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Walf Alicia A AA Department of Psychology, The University at Albany - SUNY, Life Sciences Research Building 01058, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, - - 2008
Evidence from clinical and basic research studies demonstrates that estradiol (E(2)) reduces anxiety and/or depressive behavior; however, this effect is not observed in all studies. One factor that may mitigate differential responses to E(2) may be previous E(2) experience, i.e. parity. To investigate this, performance in tasks that are utilized ...
Dieckmann Marco - - 2007
Deficient prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle reflects disturbed sensorimotor gating found in certain neuropsychiatric disorders. We here tested whether rats selectively bred for deficient PPI are deteriorated in behavioral paradigms used to model negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Rats with low PPI preferred standard rat-chow when having the choice between lever-pressing ...
Ciulla Leandro - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of the antidepressant drugs duloxetine and fluoxetine on depressive behaviors in rodents. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats were given systemic injections of duloxetine, fluoxetine, or saline prior to a Forced Swimming Test (FST). Immobility and number of stops were measured. RESULTS: Rats given injections of ...
Rex André - - 2007
Sprague-Dawley rats are often the background stock for transgenic rats, and rats from various sources may differ in their physical development and behavior. In 1990, the Institute of Cytology and Genetics in Novosibirsk obtained Sprague-Dawley rats from a commercial vendor and bred them in a closed colony. To study various ...
Watanabe Akihito - - 2007
GPR10 is a G-protein-coupled receptor expressed in thalamic and hypothalamic brain regions, including the reticular thalamic nucleus (RTN) and periventricular nucleus (Pev), and the endogenous ligand for this receptor, prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), has demonstrated regulatory effects on the stress response. We produced a congenic rat by introducing the Dmo1 allele ...
Lindemann Sven - - 2007
There is increasing evidence that developmental anomalies of cerebral asymmetry are involved in the etiology of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, depression and anxiety. Thus, rodents with abnormal cerebral lateralization are interesting tools to study the association between such anomalies and behavioral dysfunction. The most studied indicator of cerebral asymmetry in ...
Sakiyama Yojiro - - 2008
The behavioral assessment of pain is essential for the analysis of pain mechanisms and the evaluation of analgesic drugs. The formalin test is one of such methods widely used as a model of injury-induced pain in rodents. This test is manually demanding and the recording of results is left to ...
Freudenberg F - - 2007
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response is a measure of sensorimotor gating that is deficient in some neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and Tourette's syndrome. Experimentally induced PPI deficits in rats are regarded as endophenotype to study the biological mechanisms and therapeutic strategies of these disorders. We have ...
Mairesse Jérôme - - 2007
Behavioral adaptation to an anxiogenic environment involves the activity of various interconnected limbic regions, such as the amygdala, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Prenatal stress (PS) in rats affects the ability to cope with environmental challenges and alters brain plasticity, leading to long-lasting behavioral and neurobiological alterations. We examined in PS ...
Kim Sun Kwang - - 2007
"Responder" Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats that were sensitive to electroacupuncture (EA) in an acute thermal pain test (i.e. tail flick latency [TFL] test) maintained sensitivity to EA in the warm allodynia test after peripheral nerve injury. Similarly, the "non-responder" SD rats that were insensitive to EA in the TFL test were ...
Zhu Jun - - 2007
Previous research has shown that individual differences in response to novelty predict self-administration and the locomotor response to psychostimulant drugs of abuse. The aim of the present study was to determine if individual differences in response to novelty based on inescapable or free-choice novelty tests predict dopamine transporter (DAT) function ...
Bjørnebekk Astrid - - 2007
Social isolation has profound effects on animal behavior and dopamine systems. We investigated the effect of social isolation on the dopamine receptor and neuropeptide mRNAs in the brain reward system in an animal model of depression, the Flinders Sensitive Line rats and Sprague-Dawley controls. We demonstrate that socially isolated but ...
Rutte Claudia - - 2007
The evolution of cooperation among nonrelatives has been explained by direct, indirect, and strong reciprocity. Animals should base the decision to help others on expected future help, which they may judge from past behavior of their partner. Although many examples of cooperative behavior exist in nature where reciprocity may be ...
