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Results 201 - 250 of 1320
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Liu Yan-Jie - - 2011
In order to reveal the mechanism of the brain injury induced by chronic fluorosis, the levels of apoptosis and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) in brains of rats and SH-SY5Y cells exposed to different concentrations of sodium fluoride (NaF) were detected. The dental fluorosis and fluoride contents in blood, urine and ...
Agrawal Shyam Sunder - - 2011
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), which increases high-density lipoprotein level, has not been used as a progestin in combination with estrogen in a transdermal patch to date. The aim of the research was to develop and evaluate a matrix-type transdermal drug delivery (TDD) system of a combination of ethinylestradiol (EE) and MPA ...
Huang Guanyi G Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA - - 2011
The ability to "knockout" specific genes in mice via embryonic stem (ES) cell-based gene-targeting technology has significantly enriched our understanding of gene function in normal and disease phenotypes. Improvements on this original strategy have been developed to enable the manipulation of genomes in a more sophisticated fashion with unprecedented precision. ...
Verma Yeshvandra - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine the influence of ovariectomy on phase II enzymes viz. glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and catalase (CAT) in liver and kidney of female rats treated with benzene. The results showed the significant decrease of the GST and GPX activity in benzene treated ...
Szaefer Hanna - - 2011
Chokeberry is a rich source of procyanidins known to have several types of biological activity including anticarcinogenic potential in experimental models. In this study we examined the effect of chokeberry juice on the hepatic and mammary gland carcinogen metabolizing enzyme expression altered by the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). Sprague-Dawley ...
Chang Chi-Chen - - 2011
Diosgenin, a traditional Yam extraction, has been used in hormone replacement for menopausal women. We aimed to investigate the influences of diosgenin administration upon the MMP-2 and -9 activity and expression and reproductive hormones of ovariectomized (OVX) rats, a model of menopausal status. Seven-week old female Wistar rats with bilateral ...
Tien Yun-Chen - - 2011
Esculetin (ESC) is a coumarin that is present in several plants such as Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Artemisia capillaris. Our previous study found that FR ethanol extract (FR(EtOH)) significantly ameliorated rats' liver function. This study was intended to investigate the protective mechanism of ESC in hepatic apoptosis in rats induced by ...
Shimizu Naoko - - 2011
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) is activated by serine proteases, such as trypsin and mast cell tryptase. Previous studies have demonstrated that both trypsin and PAR-2 activating peptide contract isolated rat urinary bladder preparations, however, the mechanisms are not fully understood. In the present study, we examined the role of bradykinin in ...
Kumar Gaurav - - 2011
Exposure to early postnatal stress is known to hasten the progression of kindling epileptogenesis in adult rats. Despite the significance of this for understanding mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and its associated psychopathology, research findings regarding underlying mechanisms are sparse. Of several possibilities, one important candidate mechanism is early life ...
Zhang Li-Chao - - 2011
The balance of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in high blood pressure variability (BPV) induced cardiovascular hypertrophy remains elusive. The aim of the present work was to investigate expression and activity of ACE and ACE2 in the heart and aorta of sinoaortic denervation (SAD) rats with high ...
Stiborova Marie M Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2011
The herbal drug aristolochic acid (AA) derived from Aristolochia species has been shown to be the cause of aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN), Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and their urothelial malignancies. One of the common features of AAN and BEN is that not all individuals exposed to AA suffer from nephropathy ...
Andreazzi Ana Eliza - - 2011
The involvement of sympathoadrenal axis activity in obesity onset was investigated using the experimental model of treating neonatal rats with monosodium L-glutamate. To access general sympathetic nervous system activity, we recorded the firing rates of sympathetic superior cervical ganglion nerves in animals. Catecholamine content and secretion from isolated adrenal medulla ...
Silva Agamenon Honório - - 2011
Investigate the effects of a single electroacupuncture (EA) session at acupoints Zusanli (ST-36) and Zhongwan (CV-12) combined in regulating oxidative stress in liver and kidney in anesthetized rats. Eighteen healthy rats randomly assigned to 3 groups (n=6) were anesthetized intraperitoneally with ketamine (90mg kg-1 body weight) + xylazine (10mg/kg body ...
