Kesby James P - - 2011
RATIONALE: Developmental vitamin D (DVD) deficiency is a candidate risk factor for developing schizophrenia in humans. In rodents DVD deficiency induces subtle changes in the way the brain develops. This early developmental insult leads to select behavioural changes in the adult, such as an enhanced response to amphetamine-induced locomotion in ...
Takeda Atsushi - - 2011
Dietary zinc deficiency elicits neuropsychological symptoms and cognitive dysfunction. To pursue the mechanisms of these symptoms, in the present study, the relationship among serum glucocorticoid, chelatable zinc in the synaptic cleft and brain function based on behavior was examined in young rats fed a zinc-deficient diet for 4 weeks. Serum ...
Wang Yi - - 2011
Adequate thyroid hormone is critical for cerebellar development. Developmental hypothyroidism induced by iodine deficiency during gestation and postnatal period results in permanent impairments of cerebellar development with an unclear mechanism. In the present study, we implicate cerebellar caveolin-1 and synaptotagmin-1, the two important molecules involved in neuronal development, in developmental ...
Zhang Xiaomin - - 2011
The authors studied the therapeutic effect of rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) induced in rats by peptide 1169-1191 of the interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP). The authors intravenously injected syngeneic (isolated from Lewis rats) or allogeneic (isolated from Wistar rats) MSCs into IRBP-induced EAU Lewis rats, ...
Diwakar Bastihalli Tukaramrao - - 2011
Vegetable oils containing α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18 : 3n-3) have been shown to modulate the functions of immunocompetent cells. The aim of the present study was to understand the modulatory effect of ALA-rich garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.) seed oil (GCO) on lipid composition, spleen lymphocyte (SL) proliferation and inflammatory mediator production ...
Pachówka Maria - - 2011
Immunuosenescence-related dysregulation of cytokine production is not fully understood and the roles of cytokines in organ aging have been insufficiently studied. This work aimed to compare the expression of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, interferon-gamma (IFNγ), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ) in lymphoid organs of young (3months; n=10), adult (1year; n=10), ...
Williams Hemalini H Department of Pathology, Evelyn F. McKnight Brain Research Institute, University of Arizona College of Medicine, 1501 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85724, - - 2010
In the rat, tail skin vasomotion is a primary heat loss mechanism that can be monitored by changes in tail skin temperature (T(SKIN)). Previous studies showed that ovariectomy and estrogen replacement modify T(SKIN) in the rat. Based on these findings, the ovariectomized (OVX) rat has been used as a model ...
Mark-Kappeler Connie J CJ Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724-5051, - - 2010
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by granulosa cells in primary to small antral follicles of the adult ovary and helps maintain primordial follicles in a dormant state. The industrial chemical, 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) causes specific ovotoxicity in primordial and small primary follicles of mice and rats. Previous studies suggest that ...
Chen Zhen-Guo - - 2010
The pool of ovarian primordial follicles is established during embryonic development or at birth. During the development from primordial to primary, secondary, and antral follicles, only a small portion of follicles can mature and successfully ovulate; the others are destined to degenerate through apoptotic or atretic loss. As aging advances, ...
Sui Xu-Xia - - 2010
Previous studies have proposed that the forkhead transcription factor FOXO3a is involved in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis and that it may also repress follicular development by inducing cell cycle arrest in ovaries. We have recently demonstrated that FOXO3a induces oocyte apoptosis of neonatal rat ovaries under in vitro conditions. ...
Okoko Ini-Ibehe E - - 2010
To investigate the effect of the methanolic extract of seeds of Abrus precatorius on the estrous cycle, ovulation, and implantation of fetuses in Sprague-Dawley rats. Cyclic female rats were randomly classified into 4 groups (A through D). Treated rats in group A had daily vaginal smears for a total of ...
Salawu Adeola A - - 2010
To determine the effect of lime juice on the estrous cycle and ovulation of cyclic female rats. Twenty-five adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The study was divided into 2 experiments (I and II). In experiment I, 15 rats were randomly subclassified into 3 groups (Ia, Ib, and Ic) of ...
Oakley Oliver R - - 2010
Ovulation is preceded by intraovarian inflammatory reactions that occur in response to the preovulatory gonadotropin surge. As a main inflammatory event, leukocytes infiltrate the ovary and release proteolytic enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix weakening the follicular wall, a required step for follicle rupture. This study aimed to quantitatively measure ...
