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Mawatari Kazuaki K Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
Background:Left atrial (LA) thrombosis is an important cause of systemic embolization. The SPORTS rat model of LA thrombi (Spontaneously-Running Tokushima-Shikoku), which have a unique characteristic of high voluntary wheel running, was previously established. The aim of the present study was to investigate how SPORTS rats develop LA thrombi.Methods and Results:Nitric oxide (NO) ...
Shang Jin J Department of Cardiometabolic Disease, Merck Research Laboratories, Kenilworth, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diabetes is a significant risk factor for thrombosis. The present study aimed at assessing coagulability, platelet reactivity, and thrombogenicity of the diabetic female Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rat model and its relevance in studying antithrombotic mechanisms. The basal coagulant state in ZDF rats was evaluated by clotting times, thromboelastography, and ...
Ohnishi Takamasa T Department of Nutrition Management, Faculty of Health Science, Hyogo University, 2301 Shinzaike, Hiraoka-cho, Kakogawa, Hyogo 675-0195, Japan ; Department of Molecular and Environmental Pathology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8503, - - 2014
Studies that investigate the underlying mechanisms of disease and treatment options typically require the use of a suitable animal model. Few suitable animal models exist for left atrial thrombosis. Here, we demonstrated that the Spontaneously-Running-Tokushima-Shikoku (SPORTS) rat - a Wistar strain known for its running ability-is predisposed to the development ...
Sönmez Ertan E Department of Emergency Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
Bleeding is a major problem in warfarin pretreated patients who need emergency surgical procedures. APH is a hemostatic agent with ultra-hydrophilic and particulate properties. This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo hemostatic effect of APH in rats pretreated with warfarin. Forty-eight Wistar rats were divided into two main groups: ...
Julienne Cloé Mimsy CM INSERM UMR1069, "Nutrition, Growth and Cancer", F-37032 Tours, - - 2014
Cancer-induced cachexia describes the progressive skeletal muscle wasting associated with many cancers leading to shortened survival time in cancer patients. We previously reported that cardiolipin content and energy-wasting processes were both increased in liver mitochondria in a rat model of peritoneal carcinosis (PC)-induced cachexia. To increase understanding of the cellular ...
Zhang D - - 2013
In acute pancreatitis (AP), inflammatory cells and products disseminated in abdominal lymph and blood induce systemic inflammation. Interruption of abdominal lymph flow, and thereby reduction of lymphatic dissemination, could alter the course of the disease. Therefore, we investigated whether thoracic duct ligation (TDL) in a rat model of cerulein-induced AP ...
Shirasaki Yasufumi - - 2013
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a major clinical concern with anticoagulation therapy. The effect of a new oral direct FXa inhibitor, edoxaban, was determined in a rat model of ICH and compared with a direct thrombin inhibitor, melagatran, and heparin. To induce ICH, 0.1 U collagenase type VII was injected into ...
Yoshikado Takashi - - 2012
The antiplatelet drug, ticlopidine (TIC), reportedly causes cholestatic liver injuries. The present study analyzed the effect of TIC on bile formation, revealing that the biliary secretion of phospholipids was significantly decreased in TIC-administered Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. However, the effect of TIC on biliary phospholipids was not observed in SD rats ...
Cortés Claudia C Millennium Institute on Immunology and Immunotherapy, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences and Faculty of Medicine, Andrés Bello University, Santiago, - - 2012
Adult hypothyroidism is a highly prevalent condition that impairs processes, such as learning and memory. Even though tetra-iodothyronine (T(4)) treatment can overcome the hypothyroidism in the majority of cases, it cannot fully recover the patient's learning capacity and memory. In this work, we analyzed the cellular and molecular changes in ...
Kaasik Priit - - 2012
The objective of the study was to examine skeletal muscle regeneration capacity of young and very old rats during autotransplantation. In 3.5 and 30 month-old Wistar rats, gastrocnemius muscle was removed and grafted back to its original bed. Incorporation of 3H leucine into myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic protein fractions, their relative ...
