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Silva R N RN Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by fat accumulation in the liver and is associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Activin A is a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF)-β superfamily and inhibits hepatocyte growth. Follistatin antagonizes the biological actions of activin. Exercise is an important therapeutic ...
Sheng Qingfeng Q 1] Department of General Surgery, Children's Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, P. R. China [2] Shanghai Key Laboratory of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Shanghai, P. R. - - 2014
Background:The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of human beta-defensin-3 (hBD3) on intestinal wound healing and in a neonatal rat model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Methods:Enterocyte migration and proliferation were detected in vitro and in vivo. The role of chemokine receptor CCR6 and its downstream signaling pathway was ...
Joffin Nolwenn N Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale UMR-S 1124, Faculté des Sciences Fondamentales et Biomédicales, Pharmacologie Toxicologie et Signalisation Cellulaire, Paris, - - 2014
During aging, increased visceral adipose tissue (AT) mass may result in impaired metabolic status. A citrulline (CIT)-supplemented diet reduces AT mass in old rats. We hypothesized that CIT could directly affect fatty acid (FA) metabolism in retroperitoneal AT. A 24-h exposure of AT explants from old (25 months) rats to ...
Guimarães Filho Artur A Department of Surgery, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, - - 2014
To evaluate the relative gene expression (RGE) of cytosolic (MDH1) and mitochondrial (MDH2) malate dehydrogenases enzymes in partially hepatectomized rats after glutamine (GLN) or ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) suplementation. One-hundred and eight male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into six groups (n=18): CCaL, GLNL and OKGL and fed calcium caseinate (CCa), ...
Wulan Dyah Ratna DR Master Program of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Brawijaya University ; Academy of Food and Pharmacy Analyst, Putra Indonesia - - 2014
Inhibition of α-amylase is an important strategy to control post-prandial hyperglycemia. The present study on Ruellia tuberosa, known as traditional anti-diabetic agent, is being provided in silico study to identify compounds inhibiting α-amylase in rat and human. Compounds were explored from PubChem database. Molecular docking was studied using the autodock4. ...
Abdel Aziz Mohamed Talaat - - 2014
Stem cell therapy holds a great promise for the repair of injured tissues and organs, including the kidney. We studied the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on experimental diabetic nephropathy (DN) in rats and the possible paracrine signals that mediate their action. Rats were divided into controls, DN rats, ...
Yamamoto Tatsuya - - 2013
Not all the mechanisms by which subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) alleviates parkinsonian symptoms have been clarified as yet. The levels of striatal monoamine and the subthalamic beta activity might contribute to its efficacy. However, their direct relationship is unclear. We aimed to examine the correlation between the striatal ...
Sako Takeo - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, and the loss or dysfunction of pancreatic beta cells has been reported before the appearance of clinical symptoms and hyperglycemia. To evaluate beta cell mass (BCM) for improving the detection and treatment of DM at earlier stages, we focused on ...
Goosse Kevin - - 2013
Epidemiological studies related poor maternal nutrition and subsequent growth retardation in the progeny to the development of diabetes later in life. Low protein diet during gestation altered the beta-cell development of the rat progeny, by decreasing beta-cells proliferation, and increasing their sensitivity to nitric oxide and cytokines in the foetus. ...
Lee Yoon Jung - - 2013
The food mutagen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is one of the most abundant heterocyclic amines formed by cooking meat and fish at high temperature. PhIP induces colorectal adenoma risk in male rats when administered orally. This study used male Fisher 344 rats to investigate the impact of dietary Chlorella on PhIP metabolism ...
Bogdani Marika M Pacific Northwest Diabetes Research Institute, 720 Broadway, Seattle, Washington 98122, - - 2013
Islet-level oxidative stress has been proposed as a trigger for type 1 diabetes (T1D), and release of cytokines by infiltrating immune cells further elevates reactive oxygen species (ROS), exacerbating β cell duress. To identify genes/mechanisms involved with diabetogenesis at the β cell level, gene expression profiling and targeted follow-up studies ...
Whitney Jennifer L JL Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20057-1640, - - 2013
Human and animal studies support the idea that there are sex differences in the development of diabetic renal disease. Our lab and others have determined that in addition to Ang II (through the AT1R), growth hormone (GH) contributes to renal damage in models of renal failure; however, the impact of ...
