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Dunaeva T Yu - - 2011
We studied changes in the autonomic balance of heart regulation (by the parameters of heart rate variability) in non-pregnant female rats and rats on the days 10-11 of pregnancy on the next day after stress provoked by acute hypobaric hypoxia, intermittent normobaric hypoxia, or immobilization. The same parameters were assessed ...
Pochini Alberto de Castro - - 2011
The presence of mechanoreceptors in tendon after overuse activities can be a further step to learn about tendinopathy and overuse. Studies of tendons mechanoreceptors in rats are rare. We studied 12 isogenic spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR), which underwent an overuse protocol consisting of an hour per daily session of treadmill ...
De Kock Joery - - 2011
Proof of principle of organ reengineering through the development of a transplantable recellularized liver graft was published recently. As the decellularization time of the rat liver took 72 h, loss of some key matrix proteins seemed inevitable. Here, we describe the development of a three-dimensional naturally derived liver scaffold with an ...
Haidarliu Sebastian - - 2011
Anatomical and functional integrity of the rat mystacial pad (MP) is dependent on the intrinsic organization of its extracellular matrix. By using collagen autofluorescence, in the rat MP, we revealed a collagenous skeleton that interconnects whisker follicles, corium, and deep collagen layers. We suggest that this skeleton supports MP tissues, ...
Kasimcan Mustafa Omur - - 2011
PURPOSE: Long term results after surgical treatment of disc herniation have shown that epidural and/or peridural fibrosis formed during the healing process after surgical intervention. We conducted this experimental study to evaluation of the effectiveness of the bioresorbable barriers (ADCON-L and Seprafilm(®) Adhesion Barrier) on formation of the peridural fibrosis ...
Xing Liyu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases the risk of laparotomy dehiscence and incisional hernia. The aim of this study was to measure the biological effect of obesity on laparotomy wound healing and the formation of incisional hernias. METHODS: Normal-weight Sprague-Dawley (SD) and obese Zucker rats were used in an established laparotomy wound healing ...
Amin Amr - - 2011
Chronic hepatic injury results in liver fibrosis with eventual progression to irreversible cirrhosis. Liver fibrogenesis involves the activation of the quiescent hepatic stellate cell into an activated myofibroblast that is characterized by α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression and the production of collagens (types I and III). In the present study, ...
Chong Lee-Won - - 2011
Triptolide (C(38) H(42) O(6) N(2) , TP, a diterpene triepoxide derived from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F.), is a potent immunosuppresive and antiinflammatory agent. The present study investigated whether TP exerted antihepatofibrotic effects in vitro and in vivo. A cell line of rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC-T6) was stimulated with tumor ...
Tarcin Orhan - - 2011
One of the most useful experimental fibrogenesis models is the "bile duct-ligated rats". Our aim was to investigate the quantitative hepatic collagen content by two different methods during the different stages of hepatic fibrosis in bile duct-ligated rats on a weekly basis. We questioned whether the 1-wk or 4-wk bile ...
Subeq Yi-Maun - - 2011
Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) is a recognized complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) and can lead to ultrafiltration failure. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of valsartan on chlorhexidine digluconate-induced PF by decreasing TGF-β1 production in rats. PF was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by daily administration of ...
Morcos Sameh K SK Sameh K Morcos, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield S5 7AU, United - - 2010
Since the association between nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) and gadolinium contrast agents (Gd-CAs) was suggested in 2006, several experimental studies have been published to elucidate the role of these agents in the pathogenesis of NSF. Low stability Gd-CAs have a stimulant effect on human skin and fibroblasts in culture and ...
Yurdakok Begum - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine if oral administration of insulin would protect intestinal cell damage in a hypoxia-induced experimental NEC model in rats. Rats were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation and then were returned to standard conditions, other were treated with insulin. According to our results, oral insulin does ...
