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Bilousova Tina T Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States; Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, United - - 2014
Neuronal pentraxin receptor (NPR) is a synaptic protein implicated in AMPA receptor trafficking at excitatory synapses. Since glutamate neurotransmission is disrupted in Alzheimer's disease (AD), NPR levels measured from plasma represent a potential biomarker for synaptic dysfunction associated with AD. We sought to determine the relationship between AD pathology and ...
Choi Joungil J Department of Neurology, University of Maryland Baltimore, Maryland, 21201 ; Veterans Affairs Medical Center Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Diabetes leads to cognitive impairment and is associated with age-related neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, understanding diabetes-induced alterations in brain function is important for developing early interventions for neurodegeneration. Low-capacity runner (LCR) rats are obese and manifest metabolic risk factors resembling human "impaired glucose tolerance" or metabolic syndrome. ...
Yang Chun C Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Changzhou 213003, Jiangsu, - - 2014
Several lines of evidence have demonstrated that leptin is probably involved in the cognitive impairment which induced by a single injection of streptozocin (STZ). However, there is little literature reporting the relationship between cognitive impairment and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This study aimed to investigate the role of leptin in the ...
Wang Jian-Qin JQ Nephrology Department and Blood Dialysis Center, Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, - - 2014
Objective. Numerous epidemiological studies have linked diabetes mellitus (DM) with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether or not diabetic encephalopathy shows AD-like pathology remains unclear. Research Design and Methods. Forebrain and hippocampal volumes were measured using stereology in serial coronal sections of the brain in streptozotocin- ...
Wang Jiwei J School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, Shandong Province, - - 2013
The ginkgo biloba extract EGb761 improves memory loss and cognitive impairments in patients with senile dementia. It also promotes proliferation of neural stem cells in the subventricular zone in Parkinson's disease model mice and in the hippocampal zone of young epileptic rats. However, it remains unclear whether EGb761 enhances proliferation ...
Silva Nuno A NA 3B's Research Group-Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, University of Minho, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Guimarães, - - 2013
Spine stabilization upon spinal cord injury (SCI) is a standard procedure in clinical practice, but rarely employed in experimental models. Moreover, the application of biodegradable biomaterials for this would come as an advantage as it would eliminate the presence of a nondegradable prosthesis within the vertebral bone. Therefore, in the ...
Kam Yoo Lim - - 2012
In the present study, we investigated whether a novel compound, 2-(2-(4-((4-chlorophenyl)(phenyl)methyl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-oxoethylamino)-N-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)acetamide (HYP-1), is capable of binding to voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) and evaluated both its inhibitory effect on Na(+) currents of the rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neuron and its in vivo analgesic activity using rat models of inflammatory ...
D'Amico Stephen C - - 2012
In the rat, external urethral sphincter (EUS) activation during micturition consists of three sequential phases: 1) an increase in tonic EUS activity during passive filling and active contraction of the bladder (guarding reflex), 2) synchronized phasic activity (EUS bursting) associated with voiding, and 3) sustained tonic EUS activity that persists ...
Quiroz-González Salvador - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chronic undernourishment on the amplitude depression of the first negative component in the cord dorsum potentials (N(1)-CDPs) caused by the conditioning stimulation of sensory cutaneous nerves in the rat spinal cord. Single electrical pulses (1Hz; 2 times threshold,) applied ...
Ji Yaping - - 2012
Sex differences in the spinal processing of somatic and visceral stimuli contribute to greater female sensitivity in many pain disorders. The present study examined spinal mechanisms that contribute to sex differences in visceral sensitivity. The visceromotor response to colorectal distention (CRD) was more robust in normal female rats and after ...
Castillo Deborah G - - 2012
Neurons in the rostroventrolateral medulla (RVLM) mediate baroreflex regulation (BR) of spinal sympathetic preganglionic neurons. Previously, our laboratory has shown that recovery of BR occurs in the rat after spinal hemisection. (Zahner MR, Kulikowicz E, and Schramm LP. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 301: R1584-R1590, 2011). The goal ...
