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Develi-Is Seval S a Department of Biochemistry, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Capa 34093, Istanbul, - - 2014
High levels of fructose in the diet results in metabolic abnormalities and vascular disorders. In this study, the effect of resveratrol (RES) on vascular relaxation and contraction responses was examined in the aorta of high-fructose (HFr)-fed rats. mRNA expressions of aortic sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), GLUT5, and aldolase B were also ...
López Ruth M RM Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Escuela Superior de Medicina del Instituto Politécnico Nacional , México, D.F. , México - - 2014
Abstract Our aim was to determine whether angiotensin type 2 receptors (AT2R) are involved in the depression of carotid pulse pressure (PP) in rats with suprarenal aortic coarctation (SrC). We tested the effects of losartan, PD123319, and CGP42112 on PP in SrC and Sham-operated anesthetized rats. PP increased in SrC ...
Dong Xiumei X Institute of Biological Medicine, and Medical School, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430065, - - 2014
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) may increase the incidence of restenosis and predispose to atherosclerosis. The lesions of restenosis and atherosclerosis often contain smooth muscle cells (SMCs) with high rates of proliferation and apoptosis. One of the immediate-early (IE) gene products of HCMV--IE2 affects transcriptional activities of some cellular factors in SMCs, ...
Sato Shinya S Department of Experimental Pathology and Tumor Biology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, - - 2014
We have established a transgenic rat for adenocarcinoma of the prostate (TRAP) model that features uniform adenocarcinoma development in prostatic lobes at high incidence within a short experimental period. However, no invasive carcinomas with reactive stroma characteristics similar to those in man were observed. We therefore have focused on a ...
Lee Mee-Young MY Basic Herbal Medicine Research Group, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Yuseung‑gu, Daejeon 305‑811, Republic of - - 2014
Spinasterol, a biologically active compound, exhibits a number of pharmacological activities, including antitumor, antiulcerogenic and anticarcinogenic activity, and originates from the aerial parts of Aster scaber Thunb (Asteraceae). The present study investigated whether α‑spinasterol isolated from Melandrium firmum Rohrbach could prevent benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) induced by testosterone propionate (TP) ...
Regter Sietze S Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
It has been reported that significant hypoxia may occur in the rat prostate following androgen deprivation (AD). It is well known that hypoxia substantially reduces radiation sensitivity of cells both in vitro and in vivo. Given that contemporary management of men with intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer includes the use ...
Sakharkar Amul J AJ Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2014
Recent studies have demonstrated the involvement of epigenetic mechanisms in psychiatric disorders, including alcoholism. Here, we investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA) on amygdaloid HDAC-induced histone deacetylation and neuropeptide Y (NPY) expression and on anxiety-like and alcohol-drinking behaviours in alcohol-preferring (P) and -non-preferring (NP) rats. ...
Peralta-Ramírez Alan A Departamento Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain ; Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN-León), León, - - 2014
Vascular calcification (VC), a major complication in humans and animals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), is influenced by changes in acid-base balance. The purpose of this study was to describe the acid-base balance in uremic rats with VC and to correlate the parameters that define acid-base equilibrium with VC. Twenty-two ...
Fan Song S Department of Urology and Anhui Geriatric Institute, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University Hefei 230022, Anhui, - - 2014
Although chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNBP) is a common diagnosis in middle-aged men, the etiology of this disease remains poorly understood. Neuroendocrine cells play an important role in the neuroendocrine regulation of the prostate, and chromogranin A (CgA) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) are regarded as classic markers of neuroendocrine cells. This ...
Sharmila Govindaraj - - 2013
Prostate cancer becomes an ideal target for chemoprevention because of its high incidence and extended natural history. The consumption of quercetin (plant flavonoid) in diet is associated with decreased risk of disease and many cancers but then this was not elucidated in prostate malignancy. Hence, a study in which the ...
Zhou Yan Y Laboratory of the Biology of Addictive Diseases, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The stress-response corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and dynorphin systems are critically involved in alcohol drinking and "anxiety"-related behaviors. Selectively bred Sardinian alcohol-preferring (sP) rats display high inherent "anxiety"-related behaviors, in comparison with their alcohol-nonpreferring counterpart (sNP rats). The present study was undertaken to investigate: (1) if there were genetically determined differences ...