Chen Kuen-Bao - - 2012
The development of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) against permeability to inert tracers, such as Evans blue dye (EBD), occurs quite early on at embryonic stages (before E13-E15), and the BBB remains resistant to EBD between E15 and early adulthood (P20-P30). Here, we aimed to examine the changes in EBD permeability ...
Cortés Claudia - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: Adult hypothyroidism is a highly prevalent condition that impairs processes, such as learning and memory. Even though T4 treatment can overcome the hypothyroidism in the majority of cases, it cannot fully recover the patient's learning capacity and memory. In this work we analyzed the cellular and molecular changes ...
Leon Rachel L - - 2012
Although estrogens are neuroprotective in young adult animal models of stroke, clinical trials demonstrate that estrogens increase the incidence and severity of stroke in aged women. We have previously shown that experimental stroke pathophysiology differs between young adult and aged rats. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Calve Annie - - 2012
Purpose. The impact of cancer therapies on adult cardiac function is becoming a concern as more children survive their initial cancer. Cardiovascular disease is now a significant problem to adult survivors of childhood cancer. Specifically, Doxorubicin (DOX) may be particularly harmful in young girls. Objective. Characterize DOX damage and determine ...
Bikashvili T Z - - 2012
The effect of a 40-day toluene inhalation on learning of young and adult rats was examined in a multi-branched maze. Experimental rats of both age groups needed more time to pass the maze and made more errors than controls. This impairment was observed in young rats immediately after termination of ...
Wang Qi-ming - - 2011
Obesity has become a global epidemic, contributing to the increasing burdens of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of obesity remain poorly elucidated. The hypothalamus plays a major part in regulating energy homeostasis by integrating all kinds of nutritional signals. This study investigated the hypothalamus ...
Sujashvili R - - 2011
Ubiquitin is a small regulatory protein of living cells. It affects almost all cellular processes. Investigation of ubiquitin is very important for discovering the new therapeutics for different heavy human diseases. The main goal of presented work was to reveal effect of extracellular ubiquitin on liver histoarchitectonic of mature and ...
Luo Zhi-Feng - - 2011
AIMS: Oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Recent studies have shown that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) and oxidative stress have interaction. We aimed to investigate whether inhibiting the proteasome has a preventive effect on DN through suppression of renal oxidative stress. MAIN ...
Orendáčová Judita - - 2011
The immediate effects of whole body electromagnetic radiation (EMR) were used to study postnatal neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and rostral migratory stream (RMS) of Wistar rats of both sexes. Newborn postnatal day 7 (P7) and young adult rats (P28) were exposed to pulsed electromagnetic fields (EMF) at a ...
Furuta Miyako - - 2010
We examined the induction of progesterone receptor-immunoreactive (PR-ir) cells by estrogen in the rat preoptic area and ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus. Ovariectomized young (3-month-old) and old (24-month-old) female rats were treated with estrogen or cholesterol for 4 days. Estrogen significantly increased PR-ir cells in the preoptic area and ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus ...
Hill Steven M - - 2011
Serum melatonin (MLT) levels have been reported to diminish significantly by the 5th and 6th decades of life as the incidence of breast cancer increases. Given MLT's anti-cancer activity, we hypothesize that age-related decline in pineal MLT production leads to enhanced breast cancer development and growth as women age. In ...
Takahashi Miwa - - 2010
To compare the susceptibility to toxicity of semicarbazide hydrochloride (SEM-HCl) between young and adult rats, 3- and 20-week-old female SD rats were given a diet containing SEM-HCl at 0, 500, or 1,000 ppm and 0 or 1,000 ppm, respectively, for 4 weeks. Half of the animals were then maintained on ...
de Andrade Claudia Roberta - - 2010
We aimed to investigate the vascular effects of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) on carotid arteries from young and adult rats. With this purpose young and adult rats received a solution of DL-homocysteine-thiolactone (1 g/kg body weight/day) in the drinking water for 7, 14 and 28 days. Increase on plasma homocysteine occurred in ...
West Charles Hutchison Keesor - - 2010
The concern that antidepressant (AD) drugs, especially selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and paroxetine (PAR) in particular, can increase suicidality during the early treatment of juvenile patients (children and adolescents) has created a dilemma for clinicians treating depressives. Although preclinical research cannot resolve controversy in this area, our present findings may ...