Chao Jie - - 2011
Alveolar hypoxia produces rapid systemic inflammation in rats. Several lines of evidence suggest that the inflammation is not initiated by low systemic tissue partial pressure of oxygen (Po(2)) but by a mediator released into the circulation by hypoxic alveolar macrophages. The mediator activates tissue mast cells to initiate inflammation. Monocyte ...
Zhang Li-Xin - - 2010
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a natural component of bile, has been synthesized to treat cholestatic liver diseases such as primary biliary cirrhosis. Broad biochemical changes in UDCA-treated patients suggest beneficial effects of UDCA beyond stimulating hepatobiliary secretion and possible efficacy of the medicine in treating cirrhosis of other causes. The aim ...
Park Yeon-Jeong - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on retinal expression of decorin in a rat model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: OIR was stimulated by exposing Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats to hyperoxia (80 +/- 1.3% O2) from postnatal day (P) 2 to P14 and then returning them ...
Johnson R A RA Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2010
Although respiratory complications significantly contribute to morbidity/mortality in advanced myelin disorders, little is known concerning mechanisms whereby dysmyelination impairs ventilation, or how patients compensate (i.e. plasticity). To establish a model for studies concerning mechanisms of ventilatory impairment/compensation, we tested the hypotheses that respiratory function progressively declines in a model of ...
Kato Kouki - - 2010
Neurochemical and morphological changes in the carotid body are induced by chronic hypoxia, leading to regulation of ventilation. In this study, we examined the time courses of changes in immunohistochemical intensity for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and cellular volume of glomus cells in rats exposed to hypoxia (10% O(2)) for up ...
Julien Cécile A - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that exposure to neonatal intermittent hypoxia (n-IH) in rat pups alters central integrative processes following acute and intermittent peripheral chemoreceptor activation in adults. Newborn male rats were exposed to n-IH or normoxia for 10 consecutive days after birth. We then used both awake and anesthetized 3- ...
Pokorski M - - 2010
This study seeks to determine the influence of aging on hypoxic ventilatory responsiveness. We addressed the issue by comparing the hypoxic ventilatory responses in three age-groups of conscious rats: 3, 12, and 24 months old animals. Ventilation was recorded in a whole body rodent plethysmograph. Minute ventilation (V(E)), respiratory rate, ...
Liao Weigong - - 2010
The study was conducted to explore the effects of hypobaric hypoxia on spermatogenesis in rats. Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: three hypoxia-exposed groups and one normoxic control group. Rats in the normoxic control group were raised at an altitude of 300 m, while rats in ...
Othman M - - 2010
Many of the components contributing to coagulability are enhanced by repeated episodes of hypoxia, as occurs in obstructive sleep apnea, but no one has yet measured the global hemostatic properties of blood in an animal model of this disease. Using thromboelastography, a hemostatic assay, we measured hemostasis in six pentobarbital-anesthetized ...
Eynan Mirit - - 2010
Contradictory results have been obtained regarding the beneficial effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on exercise performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different combinations of pressure and time in hyperoxia on the energetic efficiency of trained and sedentary rats. At the end of the training ...
Carev M - - 2010
The aim was to investigate the effect of propofol anesthesia on the phrenic long-term facilitation (pLTF) in rats. We hypothesized that pLTF would be abolished during propofol-compared with urethane anesthesia. Fourteen adult, male, anesthetized, vagotomized, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats (seven per group), were exposed to the acute intermittent ...
Wright William S WS Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130, - - 2010
Decreases in retinal blood flow in diabetics could render the retina hypoxic. In mouse and rat models of diabetes, a decrease in retinal blood flow occurs early, within 3-4 weeks of the induction of hyperglycemia, although information is scarce on whether this early decrease in flow induces hypoxia. The purpose ...
Snow Jessica B JB Vascular Physiology Group, Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-0001, USA. - - 2009
Effects of chronic hypoxia (CH) on store- and receptor-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE, ROCE) in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle (VSM) are controversial, although whether genetic variation explains such discrepancies in commonly studied rat strains is unclear. Since protein kinase C (PKC) can inhibit Ca(2+) permeable nonselective cation channels, we hypothesized that ...
