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Umryukhin A E AE I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia, - - 2014
We studied stress-induced organ and hormonal responses in behaviorally active and passive rats against the background of immunization with glutamate-BSA conjugate. The relative weight of the adrenal glands after immobilization was lower in rats immunized with the conjugate in comparison with non-immunized animals. The weight of the adrenal glands in ...
Raff Hershel H Medical College of Wisconsin/St. Luke's Medical Ctr - - 2014
The classic renin-angiotensin system is partly responsible for controlling aldosterone secretion from the adrenal cortex via the peptide angiotensin II (AngII). In addition, there is a local adrenocortical renin-angiotensin system that may be involved in the control of aldosterone synthesis in the zona glomerulosa (ZG). In order to characterize the ...
Benmouloud Abdelouafi A Laboratoire de recherche sur les zones arides, Faculté des Sciences Biologiques, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumediene (USTHB), BP 32, El-Alia, 16111, Algiers, - - 2014
The wild sand rat, Psammomys obesus, displays seasonal variations in adrenocortical activity that parallel those of testicular activity, indicating functional cross-talk between the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axes. In the present study, we examined androgen receptor (AR)-mediated actions of testicular steroids in the regulation of adrenocortical function in the sand rat. ...
Vrabcova Michaela M Comenius University Institute of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine Sasinkova 4 81108 Bratislava Slovak - - 2014
Experimental and clinical studies have shown alterations in activity of systems responsible for neuroendocrine stress response in obese individuals. Therefore we investigated the effect of palatable normocaloric liquid nutrition (Fresubin) on alterations in activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in male Wistar rats of different developmental stages. Control rats (CON) ...
Kasacka I I Department of Histology and Cytophysiology Medical University of BiaƂystok ul . Mickiewicza 2C, 15-222 - - 2014
Adrenal activity is stimulated and secretion of stress hormones is increased during advanced stages of renovascular hypertension. The literature suggests that the neuropeptide, cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART), might regulate adrenal secretory function and thus could influence its activity. We assessed potential quantitative and qualitative changes in the cells ...
Kim Sun Kwang - - 2014
Although electroacupuncture (EA) relieves various types of pain, individual differences in the sensitivity to EA analgesia have been reported, causing experimental and clinical difficulties. Our functional genomic study using cDNA microarray identified that 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a well-known factor in the regulation of energy homeostasis, is the most highly ...
Watabe Tadashi T Department of Molecular Imaging in Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan; PET molecular Imaging Center, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, - - 2014
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have been used for patients with Alzheimer's disease. However, its pharmacokinetics in non-target organs other than the brain has not been clarified yet. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the whole-body distribution of intravenously administered 11C-Donepezil (DNP) and the AChE activity in ...
Zhang Haolin - - 2013
Acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA) are widely used to treat a variety of diseases including pain. In preclinical research, EA is usually applied by inserting acupuncture needles into the hindlimbs of rats restrained in small tubes or bags. This restrained model of EA not only causes stress-like behaviors but also is ...
Pinton Simone - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate possible molecular targets involved in the neuroprotective effect of p,p'-methoxyl-diphenyl diselenide [(MeOPhSe)2], using a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type rat model. Male Wistar rats were injected with STZ (1.0 mg/8 μl; 4 μl/ventricle). After 21 days of STZ injection, regular ...
Beddow Sara A SA Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, - - 2012
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is an inbred model of type 2 diabetes (T2D); GK rats are lean but have hyperglycemia and increased gluconeogenesis. However, fasting hyperglycemia in other commonly used rodent models of T2D is associated with increased corticosterone, and thus the underlying mechanism for hyperglycemia differs significantly from T2D ...
Liu Huihui - - 2012
To clarify the role of the intestinal flora in the absorption and metabolism of mangiferin and to elucidate its metabolic fate and pharmacokinetic profile in diabetic rats, a systematic and comparative investigation of the metabolism and pharmacokinetics of mangiferin in conventional rats, pseudo-germ-free rats, and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats was ...
Senthilkumar Thulasingam - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of the present study is to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic effect of C.pyrenoidosa in diabetic rats exposed to cadmium. Materials and methods: Group 1 and 2 rats were treated as control and C.pyrenoidosa control. Group 3 and 4 rats were given single injection of streptozotocin (40mg/kg b.w; ...