Li Bingjin - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that the antidepressive-like effect of tricyclic antidepressants is blocked by repeated treatments with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). However, little is known about the neuroanatomy underlying the mechanism of the imipramine treatment-resistant depression model. In the present study, first experimental evidence showed no significant difference of the serum ...
Sah Cem - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the effects of the long-term use of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) on rat prostates and testes as well as on serum testosterone and DHEAS levels. Thirty male rats aged 4 to 5 months were studied. A DHEAS suspension of 5 mg/kg per rat was administered orally ...
Moonat Sachin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic mechanisms have been implicated in psychiatric disorders, including alcohol dependence. However, the epigenetic basis and role of specific histone deacetylase (HDAC) isoforms in the genetic predisposition to anxiety and alcoholism is unknown. METHODS: We measured amygdaloid HDAC activity, levels of HDAC isoforms, and histone H3 acetylation in selectively ...
Zhao Ding - - 2012
Doxazosin used in benign prostatic hyperplasia has the side effects of causing hypotension and the risk of heart failure. The 3 targets of α(1A)-adrenoceptors (in the prostate), α(1D)-adrenoceptors (in the aorta), and an unknown mechanism (in the heart) are involved, respectively. We hypothesized that there is a chiral recognition of ...
Meynial-Denis Dominique - - 2012
Glutamine is the major fuel for enterocytes and promotes the growth of intestinal mucosa. Although oral glutamine exerts a positive effect on intestinal villus height in very old rats, how glutamine is used by enterocytes is unclear. Adult (8 months) and very old (27 months) female rats were exposed to ...
Liu Huan-Guang - - 2012
We investigated the changes in the levels of amino acids during high frequency stimulation (HFS) of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus (ANT) in epileptic rats, which had seizures induced by unilaterally stereotactic administration of kainic acid (KA). Thirty-six adult male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: the KA-stim ...
Bae Mijeong - - 2012
Testosterone 5α-reductase inhibitors represent important therapeutic drugs for use against androgen-dependent diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia, male pattern baldness, and acne. We have searched for inhibitors of rat prostate testosterone 5α-reductase in the cultured broths of many kinds of soil bacteria, and have found that cultured soybean-casein digest broths ...
Yatsenko L - - 2012
Hypoxia-evoked seizures (H/S) early in life lead to multiple chronic neurological deficits. Here, we present the results of studying GABA release and uptake in hippocampal axon terminals of rats exposed to H/S at 10-12 days of age. We characterized (i) exocytotic release of GABA; (ii) the initial rate of GABA ...
Andrade Susie - - 2012
Progesterone is a neuroactive hormone with non-genomic effects on GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A) R). Changes in the expression of GABA(A) R subunits are related to depressive-like behaviors in rats. Moreover, sex differences and depressive behaviors have been associated with prefrontal brain asymmetry in rodents and humans. Thus, our objective was to ...
Boyko Matthew - - 2012
Blood glutamate scavengers have been shown to effectively reduce blood glutamate concentrations and improve neurological outcome after traumatic brain injury and stroke in rats. This study investigates the efficacy of blood glutamate scavengers oxaloacetate and pyruvate in the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. Isotonic saline, 250 mg/kg oxaloacetate, or ...
Potapenko Evgeniy S - - 2012
Neurohumoral activation, which includes augmented plasma levels of the neurohormone vasopressin (VP), is a common finding in heart failure (HF) that contributes to morbidity and mortality in this disease. While an increased activation of magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs) and enhanced glutamate function in HF is well documented, the precise underlying ...
Chao Liu - - 2012
Objective To explore the effect of the electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on the glutamate level and the hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in depressed rats. Methods The depression rat models whose olfactory bulbs were removed were established. Using the analysis of variance of factorial design, we set up two intervention factors including ...
Gómez-Galán M - - 2012
Depression is usually associated with alterations in the monoaminergic system. However, new evidences suggest the involvement of the glutamatergic system in the aetiology of depression. Here we explored the glutamatergic system in a rat model of depression (i.e., the flinders sensitive line (FSL)) to reveal the mechanism underlying the emotional ...
Venâncio Daniel P - - 2012
We investigated the effect of 96 h paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) and 21-day sleep restriction (SR) on prostate morphology using stereological assays in male rats. After euthanasia, the rat ventral prostate was removed, weighed, and prepared for conventional light microscopy. Microscopic analysis of the prostate reveals that morphology of this gland ...
