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Pecori Giraldi F - - 2012
SOM230 (pasireotide, Signifor), a recently developed somatostatin analog, has been tested in ACTH-secreting pituitary tumors with promising results. No study has yet evaluated whether this analog also directly affects adrenal steroid production. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether SOM230 modulates corticosteroid secretion by normal adrenals in ...
Foley Conor P CP School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. - - 2012
Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) is a promising technique for administering large therapeutics that do not readily cross the blood brain barrier to neural tissue. It is of vital importance to understand how large drug constructs move through neural tissue during CED to optimize construct and delivery parameters so that drugs are ...
Kawano Takashi - - 2011
The neurosteroid allopregnanolone (AP) influences the excitability of the central nervous system by acting as a positive allosteric modulator of γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors. Here, we investigated the role of AP and its therapeutic potential in rats that showed hyperalgesic behavior after undergoing spinal nerve ligation (SNL). AP ...
Periasamy Srinivasan - - 2011
We investigated the therapeutic effect of sesamol against monocrotaline-induced sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were gavaged with a single dose of monocrotaline (90 mg/kg) to induce SOS. Sesamol (5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected 24 h after monocrotaline treatment. Control rats were given saline only. Aspartate ...
Norozian Faraz M - - 2011
: To test the hypothesis that therapeutic hypercapnia enhances the proinflammatory responses to endotoxemia in the lung and spleen of rats. : Prospective randomized study. : Hospital research institute. : Forty-eight adult male rats. : Rats were randomly assigned for a 24-hr period to four breathing groups (n = 11/group), ...
Seyer Alexandre - - 2010
Deca-bromo-diphenyl ether (DBDE) is one of the most efficient brominated flame retardant (BFR) available on the market. We recently demonstrated that when administered to female rat by oral route, DBDE is efficiently absorbed, with the highest residual concentrations found in two endocrine glands, namely the adrenal glands and the ovaries. ...
Feng Jun-tao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Airway symptoms in asthma are related to decrease of epinephrine secretion, which may be ascribed to elevated nerve growth factor (NGF) in the organism. The aim of this study was to monitor the neuroendocrine alteration in the adrenal medulla of asthmatic rats. METHODS: Sixteen rats were randomly divided into ...
Perelló Mario - - 2010
The hypothalamic damage induced by neonatal treatment with monosodium L -glutamate (MSG) induces several metabolic abnormalities, resulting in a rat hyperleptinemic-hyperadipose phenotype. This study was conducted to explore the impact of the neonatal MSG treatment, in the adult (120 days old) female rat on: (a) the in vivo and in ...
Koeva Yvetta A - - 2010
AIM: 11beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta HSD) catalyzes the interconversion of glucocorticoids to inert metabolites in man and rodents and plays a crucial role in regulating corticosteroid hormone action. The physiological role and regulation of 11beta HSD type 2 in the adrenal gland remains obscure. Therefore, the aim of the present ...
Cotten Joseph F JF Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2010
Etomidate is a sedative hypnotic that is often used in critically ill patients because it provides superior hemodynamic stability. However, it also binds with high affinity to 11beta-hydroxylase, potently suppressing the synthesis of steroids by the adrenal gland that are necessary for survival. The authors report the results of studies ...
Romero Mar?a del Mar Mdel - - 2010
Oleoyl-estrone (OE) induces a marked loss of body fat in rats by maintaining energy expenditure, body protein and blood glucose despite decreasing food intake. OE increases glucocorticoids, but they arrest OE lipid-mobilization. We studied here whether OE induces a direct effect on adrenal glands function as part of this feedback ...
Ogawa Koichi - - 2011
Mitochondria are organelles that produce ATP and reactive oxygen species, which are thought to be responsible for a decline in physiological function with aging. In this study, we morphologically and biochemically examined mitochondria in the rat adrenal gland. Immunohistochemistry showed that the rank order for intensity of immunolabelling for complex ...
Kirat Doaa - - 2010
We have recently proved the expression and localization of seven monocarboxylate transporters (MCT1, MCT2, MCT3, MCT4, MCT5, MCT7, and MCT8) in the rat adrenal gland. So far, there are no data reporting possible regulation of any MCT isoform in the adrenal gland. Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber that is ...
