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Katsenelson Ksenya - - 2007
We have previously hypothesised that the number of bubbles evolving during decompression from a dive, and therefore the incidence of decompression sickness (DCS), might be reduced by pretreatment with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). The inert gas in the gas micronuclei would be replaced by oxygen, which would subsequently be consumed by ...
Awasthi Vibhudutta - - 2007
Liposome-encapsulated Hb (LEH) is being developed as an artificially assembled, low-toxicity, and spatially isolated Hb-based oxygen carrier (HBOC). Standard methods of evaluating oxygen carriers are based on surrogate indicators of physiology in animal models of shock. Assessment of actual delivery of oxygen by HBOCs and resultant improvement in oxygen metabolism ...
Barbier J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We report in the present study the role of endothelin (ET-1) and ET-1 receptors in the sustained hypoxia-induced systemic hypertension. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly assigned to live continuously in hypobaric hypoxia (CH rats) or normoxia (N rats). At the end of hypoxic stress exposure (5 weeks at 450 ...
Genest Sophie-Emmanuelle - - 2007
Neonatal maternal separation (NMS) affects respiratory control development as adult male (but not female) rats previously subjected to NMS show a hypoxic ventilatory response 25% greater than controls. The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) is an important modulator of respiratory activity. In the present study, we hypothesized that in ...
Hara Shuichi - - 2007
Extracellular cGMP in the striatum of rats exposed to 3000 ppm carbon monoxide (CO) or 8% O2 was decreased during the early period of exposure. Thereafter, extracellular cGMP in rats exposed to CO, but not 8% O2, was transiently increased. A nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine, strongly reduced the ...
Zoccal Daniel B - - 2007
In the present study we investigated whether plasma corticosterone is altered in rats exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). Rats were submitted to a fraction of inspired oxygen of 6%, for 40 s, every 9 min, 8 h a day, for 35 days (CIH rats, n=17), while control rats were ...
Oorschot Dorothy E - - 2007
The most common behavioural disorder seen in children and adolescents born extremely prematurely is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The hyperactive/impulsive sub-type of ADHD or the inattentive sub-type or the hyperactive/impulsive/inattentive sub-type can be evident. These sub-types of ADHD can persist into adulthood. The aim of this study was to ...
Wood Teresa L TL Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA. woodte@umdnj.edu - - 2007
We previously demonstrated that IGF-1 blocks glutamate-mediated death of late oligodendrocyte progenitors (OPs) by preventing Bax translocation, mitochondrial cytochrome c release and cleavage of caspases 9 and 3. Here, we demonstrate that IGF-1 prevents caspase 3 activation in late OPs when administered up to 16 h following exposure to glutamate. ...
Donadieu Emilie - - 2007
The present study was undertaken to develop an improved cryoembedding method for analysis of mice and rat cochleae, which permits high-quality cryosections and preserves overall structure and cellular resolution as shown by hematoxylin/eosin staining. The preservation of morphology and antigenicity is mandatory to achieve optimal results. A total of 20 ...
Arieli R - - 2007
Trimix (a mixture of helium, nitrogen, and oxygen) has been used in deep diving to reduce the risk of high-pressure nervous syndrome during compression and the time required for decompression at the end of the dive. There is no specific recompression treatment for decompression sickness (DCS) resulting from trimix diving. ...
Kakizawa Hiroko - - 2007
Hypoxia-ischemia is a common cause of neonatal brain injuries. Nitric oxide (NO) is upregulated in the brain after hypoxia-ischemia and generally believed to exert a paradoxical effect on neurons, neurodestruction and neuroprotection, but it has not been demonstrated that NO is actually neuroprotective in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. We evaluated the ...
Kaur C - - 2006
Hypoxia is an important factor linked to induction of vascular leakage and formation of brain edema. In this connection, astrocytes associated closely with the blood vessels are deemed to be involved. This study investigated the response of astrocytes to hypoxia in the adult rat cerebellum, and along with this, the ...
Yoshida T - - 2006
The distribution and abundance of the calcium binding protein, calbindin D-28k (CB) immunoreactivity in the taste buds of the circumvallate papillae and larynx were compared between normoxic and chronically hypoxic rats (10% O2 for 8 weeks). In the normoxic rats, CB immunoreactivity was observed in some cells and fibers of ...