Ning R R Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, United - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major stroke risk factor and is associated with poor recovery compared with nondiabetic stroke patients. In the present study, we investigated the effects of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment of stroke in diabetic and non-diabetic rats. Type-1 diabetes (T1DM) was induced by injection of streptozotocin. ...
Absi Mais - - 2012
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics cause rare, but clinically important, adverse events including hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia. The present study focuses on the possible effect of levofloxacin and moxifloxacin on the cardiovascular functions of rats with type I diabetes. Both antibiotics caused bradycardia. Levofloxacin but not moxifloxacin caused hypoglycaemia in diabetic rats and an ...
Masuda Takahiro - - 2012
To examine whether and how heart ANG II influences the coordination between cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and coronary angiogenesis and contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy, we used Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rats treated without and with olmesartan medoxomil (an ANG II receptor blocker). In SDT rats, left ventricular (LV) ANG ...
Nishimura Tomohiro - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to clarify the transport characteristics of nucleosides in rat placenta and the changes of functional expression of nucleoside transporters in rat placenta with experimental diabetes mellitus. Placental uptake clearances of [(3)H]adenosine and [(3)H]zidovudine from maternal blood was much higher than that of [(14)C]mannitol. Xenopus ...
Huang Juan - - 2012
Aims: KH902 is a fusion protein that can bind vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (PlGF) through its binding ligand taken from the domains of VEGF receptor 1 and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). This study was to investigate the effects of intravitreal injection of KH902 on the ...
Ishii-Nozawa Reiko - - 2012
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a non-obese and spontaneous model of mild Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the present study, we compared the regulatory mechanisms of endogenous norepinephrine (NE) release from sympathetic nerves of caudal arteries of 12-week-old GK rats and age-matched normal Wistar rats. Electrical stimulation (ES) evoked significant ...
Selcuk Mustafa Yavuz - - 2012
Diabetic nephropathy is one of major complications of diabetes mellitus. Although chromium is an essential element for carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, its effects on diabetic nephropathy are not well understood. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of chromium picolinate (CrPic) and chromium histidinate (CrHis) on nuclear factor-kappa ...
Belkacemi Louiza - - 2012
This study investigates the effects of intermittent overnight fasting in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ rats). Over 30 days, groups of 5-6 control or STZ rats were allowed free food access, starved overnight, or exposed to a restricted food supply comparable to that ingested by the intermittently fasting animals. Intermittent fasting ...
Fujita Naoto - - 2012
We investigated whether hyperbaric oxygen enhances the oxidative metabolic capacity of the skeletal muscle and attenuates adipocyte hypertrophy in type 2 diabetic rats with obesity. Five-week-old male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats were used as diabetic animals and nondiabetic controls, respectively, and assigned to ...
Zharkova N V - - 2011
The concentrations of urea and uric acid increased, while the content of free amino acids decreased in blood serum from rats with alloxan-induced diabetes during acute alcohol intoxication. Activities of glutamate dehydrogenase, AMP deaminase, and tyrosine aminotransferase in the liver of experimental animals increased.
Xu Xiangjin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pioglitazone on the progression of diabetic nephropathy and the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1a) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in a rat model of type-2 diabetes. METHODS: Streptozotocin-induced type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) model was set up in male Sprague Dawley rats. DM ...
Sun Y - - 2011
The aim of this study was to develop a reproducible rat model of lymphatic malformation. Different types of adjuvant, with and without vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, was injected into the neck and floor of the mouth of rats. The rats were killed 2 months after the injection. Injected rats ...
Gong Jiachang - - 2011
Brivanib (BMS-540215, (R)-1-(4-(4-fluoro-2-methyl-1H-indol-5-yloxy)-5-methylpyrrolo[1, 2,4]triazin-6-yloxy)propan-2-ol) is a potent and selective dual inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathways. Its alanine prodrug, brivanib alaninate (BMS-582664), is currently under development as an oral agent for the treatment of cancer. This study describes the in vivo biotransformation ...