Ries Christina - - 2009
Aldosterone plays a crucial role in salt and water homeostasis but in case of pathologically increased plasma aldosterone levels it is also involved in the development and the progression of severe cardiovascular diseases like heart failure and myocardial fibrosis. For the treatment of these diseases we propose inhibition of the ...
Oliveira Maria Joao R - - 2009
Chronic exposure to industrial noise and its effects on biological systems. Occupational exposure to noise may result in health disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of chronic exposure to high-intensity noise of textile industry cotton rooms on the adrenal morphology. The environmental noise of a cotton-mill room from ...
Adamsson A - - 2009
Exposure to antiandrogens during the critical developmental window (i.e. sexual differentiation) can permanently demasculinize the male phenotype. Here we have investigated the effects of developmental exposure to di-isononylphthalate (DINP) (250 and 750 mg/kg) and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (p,p'-DDE) (50 and 100mg/kg) on 19.5-day-old fetal Sprague-Dawley rat testicular and adrenal steroidogenesis. Maternal exposure ...
Malendowicz Ludwik K - - 2009
Neuromedin-U (NMU) is a brain-gut peptide, which has been previously found to stimulate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the rat and to control the growth of the rat adrenal cortex. The present study aimed to investigate the possible involvement of NMU in the regulation of unilateral adrenalectomy-induced compensatory adrenal growth, a phenomenon ...
Jaroenporn Sukanya - - 2009
Rats of the Hatano high-avoidance (HAA) and low-avoidance (LAA) strains have been genetically selected on the basis of their two-way active avoidance behavior, and have different endocrine responses to stress. The present study focused on the adrenal steroid hormone responses of the Hatano strains and identifies differences in regulation of ...
Cano Pilar - - 2008
This work analyzes the 24-hour changes of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and leptin release in aged rats. Three- and 22-month-old male Wistar rats were killed at 6 time intervals during a 24-hour cycle (n=8-10 rats/group). Aging augmented plasma ACTH while it decreased plasma and adrenal gland corticosterone levels. Plasma and ...
Jaroenporn Sukanya - - 2008
The effects of pantothenic acid-supplementation on the adrenal secretion of corticosterone and progesterone in male rats were investigated using an in vitro cell culture system. Male rats at 21 d of age were given 0.03% pantothenic acid in their drinking water for 9 weeks. After 9 weeks of treatment, the ...
Trejter Marcin - - 2008
Neuromedin-U (NMU) is a brain-gut peptide, which has been previously found to stimulate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the rat. Enucleation-induced adrenal regeneration in rats with contralateral adrenalectomy is a well-established model of adrenal growth, that not only depends on the compensatory ACTH hypersecretion, but is also modulated by several regulatory peptides. ...
Koldysheva E V - - 2008
Intracellular reorganization of mouse adrenocorticocytes after single whole body hyperthermia is determined by the two main events: development of the general adaptation syndrome and inhibition of the regeneratory plastic reactions in cells resultant from endotoxication and redistribution of plastic resources between organs and tissues. Stress-induced changes manifest in significant exhaustion ...
Ziolkowska Agnieszka - - 2008
Neuromedin U (NMU) is a brain-gut peptide, that in the peripheral organs and tissues acts via a G protein-coupled receptor, called NMUR1. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed the expression of NMUR1 mRNA in either cortex and medulla or dispersed zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata-reticularis cells of the immature rat adrenals. ...
Raghay K - - 2008
Ghrelin is predominantly produced by neuroendocrine cells of stomach and has been expressed in several normal and tumour endocrine tissues. It has been reported that the localization of ghrelin is exclusively in the cortex of human and rat adrenal gland and in adrenocortical tumours. This prompted us to analyze the ...
Pillai, Mahesh R.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental pollutants that bioaccumulate through the food web. Lipophilic endocrine disruptors, PCBs accumulate in adipocytes, liver, muscle and breast tissues. The adrenal medulla synthesizes the catecholamines, dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine, using several enzymes, including tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine β-monooxygenase (DBM). Since catecholamines are important neurotransmitters, ...