Lin Ping-Chang - - 2007
Current theory of respiratory control invokes a role of myoglobin (Mb)-facilitated O2 diffusion in regulating the intracellular O2 flux, provided Mb diffusion can compete effectively with free O2 diffusion. Pulsed-field gradient NMR methods have now followed gradient-dependent changes in the distinct 1H NMR gamma CH3 Val E11 signal of MbO2 ...
Broekman Marna - - 2006
Subterranean mammals (those that live and forage underground) inhabit a challenging microenvironment, with high levels of carbon dioxide and low levels of oxygen. Consequently, they have evolved specialised morphological and physiological adaptations. For small mammals that inhabit high altitudes, the effects of cold are compounded by low oxygen partial pressures. ...
Fauchier L - - 2006
The precise role of pulmonary hypertension as a possible factor inducing a decrease in heart rate variability is poorly known. Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) was carried out in 21 Wistar rats before and after exposure to normoxia (N = 10) or to 3 weeks of hypobaric hypoxia ...
Wu Yangsong - - 2007
Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by intermittent obstruction of the upper airway, which leads to intermittent hypoxia. Myocardial glycogen is a major energy resource for heart during hypoxia. Previous studies have demonstrated that intermittent hypoxia rapidly degrades myocardial glycogen and activates glycogen synthase (GS). However, the underlying mechanisms remain undefined. ...
Cringle Stephen J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the intraretinal oxygen distribution and oxygen consumption in the rat before eye opening and maturation of the retina. METHODS: Oxygen-sensitive microelectrodes were used to measure the oxygen tension as a function of depth through the retina in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats at postnatal day (P)15. Measurements were made ...
Car Halina - - 2006
Baclofen, an agonist of GABA(B) receptors and LY367385, an antagonist of mGluR(1a) receptors, given alone or jointly, reduced the immobility time in the forced swim test but only their separate administration enhanced motility in group of rats without hypoxia. Short-term hypoxia (2% O2, 98% N2, 4 min) did not change ...
Kumar Ganesh K - - 2006
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) augments physiological responses to low partial pressures of O2 in the arterial blood. Adrenal medullae from adult rats, however, are insensitive to direct effects of acute hypoxia. In the present study, we examined whether CIH induces hypoxic sensitivity in the adult rat adrenal medulla and, if ...
Walsh Martin P - - 2006
Experiments were performed on anaesthetized normoxic (N) rats and chronically hypoxic rats that had been exposed to 12% O2 for 1, 3 or 7 days (1, 3 or 7CH rats). The adenosine A1 receptor antagonist DPCPX did not affect the resting hyperventilation of 1-7CH rats breathing 12% O2 and increased ...
Walsh Martin P - - 2006
Experiments were performed under Saffan anaesthesia on normoxic (N) rats and on chronically hypoxic rats exposed to 12% O2 for 1, 3 or 7 days (1, 3 or 7CH rats): N rats routinely breathed 21% O2 and CH rats 12% O2. The 1, 3 and 7CH rats showed resting hyperventilation ...
Litvan Juan - - 2006
Hypoxia has been shown to cause lung edema and impair lung edema clearance. In the present study, we exposed isolated rat lungs to pO(2) = 40 mm Hg for 60 min or rats to 8% O(2) for up to 24 h and then measured changes in alveolar fluid reabsorption (AFR) ...
Raff Hershel - - 2006
Hypoxia is a common neonatal stress that induces insulin resistance and a decrease in body weight gain. Dexamethasone is often used to treat neonatal cardiopulmonary disease, and also leads to insulin resistance and a decrease in body weight gain. The current study addressed the hypothesis that serum concentrations of the ...
Deuchar Graeme A - - 2006
In vivo haemodynamic responses to human urotensin-II were determined in two models of pulmonary hypertension: rabbits with left ventricular dysfunction following coronary artery ligation and the hypoxic rat. Effects were also examined in the presence of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Human urotensin-II increased pulmonary arterial ...
Reeves Stephen R - - 2006
Acute isocapnic intermittent hypoxia elicits time-dependent, serotonin-dependent enhancement of phrenic motor output in anesthetized rats (phrenic long-term facilitation, pLTF). In adult rats, pLTF is enhanced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). To test the hypothesis that early postnatal CIH induces persistent modifications of ventilation and pLTF, we exposed male Sprague-Dawley rat ...