Nagai Noriaki - - 2011
Our previous studies have demonstrated that lipid peroxidation in the lenses of hereditary cataract model rats (Ihara cataract rat (ICR)/f rats) caused a dysfunction in Ca(2+) regulation. In the present study, we investigated the effect of in vitro hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) stimulation on lipid peroxide (LPO) and the activities of ...
Jourdan Marion - - 2011
In elderly subjects, splanchnic extraction of amino acids (AA) increases during meals in a process known as splanchnic sequestration of amino acids (SSAA). This process potentially contributes to the age-related progressive decline in muscle mass via reduced peripheral availability of dietary AA. SSAA mechanisms are unknown but may involve an ...
Hou Miao - - 2011
Elevated glucocorticoid (GC) activity may be involved in the development of the metabolic syndrome. Tissue GC exposure is determined by the tissue-specific GC-activating enzyme 11β-hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) and the GC-inactivating enzyme 5α-reductase type 1 (5αR1), as well as 5β-reductase (5βR). Our aim was to study the effects of ...
Chen Neal X - - 2011
The objective of the current study was to determine if altered regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may predispose to extracellular matrix degradation, facilitating arterial calcification in chronic kidney disease (CKD) using a progressive model of CKD-MBD, the Cy/+ rat. Sera were collected from normal or CKD rats at various times ...
Lovic Vedran - - 2011
Early life environment and maternal care can have long-lasting effects on behavior and physiology. Previously, we found that compared to mother-reared (MR) female rats, rats reared without mothers, siblings, and nest, through artificially rearing (AR), show reduced levels of maternal behavior when they grow up. These effects can be reversed ...
Kobayashi Akio - - 2011
Blood alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities are widely used as sensitive markers of liver toxicity. However, these activities are also recognized to be altered by hormonal and nutritional modifications. We investigated the relationships between the activity and gene expression of the hepatic transaminases and the state of ...
Husain Gulam Mohammed - - 2011
Hypericum perforatum is known to have diverse medicinal uses for centuries. The antidepressant activity of Hypericum perforatum is widely accepted and proved in both animal and clinical studies. Present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Hypericum perforatum in a battery of animal models for metabolic disorder. Hypericum is ...
Gan Xian-Bing - - 2011
Cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) contributes to sympathetic activation and angiotensin II (Ang II) in paraventricular nucleus (PVN) augments the CSAR in vagotomized (VT) and baroreceptor denervated (BD) rats with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study was designed to determine whether it is true in intact (INT) rats with CHF ...
Al-Mohammed Hamdan I - - 2010
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is a serious and increasing public health problem in many parts of Saudi Arabia. Rodent control operations are effective in destroying rodents and reducing the incidence of disease. This study tested the efficacy of zinc phosphide and fenacoum against the reservoir host Psammomys obesus rat. The ...
Sivakumar V - - 2010
Many plants are claimed to possess antidiabetic and antioxidant activity. In practice, it is being increasingly recognized to be an alternative approach to modern medicine. This study assess the antioxidant capacity of Tinospora cordifolia stem methanol extract in daily oral administration of 500 mg/kg of body weight for 40 days ...
Muehlmann Amber M - - 2011
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a debilitating characteristic that is prevalent across a broad spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders. In most of these disorders, some individuals exhibit SIB, whereas others do not. However, the neurobiological mechanisms that confer vulnerability are virtually unexplored. We examined innate characteristics that contribute to vulnerability or resistance ...
Waltereit Robert - - 2011
There is a strong association between autism spectrum disorders (ASD), epilepsy and intellectual disability in humans, but the nature of these correlations is unclear. The monogenic disorder Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) has high rates of ASD, epilepsy and cognitive deficits. Here we used the Tsc2 (+/-) (Eker) rat model of ...
Abildgaard Anders - - 2011
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and diabetes mellitus type II (T2DM) are two of the major health challenges of our time. It has been shown that MDD and T2DM are highly co-morbid, and recent work has proposed a bi-directional connection between the diseases. The aim of the current study was to ...