Ramadan Epolia - - 2012
HIV-1 transgenic (Tg) rats, a model for human HIV-1 associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), show upregulated markers of brain arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism with neuroinflammation after 7 months of age. Since lithium decreases AA metabolism in a rat lipopolysaccharide model of neuroinflammation, and may be useful in HAND, we hypothesized that lithium ...
Quina Lely A - - 2012
Hmx1 is a homeodomain transcription factor expressed in the developing eye, peripheral ganglia, and branchial arches of avian and mammalian embryos. Recent studies have identified a loss-of-function allele at the HMX1 locus as the causative mutation in the oculo-auricular syndrome (OAS) in humans, characterized by ear and eye malformations. The ...
Antonsen Bjørnar T - - 2012
Rodent models of Huntington disease (HD) are valuable tools for investigating HD pathophysiology and evaluating new therapeutic approaches. Non-invasive characterization of HD-related phenotype changes is important for monitoring progression of pathological processes and possible effects of interventions. The first transgenic rat model for HD exhibits progressive late-onset affective, cognitive, and ...
Kim Youngsik - - 2012
Hyperventilation is one way to cause activation on the electroencephalogram (EEG) to diagnose brain disorders. The hyperventilation is also known to affect on the delta power in EEG. This study divided the total delta wave into low, middle, and high bands corresponding to the wave frequency. The power in these ...
Hosaka Yoshinao Z - - 2012
Cerebellar folia may increase in number in hypothyroid rats (Lauder et al., 1974; Hasebe et al., 2008a). In this study, we aimed to confirm the formation of an excess sublobule and to determine whether excess sublobules are consistently formed in conserved positions in hypothyroid rats. Instead of the foliation pattern ...
Kovačević Tomislav - - 2012
Depression is a brain disorder and there is still only a partial understanding of its underlying pathophysiology. Antidepressant medications with a fast onset have not yet been developed. In addition to the monoaminergic systems, the brain glutaminergic system has been implicated in the etiology of depression. Animal studies of depression ...
latridis James C JC School of Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. - - 2011
Immunoblotting study to evaluate aggrecan degradation patterns in rat intervertebral discs (IVDs) subjected to mechanical overload. To evaluate the effects of in vivo dynamic compression overloading on aggrecan degradation products associated with matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and aggrecanase activity in different regions of the IVD. Aggrecan cleavage at the MMP and ...
Knight W David - - 2010
This experiment tested the role of oropharyngeal and gastric afferents on hypothalamic activation in dehydrated rats instrumented with gastric fistulas and allowed to drink water or isotonic saline compared with euhydrated controls (CON). Rats were water-deprived for 48 h (48 WD) or 46 h WD with 2 h rehydration with ...
Kim Sung Koo - - 2010
Cyclooxygenase (COX) generates free radicals and it is important in inflammatory response. In this study, we observed the immunoreactivity in mice (ICR and C57BL/6 strain), rats and gerbils. In these animals, COX-2 immunoreactivity was mainly detected in pyramidal cells of the hippocampal CA2/3 region and in granule cells of the ...
Yokoyama Hidekatsu - - 2010
Region-selected intensity determination (RSID) is a method for obtaining the temporal changes in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal intensity from a target region, without the use of complicated procedures employed in the conventional imaging methods. An in vivo 700-MHz radio frequency EPR spectrometer equipped with a bridged loop-gap resonator was ...
Xie Bei - - 2010
The disease-causing gene which underlies a naturally occurring X-linked mutant cone dysfunction Sprague-Dawley rat model was investigated. Full-field electroretinogram (ERG) and simple sequence length polymorphism analyses were applied to 441-second filial generation rats that were derived from crossing a mutant rat and a Brown-Norway rat. After identifying a mutation mapping ...
Kuramoto Takashi - - 2010
The rat autosomal dominant Rex (Re) mutation on chromosome 7 causes curly hair in Re/+ and hair loss in Re/Re rats. Histopathologically, the Re/+ rat showed dilatation of the hair follicle and hairs with irregularly-coated cuticles, and the Re/Re rat showed more severe effects. We identified Re as a 7-bp ...
Solberg Woods Leah C LC Human and Molecular Genetics Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA. - - 2010
Heterogeneous stock (HS) animals provide the ability to map quantitative trait loci at high resolution [<5 Megabase (Mb)] in a relatively short time period. In the current study, we hypothesized that the HS rat colony would be useful for fine-mapping a region on rat chromosome 1 that has previously been ...