Beuste Christophe - - 2009
In the exercising muscle, acute reduction in ambient oxygen impairs muscle contraction because of the effects of hypoxia on mitochondrial ATP supply. The less marked impairment reported after long-term exposure to hypoxia points to changes in the regulation of the energetic system of contraction in HC (hypoxic conditioned) animals. This ...
Deng Y Y - - 2009
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a member of beta-chemokine subfamily, regulates the migration of microglia, monocytes, and lymphocytes to the inflammatory site in the central nervous system. We sought to determine if amoeboid microglial cells (AMC) produce MCP-1 that may be linked to migration of AMC in the corpus callosum periventricular ...
Anju T R - - 2009
Hypoxia is one of the major causes of damage to the fetal and neonatal brain and cardiac functions. In earlier studies, we have reported the brain damage caused by hypoxia and resuscitation with oxygen and epinephrine and have found that glucose treatment to hypoxic rats and hypoxic rats treated with ...
Wang W - - 2009
An experimental rat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) model was established using diethylnitrosamine and N-nitrosomorpholine to induce carcinogenesis in Sprague-Dawley rats. During hepatocarcinogenesis, seven rats were sacrificed at 0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks and 10 rats were sacrificed at 20 weeks. The levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and vascular endothelial ...
Wilkerson Julia E R JE Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Wisconsin, School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2009
Acute intermittent hypoxia (AIH) elicits a form of respiratory plasticity known as long-term facilitation (LTF). We hypothesized that: 1) daily AIH (dAIH) preconditioning enhances phrenic and hypoglossal (XII) LTF in a rat strain with low constitutive LTF expression; 2) dAIH induces brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a critical protein for phrenic ...
Nadlewska A - - 2009
PURPOSE: The influence of the selective antagonism of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) by MPEP (2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine) on some behaviors was tested in control groups of rats and in rats exposed to short-term hypoxia once or to repeated episodes of hypoxia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used the following methods: the ...
Bo Hai - - 2008
The physiological significance of skeletal muscle mitochondrial uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) in hypoxia is elusive. In the current study, UCP3 mRNA and protein expressions were investigated along with mitochondrial respiratory function, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, as well as manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) expression in rat skeletal muscle with or ...
Pshennikova M G - - 2008
By the open-field behavior, August rats were more resistant to acute hypoxia than Wistar rats. Hypoxic activation of the immune system was more pronounced in August rats. As differentiated from Wistar rats, the stress-limiting NO system in August rats was not suppressed during hypoxia. The effectiveness and resistance of this ...
Riedl Christopher C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate iodine 124 (124I)-labeled iodoazomycin galactopyranoside (IAZGP) positron emission tomography (PET) in the detection of hypoxia in an orthotopic rat liver tumor model by comparing regions of high (124)I-IAZGP uptake with independent measures of hypoxia and to determine the optimal time after injection to depict hypoxia. MATERIALS AND ...
Nogami Yashiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin (LHb) transfusion in rats undergoing lethal progressive hemodilution. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Unlike other acellular hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers, LHb has lipid bilayer membranes that are similar to mammalian red blood cells (RBCs), which prevent hemoglobin from having any direct contact with the blood ...
Nadri Carmit - - 2009
Synaptophysin, a synaptic vesicle protein and a marker for synaptic density has been found to be reduced in postmortem prefrontal cortex of schizophrenia patients, consistent with evidence for synaptic deficits in schizophrenia. The contribution of both genetic and environmental factors to the etiology of schizophrenia is well established, and obstetric ...
Cincunegui Liliana M - - 2008
The distal colon epithelium of rats submitted to chronic hypoxia shows higher short-circuit current (Isc) which, unlike non-hypoxic rat epithelium, has an amiloride-sensitive component despite low serum aldosterone levels. Isc and oxygen consumption (QO2) were simultaneously measured in mucosae from rats submitted to 0.5 atm for 10 days and from ...