Parente Leila Maria Leal - - 2011
Purpose: In this work, angiogenic activity of Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae) ethanolic extract and dichloromethane and hexanic fractions were evaluated, considering medicinal properties, especially healing activity, are attributed to this plant. Methods: Models using 36 rats and 90 embryonated eggs were used to evaluate healing and angiogenic activities of extracts ...
Rong Pei-Jing - - 2011
The purpose of these studies was to examine the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) Zusanli (ST36) on release of nitric oxide (NO) in the gracile nucleus (GN) and determine if functional neuropathic changes were modified by EA ST36-induced NO in the nucleus in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. The foot withdrawal ...
Adewole Stephen O - - 2011
The hypotensive and hypoglycaemic effects of Ficus exasperata (Vahl) (family: Moraceae) leaf aqueous extract (FEE) were investigated in experimental rat models. In this study, spontaneously-hypertensive rats (SHR) (type 1 diabetes), obese Zucker (type 2 diabetes) and Wistar rats were used. Three (A, B and C) groups of rats, each group ...
Prokosch Verena - - 2010
To examine retinal angiogenesis in the Royal College of Surgeons rat (RCS) serving as a model for ischemic proliferative retinopathies at morphological, proteomic and mRNA levels in order to evaluate the interplay of morphological and molecular changes in the course of the disease. Photoreceptor degeneration was confirmed by histological cross-sections ...
Gou Xin - - 2011
The present study investigated the effect of transplanting endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) transfected with the vascular endothelial growth factor gene (VEGF165) into the corpora cavernosa of rats with diabetic erectile dysfunction (ED). A rat model of diabetic ED was constructed via intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. After streptozotocin treatment, pre-treated EPCs ...
Ahn C Y - - 2011
Pharmacokinetics of sildenafil and its metabolite, N-desmethylsildenafil, in humans and rats with liver cirrhosis (LC) and diabetes mellitus (DM), alone and in combination (LCD) did not seem to be reported. Sildenafil was administered intravenously (10 mg/kg) and orally (20 mg/kg) to control, LC, DM, and LCD rats. Expression of intestinal CYP isozymes ...
Kruger Annie J AJ Diabetes Division, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, MA 01605, - - 2010
Proteomic profiling of serum is a powerful technique to identify differentially expressed proteins that can serve as biomarkers predictive of disease onset. In this study, we utilized two-dimensional (2D) gel analysis followed by matrix-assisted-laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis to identify putative serum biomarkers for autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D) ...
Shyng Y C - - 2010
Cartilage does not form in the tooth extraction socket of the normal rat. The aim of the study was to determine if adding BMP-6 to the extraction socket would cause chondrogenic differentiation in the diabetic rat. A group of 8-week-old rats were injected intraperitoneally with a diabetogenic agent, streptozotocin, and ...
Liu Guangyi - - 2011
Background. Abnormal lipid metabolism contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetes, but it is uncertain whether it plays a role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). While rapamycin was shown to prevent DN development in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats in our previous studies, it is unknown if it intervenes with ...
Watanabe Maho - - 2011
To clarify whether the induction of Thy-1.1 nephritis aggravates diabetic nephropathy in the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat, which is a model of diabetes mellitus. Forty-week-old OLETF rats were divided into 2 groups according to treatment: (1) 1 mg/kg body weight of OX7, an anti-Thy1.1 antibody (administered intravenously) (Group T, ...
Hagiwara Satoshi - - 2010
The dysregulated metabolism associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) impairs membrane trafficking events in the liver, including the process of autophagy, which is an essential ongoing cellular process that is highly regulated by nutrients, endocrine factors, and signaling pathways. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear protein with a known ...
White Verónica - - 2010
Nitration-induced protein damage in the placenta leads to impaired blood flow and deficient feto-placental exchange in diabetic pregnancies. This work studied the effect of nitric oxide and peroxynitrite on Cu/Zn SOD activity in rat placentas and evaluated whether Cu/Zn SOD is nitrated in the placenta from diabetic rats at mid-gestation. ...