Sotillo Javier - - 2010
The topography of the tegument of Echinostoma caproni adults collected from high (mice) and low (rats) compatible hosts was compared by SEM. In the oral (OS) and the ventral sucker (VS) areas, a worm age-host species interaction was found with regard to the density of spines. There was a decrease ...
Reimer Raylene A RA Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of chronic dietary restriction on the physical characteristics of the intestine and gut-derived satiety hormone production. Male Wistar rats (8 weeks) were randomized to ad libitum (AL) or 35% dietary restriction (DR) for 5 months. At the end of the ...
Gajda B M - - 2010
We examined the role of riluzole (RIL)- and flufenamic acid (FFA)-sensitive mechanisms in respiratory rhythmogenesis in rats and hamsters using the in situ arterially perfused preparation. Based on the hypothesis that respiratory networks in animals capable of autoresuscitation would have a greater prevalence of membrane mechanisms that promote endogenous bursting, ...
Zingarelli Basilia B Division of Critical Care Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2010
A clinical observation in pediatric and adult intensive care units is that the incidence of multiple organ failure in pediatric trauma victims is lower than in adult patients. However, the molecular mechanisms are not yet defined. Recent experimental studies have shown that the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) modulates the ...
Peltonen Iida I Faculty of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2010
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) has been connected to memory and mood through regulation of the brain levels of its biologically active peptide substrates and phosphatidylinositol system. This is the first study in a radial-arm maze of the effects of a single dose of a novel potent prolyl oligopeptidase inhibitor, KYP-2047 (5 ...
Thomsen Morten S - - 2010
The psychotomimetic effect of NMDA antagonists such as phencyclidine (PCP) in humans spurred the hypoglutamatergic theory of schizophrenia. This theory is supported by animal studies demonstrating schizophrenia-like behavioral and molecular changes following PCP administration to adult or neonatal animals. However, schizophrenia is believed to develop in part due to neurodevelopmental ...
Epp Jonathan Richard - - 2009
The dogmatic view that new neurons are not produced in the adult mammalian brain has been overturned in light of mounting evidence that neurogenesis continues to occur within two neurogenic niches, the subventricular zone and the hippocampus. In mammals, new neurons are incorporated into the hippocampus throughout life and are ...
Balakrishnan Savitha - - 2010
The role of somatotropin and insulin treatment in the regulation of neurotransmitter levels in the ageing brain is not fully established. We evaluated the long-term, low dose effects of somatotropin and insulin on acetylcholine and glutamate receptor subtypes functional regulation in the cerebral cortex of young (4-16 weeks) and old ...
Kim Jae Hyung - - 2009
There is increasing evidence that upregulation of arginase contributes to impaired endothelial function in aging. In this study, we demonstrate that arginase upregulation leads to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) uncoupling and that in vivo chronic inhibition of arginase restores nitroso-redox balance, improves endothelial function, and increases vascular compliance in ...
Balietti Marta - - 2009
Impairment of energy metabolism and an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production seem to play a major role in age-related apoptotic loss of cardiomyocytes. Succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) is an important marker of the mitochondrial capability to provide an adequate amount of ATP. Moreover, because of its unique redox properties, ...
Thunhorst Robert L - - 2009
Compared to young cohorts, old rats drink less water in response to several thirst-inducing stimuli. In these experiments, we characterized water drinking in response to hypotension and cellular dehydration in young (4 mo), middle-aged adult (12 mo) and old (29-30 mo) male Brown Norway rats. We injected the vasodilator, minoxidil ...
Barrientos Ruth M RM Department of Psychology & Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Campus Box 345, Boulder, CO 80309, USA. - - 2009
To more fully characterize the sickness response in young (3 mo) and older (24 mo) rats, we measured core body temperature (CBT), activity level, and body weight changes for 7 days following a peripheral immune challenge with Escherichia coli. CBT increases were delayed and blunted during the 12h following infection ...