Ghodbane Soumaya - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of selenium supplementation on the antioxidant enzymatic system (such as GPx, GR and SOD), GSH and selenium level in liver, kidney, muscle and brain of static magnetic field (SMF) exposed rats. Male adult rats were divided into control rats (n=6), ...
de Oliveira Luciana C - - 2011
Studies have revealed that the extent of reactivity of high-anxiety rats to diverse challenges is different than low-anxiety rats and have provided important insights into the psychopathology of anxiety. Various factors intervene to allow defensive mechanisms to react to diverse threatening challenges, including ontogeny and the nature of the emotional ...
Uphouse Lynda L Department of Biology, Texas Woman's University, Denton, TX 76204, United States. - - 2010
Ovariectomized Fischer inbred rats were hormonally primed with 10μg estradiol benzoate and sesame seed oil (EO rats) or with estradiol benzoate and 500μg progesterone (EP rats). Four to six hours after progesterone or oil, rats were pretested for sexual behavior and then infused bilaterally into the ventromedial nucleus of the ...
Frye Cheryl A CA Department of Psychology, The University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, New York 12222, USA. - - 2010
The mechanisms by which progestogens influence affective behaviors in females are poorly understood despite clear changes in mood/affect that are associated with their decline during menopause. Conjugated equine estrogens (CEE), with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), are commonly prescribed hormone-replacement, but there is heterogeneity in responses to these pharmacotherapies. One ...
Cheng Ching-Chang - - 2010
Shugan-Huayu powder (SHP) has been administered to outpatients with chronic liver disease without clear anti-fibrosis mechanism. To investigate the anti-fibrotic effects of SHP on liver fibrosis in a rat model and in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in vitro, rats were gavaged with CCl4 at 1.0 g/kg body weight twice a ...
Abe Chikara - - 2010
Previously, we have demonstrated that the vestibulo-cardiovascular reflex was attenuated in rats reared in a 3G environment for 14 days. Because continuous galvanic vestibular stimulation preserved the vestibulo-cardiovascular reflex in rats at 3G, this attenuation might be attributable to a reduction in the phasic input to the vestibular system. The ...
Bonilla-Jaime H - - 2010
Several studies have demonstrated that nicotine (NIC) exhibits antidepressant-like effects. In addition, it has been suggested that sexual hormones participate in the antidepressant actions of antidepressives. The present study was designed to analyze the effect of orchiectomy and the supplementation of testosterone propionate (TP) or 17β-estradiol (E(2)) on the antidepressant ...
Yoshimoto Misa - - 2010
The present study was designed to document changes in sympathetic nerve activity and cardiovascular function when conscious rats were challenged with a noise stressor to induce freezing behavior. The potential contribution of the arterial baroreceptors in regulating sympathetic nerve activity and cardiovascular adjustments during the freezing behavior was then examined. ...
Slutzky Marc W MW Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, United States. - - 2010
The center-out task is a standard paradigm often used to study the neural control of reaching movements in human and non-human primates. However, there are several disadvantages to the use of monkeys, notably costs, infrastructural requirements, and ethical considerations. Here we describe a similar task designed to examine forelimb movements ...
Zarrindast Mohammad Reza - - 2011
In the present study the influence of the dopaminergic system(s) of the amygdala on the anxiolytic-like effect of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist, arachydonilcyclopropylamide (ACPA), in male Wistar rats was investigated. An elevated plus-maze test of anxiety was used to assess anxiety-like behaviors. The results showed that bilateral intra-amygdala injections ...
Piras Giovanna - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The selective breeding of Roman low-avoidance (RLA) and high-avoidance (RHA) rats for, respectively, poor versus rapid acquisition of active avoidance in a shuttle-box has produced two phenotypes that differ drastically in the reactivity to stressful stimuli: in tests used to assess emotionality, RLA rats display passive ("reactive") coping and ...
Kass Marley D - - 2010
We recently reported that six consecutive days of treatment with a moderate dose of methamphetamine (METH) induced greater behavioral sensitization in adult HIV-1 transgenic (HIV-1 Tg) rats than in adult Fischer 344/NHsd (F344) non-transgenic, wild-type control animals. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of a moderate dose of ...