Shen Yu - - 2008
The central nervous system (CNS) is highly dependent on adequate supply of oxygen and is sensitive to hypoxia. It is known that hypoxia induces injuries on the brain tissue and the neuronal activity. Curcumin, a yellow pigment obtained from the rhizome of C. longa Linn., has been regarded as a ...
Chathu Finla - - 2008
Brain damage due to an episode of hypoxia remains a major problem in infants causing deficit in motor and sensory function. Hypoxia leads to neuronal functional failure, cerebral palsy and neuro-developmental delay with characteristic biochemical and molecular alterations resulting in permanent or transitory neurological sequelae or even death. During neonatal ...
Verratti V - - 2008
The aim of the present study is to investigate oxidative stress produced by experimental hypoxia and hyperoxia in young and old pampiniform plexus rats, in order to evaluate the oxidative role of oxygen. Oxidative stress causing molecular and cellular dysfunction increases in hypertension and can therefore be considered a state ...
Vives M F - - 2008
It has been suggested that patients with pulmonary surfactant impairment are more susceptible to Pneumocystis infection than healthy controls. Owing the fact that most patients with pulmonary surfactant impairment also suffer from hypoxia, we explored the effect of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia conditions on the ability of non-immunocompromised rats infected by ...
Pawar Anita A Center for Systems Biology, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland MC, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2008
Previous studies suggest that carotid body responses to long-term changes in environmental oxygen differ between neonates and adults. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the effects of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) on the carotid body differ between neonates and adult rats. Experiments were performed on neonatal (1-10 ...
Gu Guo-Jun - - 2008
We studied the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning on the molecular mechanisms of neuroprotection in a rat focal cerebral ischemic model. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with HBO (100% O(2), 2 atmospheres absolute, 1 h once every other day for 5 sessions) or with room air. In experiment ...
Martinez Denis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Obesity is related to obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), but its roles in OSAHS as cause or consequence are not fully clarified. Isocapnic intermittent hypoxia (IIH) is a model of OSAHS. We verified the effect of IIH on body weight and brown adipose tissue (BAT) of Wistar rats. METHODS: ...
Fisher Elaine M - - 2008
To define some of the specific cellular effects of chronic hypoxia on the small intestine, we measured the concentration of glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) at two sites, the jejunum and ileum. Wister rats were subjected to 21-day normoxia (n = 6) or to continuous 21-day hypobaric hypoxia approximately 0.5 ATM ...
Akula James D JD Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2007
To study the development of the electroretinographic (ERG) oscillatory potentials (OPs) in two rat models of ROP and in human subjects with a history of ROP. Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 36) were studied longitudinally. Rat models of ROP were induced, either by exposure to alternating 50%/10% oxygen (50/10 model) from ...
Wang Yan-Lin - - 2009
Shenfu injection (the major components of which are ginsenosides compound, extract of Panax ginseng shown to have antioxidant properties) is a well-known important Chinese traditional medicine used for the treatment of various diseases especial for cardiac diseases. The precise mechanism of the biological actions of this plant is not fully ...
Schwenke Daryl O - - 2008
Structural and functional changes of the pulmonary circulation, particularly during the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), remain to be fully elucidated. In this study, we utilized monochromatic synchrotron radiation (SR) microangiography to assess changes in pulmonary arteriole blood flow in the intact-chest rat after 4 wk of chronic hypoxia. ...
Rosenberger C - - 2008
Hypoxia of the kidney in diabetes could predispose it to develop acute and chronic renal failure. To examine the relationship between renal hypoxia and renal failure, we measured hypoxia (as a pimonidazole adducts), hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), and a hypoxia target gene heme oxygenase-1. The studies were performed in rats with ...
Wei I-Hua - - 2008
Excessive production of nitric oxide (NO) might have detrimental effects on the hypoxia-related neuropathology. This study aimed to test if mild hypoxic preconditioning (MHPC) would attenuate the pathological changes in the brainstem motoneurons having a different functional component after peripheral nerve crush injury (PNCI). Prior to PNCI treatment, young adult ...
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