Wu Xilian - - 2012
Objectives:  To study the altered expression of TWIK-related arachidonic acid-activated K(+) channel in the L6-S1 spinal cord of rats after complete bladder outlet obstruction, and to investigate the role of TWIK-related arachidonic acid-activated K(+) channel in the neurogenic mechanism of bladder dysfunction. Methods:  Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into ...
Munoz Alvaro - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? It is well known that urinary bladder sensation requires the activation by ATP of ionotropic purinergic P2X3/P2X2/3 receptors located in bladder afferent C-fibres. Furthermore, in rat models of neurogenic bladder hyperactivity the release of ATP from the bladder urothelium ...
Abourbeh Galith - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the CNS. Activated microglia/macrophages play a key role in the immunopathogenesis of MS and its corresponding animal models, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Microglia activation begins at early stages of the disease and is associated with elevated expression of the 18 kDa ...
Hu Ji-Hua - - 2012
In this study, we examined the involvement of chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the spinal cord of a rat model of cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP). In this model, CIBP was established by an intramedullary injection of Walker 256 cells into the tibia of rats. We observed a significant increase ...
Medalha Carla C - - 2012
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition with important functional and psychological consequences. However, the underlying mechanisms by which these alterations occur are still not fully understood. The aim of this study was to analyze genomic instability in multiple organs in the acute phase of SCI by means of ...
Zhang Shu-Xin - - 2012
To date, few treatment strategies applying cellular transplantation to the chronically injured spinal cord have yielded significant functional improvement in animal experiments. Here we report that significant improvement of locomotor function was achieved in rats with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) by the application of combination treatments with tail nerve ...
Mathieu Patricia - - 2012
Microglial activation in the substantia nigra (SN) is a ubiquitous feature in PD which could mediate toxic effects. Human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) possess immunomodulatory properties. We evaluated whether the transplantation of hMSCs obtained from umbilical cord had a neuroprotective effect in a not-immunosuppressed rat Parkinson's disease (PD) model. Rats ...
Petrosyan Tigran R - - 2012
Experiments were performed on 48 albino rats. Part of the experimental animals were initially trained to a balancing instrumental conditioned reflex (ICR). Unilateral bulbar pyramidotomy performed in all rats caused contralateral hemiparesis. On the next day following the operation 24 rats were injected intramuscularly with bacterial melanin solution. 12 of ...
Wu Jiang - - 2012
To explore the response to nociceptive stimuli in spinal cord of immature rat and observe the electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve on synaptic plasticity of the spinal dorsal horn and spinal c-fos expression in rats of different ages, MK-801 was added to the spinal cord of rats, and the ...
Yoshikawa Akira - - 2012
To examine the compensatory mechanisms in rats that underwent left decortication at postnatal day 7 (P7), we injected the retrograde tracers fluorescein isothiocyanate-cholera toxin B subunit (FITC-CTB) and Fast Blue (FB) into the right and left upper cervical spinal cord, respectively, at postoperative weeks 2, 3, 4, and 5 and ...
Conde Dina - - 2012
Gentle probing against the cervix via the vagina (vaginocervical stimulation, VCS) increases tail flick latency (TFL) to radiant heat; greater force abolishes the tail flick response and other withdrawal responses. This effect occurs in spinal cord-transected rats and in intact rats. On the basis of our earlier finding that VCS ...
Robinson Mary A - - 2012
The rat spinal-cord-injury (SCI) model is widely used to study the pathologic mechanisms that contribute to sensory and motor dysfunction in humans. This model is thought to mimic many of the negative outcomes experienced by humans after spinal contusion injury. We theorized that manual bladder expression contributed to the kidney ...
Furuichi Kengo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We reported previously that diabetic glomerular nodular-like lesions were formed during the reconstruction process of mesangiolysis. However, the precise mechanism has yet to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the roles of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, which is activated from proMMP-2 by membrane-type (MT)-MMP in the sclerotic and endothelial cell injury ...
