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Maslov Mikhail Y MY Steward St. Elizabeth's Medical Center/Tufts University School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Rheohaemapheresis aims to normalize major rheological parameters and is used to treat patients with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). While effective, this approach is invasive and requires specially trained personnel. Therefore, the search for novel effective compounds with hemorheological properties that can be taken orally to treat AMD is justified. ...
Zhu Lihua L Research Center for Learning Science, Clinical Medical College, Nanjing, - - 2014
Background: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rh-EPO) has been used as a drug to treat premature infant anemia for over a decade. In addition to its erythropoietic effect, rh-EPO has also been reported to have protective effects against brain injury. Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the levels of angiogenesis-related cells (CD34+ ...
Muñoz-Antoli C C Departamento Parasitología, Facultad Farmacia,Universidad Valencia,Avda. Vicent Andrés Estelles s/n, - - 2014
To study possible indirect effects of the infection with intestinal helminths, 12 Rattus norvegicus (Wistar) were each experimentally exposed to 100 metacercariae of Echinostoma caproni, and blood samples were taken weekly up to 4 weeks post-exposure for comparison with control rats. Values of haematocrit (HCT), red blood cells (RBC), platelets ...
Shah Tushar A TA Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia; Children's Specialty Group, Norfolk, Virginia; Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, Norfolk, - - 2014
Prevention of acute hemolytic transfusion reactions is a worldwide concern. The objective of this study was to develop a simple rat model of complement-mediated acute intravascular hemolysis. Human AB red blood cells (RBCs) were incubated with complement-sufficient or complement-deficient Wistar rat serum (WRS) in the presence and absence of human ...
Gadapuram Tharun Kumar - - 2013
Abstract Background: Cocculus hirsutus, commonly known as broom creeper, belongs to the family Menispermaceae. It is widely used in folk medicine to treat leprosy, skin diseases, dyspepsia, etc. Hence, an effort has been made to investigate the nephroprotective potential of C. hirsutus. Methods: The nephroprotective activity of ethanolic C. hirsutus ...
Wang Zhanguo - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rhein (Rh), baicalin (BG) and berberine (Be) are important coexisted constituents of San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang, which was widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of gastritis, hypertension, gastric bleeding and peptic ulcers, etc. AIM OF THE STUDY: Based on the extensive phase II conjugation reactions of polyphenols (Rh ...
Reis Patrick Dos Santos Barros Dos Pdos - - 2012
To evaluate, in large abdominal wall defects surgically shaped in rats, if a synthetic polypropylene nonwoven prosthesis could be used as a therapeutic option to conventional polypropylene mesh. Twenty four (24) Wistar rats were enrolled into three groups. Group 1 (Simulation group) with an abdominal wall defect of 3 X ...
Gómez-Vallejo Vanessa - - 2012
The biodistribution pattern of [(11)C]Kendine 91 (a novel HDAC inhibitor) after IV administration has been evaluated using Positron Emission Tomography (rats) and gamma counting of dissected tissues (rats and mice) at different doses (1μg/kg and 10.0mg/kg). Metabolism in mice plasma has been also investigated by radio-HPLC. Obtained results (fast accumulation ...
Machi Jacqueline F - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate metabolic and cardiovascular responses to walking in fructose-fed rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into control (C), sedentary fructose (SF) and walking fructose (WF). Fructose-fed rats received D: -fructose (100 g/l). WF rats walked on a treadmill at constant load (0.3 km/h) during 1 h/day, ...
Alwasel Saleh H - - 2012
Sodium retention has been proposed as the cause of hypertension in the LP rat (offspring exposed to a maternal low-protein diet in utero) model of developmental programming because of increased renal NKCC2 (Na+/K+/2Cl- co-transporter 2) expression. However, we have shown that LP rats excrete more rather than less sodium than ...
Kane Julie D - - 2012
We sought to determine whether sex had a significant effect on the hematologic and serum chemistry analytes in adult sand rats (Psammomys obesus) maintained under normal laboratory conditions. According to the few data available for this species, we hypothesized that levels of hematologic and serum chemistry analytes would not differ ...
