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Li Wei - - 2013
Serum samples from a total of 713 wild rats captured in Zhanjiang city in China from December 2011 to September 2012 were investigated for the prevalence of rat hepatitis E virus (HEV) by exploring rat HEV-specific antibodies and RNA. By an ELISA based on recombinant rat HEV-like particles (HEV-LPs), 23.3% ...
Bonab Ali A - - 2012
Psychosocial neglect during childhood severely impairs both behavioral and physical health. The isolation rearing model in rodents has been employed by our group and others to study this clinical problem at a basic level. We previously showed that immediate early gene (IEG) expression in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex ...
Maciel Maria Inês Sucupira - - 2012
Lectins, proteins that recognize carbohydrates, have been immobilized on inert supports and used in the screening or purification of glycoproteins. Anacardium occidentale bark infusion has been used as a hypoglycemic agent in Brazil. The toxicity of natural products may be evaluated determining their capability to alter the biodistribution of technetium-99M ...
Yates Justin R - - 2012
Rats raised in an isolated condition (IC) are impulsive and hyperactive compared to rats raised in an enriched condition (EC), suggesting that isolation rearing may be a preclinical model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study determined if administration of methylphenidate (MPH), a dopamine transporter (DAT) blocker used in the ...
Ren Weiping - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the value of PET with C-isoquinoline carboxamide (C-PK11195) and F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) in assisting the differentiation of aseptic loosening (AL) from septic loosening (SL) in rat models. PROCEDURES: Initially, the histological profiles of SL and AL (cellular infiltration and the number of CD68 macrophage and ...
Ribera Jordi J Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, - - 2013
The lymphatic network plays a major role in maintaining tissue fluid homoeostasis. Therefore several pathological conditions associated with oedema formation result in deficient lymphatic function. However, the role of the lymphatic system in the pathogenesis of ascites and oedema formation in cirrhosis has not been fully clarified. The aim of ...
Tachikawa Masanori - - 2012
Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is the biosynthetic precursor of creatine which is involved in storage and transmission of phosphate-bound energy. Hepatocytes readily convert GAA to creatine, raising the possibility that the active uptake of GAA by hepatocytes is a regulatory factor. The purpose of this study is to investigate and identify ...
Lee Wen-Chuan - - 2012
The combination of a radioisotope with a chemotherapeutic agent in a liposomal carrier (ie, Indium-111-labeled polyethylene glycol pegylated liposomal vinorelbine, [(111)In-VNB-liposome]) has been reported to show better therapeutic efficiency in tumor growth suppression. Nevertheless, the challenge remains as to whether this therapeutic effect is attributable to the combination of a ...
Carvalho Marília Daniela Ferreira - - 2011
To investigate the influence of partial colectomy associated with hepatectomy on the biodistribution of the 99mTc-phytate, on metabolic parameters, as well as labeling and morphology of red blood cells. Wistar rats were distributed into three groups (each with six), nominated as colectomy, colectomy+hepatectomy and sham. In the 30th postoperative day ...
Bo Yan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution and expression of apelin in kidney of adriamycin (ADR)-induced nephrotic rats, and to explore the possible association of apelin expression with the development of proteinuria. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for apelin was used to examine the expression and distribution of apelin in kidney of adriamycin (ADR)-induced ...
Sukhotnik Igor - - 2011
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Progressive hyperbilirubinemia and end-stage liver failure are among the most serious complications of short bowel syndrome (SBS), representing the principle cause of death in a majority of fatal cases. In the current study, we examined the effects of alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced liver injury on intestinal adaptation in a rat model ...
Terakado Shouko - - 2011
Objectives: In this article, the antihypertensive effects of sodium alginate oligosaccharides, enzymatic products of high molecular natural alginate from sea weeds, in Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats were investigated. Material and Methods: Dahl S rats fed a high-salt (4% NaCl) diet were treated with sodium alginate oligosaccharides (4% or 8% ...
Ito Jin-Ichi - - 2011
In the previous paper, we reported that apolipoprotein (apo) A-I enhances generation of HDL-like lipoproteins in rat astrocytes to be accompanied with both increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase Cγ (PL-Cγ) and PL-Cγ translocation to cytosolic lipid-protein particles (CLPP) fraction. In this paper, we studied the interaction between apoA-I and ...
