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Wang Likun L Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College, Guiyang, Guizhou, China; Department of Neurology, Affiliated Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of hippocampal low-frequency stimulation (Hip-LFS) on the expression of synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) and on the seizure degree in pharmacoresistant epileptic rats. Eighteen pharmacoresistant epileptic rats were selected from 75 amygdala-kindling rat models of epilepsy by testing their seizure response to phenytoin (PHT) and to ...
Kouis Panayiotis P Laboratory of Animal & Human Physiology, Department of Biological Applications and Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, - - 2014
We have previously reported that an episode of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced status epilepticus (SE) in immature rats induces a long-term increase in cholinergic excitation assessed in the adult brain in vitro. In this in vivo work, we tested the responsiveness of adult SE-conditioned rats to pilocarpine and PTZ, two convulsants with ...
Cominski Tara P TP Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, Rutgers - New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey , Newark, NJ , - - 2014
The hippocampus has been implicated in anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); human studies suggest that a dysfunctional hippocampus may be a vulnerability factor for the development of PTSD. In the current study, we examined the effect of hippocampal damage in avoidance learning, as avoidance is a core symptom ...
Pilipović Ivan - - 2013
The study was undertaken considering that: i) androgens affect β2-adrenoceptor (AR)-mediated catecholamine (CA) action in many tissues; and ii) peripubertal changes in both circulating androgen and thymic CA levels are implicated in rat thymic involution. Its aims were to: i) explore putative effects of the late prepubertal orchidectomy on thymic ...
Panteleeva N G - - 2013
We studied the possibility of using anabolic steroid retabolil injections for complex correction of behavioral and immune parameters in rats with genetic predisposition to catalepsy. Subpopulation composition of lymphoid organ and blood cells was compared in rats with genetic predisposition to catalepsy and Wistar rats after retabolil administration. In rats ...
Wang Yinxu Y Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, Sichuan Province, - - 2013
Although low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic simulation can potentially treat epilepsy, its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study investigated the influence of low-frequency re-petitive transcranial magnetic simulation on changes in several nonlinear dynamic electroence-phalographic parameters in rats with chronic epilepsy and explored the mechanism underlying petitive transcranial magnetic simulation-induced antiepileptic effects. ...
Leposavić Gordana - - 2013
This study explores the role of ovarian hormones in the phenotypic shaping of peripheral T-cell pool over the reproductive lifespan of rats. For this purpose, 2-month-old prepubertally ovariectomised (Ox) rats, showing oestrogen and progesterone deficiency, and 11-month-old Ox rats, exhibiting only progesterone deficiency, were examined for thymus output, and cellularity ...
Sasaki Nobuo - - 2013
The nitrofuran antimicrobial agent, furazolidone (FZ), is still used in veterinary medicine in some countries in the Middle and Far Eastern countries. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of successive bolus doses of FZ and its metabolite 3-amino-2-oxazolidinone (AOZ) on cytochrome P450 (CYP)-related activities in the livers of ...
Menezes Camila Carvalho - - 2012
Faced with the search for healthy products that provide additional benefits to consumers' health, the main objectives of this work were to develop a low-calorie preserve containing prebiotics (lactulose and polydextrose) and to evaluate the effects of these prebiotics on oxidative stress and colon carcinogenesis in male rats treated with ...
Lima Dirlene P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to analyze morphometrically the colon wall strata of malnourished rats supplemented with probiotics. Sixteen recently weaned Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) were distributed into four groups: animals that received commercial chow (G1, n = 4); animals that received the same feed as G1 and were ...
Morais Pedro Henrique Alves de - - 2012
To assess the effect of prokinetic agents on abdominal wall wound healing in rats submitted to segmental colectomy and colonic anastomosis. Sixty rats were randomly allocated into three groups according to the agents they would receive in the postoperative period: M (metoclopramide); B (bromopride); and C (control, saline 0.9%). Surgical ...
Amasheh Maren - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of quercetin on intestinal barrier function using the human colonic epithelial cell line HT-29/B6 and rat small and large intestine in vitro. Rat native ileum and late distal colon were incubated in Ussing chambers, and the total resistance (R(T) ) ...
Bertrand Rebecca L - - 2012
Constipation and slowed transit are associated with diet-induced obesity, although the mechanisms by which this occurs are unclear. Enterochromaffin (EC) cells within the intestinal epithelium respond to mechanical stimulation with the release of serotonin (5-HT) which promotes transit. Thus, our aim was to characterize 5-HT availability in the rat colon ...
Iwaya Hitoshi - - 2012
We investigated differences in the pathogenesis of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis between two inbred rat strains, Wistar King A Hokkaido (WKAH) and Dark Agouti (DA) rats, to determine the intrinsic factors responsible for the development of colitis. DSS exposure exacerbated the clinical symptoms such as body weight loss, stool ...
Samanta Ashis K - - 2012
An abnormal composition of the gut microbiota is believed to be associated with the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We utilized terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis to quantify faecal bacterial communities from rats with experimental colitis. Male Sprague Dawley rats (n=10/group) ingested 2% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) ...
Li Ying - - 2012
The NR2B subunit of NMDA receptor in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is up-regulated in viscerally hypersensitive (VH) rats induced by colonic anaphylaxis. It plays a critical role in modulation of ACC sensitization and visceral pain responses. Given the key role of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in synaptic plasticity ...