Han Chunchao - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate the bioavailability and glycaemic metabolism of cinnamon oil (CIO) carried by liquid-loadable tablets (CIO-LLTs), the carrier of a CIO self-emulsifying formulation (CIO-LS). The results of tests performed to evaluate the physical properties of the CIO-LLT complied with Chinese Pharmacopeia (2010). The release ...
Ding Guangliang - - 2011
Sildenafil provides restorative therapeutic benefits in the treatment of experimental stroke. The majority of experimental studies on treatment of stroke have been performed in young animals; however, stroke is primarily a disease of the aged. Thus, using MRI, we evaluated the effects of sildenafil treatment of embolic stroke in aged ...
Alwasel Saleh H - - 2011
Hypertension and renal dysfunction can be programmed in the rat by prenatal exposure to a low-protein (LP) diet. Expression of the renal thick ascending limb (TAL) sodium transporter NKCC2 is up-regulated, which has been predicted to result in greater sodium reabsorption. However, we have shown that LP rats excrete more ...
Kingdon Jonathan - - 2012
Plant toxins are sequestered by many animals and the toxicity is frequently advertised by aposematic displays to deter potential predators. Such 'unpalatability by appropriation' is common in many invertebrate groups and also found in a few vertebrate groups. However, potentially lethal toxicity by acquisition has so far never been reported ...
Kassa Jiri - - 2011
The ability of two combinations of oximes (HI-6+trimedoxime, HI-6+K203) to reduce soman-induced acute neurotoxic signs and symptoms was compared with the neuroprotective efficacy of the oxime HI-6 alone, using a functional observational battery. Soman-induced neurotoxicity and the neuroprotective effects of HI-6 alone and HI-6 combined with trimedoxime or K203 in ...
Sethi Sidharth Kumar - - 2011
We present two cases of extreme neglect with injuries. These are perfect examples of gender bias. Our first case is a 20-day-old female neonate was brought to the pediatric emergency department with multiple rat bites to the face. A 9-month-old female infant was brought to the emergency care division with ...
Ye X X Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing 210002, Jiangsu Province, - - 2011
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), an active receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE), functions as a potent proinflammatory cytokine-like factor that contributes to the pathogenesis of vasculature. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with accelerated development of both microvascular and macrovascular disease and increases the risk of ischemic stroke. Using a ...
Evanson Kirk W - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to characterize neuropeptide Y (NPY) overflow and metabolism from isolated skeletal muscle arterioles of female rats. Gastrocnemius first-order arterioles were removed from young (2 months), young adult (6 months) and middle-aged (12 months) F344 female rats. Arterioles were isolated, cannulated and pressurized in a ...
Just Nathalie - - 2011
In this study, hypothalamic activation was performed by dehydration-induced anorexia (DIA) and overnight food suppression (OFS) in female rats. The assessment of the hypothalamic response to these challenges by manganese-enhanced MRI showed increased neuronal activity in the paraventricular nuclei (PVN) and lateral hypothalamus (LH), both known to be areas involved ...
Abou-Ismail Usama A - - 2011
The single housing of laboratory rats may be recommended in some situations such as hypothesis-driven or test-specific studies, during electroencephalogram recording of phases of sleep and after surgical procedures. However, as single housing of laboratory rats has been shown to be stressful, modification of the housing environment is needed to ...
Shen Po-Chuan - - 2011
Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is a precursor of various neuropeptides. POMC-derived neuropeptides are potent inflammation inhibitors and immunosuppressants. Evidence that osteoarthritis (OA) is an inflammatory disease is accumulating. We assessed whether intra-articular gene delivery of POMC ameliorates experimentally induced OA in a rat model. OA was induced in Wistar rats by anterior ...
Agrawal Arvind - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate whether adaptogenic factors may be transferred from stress adapted rats to naïve rats and to explore the nature of endogenous adaptogens by pharmacological modulation. The rats were subjected to cold water immersion stress by placing them individually in a tank of water (depth=15.5cm; ...
Moleda Lukas - - 2011
Background Splanchnic vasodilation triggers the development of the hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome in portal hypertension. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a sympathetic co-transmitter of norepinephrine, improves contractility in mesenteric arteries of pre-hepatic portal hypertensive rats. Therefore, we investigated the effect of NPY on mesenteric arterial contractility in vitro and in vivo in cirrhotic ...