Noguchi Shuya - - 2007
In diabetes, dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis causes effects such as elevation of corticotropin (ACTH) and glucocorticoids. Cholecystokinin and its receptors are involved in the HPA axis and influence the regulation of the HPA axis. We examined adrenocortical function in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model of ...
Hesketh S A - - 2007
We have previously reported that rats exposed chronically to citalopram are able to elicit a corticosterone but not adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) response to restraint stress. Thus we proposed the hypothesis that the corticosterone response to restraint in citalopram-treated rats was maintained due to increased adrenal sensitivity to lower ACTH levels. ...
Suleyman Halis - - 2007
Sedative effect of the aqueous extract of Centranthus longiflorus ssp. longiflorus (Cle-1) on intact and adrenalectomized rats was investigated using a thiopental sleeping test to clarify the relationship of this effect on adrenal gland hormones, particularly glucocorticoids. Adrenal gland hormones were found to play an important role in inhibiting the ...
Kumar Neeraj - - 2007
Chemical investigations on the stem bark of Holarrhena antidysenterica resulted in the isolation of a new steroidal alkaloid designated as holadysenterine (1), together with three known steroidal alkaloids, conessine (2), isoconessimine (3) and kurchessine (4). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques and high-resolution mass ...
Tortorella Cinzia - - 2007
Galanin is a regulatory 30- or 29-amino acid peptide, widely distributed in the nervous system and gut, that acts via three subtypes of G protein-coupled receptors, named GAL-R1, GAL-R2 and GAL-R3. Findings have been accumulated that galanin regulates neuroendocrine hypothalamic axes, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) one. Galanin and its receptors ...
da Silva Benedito Borges - - 2007
AIM: We evaluated the thickness of the adrenal cortex zones of female rats androgenized to mimic polycystic ovary syndrome. METHODS: Forty-four female virgin Wistar-Hannover rats were divided into two groups: controls (n = 17) and animals which received testosterone propionate on the 2nd day of life (n = 27). At ...
Supornsilchai Vichit - - 2007
Phthalate esters exert deleterious effects on testicular physiology and, consequently, on reproduction and fertility. However, little is presently known concerning potential adverse effects of these environmental pollutants on the hormonal functions of the adrenal gland. Therefore, we have investigated the effects of administering to rats of different developmental ages di-2-ethylhexyl ...
Lelli Sandra M - - 2007
In Wistar rats, hexachlorobenzene (HCB) depresses the gluconeogenic enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxykinase (PEPCK). In the liver, glucocorticoids (GC) normally regulate the glucose synthesis by acting on PEPCK. Thus, the aim of this work was to investigate, in a time-course study, the effects of HCB on plasma GC, its adrenal synthesis and stimulation, ...
Stevanović D - - 2007
Ghrelin is a brain-gut peptide known for its growth hormone (GH)-releasing and appetite-inducing activities. This natural GH secretagogue (GHS) was originally purified from rat stomach, but it is expressed widely in different tissues where it may have endocrine and paracrine effects. The central effects of ghrelin on adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) ...
Kmiec Z - - 2006
The impairment of homeostatic mechanisms in ageing becomes often apparent upon physiological or pathological stimulation. We have previously shown that fasting and refeeding revealed the existence of age-related changes of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Because fuel metabolism is partially controlled by corticosteroids we decided to determine the effects of refeeding ...
Pignatelli Duarte - - 2006
Normal pubertal development in humans involves two distinct processes: maturation of adrenal androgen secretion (adrenarche) and activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (gonadarche). One factor thought to contribute to the adrenarche in man is increased adrenal 17-hydroxylase (CYP17) activity. In the rat, there is evidence for adrenal involvement in the initiation ...
Kodjo K M - - 2006
Previous studies conducted in guinea pig, rat and rabbit have revealed that crude extracts from Parkia biglobosa, Stereospermum kunthianum and Biophytum petersianum exert hypotensive and/or hypoglycemic activities. Since corticosteroids are involved in the control of arterial blood pressure and glycemia, we have investigated the possible effects of these plant extracts ...
López Laudino - - 2006
One approach to assess neuroendocrine response to portal hypertension in short-term portal vein-stenosed rats consists in studying metabolic and functional activity patterns in adrenal glands using mitochondrial enzyme cytochrome c oxidase (COX) as a histochemical marker. Male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: a control group (Group I; n ...