Keating Aileen F AF Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, - - 2010
The occupational chemical 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) selectively destroys ovarian small pre-antral follicles in rats and mice via apoptosis. Detoxification of VCD can occur through glutathione conjugation, catalyzed by glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes. Further, GST class pi (GSTp) can negatively regulate JNK activity through protein:protein interactions in extra-ovarian tissues. Dissociation of ...
Stilley Julie A W - - 2010
Human and rat endometriotic lesions synthesize and secrete tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1). More TIMP1 localizes in the ovarian theca in an established rat model for endometriosis (Endo) when compared to surgical controls (Sham). We hypothesized that endometriotic TIMP1 secreted into peritoneal fluid (PF) negatively affects ovarian function and ...
Kuo Terry B J - - 2010
Both estrogens levels and sleep/wakefulness states have been separately reported to affect cardiac autonomic regulation. In this study, we examined the integrated effects of the estrous and sleep cycles on cardiac autonomic activity in freely moving adult female rats. Cardiac autonomic activities were measured by analyzing the power spectrum of ...
Risvanli Ali - - 2010
In recent years, numerous studies have been conducted on the effects of Kisspeptin/GPR54 system on sexual cycle, which proved that this system regulated gonadotropin release through GnRH. This study aims to determine the effects of hyperimmune serum containing antibodies produced against Kisspeptin on the sexual cycle and GnRH receptors in ...
Dorsch Martina - - 2010
The number of rat strains increased considerably in the last decade and will increase continuously during the next years. This requires enough space for maintaining vital strains and techniques for cryobanking, which can be applied not only in specialised rat resource centres but also in regular animal houses. Here we ...
Zimecki Michał - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of treatment of Lewis rats with calf thymus extract (TFX®) and its six-peptide fraction on the course of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). Interferon- ß served as a reference drug. We found that intramuscular administration of the thymus extract fraction significantly ...
Jung Nak-Kyun - - 2010
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) reduces ovulation rate in rats. The present study was to investigate whether TCDD alters the progression of cell cycle, and thus resulting in the blockade of ovulation in gonadotropin-primed, immature rats. The ovulation rate and ovarian weight were reduced in intact rats given TCDD (32 µg/kg BW in ...
Fujiwara Katsuyoshi - - 2010
Cryopreservation of matured oocytes is a useful technique because the oocytes can be used for some assisted reproductive technologies after warming. Even though rats, like mice, have been used in various research fields including reproductive technology, information about cryopreservation of rat oocytes is limited. The objective of the present study ...
Skrtic Anita - - 2011
We analyzed histomorphometrical changes and blood vessel immunohistochemical staining of CD31, NOTCH1 and JAGGED1 in induced polycystic ovaries of immature female Wistar rats, as well as serum hormone levels. The rats were randomly divided into control (n=18) and treated (n=18) groups. Treated animals received intramuscularly testosteronenantat weekly (0.1mg/g). Controls received ...
Del Pilar Carrera María - - 2009
A local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been found in ovary. This ovarian RAS may regulate ovarian steroidogenesis. Ample studies show that the ovarian hormones estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) are strongly implicated in the development of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of the present work was to elucidate ...
Badraoui Riadh - - 2010
We have investigated whether exposure to tetradifon causes ovary injuries, disrupts folliculogenesis in rat and whether ovary hormones (estrogen and progesterone) to be affected by this endocrine-active agent. Female rats were exposed orally to a dose of 28.9 mg/kg/day for 6 or 12 weeks. After sacrifice, ovary glands were examined ...
Ozcan Zeynep - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of ovulation induction agents on the ovarian surface epithelium in rats. Sixty adult females were randomly divided into six groups, each containing 10 rats. In four of these groups ovulation induction was applied with six cycles of clomiphene citrate, human ...
Torres-Reveron Annelyn A Division of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Cornell Medical College, 407 East 61st Street, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2009
The endogenous hippocampal opioid systems are implicated in learning associated with drug use. Recently, we showed that ovarian hormones regulate enkephalin levels in the mossy fiber pathway. This pathway overlaps with parvalbumin (PARV)-basket interneurons that contain the enkephalin-activated mu opioid receptors (MORs) and are important for controlling the "temporal timing" ...