Arakawa Hiroyuki - - 2007
The ontogeny of exploratory behavior depending on the intensity of threat in a modified open-field was investigated in male rats aged 40, 65, and 130 days, by comparing with less threatening condition with no shock and more threatening condition where they were exposed to mild electric shock. The number of ...
Othman Ahmed A - - 2007
Previous studies indicated that the chloro-benztropine analogs differed significantly in their cocaine-like activity, which was not expected based on the similarity in their in vitro binding affinity and functional potency at the dopamine transporter (DAT). The present study was designed to extend the understanding of the involvement of both pharmacokinetic ...
Houpt Thomas A TA Department of Biological Science, Program in Neuroscience, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4340, United States. - - 2007
Static high magnetic fields (MFs) from 7 T to 9 T can elicit behavioral responses in rodents such as suppression of rearing, locomotor circling, and acquisition of a conditioned taste aversion (CTA). MF exposure also induces c-Fos expression in the visceral and vestibular nuclei of the brainstem, suggesting the stimulation ...
Geary Nori - - 2007
Richter fully appreciated the fundamental biological importance of sex differences, in particular the challenges of female reproductive function to the two classes of behavior that most engaged him, endogenous rhythms and "self-regulatory" behaviors. Indeed, his contributions in these areas justify honoring him as one of the founders of behavioral neuroendocrinology. ...
Vyas Ajai A Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2007
The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii blocks the innate aversion of rats for cat urine, instead producing an attraction to the pheromone; this may increase the likelihood of a cat predating a rat. This is thought to reflect adaptive, behavioral manipulation by Toxoplasma in that the parasite, although capable of infecting ...
Myers Brent - - 2007
Behavioral responses to thermal and mechanical stimuli were used to examine somatic sensitivity in rats with stereotaxic corticosterone (CORT) implants on the amygdala. These animals have previously been shown to display anxiety-like behavior coupled with colonic hypersensitivity; in this study, CORT induced not only visceral hypersensitivity but also somatic hypersensitivity. ...
Fujimoto Yohei Y Department of Medical Technology, Nagoya University School of Health Sciences, Nagoya, - - 2007
Repeated treatment with methamphetamine (METH) causes long-term behavioral changes, so-called behavioral sensitization (BS), in humans as well as experimental animals. However, there are no reports as to whether repeated METH treatment can establish BS in stress-sensitive Long-Evans (LE) rats. Thus, we investigated the effect of repeated METH treatment (5 mg/kg ...
Clinton Sarah M SM Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, University of Michigan, 205 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0720, USA. - - 2007
Numerous studies have demonstrated that Sprague-Dawley rats exhibit a wide range of locomotor reactivity when placed in a novel environment. High Responder (HR) rats show exaggerated locomotor response to novelty, enhanced neuroendocrine stress reactivity, decreased anxiety-like behavior, and propensity to self-administer psychostimulants, compared to the less active Low Responder (LR) ...
Schirmer Marko - - 2007
We have recently described two rat mutants, ci2 and ci3, in which abnormal lateralized rotational behavior and locomotor hyperactivity occur either spontaneously or in response to external stimuli, such as new environment. While cochlear and vestibular defects are found in ci2 rats, ci3 rats do not exhibit any inner ear ...
Attama A A - - 2007
The electrostatic interaction between oppositely charged polyelectrolytes leads to the formation of polyelectrolyte complexes, which are of considerable interest because of their potential applications as both drug carriers or surface modifying agents. In this study, in vitro and in vivo studies were carried out on polyelectolyte complexes formulated with Eudragit ...
Ashmarin Igor Petrovich - - 2007
Active immunization against cholecystokinin fragments 31-33 (CCK-3) and 30-33 (CCK-4) results in long-lasting changes of albino rats' behavior. CCK-3 and CCK-4 covalently linked to antigen-carrier evokes the suppression of the anxiety, decreases some signs of depression-like behavior and changes the level of bioamines and their catabolites in striatum at least ...