Kamiya Seitaro - - 2010
Thrombosis is characterized by congenital and acquired procatarxis. Nattokinase inhibits thrombus formation in vitro. However, in vivo evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of nattokinase against thrombosis remains to be conducted. Subcutaneous nattokinase injections of 1 or 2 mg/ml were administered to the tails of rats. Subsequently, κ-carrageenan was intravenously administered ...
Gasca Fernando F Institute for Robotics and Cognitive Systems and the Graduate School for Computing in Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Lübeck, Germany. - - 2010
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in the rat is a powerful tool for investigating brain function. However, the state-of-the-art experiments are considerably limited because the stimulation usually affects undesired anatomical structures. A simulation of a conductive shield plate placed between the coil stimulator and the rat brain during TMS is presented. ...
Xie Zhiyong - - 2010
We present a new approach for quantifying the degradation of knee cartilage in the medial meniscal tear (MMT) model of osteoarthritis in the rat. A statistical strategy was used to guide the selection of a region of interest (ROI) from the images obtained from a pilot study. We hypothesize that ...
Shigematsu Hideki - - 2010
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a non-selective cation channel responsive to various stimuli including cell swelling, warm temperatures (27-35 degrees C), and chemical compounds such as phorbol ester derivatives. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of full-length rat TRPV4 purified from baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells. Hexahistidine-tagged rat TRPV4 ...
Garcia Guilherme J M - - 2009
In vivo experiments have shown that nanoparticles depositing in the rat olfactory region can translocate to the brain via the olfactory nerve. Quantitative predictions of the dose delivered by inhalation to the olfactory region are needed to clarify this route of exposure and to evaluate the dose-response effects of exposure ...
Skelin Ivan - - 2010
The olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) rat is an animal model of depression with neurochemical, neuroendocrinological and behavioral features resembling some human depression. d-Fenfluramine is a 5-HT releasing drug, frequently used in the study of the responsivity of the 5-HT system in subjects with psychiatric disorders, including depression. The aim of the ...
Kaminsky Yury Y Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia. - - 2010
Cytosolic enzymes AMP deaminase and adenosine deaminase (ADA) catalyze AMP and adenosine deamination, constitute rate-limiting steps of adenine nucleotide catabolism and play important roles in cellular energy metabolism. In this study, AMP deaminase and ADA activities of rat liver, neocortex, cerebellum, striatum and hippocampus were investigated in acute ammonia intoxication ...
Van Schijndel Jessica E - - 2010
Animal models allow insights into complex neurodevelopmental disorders. Apomorphine-susceptible rats (so-called APO-SUS rats) provide a model that displays a complex phenotype with schizophrenia-related features and together with its phenotypic counterpart (APO-UNSUS rats) has been independently generated twice (original and replicate rat lines). To understand the molecular basis underlying this phenotype, ...
Fujihara Hiroaki H Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu 807-8555, - - 2009
The up-regulation in the expression of mRNA or protein encoded by the c-fos gene is widely used as a marker of neuronal activation elicited by various stimuli. To facilitate the detection of activated neurons, we generated transgenic rats expressing a fusion gene consisting of c-fos coding sequences in frame with ...
Jian Qian - - 2009
Retinal stem cells (RSCs) have been demonstrated at the proliferating marginal regions from the pars plana of ciliary body to the ciliary marginal zone (CMZ) in adult lower vertebrates and mammals. Investigations in the lower vertebrates have provided some evidence that RSCs can proliferate following retinal damage; however, the evidence ...
Yamada Shunji - - 2009
Sensitivity of neurons to estrogen in down-regulation of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) can be thought to make a sex difference in regulatory system of reproductive activities. In this study, to investigate the sex difference of expression of ERalpha in the hypothalamus and midbrain, the number of ERalpha immunoreactive (-ir) cells ...
Alekhina T A - - 2009
Imipramine test (7.5 mg/kg) revealed a persistent positive reaction of Wistar rats, which manifested in reduced excitability of animals. Oral administration of imipramine solution was followed by unstable behavioral reactions in GC rats. Norepinephrine concentration in the cortical and limbic regions of these animals remained unchanged, while plasma corticosterone concentration ...