Maioli Marcos A - - 2011
Monocrotaline (MCT) is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid present in plants of the Crotalaria species that causes cytotoxicity and genotoxicity, including hepatotoxicity in animals and humans. It is metabolized by cytochrome P-450 in the liver to the alkylating agent dehydromonocrotaline (DHM). In previous studies using isolated rat liver mitochondria, we observed that ...
Santillo Alessandra - - 2011
Although d-aspartate (d-Asp) has been recognized as having an important physiological role within different organs, high concentrations could elicit detrimental effects on those same organs. In this study, we evaluated the oxidative stress response to d-Asp treatment in rat Harderian gland (HG) by measuring total cellular hydroperoxide levels. Further, we ...
Zischka Hans - - 2011
Wilson disease (WD) is a rare hereditary condition that is caused by a genetic defect in the copper-transporting ATPase ATP7B that results in hepatic copper accumulation and lethal liver failure. The present study focuses on the structural mitochondrial alterations that precede clinical symptoms in the livers of rats lacking Atp7b, ...
Wheeler Linda J - - 2011
Our laboratory has reported that deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) pools in rat tissue mitochondria are highly asymmetric, with dGTP predominating, and that the imbalance probably contributes toward the high spontaneous mutation rate of the mitochondrial genome. Ferraro et al. (Ferraro, P., Nicolosi, L., Bernardi, P., Reichard, P., and Bianchi, V. (2006) ...
Jung Marianna E - - 2011
We investigated whether abrupt ethanol withdrawal (EW) age-specifically inhibits a key mitochondrial enzyme, cytochrome c oxidase (COX), and whether estrogen mitigates this problem. We also tested whether this possible effect of EW involves a substrate (cytochrome c) deficiency that is associated with proapoptotic Bcl2-associated X protein (BAX) and mitochondrial membrane ...
Hao Jiejie - - 2011
Treatment with a combination of four nutrients, i.e. R-α-lipoic acid, acetyl-l-carnitine, nicotinamide and biotin, just as with pioglitazone, significantly improves glucose tolerance, insulin release, plasma NEFA, skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative stress in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. However, it is not known whether treatment with these nutrients can improve mitochondrial ...
Hayashida Takahiro - - 2011
Aim:  Modest inhibition of the growth hormone (GH) axis by overexpression of the antisense GH gene in male Wistar rats reduced food intake and body weight, and lengthened the lifespan, even if fed ad libitum (AL). These findings were comparable with those induced by 30% calorie restriction (CR) in wild-type ...
Wang Jin J Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, United - - 2011
TEMPO-substituted pargyline analogues differentially inhibit recombinant human monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) and B (MAO B) in intact yeast mitochondria, suggesting these membrane-bound enzymes are located on differing faces of the mitochondrial outer membrane [Upadhyay, A., and Edmondson, D. E. (2009) Biochemistry 48, 3928]. This approach is extended to the ...
Nakagawa Yoshio - - 2011
The cytotoxic effects of hydroxylated fullerenes, also termed fullerenols or fullerols [C(60)(OH)( n )], which are known nanomaterials and water-soluble fullerene derivatives, were studied in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes. The exposure of hepatocytes to C(60)(OH)(24) caused not only concentration (0-0.25 mM)- and time (0-3 h)-dependent cell death accompanied by the formation of ...
Chang Kai Lun - - 2011
3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP), a potent irreversible inhibitor of mitochondrial complex II enzyme, leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in Huntington's disease (HD) rat model. In this study, biochemical assays were used to demonstrate the presence of oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in 3-NP early-stage HD rat models. Gas chromatography ...
Villa-Abrille Maria C - - 2011
Inhibition of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1) reduces cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and also cardiac hypertrophy and failure. Although, the mechanisms underlying these NHE1 mediated effects suggest delay of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening, and reduction of mitochondrial-derived superoxide production, the possibility of NHE1 blockade targeting mitochondria has been incompletely ...
Lawson-Smith P - - 2011
Cyanide and carbon monoxide, which are often found in fire victims, are toxic gases emitted from fires. Cyanide and carbon monoxide have similar molecular structure. Cyanide binds to the enzyme cytochrome oxidase a, a3 similar to carbon monoxide, thus blocking the mitochondrial respiration chain causing depletion of adenosine triphosphate. Hyperbaric ...