Câmara C C - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to describe motor behavioral changes in association with histopathological and hematological findings in Wistar rats inoculated intravenously with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected MT2 cells. Twenty-five 4-month-old male rats were inoculated with HTLV-1-infected MT2 cells and 13 control rats were inoculated ...
Chargui Issam - - 2010
Permethrin and deltamethrin are insecticides used all over the world in agriculture to control pests. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of subcutaneous permethrin and/or deltamethrin treatments on erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes activity in rats of different sex. The results obtained show that permethrin decreases SOD and ...
Kalamatianos Theodosis - - 2010
African mole-rats provide a unique taxonomic group for investigating the evolution and neurobiology of sociality. The two species investigated here display extreme differences in social organization and reproductive strategy. Naked mole-rats (NMRs) live in colonies, dominated by a queen and her consorts; most members remain nonreproductive throughout life but cooperate ...
Justo C C - - 2010
Several lines of evidence indicate that the use of stimulant drugs, including methylphenidate (MPD), increases tobacco smoking. This has raised concerns that MPD use during adolescence could facilitate nicotine abuse. Preclinical studies have shown that repeated treatment with an addictive drug produces sensitization to that drug and usually cross-sensitization to ...
Boyes William K - - 2010
The volatile organic compound 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (TMP, "isooctane") is a constituent of gasoline for which the current health effects data are insufficient to permit the US Environmental Protection Agency to conduct a risk assessment. The potential neurological impairment from acute inhalation exposure to TMP was evaluated in adult male Long-Evans rats ...
Carr Gregory V GV Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 125 South 31st Street, Room 2204, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2010
Recent evidence suggests a role for the dynorphin/kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) system in the expression of stress-induced behaviors. Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats exhibit increased depression-like and anxiety-like responses in behavioral tests compared to other strains and may be a model of comorbid depression and anxiety characterized by increased activity within the ...
Bello Suely R - - 2010
The purpose of this research was to assess the effects of the flower essences She Oak and Bush Fuchsia on behavioral anxiety in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. For four weeks, OVX rats received the flower essences She Oak, Bush Fuchsia or a combination of the two. After flower therapy, the animals ...
Pacelli Consiglia - - 2010
Dietary choline deprivation (CD) is associated with behavioral changes, but mechanisms underlying these detrimental effects are not well characterized. For instance, no literature data are available concerning the CD effects on brain mitochondrial function related to impairment in cognition. Therefore, we investigated brain mitochondrial function and redox status in male ...
González-Flores Oscar - - 2010
This study tested the hypothesis that the Src/Raf/MAPK signaling pathway is involved in the facilitation of the lordosis and proceptive behaviors induced by progesterone (P) and its ring A-reduced metabolites in ovariectomized, estradiol-primed rats. Intraventricular (icv) infusion of PP2 (7.5, 15 and 30 microg), a Src kinase inhibitor, significantly depressed ...
Cibrian-Llanderal Tamara - - 2010
In rats, sexual reward, appetitive sexual behaviors and reproduction are modulated by the amount and rate of vaginocervical stimulation. Here the effect of clitoral stimulation (CLS) on proceptivity was assessed. In Exp 1, ovariectomized, hormone-primed Wistar females formed three groups: G1 (1 CLS every second), G2 (1 CLS every 5s) ...
Hashizume Ryotaro R McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, - - 2010
Although a variety of materials are currently used for abdominal wall repair, general complications encountered include herniation, infection, and mechanical mismatch with native tissue. An approach wherein a degradable synthetic material is ultimately replaced by tissue mechanically approximating the native state could obviate these complications. We report here on the ...
Wu He-ming - - 2010
The function of angiotensin peptides is dependent upon the action of several aminopeptidases (APs) termed angiotensinases. Soluble (SOL) and membrane (MEM)-bound alanyl-AP (AlaAP) and cystinyl-AP (CysAP) are involved in the metabolism of angiotensins and related to the modulation of behavior and memory. To study the interactions between angiotensinase activity in ...
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