Yaski Osnat - - 2007
This study was aimed at uncovering physical and geometric properties that make a particular landmark a target of exploration and navigation. Rats were tested in a square open-field arena with additional portable corners featuring the same properties as the arena corners. It was found that the routes of progression converged ...
Brimberg Lior - - 2007
In the signal attenuation rat model of obsessive-compulsive disorder, 'compulsive' behavior is induced by attenuating a signal indicating that a lever-press response was effective in producing food. In recent years several studies have reported that Lewis rats, an inbred strain derived from the Sprague Dawley strain, exhibit addictive and/or compulsive ...
Arakawa Hiroyuki - - 2007
The present experiments clarify sexual and social relationship factors related to the development of defensive burying behavior in rats. Rats were raised in isolation, or in a variety of pairs differing in sex, age or familiarity during the juvenile and post-juvenile period. In Experiment 1, decreased burying behavior was found ...
Leiser Steven C - - 2007
Rats use their whiskers to locate and discriminate tactile features of their environment. Mechanoreceptors surrounding each whisker encode and transmit sensory information from the environment to the brain via afferents whose cell bodies lie in the trigeminal ganglion (Vg). These afferents are classified as rapidly (RA) or slowly (SA) adapting ...
Wöhr Markus - - 2007
Rats emit distinct types of ultrasonic vocalizations, which differ depending on age, the subject's current state and environmental factors. Since it was shown that 50-kHz calls can serve as indices of the animal's positive subjective state, they have received increasing experimental attention, and have successfully been used to study neurobiological ...
Zadicario Pazit - - 2007
Rats treated chronically with the D2-3 dopamine agonist quinpirole were previously proposed as an animal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) since their behavior is based on repeated, compulsive-like persistent traveling between a few places in the open field. The aim of the present study was to determine properties of the ...
Giorgi Osvaldo - - 2007
The Roman high- (RHA) and low-avoidance (RLA) rat lines were selected for, respectively, rapid vs poor acquisition of two-way active avoidance in the shuttle-box. Here, we review experimental evidence indicating that, compared with their RLA counterparts, RHA rats display a robust sensation/novelty seeking profile, a marked preference and intake of ...
Iwamoto Yasuyuki - - 2007
Rats subjected to single prolonged stress (SPS) show enhanced HPA negative feedback, exaggerated acoustic startle response, and enhanced contextual freezing 7 days after SPS, and accordingly, SPS is an animal model of PTSD. To elucidate the influence of contextual fear on gene expression in the hippocampus of SPS rats, we ...
Litvin Yoav - - 2007
Rats incorporate circa 22kHz ultrasonic alarm cries into their defense pattern in response to a predator threat. These calls are dependent on conspecific presence, show gender differences, and tend to be emitted from a place of relative safety. Rats emit sonic defensive threat vocalizations when approached by a potential threat. ...
Anderson Karen G - - 2007
Previous work has shown neurochemical and behavioral differences between Lewis rats and Fischer 344 rats. Some of this work suggests that there might be differential sensitivity to delayed reinforcement between the two strains. To further explore this possibility, Lewis (n=8) and Fischer 344 (n=8) rats were exposed to a response-acquisition ...
Lambert Kelly G - - 2006
In the current investigation, predispositions for coping styles (i.e., passive, flexible, and active) were determined in juvenile male rats. In subsequent behavioral tests, flexible copers exhibited more active responses. In another study, animals were exposed to chronic stress and flexible coping rats had lower levels of corticosteroids. Focusing on the ...
Fendt Markus - - 2006
Predator odors induce defensive behavior in many prey species. For various reasons, studies carried out up to now have been unable to establish whether predator odor recognition is innate or not. Mostly, only particular odors or wild-living (i.e., experienced) test animals have been used in these studies, restricting the conclusiveness ...
Houpt Thomas A - - 2007
High-strength static magnetic fields of 7 T and above have been shown to have both immediate and delayed effects on rodents, such as the induction of locomotor circling and the acquisition of conditioned taste aversions. In this study, the acute effects of magnet field exposure on drinking were examined. Exposure ...