Kato Takao - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cachexia, namely body wasting, is a common complication in cases of congestive heart failure (CHF). Although, neurohumoral and immune abnormalities are associated with the condition, precisely how the imbalance of catabolism and anabolism is responsible for the wasting process is not known. METHODS: We analyzed markers of cachexia in ...
Hachani Rafik - - 2011
We previously showed that sympathectomy induces thickened intima and decreases the expression of cytoskeletal proteins associated with a differentiated smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype in hypercholesterolemic rats. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of sympathectomy on various components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the aorta ...
Pérez Ana Rosa - - 2011
We have previously established that young male rats are more susceptible to the effects of Trypanosoma cruzi infection than adult rats. To explore underlying age-associated differences in disease outcome, we simultaneously assessed hormone levels and cytokine release throughout the acute infection period in young and adult rats infected with T. ...
Beck Kevin D - - 2011
Rats that exhibit a behaviorally inhibited temperament acquire active-avoidance behaviors quicker, and extinguish them slower, than normal outbred rats. Here we explored the contribution of stimuli that signal periods of non-threat (i.e. safety signals) in the process of acquiring active-avoidance behavior. Utilizing a discrete lever-press escape-avoidance protocol, outbred Sprague-Dawley (SD) ...
Hagenauer Megan Hastings MH Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0520, USA. - - 2011
During puberty, humans develop a later chronotype, exhibiting a phase-delayed daily rest/activity rhythm. The purpose of this study was to determine: 1) whether similar changes in chronotype occur during puberty in a laboratory rodent species, 2) whether these changes are due to pubertal hormones affecting the circadian timekeeping system. We ...
Torres-Farfan C - - 2011
The adrenal gland in the adult is a peripheral circadian clock involved in the coordination of energy intake and expenditure, required for adaptation to the external environment. During fetal life, a peripheral circadian clock is present in the nonhuman primate adrenal gland. Whether this extends to the fetal adrenal gland ...
Bai Yinyang - - 2011
Perinatal exposure to environmental levels of bisphenol-A (BPA) impairs sexually dimorphic behaviors in rodents. Kisspeptin neurons in anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV), which plays an important role in the activation of GnRH neurons and the initiation of LH-surge, have been suggested to be sexual dimorphism in rats. This study focused on ...
Krivisky Katy - - 2011
Recent findings demonstrate strong links between abnormalities in circadian rhythms and sleep and the etiology, pathophysiology and treatment of major affective disorders. Further exploration of these interactions requires the development, identification and utilization of good and predictive animal models. The biology and behavior related to circadian rhythms are significantly different ...
McTavish Lianne - - 2011
How did the rat-control program, launched by the Government of Alberta in 1950, become associated with the identity and heritage of the province? The authors answer this question by undertaking close visual analyses of the anti-rat posters and pamphlets that were distributed by the government throughout the 1950s. Using a ...
Zhou Cindy - - 2011
In an antiglomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis (GN) model, GN-resistant Lewis (LEW) rats naturally recover from early glomerular inflammation (days 21-23). We have previously identified a glomeruli-infiltrating CD8α(+)CD11(high)MHC II(+) cell (GIL CD8α(+) cell) in GN-prone Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, which terminates glomerular inflammation through inducing T cell apoptosis prior to glomerular ...
Shanehsazzadeh Saeed - - 2011
In this investigation, we estimated the effective absorbed dose of radiation into human organs, after an intravenous administration of gallium-67 (Ga)-labeled gonadorelin, one of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, using biodistribution data from injected normal rats. Five rats were killed at exact time intervals (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 24, ...
Russo Andrea - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists have been reported to have beneficial effects on lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the effects of ganirelix, a GnRH receptor antagonist, on bladder function and detrusor overactivity (DO) in female rats. DESIGN, SETTING, AND ...
Nakanishi Takeo - - 2011
Ipratropium bromide (ipratropium) and tiotropium bromide (tiotropium), anticholinergic agents with bronchodilating properties, are used to treat patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Because they are actively secreted into urine, the interaction of these agents with organic cation transporters (OCTs/Octs) was examined in rat kidney slices and in cultured cells expressing ...