Sun Dong - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the effects of peritubular capillary (PTC) loss and hypoxia on the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in a rat model of aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN). METHODS: Female Wistar rats received Caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis (CAM) decoction by gavage for 8 weeks, and were sacrificed at 8, 12 and 16 ...
Kipiani V A - - 2006
Electron paramagnetic resonance was used to identify paramagnetic centers in the blood and liver of laboratory rats with S-45 sarcoma and mice with Ehrlich carcinoma. Paraneoplastic changes in prooxidant and antioxidant activity of the blood and liver tissue, mitochondrial respiration, and NO metabolism and inhibition of antioxidant processes contribute to ...
Lundgren Claes E G - - 2006
It has earlier been hypothesized that intravascular microbubbles, derived from a dodecafluoropentane (DDFP) emulsion, can transport physiologically significant amounts of oxygen in the animal body. To test this notion, anesthetized oxygen breathing rats were rendered severely anemic by bleeding and volume replacement. Rats treated with 0.014 ml/kg of DDFP in ...
Venerosi Aldina - - 2006
Birth complications such as perinatal asphyxia are considered risk factors for later neurobehavioural disorders. Behavioural analysis of animal models may help to clarify the contribution of particular patterns of early hypoxia and their combination to psychiatric morbidity. Wistar rats underwent caesarean section (c-section) alone or c-section followed by asphyxia, the ...
Lee Shin-Da - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Controversial effects of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia such as cardiac damage or cardiac protection are still mysterious. It is unclear if short-term and long-term intermittent hypobaric hypoxic challenges exert different effects on cytochrome c oxidase and Bcl-2 family in rat heart. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized assigned into two ...
Wenninger Julie M - - 2006
Adult rats have decreased carotid body volume and reduced carotid sinus nerve, phrenic nerve, and ventilatory responses to acute hypoxic stimulation after exposure to postnatal hyperoxia (60% O2, PNH) during the first 4 weeks of life. Moreover, sustained hypoxic exposure (12%, 7 days) partially reverses functional impairment of the acute ...
Letout A - - 2005
AIM: The developmental changes in the myosin heavy chain (MHC) profile, creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and isozyme expression occurring in heart were examined in rats born and living at altitude (La Paz, Bolivia, 3700 m, H(LP)) for 16 generations. We hypothesized that H(LP) rats respond differently ...
Ilyinsky Oleg - - 2005
In anesthetized rats, increases in phrenic nerve (PN) amplitude and frequency during brief periods of hypoxia or electrical stimulation of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) are followed by an increase in expiratory duration. We investigated the effects of chronic exposure to hypoxia on PN responses to CSN stimulation. In Inactin ...
Ramanathan Lalini - - 2005
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and sleep fragmentation and deprivation. Exposure to CIH results in oxidative stress in the cortex, hippocampus and basal forebrain of rats and mice. We show that sustained and intermittent hypoxia induces antioxidant responses, an indicator of oxidative stress, in ...
Lataye R - - 2005
In this study, two investigations were carried out with adult Long-Evans rats exposed to increasing concentrations of styrene. In the first experiment, the hearing of rats, which were forced to walk in a special wheel during the exposure, was compared to that of rats which were sleepy in their cage. ...
Drenjancevic-Peric Ines - - 2005
This study sought to identify the mechanisms of vascular relaxation that are rescued in middle cerebral arteries (MCA) of SS.13BN consomic rats by substituting chromosome 13 containing the renin gene from Brown Norway (BN) rats into the Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) genetic background. Isolated MCA from SS rats exhibited an indomethacin-sensitive ...
Orth Teresa - - 2005
Systemic hypoxia results in rapid increases in leukocyte-endothelial adherence (LEA) and emigration, vascular permeability, and mast cell activation in several microcirculations. Observations in cremaster muscle suggest that this response is initiated by a mediator released from a distant site (Dix R, Orth T, Allen JA, Wood JG, and Gonzalez NC. ...