Zhou En-Hua EH Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of suspended moxibustion (SM) on rectal sensory thresholds and to analyze the possible mechanisms involved in SM treatment of chronic visceral hypersensitivity (CVH) in rats. SM was administered once daily to 37-d-old CVH rats for 7 d. The two pairs of acupoints (ST25 and ST37, bilateral) ...
Hadzovic-Dzuvo Almira - - 2011
To estimate the effects of forced repeated swimming stress on BNP serum levels in rats. Adult male Wistar rats weighting between 280-330 g were divided into two groups: control group (n = 8) and stress group (n = 8). Rats in the stress group were exposed to forced swimming stress ...
Zhao Juhui - - 2011
In the present study, we investigated the effects of camostat mesilate (CM), a synthetic protease inhibitor, on visceral sensitivity and paracellular permeability induced by the acute restraint stress. We also explored the possible mechanisms underlying these effects. The acute restraint stress was induced by wrapping the fore shoulders, upper forelimbs ...
Hsieh F H - - 2011
Epidural stimulation to trigger locomotion is a promising treatment after spinal cord injury (SCI). Continuous stimulation during locomotion is the conventional method. To improve recovery, we tested an innovative robot-driven epidural stimulation method, combined with a trunk-based neurorobotic system. The system was tested in rat, and the results were compared ...
Lukas Michael - - 2010
Early life stress poses a risk for the development of psychopathologies characterized by disturbed emotional, social, and cognitive performance. We used maternal separation (MS, 3h daily, postnatal days 1-14) to test whether early life stress impairs social recognition performance in juvenile (5-week-old) and adult (16-week-old) male Wistar rats. Social recognition ...
Burkhardt W A - - 2010
Adrenal necrosis has been reported as a complication of trilostane application in dogs with hyperadrenocorticism. One suspicion was that necrosis results from the increase of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) during trilostane therapy. The aim of the current study was to assess the effects of ACTH and trilostane on adrenal glands of ...
Iuras Anderson - - 2010
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Scherer Isabell J - - 2011
I. J. Scherer, P. V. Holmes, R. B.S. Harris. The importance of corticosterone in mediating restraint-induced weight loss in rats. PHYSIOL BEHAV 00 (0) 000-000, 2010. Rats restrained for 3 h/day for 3d ays (RR) lose weight and do not return to the weight of non-restrained controls once restraint has ...
Iba Akinori - - 2010
To investigate the association between metabolic syndrome and urinary stone disease, and whether insulin resistance associated with adiposity affects the risk of urinary stone formation, using a rat model of metabolic syndrome. Four-week-old male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima 'Fatty' (OLETF, a model of human type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome) rats, ...
Khelil Malika - - 2010
Human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1) and its homologue in rodents (Nat2) are polymorphic xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and also seem to play a role in endogenous metabolism. NAT1 and Nat2 polymorphism was associated to cancers under xenobiotic procarcinogens metabolism as well as under endogenous substrate metabolism. This study investigated the p-aminobenzoic ...
Tice Colin M - - 2010
Synthesis of 2-adamantyl carbamate derivatives of piperidines and pyrrolidines led to the discovery of 9a with an IC(50) of 15.2 nM against human 11β-HSD1 in adipocytes. Optimization for increased adipocyte potency, metabolic stability and selectivity afforded 11k and 11l, both of which were >25% orally bioavailable in rat.
Watanabe Kensuke P - - 2010
Scattering coumarin derivative rodenticides in broad areas have caused primary- and secondary-poisoning incidents in non-target wild birds. In this study, we compared factors determining warfarin sensitivity between bird species and rats based on vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase (VKOR) kinetics, VKOR inhibition by warfarin and warfarin metabolism assays. In VKOR characterization, ...
Chen Yue - - 2010
Biochanin A (BCA) is a dietary isoflavone present in red clover (Trifoliumn pretense) and many herbal products. BCA has been reported to have chemopreventive actions against various cancers including prostate, breast, colon cancer, and so on. Sulfotransferases are a family of phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, which are important for xenobiotic ...
Zhang Fengxia - - 2010
A novel metabonomic method based on fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap-time of flight mass spectrometry (UFLC/MS-IT-TOF) was applied to study the metabolic changes of plasma and urine in depression and excess fatigue rats. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were applied for classifying the ...