Kaldunski Mary M Max McGee National Research Center for Juvenile Diabetes, Department of Pediatrics at the Medical College of Wisconsin, the Children's Research Institute of Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, and theHuman and Molecular Genetics Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, - - 2010
Inflammatory mediators associated with type 1 diabetes are dilute and difficult to measure in the periphery, necessitating development of more sensitive and informative biomarkers for studying diabetogenic mechanisms, assessing preonset risk, and monitoring therapeutic interventions. We previously utilized a novel bioassay in which human type 1 diabetes sera were used ...
Duong Van Huyen Jean-Paul - - 2010
To evaluate modifications of arterial structure, gene expression, and function in our model of rats exposed to maternal diabetes. Morphometric analyses of elastic vessels structure and determination of thoracic aortic gene expression profile with oligonucleotide chips (Agilent, G4130, 22k) were performed before the onset of established hypertension (3 months). Arterial ...
Spadella C T - - 2010
There is considerable evidence that cellular oxidative stress caused by hyperglycemia plays an important role in the genesis and evolution of chronic diabetic lesions. In this study, we determined the effectiveness of pancreas transplantation (PT) in preventing the imbalance caused by excessive production of reactive oxygen species over antioxidant defenses ...
Spadella C T - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pancreas transplantation (PT) is a suitable method for controlling histopathologic changes in lungs of alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Sixty inbred male Lewis rats were randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups: NC, 20 nondiabetic control rats; DC, 20 untreated diabetic control rats; and ...
Gupta Shipra - - 2010
Cassia auriculata traditionally has been used to treat diabetes from ancient times. The objective of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of action for the antidiabetic activity of aqueous leaf extract of C. auriculata (CLEt) in streptozotocin-induced mildly diabetic (MD) and severely diabetic (SD) rats. CLEt was orally ...
Fan S C - - 2010
The present study is designed to investigate the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors delta (PPARdelta) in the action of digoxin in diabetic rats showing cardiac hypertrophy. We used Wistar rats to induce diabetes by injection of streptozotocin (STZ-rat) and examined the effect of digoxin on PPARdelta expression in these hyperglycemic ...
Lee J H - - 2010
Telithromycin and metformin have been reported to be commonly metabolized via hepatic CYP3A1/2 in rats. Community-acquired respiratory tract infection was reported to be frequent in patients with diabetes mellitus. Compared with controls, hepatic CYP3A1/2 was reported to be increased in male rats with diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS rats). ...
Kang Hee E - - 2010
Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a candidate for the treatment of inflammatory liver disease. Many studies have confirmed that hepatic disease and diabetes mellitus are closely associated. Thus, the pharmacokinetic changes of LQ and its 2 glucuronides, M1 and M2, in a rat model of diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS rats) ...
Liu Yanying - - 2010
Although the relationship between hyperglycemia (using diabetic animal model) and plasma nitrotyrosine level has been studied, the effect of hypoglycemia on nitrotyrosine level in the brain has not been addressed. Here, we evaluated nitration of protein, the colocalization of nitration with alpha-synuclein, activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase, and nitric ...
Lee Y S - - 2010
The area under the curve (AUC) of mirodenafil after intravenous administration in diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS) rats was significantly smaller (by 28.0 %) than the control value, and the AUC(SK3541)/AUC(mirodenafil) ratio was significantly greater (by 130 %) in DMIS rats. This may be explained by the significantly faster ...
Yu Sen - - 2010
Our previous study showed a higher exposure of berberine, palmatine, coptisine, epiberberine and jatrorrhizine in 6-week streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, after oral administration of Coptidis Rhizoma extract. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the function and expression of intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-GP) was downregulated in STZ-induced diabetic ...
Wan Chao - - 2010
To observe effect of adenovirus-mediated brain derived neurotrophic factor in early retinal neuropathy of diabetes in rats. Adult male Wistar rats, 9 weeks of age, were injected intraperitoneally with STZ to induce diabetes. Two weeks after the models were established, Ad.BDNF was administered into the vitreous cavities of rats. Four ...
Boku Aiji - - 2010
The various autonomic control systems lead to characteristic changes in heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) during acute hemorrhage. However, cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy due to diabetes mellitus may interfere with the normal compensation for hemorrhage. A controlled graded bleeding (6 - 36% loss of estimated total blood volume: ETBV) ...
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