Krüger Katharina - - 2009
Arsenite and its metabolites, dimethylarsinic or dimethylarsinous acid, have previously been shown to disturb synaptic transmission in hippocampal slices of rats (Krüger, K., Gruner, J., Madeja, M., Hartmann, L.M., Hirner, A.V., Binding, N., Mubetahoff, U., 2006a. Blockade and enhancement of glutamate receptor responses in Xenopus oocytes by methylated arsenicals. Arch. ...
García-Alvarez Felícito - - 2009
To study the effect of age on cytokine response in an experimental model of osteomyelitis. Forty adult male Wistar rats received a stainless steel needle, intramedullarly in the left tibia. Young rats (3 months old) and old rats (22 months old) were allotted in: Group A: Sterile implant. Group B: ...
Barna Istvan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Adaptation to stress is a fundamental component of life and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA) plays a crucial role in it. The place of cannabinoid influence seems to be in the brain, especially where corticotropin releasing hormone and vasopressin (AVP) secreting neurons are located. The role of AVP is considered ...
Masuda Shinya - - 2009
Skeletal muscles of elderly individuals show fatigue resistance and reduced lactate accumulation compared with those of young subjects during activities that recruit a small amount of muscle mass. To explore the mechanism underlying the functional changes in aged muscle, we focused on lactate metabolic properties, including monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 ...
Dodd Stephen - - 2009
This study determined the effects of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) overexpression on disuse muscle atrophy in senescent rats. Solei of young and senescent rats were co-injected with Hsp70 plus a nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaBeta) reporter plasmid. After 4 days, the hind limbs of half the young and senescent ...
Souza Renan P - - 2009
Dopamine may alter the phosphorylation state of DARPP-32 that plays a central role in the dopaminergic neurons biology. Studies have shown that DARPP-32/protein phosphatase 1 cascade is a major target for psychostimulants drugs. Methylphenidate is a psychostimulant that acts blocking the dopamine transporter has been used as an effective treatment ...
Liu Qing Q Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas 76107, - - 2008
Brainstem gliomas are common in children and have the worst prognosis of any brain tumor in this age group. On the other hand, brainstem gliomas are rare in adults, and the authors of some clinical studies have suggested that this lesion behaves differently in adults than in children. In the ...
Capel Frédéric - - 2009
Skeletal muscle proteolysis is inhibited by oral feeding in the young and mature but not in the elderly. However, the proteolytic pathway(s) responsible for the decreased muscle proteolysis in the postprandial (PP) state is (are) unknown in the young. Moreover, muscle proteolysis is inhibited by both insulin (INS) and amino ...
Fujita Tadashi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Previous clinical studies indicate that the overeruption of unopposed teeth may be different between young and adult individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the position of the unopposed molar, in young and adult rats. METHODS: In young (4-week old) and adult (26-week old) rats, the right ...
Vikram A - - 2008
Previously we have reported that prior bleeding increases the sensitivity of micronucleus (MN) assay in rats (Vikram et al., 2007 a). Rat peripheral blood micronucleus (PBMN) assay is generally not considered as reliable method for the assessment of clastogenic potential of test chemicals due to selective elimination of micronucleated cells ...
Herrera-Pérez J J - - 2008
The objective of this study was to establish the effect of aging on the development of anhedonia, a core feature of depression. Young and old male Wistar rats (of around 3-5 and 12-15 months, respectively) were exposed to a chronic variable stress (CVS) schedule for 3 weeks. CVS produced anhedonia, ...
Lin Shaul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Successful periodontal healing and pulpal revascularization after trauma may be age-related. After dental trauma, age-related impaired angiogenesis may play a role in the revascularization rate during the healing process. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present preliminary in vivo study was to detect the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor ...
Lieber Samuel C - - 2008
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the mechanism mediating left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the aging rat heart involves, in part, changes in cardiac cytoskeletal components. Our results show that there were no significant differences in heart rate, LV pressure, or LV diameter between conscious, ...
Zhang Jiping - - 2008
Environment noise is ubiquitous in our daily life. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of postnatal exposure to moderate-level noise on the auditory object exploration behavior of adult rats by comparing the ability of three groups of rats to locate a sound source in a ...
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