Sakurai Eiichi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine enhancing effect of L: -histidine into cultured rat lung microvascular endothelial cells (LMECs), which constitute the gas-blood barrier. Uptake of L: -histidine into LMECs markedly increased with the addition of ZnSO(4) (0.1 mmol/L), and this enhanced uptake of L: -histidine was drastically reduced ...
Saito-Yabe Motoko - - 2010
Our aim was to investigate the effect of PEGylation on the uptake of osteoprotegerin/osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OPG/OCIF) into rat liver, kidney and spleen, and human liver. Copolymer of polyethyleneglycol allylmethylether and maleamic acid sodium salt with OCIF (poly(PEG)-OCIF) (0.5 mg/kg) was administered to rats and the concentrations of poly(PEG)-OCIF in ...
Sai Yoshimichi - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to characterize the mechanism of erythromycin transport at the blood-placenta barrier, using TR-TBT 18d-1 cells as a model of rat syncytiotrophoblasts. [(14)C]Erythromycin was taken up by TR-TBT 18d-1 cells with a Michaelis constant of 466 microM. Although the uptake was not dependent on ...
Yoshikawa Shohei S Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2010
To evaluate the dynamics of Kupffer cell (KC) phagocytosis by performing both in vivo and in vitro studies using Sonazoid (GE Healthcare, Oslo) in a rat nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) model. Contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) was performed on a rat NASH model induced by a methionine choline deficient diet (MCDD) and ...
Priyadarshani Anjali - - 2010
Noscapine, an alkaloid from Papaver somniferum, widely used as an antitussive, is being clinically studied in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and a few other cancers primarily because of its anti-angiogenesis properties. With the advent of diverse application of noscapine, we sought to determine whether the radiolabeling method ...
El-Masri Hisham A - - 2009
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (TMP) is a volatile colorless liquid used primarily to increase the octane rating of combustible fuels. TMP is released in the environment through the manufacture, use, and disposal of products associated with the gasoline and petroleum industry. Short-term inhalation exposure to TMP (< 4 h; > 1000 ppm) caused ...
Asanuma Taketoshi - - 2010
The pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is incompletely understood. Kupffer cells (KCs), phagocytic liver-resident macrophages, provide a protective barrier against egress of endotoxin from the portal to the systemic circulation. It is not known if KC phagocytic function is impaired in NAFLD. Super-paramagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) magnetic resonance ...
Larson M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Scintimammography is an imaging tool for the diagnosis and management of primary breast tumors. There remains a significant knowledge gap regarding the physiological fluctuations in the basal level of (99m)Tc-sestamibi uptake in normal mammary tissues with respect to the female reproductive cycle. PURPOSE: To systematically characterize (99m)Tc-sestamibi uptake in ...
Doorduin Janine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Many neurological and psychiatric disorders are associated with neuroinflammation. Positron emission tomography (PET) with [(11)C]-PK11195 can be used to study neuroinflammation in these disorders. However, [(11)C]-PK11195 may not be sensitive enough to visualize mild neuroinflammation. As a potentially more sensitive PET tracer for neuroinflammation, [(11)C]-N-(2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(4-fluoro-2-phenoxyphenyl)-acetamide (DAA1106) was evaluated in ...
El-Masri Hisham A - - 2009
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (TMP) is a volatile colorless liquid used primarily to increase the octane rating of combustible fuels. TMP is released in the environment through the manufacture, use, and disposal of products associated with the gasoline and petroleum industry. Short-term inhalation exposure to TMP (< 4 h; > 1000 ppm) caused ...
Lan Tian T Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Gastroenterology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, - - 2009
The macrolide antibiotics azithromycin and clarithromycin are large molecular weight compounds that exhibit moderate to excellent oral bioavailability in preclinical species and humans. Previous concomitant dosing studies in rats using rifamycin SV, a general organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) inhibitor, suggested that the high oral absorption of azithromycin and clarithromycin may ...
Briones Elsa - - 2009
The selectivity of amikacin in macrophages in vitro and its biodistribution in peritoneal macrophages and other tissues were studied in rats using carrier erythrocytes. Amikacin-loaded erythrocytes were prepared using a hypotonic dialysis method. The in vitro uptake of amikacin by peritoneal macrophages was studied using cell monolayers. The in vivo ...