Nguyen Huu Phuc - - 2006
Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by an expanded CAG repeat leading to the synthesis of an aberrant protein and to the formation of polyglutamine (polyQ)-containing inclusions and aggregates. Limited information is available concerning the association of neuropathological markers with the development of behavioral markers in HD. Using a previously generated ...
Amara Salem - - 2007
The present study was undertaken to find out the effect of zinc supplementation on the antioxidant enzymatic system, lipid peroxidation and DNA oxidation in liver and kidney of static magnetic field (SMF) exposed rats. The exposure of rats to SMF (128mT, 1h/day during 30 consecutive days) decreased the activities of ...
da Silva Ana Flávia Schürmann - - 2006
Compounds isolated from different members of the Amaryllidaceae family are becoming relevant options for the treatment of neurological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, species of the Hippeastrum genus are important source of alkaloids with a wide profile of putative therapeutical applications. Here, we report on the behavioral and pharmaco-toxicological ...
Olivier B - - 2006
Most of our current understanding of the neurobiology, neuroanatomy and psychopharmacology of sexual behavior and ejaculatory function has been derived from preclinical studies in the rat. When a large population of male rats is tested on sexual activity during a number of successive tests, over time individual rats display a ...
Andreev-Andrievskii A A - - 2006
Centrally administered doses of the tripeptide corticoliberin fragment CRF(4-6) (Pro-Pro-Ile) suppressed mating behavior in male rats. Doses of 1 and 2 microg of the tripeptide produced dose-dependent increases in the latent periods of mounting, intromission, and ejaculation. Changes in measures of sexual behavior demonstrated that the corticoliberin fragment CRF(4-6) suppressed ...
Tang Ying - - 2006
The objective of this research is to develop arrays of tuned chemical sensors wherein each sensor element responds to a particular target analyte in a unique manner. By creating sol-gel-derived xerogels that are co-doped with two luminophores at a range of molar ratios, we can form suites of sensor elements ...
Avena Nicole M - - 2006
Bingeing behavior is characteristic of many eating disorders. This unit describes an animal model of sugar bingeing. This model has been used successfully to elicit behavioral and neurochemical signs of sugar dependence in rats, e.g., indices of bingeing, withdrawal, increased intake after abstinence (deprivation effect), cross-sensitization with amphetamine, and increases ...
Reglödi D - - 2006
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) has neuroprotective effects in various neuronal cultures and in models of brain pathologies in vivo. Among others, it protects dopaminergic neurons in vitro, against 6-OHDA- and rotenone-induced injury. Recently, we have shown that PACAP reduces dopaminergic cell loss and ameliorates behavioral outcome following unilateral ...
Kleinfeld David - - 2006
Rats sweep their vibrissae through space to locate objects in their immediate environment. In essence, their view of the proximal world is generated through pliable hairs that tap and palpate objects. The texture and shape of those objects must be discerned for the rat to assess the value of the ...
Einat Haim - - 2006
The present study examined the effect of simulated change in day length on the behavior of a diurnal rodent, the fat sand rat (a species of gerbil). Animals were housed under a short photoperiod (5/19 light/dark cycle) for 3 weeks and compared with controls living under a 12/12 light/dark cycle. ...
Huang Tung-Yi - - 2006
The role of amygdala mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in rats during a forced swim test was investigated. The variation of amygdala MAPK level was studied in control rats and early-life maternally deprived rats. A forced swim test was carried out to estimate the immobility level. The data showed that the ...
Yoshimoto Ryo - - 2006
Histamine H3 receptors (H3Rs) are presynaptic receptors that negatively regulate the release of histamine. The present study examined the physiological role of H3Rs in drinking behavior. In water-replete rats, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of R-alpha-methylhistamine (RalphaMeHA), an H3R agonist, elicited drinking behavior. In contrast, i.c.v. administration of thioperamide, an H3R inverse ...
Schwaibold Ute - - 2006
Thermoregulation in cold environments imposes great energy demands on small mammals. For the ice rat Otomys sloggetti robertsi, a herbivore endemic to high altitude alpine regions of southern Africa, these demands might be high since it does not hibernate and is poorly-adapted physiologically to low temperatures. We investigated whether ice ...
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