Tweedie Constance C Muscle and Aging Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary Alberta, - - 2011
Artificial selection in rat has yielded high-capacity runners (HCR) and low-capacity runners (LCR) that differ in intrinsic (untrained) aerobic exercise ability and metabolic disease risk. To gain insight into how oxygen metabolism may have been affected by selection, we compared mitochondrial function, oxidative DNA damage (8-dihydroxy-guanosine; 8dOHG), and antioxidant enzyme ...
Bronnikov G E - - 2010
The effect of dietary supplementation of old rats (26-33 months) with hydrogenated peanut oil on the activity of mitochondrial enzymes in skeletal muscles has been studied. The activities of NADH-coenzyme Q1 oxidoreductase, cytochrome c oxidase, and citrate synthase were determined spectrophotometrically in muscle homogenates. The activities of respiratory complexes I ...
Harris Stephanie R - - 2011
Calcium levulinate (4-ketopentanoate) is used as an oral and parenteral source of calcium. We hypothesized that levulinate is converted in the liver to 4-hydroxypentanoate, a new drug of abuse, and that this conversion is accelerated by ethanol oxidation. We confirmed these hypotheses in live rats, perfused rat livers, and liver ...
Tatarková Z - - 2011
Mitochondrial dysfunction and accumulation of oxidative damage have been implicated to be the major factors of aging. However, data on age-related changes in activities of mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) complexes remain controversial and molecular mechanisms responsible for ETC dysfunction are still largely unknown. In this study, we examined the ...
Wu J-L - - 2011
Accumulation of oxidative damage has been implicated to be a major causative factor in the decline in physiological functions that occur during the aging process. The mitochondrial respiratory chain is a powerful source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), considered as the pathogenic agent of many diseases and aging. L-malate, a ...
Navarro Ana - - 2011
Rat aging from 4 to 12 mo was accompanied by hippocampus and frontal cortex mitochondrial dysfunction, with decreases of 23 to 53% in tissue and mitochondrial respiration and in the activities of complexes I and IV and of mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS) (P < 0.02). In aged rats, the ...
Mironova Galina D - - 2010
The mechanism of tissue protection from ischemic damage by activation of the mitochondrial ATP-dependent K(+) channel (mitoK(ATP)) remains unexplored. In this work, we have measured, using various approaches, the ATP-dependent mitochondrial K(+) transport in rats that differed in their resistance to hypoxia. The transport was found to be faster in ...
Nikolov Rumen P - - 2011
Vigabatrin is a GABA derivative (gamma-vinyl GABA) which inhibits irreversibly the enzyme activity of GABA transaminase and thus increased indirectly brain GABA concentrations. We have used body temperature assay to examine the effects of Vigabatrin on thermoregulation in intact rats. In order to understand the mechanism of thermoregulatory action of ...
Dumas Jean-François - - 2011
Cancer cachexia is a dynamic process characterized by a negative energy balance induced by anorexia and hypermetabolism. The mechanisms leading to hypermetabolism are not totally elucidated. This study examines the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation and energy wasting in liver mitochondria isolated from rats with cancer cachexia induced by peritoneal carcinosis ...
Panov A V - - 2010
We studied the effect of BSA (in the isolation medium) on the oxidation rate of succinate, glutamate, pyruvate, and α-ketoglutarate by mitochondria of the brain and liver from C57Bl/6g mice and Taconic Sprague Dawley rats. BSA had no effect on liver mitochondrial respiration, but increased oxidation of substrates (particularly of ...
Verdurand Mathieu - - 2010
Cannabinoids are known to induce transient psychotic symptoms and cognitive dysfunction in healthy individuals and contribute to trigger schizophrenia in vulnerable individuals, particularly during adolescence. Converging preclinical evidence suggests important interactions between cannabinoid and GABAergic systems. In the present study, we compared the effects of cannabinoid treatment on GABA(A) receptor ...
Carbone S - - 2010
OMC (octyl-methoxycinnamate), an endocrine disruptor having estrogenic activity, is used in sunscreen creams as UV filter. We studied its "in vitro" effects on the hypothalamic release of Gn-RH as well as on the amino acid neurotransmitter system. OMC significantly decreased Gn-RH release in normal male and female rats as well ...
Mathew Jobin - - 2010
In the present study, the effects of Bacopa monnieri and its active component, bacoside A, on motor deficit and alterations of GABA receptor functional regulation in the cerebellum of epileptic rats were investigated. Scatchard analysis of [(3)H]GABA and [(3)H]bicuculline in the cerebellum of epileptic rats revealed a significant decrease in ...
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