Larson M - - 2009
Background: Scintimammography is an imaging tool for the diagnosis and management of primary breast tumors. There remains a significant knowledge gap regarding the physiological fluctuations in the basal level of (99m)Tc-sestamibi uptake in normal mammary tissues with respect to the female reproductive cycle. Purpose: To systematically characterize (99m)Tc-sestamibi uptake in ...
Yang Ching-Hui - - 2009
Organic anion transporting polypeptide (Oatp) 1a1 has been hypothesized to play a key role in rat renal reabsorption of perfluorooctanoate (PFO). We have investigated PFO uptake kinetics in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells that have been stably transfected with the cDNA encoding Oatp1a1. The Oatp1a1-expressing CHO cells have been validated ...
Yu Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: BMS747158-02 is an (18)F-labeled agent being developed for PET myocardial perfusion imaging. This study examined impacts of feeding state and anesthetic on cardiac imaging and uptake of this agent in rats in comparison with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). METHODS AND RESULTS: Studies were performed in rats either nonfasted or food deprived ...
Nakakariya Masanori - - 2009
Because citrulline plasma concentration is elevated in kidney failure, citrulline could be a biomarker of renal insufficiency, although the mechanism regulating its disposition in the kidney has not been clarified. In rat kidney slices, citrulline uptake was apparently Na(+) dependent, saturable with K(m) 556 microM, and significantly inhibited by anionic ...
Shitara Yoshihisa - - 2009
Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a well known inhibitor of the organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP/Oatp) family transporters, causing a large number of transporter-mediated drug-drug interactions in clinical situations. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of CsA on the hepatic uptake of sulfobromophthalein (BSP) in rats, focusing on a ...
Park Jin-Yeon - - 2009
Although Streptococcus pneumoniae is the major cause of meningitis, how it causes disease is poorly understood. The C-type lectin SIGN-R1 mediates the recently described SIGN-R1 complement activation pathway, which operates against capsular polysaccharides (CPSs) of S. pneumoniae in splenic marginal macrophages. Here, we demonstrate that SIGN-R1, as well as the ...
Ueda Kumiko - - 2008
We have prepared lipid emulsions of approximately 200 nm in diameter with soybean oil (SO) and a series of Pluronics with various numbers of oxyethylene units and about 60 oxypropylene units (SO/Pluronics), and studied the pharmacokinetics of menatetrenone incorporated into SO/Pluronics in rats. Emulsions of approximately 200 nm in diameter ...
Mizoguchi Naoko - - 2008
In vivo microdialysis was used to study the effects of the locally applied selective noradrenaline uptake inhibitor reboxetine on the baseline noradrenaline and dopamine efflux in the nucleus accumbens of freely moving rats. The effects of intra-accumbal infusion of the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist l-propranolol on the reboxetine-elicited noradrenaline and dopamine efflux ...
Aoki Kimiko - - 2008
To determine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in rat liver transporter regulation, we investigated in precision-cut liver slices the effect of NO and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), a reaction product of NO with superoxide (O(2(-))), on mRNA levels of 13 influx and efflux transporters. To inactivate Kupffer cells (KCs), liver slices ...
Han Xing - - 2008
Liver is a primary target organ for perfluorooctanoate (PFO, the deprotonated form of perfluorooctanoic acid, PFOA) distribution in both male and female rats. We studied the uptake of PFO in freshly isolated hepatocytes from male and female rats. We identified a non-saturable cell partitioning process for PFO using on-ice incubations. ...
Deng Jian Wei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was addressed to understand the underlying mechanism of the substrate-dependent effect of genetic variation in SLCO1B1, which encodes OATP1B1 (organic anion transporting polypeptide) transporter, on the disposition of two OATP1B1 substrates, pravastatin and pitavastatin, in relation to their transport activities. METHODS: The uptake of pravastatin, pitavastatin, and ...
Iwakiri Tomomi - - 2008
Epirubicin, an antineoplastic drug, is considered to be taken up by tumor cells via a common carrier by facilitated diffusion and is then pumped out in an energy-dependent manner because epirubicin is a substrate for P-glycoprotein (P-gp). However, this study investigated the details of the influx mechanism of epirubicin and ...
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