Tarumi Wataru - - 2009
AIM: Taxanes are regarded as key chemotherapy agents for breast cancer and gynecologic malignancies; therefore the ovarian toxicity of paclitaxel (PTX) is a matter of importance to younger women with malignancies. We examined the ovarian toxicity of PTX and its influence on fertility in rats. METHODS: Female Wistar rats aged ...
Böttner M - - 2010
During reproductive aging female rats enter an anovulatory state of persistent estrus (PE). In an animal model of reinstatement of estrus cyclicity in middle-aged PE rats we injected the animals with progesterone (0.5 mg progesterone/kg body weight) at 12:00 for 4 days whereas control animals received corn oil injections. After ...
Goldman Robert K - - 2009
Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) increases in women during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, when gonadal hormones are elevated, but whether a similar cycle-dependent variation in BRS occurs in rats is unknown. In addition, whether cyclic BRS changes depend on gonadal steroids has not been previously investigated. To test these ...
Pinilla L - - 2009
Spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats, extensively used as experimental models of essential human hypertension, display important alterations in the neuroendocrine reproductive axis, which manifest as markedly delayed puberty onset in females but whose basis remains largely unknown. We analyze herein in female SH rats: 1) possible alterations in the expression and ...
Hauze Diane B - - 2009
A previous report described the serum LH suppression pharmacology of the 2-phenyl-4-piperazinyl-benzimidazole N-ethyluracil GnRH receptor antagonist 1 following oral administration in rats. A series of small heterocycles were appended to the 2-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-4-piperazinyl-benzimidazole template in place of the N-ethyluracil. Two imidazole analogues, 32 and 41, were shown to possess substantial in ...
Nishino Tsuyuki - - 2009
The effects of ZK 191703 (ZK), a pure antiestrogen, on ovulation, follicle development and peripheral hormone levels were investigated in rats with 4-day estrus cycle and gonadotropin-primed immature rats in comparison to tamoxifen (TAM)-treatment. In adult rats, a single s.c. injection of ZK (5 mg/kg) or TAM (5 mg/kg) at ...
Torres-Reveron A A Division of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Cornell Medical College, 411 East 69th Street, New York, NY 10021, - - 2009
The hippocampal formation (HF) is involved in modulating learning related to drug abuse. While HF-dependent learning is regulated by both endogenous opioids and estrogen, the interaction between these two systems is not well understood. The mossy fiber (MF) pathway formed by dentate gyrus (DG) granule cell axons is involved in ...
Chen Yuan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare the effect of DHEA and insulin plus hCG on ovarian morphology, estrous cycle, hormonal levels, insulin sensitivity, and the regulation of insulin signaling in rats. DESIGN: Animal model study. SETTING: University laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Female Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTION(S): Female rats received DHEA or insulin plus hCG ...
Stilley Julie A W JA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65212, - - 2009
The cause of reduced fecundity in women with endometriosis is unknown. Expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) by both ectopic and eutopic endometrium reportedly has a role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. We hypothesize that anomalous endometriotic TIMP protein synthesis, secretion, and localization also cause ...
Chuffa Luiz Gustavo A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In females, chronic alcoholism has a current and dangerous incidence to fertility. This work had the goal of elucidating the alterations on the ovary of UChA and UChB adult rats (ethanol 10% (v/v) voluntary drinkers). STUDY DESIGN: After the treatment period, 42 female rats divided into three experimental groups ...
Igawa Yoshiyuki Y Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85745, - - 2009
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, (DMBA), targets and destroys all follicle types in rat and mouse ovaries. DMBA requires bioactivation to DMBA-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide for ovotoxicity via formation of the intermediate, DMBA-3,4-diol (catalyzed by microsomal epoxide hydrolase; mEH). mEH was shown to be involved in DMBA bioactivation for ovotoxicity induction in ...
Gordon Ana - - 2009
Administration of human FSH (hFSH) to cyclic rats during the dioestrous phase attenuates progesterone receptor (PR)-dependent events of the preovulatory LH surge in pro-oestrus. The increased bioactivity of the putative ovarian gonadotropin surge inhibiting/attenuating factor induced by hFSH treatment is not associated with a decrease in PR protein expression, and ...
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