Sakai Noriaki - - 2009
Rats are an important tool in pharmacology and toxicology. The authors focus on rat P450s in relation to diazepam metabolism. In particular, considerable attention is devoted to the CYP2D subfamily, which is a group of highly polymorphic enzymes. First, the metabolic profiles of diazepam of humans and other animals are ...
Alzamendi Ana - - 2010
Hyperandrogenemia predisposes an organism toward developing impaired insulin sensitivity. The aim of our study was to evaluate endocrine and metabolic effects during early allostasis induced by a fructose-rich diet (FRD) in normal (control; CT) and neonatal-androgenized (testosterone propionate; TP) female adult rats. CT and TP rats were fed either a ...
Hall Adrian - - 2009
Herein we describe the medicinal chemistry programme to identify a potential back-up compound to the EP(1) receptor antagonist GW848687X. This work started with the lipophilic 1,2-biaryl benzene derivative 4 which displayed molecular weight of 414.9g/mol and poor in vivo metabolic stability in the rat and resulted in the identification of ...
Kot Marta - - 2008
The current knowledge on the involvement of cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) isoforms in the metabolism of caffeine in rat and human liver is reviewed. Attention is also paid to species- and concentration-dependent metabolism of caffeine. Finally, we discuss the P450-mediated metabolism of caffeine in relation to coffee addiction and drug ...
Rocha Adriana - - 2008
Citalopram (CITA) is available as a racemic mixture or as (+)-(S)-CITA. In humans, CITA is metabolized to demethylcitalopram (DCITA) by CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A and to didemethylcitalopram by CYP2D6. There are no data regarding the enzymes involved in CITA and DCITA metabolism in rats. The present study investigated the influence ...
Mingatto Fábio Erminio - - 2008
Monocrotaline (MCT) is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid present in the plants of the Crotalaria species that causes cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in animals and humans, and it is hepatically metabolized to the alkylating agent dehydromonocrotaline by cytochrome P-450. The exact cellular and molecular mechanisms of MCT-induced tissue injury remain unclear. We previously ...
Novoselova A M - - 2008
O2 consumption and CO2 release in 3 groups of awake rats were studied on a MM-100 metabolic monitor system (CWE Inc.). The animals of 2 groups were preadapted to 4-h maintenance in special boxes (2 weeks). The rats could perform rotational movements and limited movements in the rostrocaudal direction (hypokinesia). ...
Schroeder Patricia E - - 2008
Dexrazoxane (ICRF-187) is clinically used as a doxorubicin cardioprotective agent and to prevent anthracycline extravasation injury. It may act by preventing iron-based oxygen free radical damage through the iron-chelating ability of its metabolite N,N'-[(1S)-1-methyl-1,2-ethanediyl]bis[(N-(2-amino-2-oxoethyl)]glycine (ADR-925). Dexrazoxane undergoes an initial metabolism to its two one-ring open intermediates [N-(2-amino-2-oxoethyl)-N-[(1S)-2-(3,5-dioxo-1-piperazinyl)-1-methylethyl]glycine (B) and N-(2-amino-2-oxoethyl)-N-[(2S)-2-(3,5-dioxo-1-piperazinyl)propyl]glycine ...
SUZUKI, Yasuhiro
この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
Shen Qing - - 2008
Epidemiology and studies in animal models have revealed that prenatal malnutrition is highly correlated with abnormal fetal neurodevelopment. We present here a combined metabonomic and metallomic profiling technique to associate the metabolic and trace-elemental composition variations of rat amniotic fluid (AF) in malnourished pregnant rats with the retardation of fetal ...
Tripathi Sandeep - - 2008
The toxic effects of Al(3+) have been studied in 90-days AlCl(3) orally treated male albino rats (n = 7) using (1)H NMR spectroscopy-based metabolic profile of rat serum and urine, serum enzyme tests, behavioral impairment, and histopathology of kidney and liver. Metabolic profile of 90-days Al(3+)-treated rat sera showed significantly ...
Ogra Yasumitsu - - 2008
Tellurium (Te) has shown recent increase in use as a component of optical magnetic disks having phase-change property, such as digital versatile disk-random access memory (DVD-RAM) and DVD-rewritable (DVD-RW). However, the toxicity and metabolic pathway of Te remain unclear despite its being known as a non-essential and harmful metalloid. This ...
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