Gomes Jose Rosa - - 2011
MMP-9 and MMP-2 are metalloproteinases which degrade the denatured collagen fibers. However, there is no report about roles of these MMPs in the odontogenic region of the adult rat incisor tooth under different eruption conditions. Male Wistar rats were divided in a normofunctional group (NF) in which their lower teeth ...
Moon Changjong - - 2011
To investigate whether netrin-1 is involved in autoimmune injury of the central nervous system, the expression of netrin-1 protein was analyzed in the spinal cord of Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Western blot analysis revealed significantly increased content of netrin-1 in the spinal cords of rats at the ...
Behr-Roussel Delphine - - 2011
Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) improve storage symptoms in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients, despite a lack of effect on peak urinary flow rate. Moreover, vardenafil improves urodynamic parameters in spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). SCI rats also display NDO characterized by nonvoiding contractions (NVCs) during bladder ...
Király Kornél - - 2011
We have reported previously that the dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor Ile-Pro-Ile had an antihyperalgesic action in rats when given intrathecally in the carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia, as detected by the Randall-Selitto test. Vildagliptin, a non-peptide inhibitor of the same enzyme, which is already on the market as an "euglycemic" agent in diabetics, ...
Kaner Tuncay - - 2010
OBJECT: Even though there have been many efforts to recover neuronal dysfunction following spinal cord injuries, there are limitations to the treatment of these injuries. The purpose of this laboratory investigation was to determine the clinical and neurophysiological effects of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) transplantation in a rat hemisection ...
Hayashi Michiko - - 2011
Semaphorins, one of the repulsive axonal guidance factors during development, are produced under pathological conditions in adult animals. In the neuropathic pain state associated with peripheral nerve injury, synaptic reorganization occurs in spinal cord dorsal horn. In the present study, we investigated the roles of intrathecal administration of Sema3A, a ...
Miryam Elferchichi - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of static magnetic fields (SMF) on ionic composition of rat spinal cord. Male Wistar rats were daily exposed to SMF of 128 mT, for 1 h/day during five consecutive days. Spinal cord samples were extracted, weighed and mixed in bidstilled ...
Ren Tian-jian - - 2010
Treating intramedullary spinal cord gliomas is a big challenge because of limited options, high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. An intramedullary glioma model is prerequisite for testing new treatments. This paper describes the establishment of a rodent intramedullary glioma model and presents functional progression, neuroimaging and histopathological characterization of the ...
Ziegler Matthias D MD Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, Brain Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2010
Spinal Wistar Hannover rats trained to step bipedally on a treadmill with manual assistance of the hindlimbs have been shown to improve their stepping ability. Given the improvement in motor performance with practice and the ability of the spinal cord circuitry to learn to step more effectively when the mode ...
Duale Hanad - - 2010
The retrograde transsynaptic tracer pseudorabies virus (PRV) has been widely used as a marker for synaptic connectivity in the spinal cord. Notably, the PRV-152 construct expresses enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). We recently reported a significant attenuation of PRV-152 labeling of the intermediolateral cell column (IML) and celiac ganglia after ...
Detloff Megan Ryan - - 2010
Spinal cord injury (SCI) impairs sensory systems causing allodynia. Measuring the development of allodynia in rodent models of SCI is challenging due to spinal shock and marked motor impairments. Assessment of SCI-induced allodynia is not standardized across labs, making interpretation of results difficult. Therefore, we validated sensory threshold assessment after ...
Giszter Simon F SF Neurobiology and Anatomy, School of Bioengineering, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2010
Neonatal spinalized (NST) rats can achieve autonomous weight-supported locomotion never seen after adult injury. Mechanisms that support function in NST rats include increased importance of cortical trunk control and altered biomechanical control strategies for stance and locomotion. Hindlimbs are isolated from perturbations in quiet stance and act in opposition to ...
Lee Yu-Shang YS Department of Neurosciences, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2010
The effects of peripheral nerve grafts (PNG) and acidic fibroblast growth factor (alpha FGF) combined with step training on the locomotor performance of complete spinal cord-transected (ST, T8) adult rats were studied. Rats were assigned randomly to five groups (N=10 per group): sham control (laminectomy only), ST only, ST-step-trained, repaired ...