Kanemaru Kazuya K Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Quebec, - - 2009
The influence of citalopram on regional 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin, 5-HT) synthesis, one of the most important presynaptic parameters of serotonergic neurotransmission, was studied. Sprague-Dawley (SPD) rats were used as the controls, and Flinders Resistant Line (FRL) rats were used as auxiliary controls, to hopefully obtain a better understanding of the effects ...
Fuller J M JM Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Clinical Research Center, Malmö, Sweden. - - 2009
Congenic DRF.(f/f) rats are protected from type 1 diabetes (T1D) by 34 Mb of F344 DNA introgressed proximal to the gimap5 lymphopenia gene. To dissect the genetic factor(s) that confer protection from T1D in the DRF.(f/f) rat line, DRF.(f/f) rats were crossed to inbred BBDR or DR.(lyp/lyp) rats to generate ...
Somayajulu-Niţu Mallika - - 2009
Parkinson's disease, for which currently there is no cure, develops as a result of progressive loss of dopamine neurons in the brain; thus, identification of any potential therapeutic intervention for disease management is of a great importance. Here we report that prophylactic application of water-soluble formulation of coenzyme Q10 could ...
Nishi Kyoko K Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2009
Deficiencies in brain serotonergic neurotransmission, which is in part associated with the alteration of brain serotonin (5-HT) receptors, have been proposed as part of a neurochemical imbalance in affective disorders, including depression. The drugs used for the treatment of these disorders generally act through and/or on the serotonergic system. Different ...
Nirogi Ramakrishna - - 2009
Many central nervous system (CNS) drug discovery programs require the successful collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for assessing CNS penetration and distribution of new chemical entities. The objective of the present investigation was to simplify the technique for collecting maximum CSF from cisterna magna of the rats. Rat was anesthetized ...
Nguyen Khanh Q KQ Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2009
The olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) rat is considered to be a good model of the pathology of human depression and also of the functional actions of antidepressant drug therapy. It has been proposed that antidepressant effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can be accelerated by blocking 5-HT(1A/B) autoreceptors with pindolol. ...
Nishi Kyoko K Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, and Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Quebec, - - 2009
The main objective of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of buspirone, a 5-HT(1A) agonist with some partial agonist properties and also an antidepressant, on regional 5-HT synthesis in Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats ("depressed"), and to compare the effects to the Flinders Resistant Line (FRL) control rats (not ...
Stanić Davor - - 2009
Primary cilia extend from the surface of most vertebrate cells and display several signaling molecules, including the somatostatin receptor 3 (SSTR3), enabling cilia to play essential roles as chemical, osmotic and mechanical sensors. The SSTR3 is widely distributed in the adult rat brain, and also influences cell proliferation and apoptosis. ...
Sethi Pallavi - - 2008
Aluminium (Al) is the most abundant metal known for its neurotoxicity in humans. It gains easy access to the central nervous system under normal physiological conditions and accumulates in different brain regions. It has been reported to be involved in the etiology of several neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we ...
Frasca Angelisa - - 2008
Repeated antipsychotic treatment may produce adaptive changes ranging from cytoarchitectural rearrangements to synaptic modifications that might contribute to clinical improvement. We performed a prolonged treatment (2 wk) with the first-generation antipsychotic (FGA) haloperidol (1 mg/kg) and the second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) olanzapine (2 mg/kg twice daily) and analysed the expression of ...
Martin S - - 2008
Eag1 (K(V)10.1) is the founding member of an evolutionarily conserved superfamily of voltage-gated K(+) channels. In rats and humans Eag1 is preferentially expressed in adult brain but its regional distribution has only been studied at mRNA level and only in the rat at high resolution. The main aim of the ...
Benamar Khalid - - 2008
The present data provide the first in vivo evidence that the proinflammatory chemokine, Regulated on Activation Normal T cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES/CCL5) microinjected directly into the periaqueductal grey in rats, a brain region critical to the processing of pain signals, and a primary site of action of many analgesic ...
Espinoza Orías Alejandro A AA University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6081, - - 2009
Rat models with altered loading are used to study disc degeneration and mechano-transduction. Given the prominent role of mechanics in disc function and degeneration, it is critical to measure mechanical behavior to evaluate changes after model interventions. Axial compression mechanics of the rat disc are representative of the human disc ...
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