Wei I-Hua - - 2005
This study aimed to test the hypothesis that mild hypoxic preconditioning (MHPC)-induced NOS expression would attenuate the neuropathological changes in the nodose ganglion (NG) of severe hypoxic exposure (SHE) rats. Thus, the young adult rats were caged in the altitude chamber for 4 weeks prior to SHE for 4 h ...
Suo Yourui - - 2005
The effects of hypoxia on the levels of essential macroelements and trace elements (K, Na, Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn, Fe, and Mn) in the heart muscles of Wistar rats and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) were studied by atomic absorption spectrometry. Unlike the rat, the plateau pika is tolerant to hypoxia. ...
Dwinell M R - - 2005
To understand the genetic basis of pathways involved in the control of breathing, a large scale, high-throughput study using chromosomal substitution strains of rats is underway. Eight new consomic rat stains (SS-2(BN), SS-4(BN), SS-6(BN), SS-7(BN), SS-8(BN), SS-11(BN), SS-12(BN), SS-14(BN), SS-Y(BN)), containing one homozygous BN/NHsdMcwi (BN) chromosome on a background of ...
Bisgard Gerald E - - 2005
Developmental hyperoxia impairs carotid chemoreceptor development and induces long-lasting reduction in carotid sinus nerve (CSN) responses to hypoxia in adult rats. Studies were carried out to determine if CSN responses to acute hypoxia would exhibit hypoxia-induced plasticity in adult 3-5-months-old rats previously treated with postnatal hyperoxia (60% O2, PNH) of ...
Bozzini Carlos E - - 2005
The depression of body growth rate and the reduction of body mass for chronological age and gender in growing experimental animals exposed to hypobaric air (simulated high altitude = SHA) have been associated with hypophagia because of reduced appetite. Catch-up growth during protein recovery after a short period of protein ...
Shimabuku Roberto - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the effect of reoxygenation with 100% O2 as compared to the effect of room air in newborn rat brains after asphyxia. METHODS: Experimental asphyxia (carotid artery ligation followed by hypoxic exposure with 8% O2 for 2 h) was performed on 7-day-old rats. After hypoxia-ischemia the rats were ...
Melin Alexandre - - 2005
Pollution is known to particularly affect patients with respiratory insufficiency and right ventricle abnormalities. We therefore hypothesized that carbon monoxide (CO) at low dose could be involved in cardiovascular disorders in patients with chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension secondary to chronic hypoxia. Ten-week-old male and female healthy Dark Agouti rats were ...
Maresová D - - 2005
Intermittent hypobaric hypoxia induces functional and morphological changes of the brain in 25-day-old rats. Administration of magnesium has partial pro-convulsion effect in hypoxia not exposed rats and it practically does not influence the excitability of cortical neurones in rats exposed to intermittent hypoxia. Magnesium administration decreases the number of NADPH-diaphorase ...
McGuire Michelle - - 2005
Respiratory long-term facilitation (LTF) declines in middle-aged vs. adult male rats. Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH; 5 min 11-12% O2/5 min air, 12 h/night, 7 nights) enhances LTF in adult rats. However, LTF in immature rats and the effect of early CIH are unevaluated. The present study compared LTF in 1- ...
Lluis Josep M - - 2005
Hypoxia is known to stimulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Because reduced glutathione (GSH) is compartmentalized in cytosol and mitochondria, we examined the specific role of mitochondrial GSH (mGSH) in the survival of hepatocytes during hypoxia (5% O2). 5% O2 stimulated ROS in HepG2 cells and cultured rat hepatocytes. Mitochondrial ...
Stroev Serguei A - - 2004
The impact of severe hypoxia and preconditioning on the expression of the mitochondrial antioxidant thioredoxin-2 (Trx-2) in rat hippocampus (CA1, CA2, CA3 fields, and dentate gyrus) and neocortex was studied by immunocytochemistry. The preconditioning consisted of three trials of mild hypobaric hypoxia (360 Torr, 2 hr) spaced at 24 hr. ...
Stroev Serguei A - - 2004
Induction of endogenous antioxidants is one of the key molecular mechanisms of cell resistance to hypoxia/ischemia. The effect of severe hypoxia on the expression of cytosolic antioxidant thioredoxin-1 (Trx) in hippocampus and neocortex was studied in preconditioned and non-preconditioned rats. The preconditioning consisted of three trials of mild hypobaric hypoxia ...
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