Frye Cheryl A - - 2006
The progesterone metabolite 5alpha-pregnane-3alpha-ol-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-THP) is an important modulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and stress-induced corticosterone response. Typically, 3alpha,5alpha-THP levels are increased in response to acute stress, which may then reduce corticosterone release from the adrenals. Early postnatal stimulation is a developmental stressor that can produce pervasive endocrine effects. The ...
Buzueva I I - - 2006
Blood pressure in 6-month hypertensive NISAG rats daily treated with enalapril in the early postnatal period was lower than in control rats. Enalapril produced significant morphological alterations only in the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. The volumes of this area and the corresponding endocrine cells were lower than in ...
Dhillo W S - - 2005
Alpha melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is an agonist at the melanocortin 3 (MC3-R) and melanocortin 4 (MC4-R) receptors. Alpha-MSH stimulates corticosterone release from rat and human adrenal cells. Patients with Cushing's syndrome have elevated levels of serum alpha-MSH. Agouti related protein (AgRP) is an endogenous antagonist at the MC3-R and MC4-R ...
Carsia Rocco V - - 2006
Elucidation of the role of natriuretic peptides (NPs) in vertebrate adrenal steroidogenesis has been facilitated by the use of freshly dispersed adrenocortical cells. Our recent characterization of lizard adrenocortical cells [Carsia, R.V., John-Alder, H.B., 2003. Seasonal alterations in adrenocortical cell function associated with stress-responsiveness and sex in the Eastern Fence ...
Tang F - - 2005
To study the contribution of adrenomedullin in the adrenal medulla in the stress response, we measured plasma and adrenal levels of adrenomedullin in sham-operated (intact) rats and in rats without adrenal medulla, with or without exposure to ether vapor for 15 min. Adrenomedullin levels decreased drastically after demedullation. Effect stress ...
Rucinski Marcin - - 2005
Beacon gene is overexpressed in obese rats, and beacon was found to stimulate food intake. Evidence has been recently provided that beacon is also expressed in the endocrine glands of normal rats, including adrenal cortex, of which it appears to regulate secretory activity. To further characterize the role of beacon ...
Rucinski Marcin - - 2005
Cerebellin (CER) is a regulatory peptide, originally isolated from rat cerebellum, which derives from the cleavage of precerebellin (Cbln), three types of which (Cbln1-3) have been identified in humans and rats. CER is also expressed in several extra-cerebellar tissues, including adrenal gland, and evidence has been provided that CER exerts ...
Fernandes Luciano G - - 2005
The possible role of the peptide vasopressin and adrenal catecholamine in the pressor response to chemoreflex activation was evaluated in awake rats. Data show that the peripheral blockade of the V1 vasopressin receptor produced no change in the cardiovascular responses to chemoreflex activation, indicating that vasopressin plays no role on ...
Spinazzi Raffaella - - 2005
Neuropeptide-Y (NPY) is a 36-amino acid peptide, which belongs, along with peptide YY (PYY), to the pancreatic polypeptide (PP) family. The members of this family of peptides act via G protein-coupled receptors (Rs), six subtypes of which (from Y1- to Y6-R) have been identified. NPY and PYY preferentially bind the ...
Supornsilchai V - - 2005
The phytoestrogen resveratrol is found in grapes, mulberries and peanuts, all of which are consumed regularly by humans. Resveratrol is also used in chemotherapy against cancer and aging and as a cardioprotectant. The aim of the present study was to characterize the effects of resveratrol on rat adrenal steroidogenesis and ...
Stener-Victorin Elisabet - - 2005
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder associated with ovulatory dysfunction, abdominal obesity, hyperandrogenism, hypertension, and insulin resistance. Our objectives in this study were (1) to estimate sympathetic-adrenal medullary (SAM) activity by measuring mean systolic blood pressure (MSAP) in rats with estradiol valerate (EV)-induced PCO; (2) ...
Tsunoda Makoto - - 2004
A method has been developed for measurement of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity in the rat adrenal gland. Epinephrine, synthesized in the adrenal gland, was used as substrate, and its enzymatic product, metanephrine, was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The method has sufficient precision and accuracy. Soluble (S) ...
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