Guo Yuan - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate whether MHC genes are associated with basal pain sensitivity differences in Dark-Agouti (DA) rats and a novel congenic inbred DA.1U rats, whose genetic background is the same as DA rats except for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. MAIN METHODS: Mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and heat withdrawal latencies ...
Fan Dan-Feng - - 2010
Divers are at risk of decompression sickness (DCS) when the ambient pressure decrease exceeds a critical threshold. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) preconditioning has been used to prevent various injuries, but the protective effect on DCS has not been well explored. To investigate the prophylactic effect of HBO2 on DCS, rats were ...
Hubscher Charles H - - 2010
The development of central neuropathic pain varies among patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). The factors contributing to the development and perpetuation of segmental pain (at-level allodynia) has been the focus of ongoing experiments in our laboratory. One such factor is hormonal status. We have shown previously, using a male ...
Su Chun-Kuei - - 2010
Under optimal in vitro conditions, isolated spinal cords of neonatal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats spontaneously generate sympathetic nerve discharge (SND). To aid future studies involving genetically modified mice, we established a preparation to assess SND generation within the mouse spinal cord. Brainstem-spinal cord-splanchnic nerve preparations of neonatal 129S6/SvEvTac (129S6) mice, C57BL/6 ...
Chang Ming-Wen - - 2010
This paper describes a force plate system for quantitative measurement of the hindlimb weight support of rats. The system is built around a microcontroller and uses strain gauges to measure individually the weight applied by each limb and also the general hindquarters of the rat. The sum of weights on ...
Zhou Hongxia H Department of Pathology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America. - - 2010
TDP-43 proteinopathies have been observed in a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases. Mutations in the gene encoding TDP-43 (i.e., TDP) have been identified in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in frontotemporal lobe degeneration associated with motor neuron disease. To study the consequences of TDP mutation in an intact system, we ...
Gierthmuehlen Mortimer - - 2010
The spinal cord of the rat has become a widely used model for biodynamic, pharmaceutical and neurological experiments. However, no standard procedure to approach the spinal cord in rats has been published in detail. We present a description of a dorsal approach to the spine, spinal canal and myelon of ...
Gul Sanser - - 2010
The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective efficacy of dexmedetomidine in a rat experimental spinal cord injury model. The rats (n=40) were equally divided into four groups: G1, G2, G3, and G4. Rats in the G1 group underwent a laminectomy only. For the rats in the G2, G3, and ...
Korhonen P - - 2011
We have established a novel transgenic rat line carrying human microtubule-associated protein Tau-40 with mutation P301L. hTau-40/P301L transgenic male and female rats were followed up to 2 years of age. The hTau-40/P301L rats expressed human tau mRNA and protein in the limbic cortex and associated white matter, hippocampus and spinal ...
Huang Wen-Cheng - - 2010
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) is a major component of glial scar to restrict axonal regeneration in the lesion site after spinal cord injury (SCI). Chondroitinase ABC (ChABC), a bacteria enzyme, which has been demonstrated to digest the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chain of CSPG to promote axonal re-growth across the injured ...
Zhang Shu-Xin - - 2010
Walking or stepping has been considered the result from the activation of the central pattern generator (CPG). In most patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) the CPG is undamaged. To date, there are no noninvasive approaches for activating the CPG. Recently we developed a noninvasive technique, tail nerve electrical stimulation ...
Becker Daniel - - 2010
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can restore control and offset atrophy to muscles after neurological injury. However, FES has not been considered as a method for enhancing CNS regeneration. This paper demonstrates that FES dramatically enhanced progenitor cell birth in the spinal cord of rats with a chronic spinal cord injury ...
Galván Ernesto E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to report the design and positioning accuracy testing of a stereotactic device designed for a linear accelerator to perform spinal radiosurgery in rats. METHODS: To define the spatial and repositioning accuracy of the device, we measured the 3-dimensional (3D) translation of a paraspinal fiducial mark implanted ...
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