Kasinathan Nirmal Kumar - - 2012
Chemoprevention offers a novel approach to control the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC), which is a fatal cause of malignancies in both Western and Asia countries. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) functions as cell transition factor by regulating the biosynthesis of polyamines which allied with aberrant crypt foci (ACF) proliferation, a predecessor ...
Matsunami M - - 2012
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is generated from L-cysteine by certain enzymes including cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) and cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), and causes excitation of nociceptors mainly via activation of Ca(v)3.2 T-type Ca(2+) channels in the peripheral tissue, facilitating somatic and colonic pain. Here, we investigated whether sensory nerves and Ca(v)3.2 are involved in the ...
Cherneva Emiliya - - 2012
Camphor and borneol are wildly distributed in the essential oils of medicinal plants from various parts of the World. Our study has been carried out to evaluate the effect of these two bicyclic monoterpenes on rat thymocytes. Camphor and borneol at concentrations of 0.5 and 5 µg/mL did not induce ...
Ishizu Akihiro - - 2012
Transgenic rats carrying the env-pX gene of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (env-pX rats) develop necrotizing angiitis resembling human polyarteritis nodosa (PN). In the development of vasculitis in these rats, the thymus plays an important role. In this review, we provide an outline of the pathogenesis of vasculitis observed ...
Ohta Yoshiji - - 2012
We examined whether a single exposure of rats to water-immersion restraint stress (WIRS) induces oxidative stress in the thymus and spleen. Vitamin E, ascorbic acid, reduced glutathione (GSH), and lipid peroxide (LPO) were assayed in the thymus and spleen of rats with and without 6 hours of WIRS. In unstressed ...
Liang Chengbai - - 2012
To study the relationship between brain-gut peptides, gastrointestinal hormones and altered motility in a rat model of repetitive water avoidance stress (WAS), which mimics the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Male Wistar rats were submitted daily to 1-h of water avoidance stress (WAS) or sham WAS (SWAS) for 10 consecutive days. ...
Håkansson Asa - - 2012
Long-term colonic inflammation promotes carcinogenesis and histological abnormalities of the liver, and colorectal tumours frequently arise in a background of dysplasia, a precursor of adenomas. Altered colonic microbiota with an increased proportion of bacteria with pro-inflammatory characteristics, have been implicated in neoplastic progression. The composition of the microbiota can be ...
Kerckhoffs Roy C P RC University of California San Diego, Department of Bioengineering, La Jolla, CA 92093-0412, USA. - - 2012
The postnatal heart grows mostly in response to increased hemodynamic load. However, the specific biomechanical stimuli that stimulate cardiac growth as a reaction to increased hemodynamic load are still poorly understood. It has been shown that isolated neonatal rat cardiac myocytes normalize resting sarcomere length by adding sarcomeres in series ...
Solomon Joseph H - - 2011
Rats rhythmically tap and brush their vibrissae (whiskers) against objects to tactually explore the environment. To extract a complex feature such as the contour of an object, the rat must at least implicitly estimate radial object distance, that is, the distance from the base of the vibrissa to the point ...
Terasaki Masanori - - 2011
The thyroid hormone agonist/antagonist activities of halogenated derivatives of bisphenol A (BPA) were assessed using a yeast two-hybrid assay incorporating the human thyroid hormone α (TRα), both with and without possible metabolic activation by rat liver S9 preparation. In the absence of the rat liver S9 preparation, 3,3',5,5'-tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), ...
Bondy Genevieve S - - 2011
Brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs) are persistent environmental contaminants found in human blood, tissues, and milk. To assess the impact of the commercial BDE mixture DE-71 on the developing immune system in relation to hepatic and thyroid changes, adult (F0) rats were exposed to DE-71 by gavage at doses of 0, ...
Perez-Abud Rocio - - 2011
This study assessed salt sensitivity, analyzing the effects of an increased saline intake on hemodynamic, morphologic, oxidative stress, and renal variables in experimental thyroid disorders. Six groups of male Wistar rats were used: control, hypothyroid, hyperthyroid, and the same groups treated with salt (8% via food intake). Body weight, blood ...
Minato Kouichi - - 2011
Little is known about the kinetics and metabolism of thyroid hormones in its entirely in the hypothyroid state. To investigate these factors, we developed a reliable method for measurement of serum thyroxine (T(4)), triiodothyronine (T(3)), reverse- triiodothyronine (rT(3)) and stable isotope-labeled T(4) ([(13)C(9)]T(4)), using on-line solid-phase extraction liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass ...
Akhtar Saeed - - 2011
Changes in plasma glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxin (T4) of male rats, following 8 weeks of administration of different concentrations of elemental iron (EI), sodium iron ethylenediaminetetraacetate (NaFeEDTA), zinc sulfate (ZnSO(4)), and zinc oxide (ZnO) in whole wheat flour were investigated. Liver enzymes and ...
Song Xiao-hong XH College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province 310053, - - 2011
Modified Haizao Yuhu Decoction (MHYD), based on clinical experience, has been used for approximately 500 years and famous for its efficiency in treating thyroid-related diseases. To investigate therapeutic effects of MHYD on thyroid-related autoantibodies and thyroid hormone in experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) rats, and to provide evidence for the immunomodulatory ...
Basalaeva N L - - 2011
Objective. The aim of this work was to study the expression of NIS in the thyroid and anterior pituitary in rats after a single dose of iodide appropriate to the content of iodide in iodine-positive points in the thyroid and pituitary.<br />Methods. A total of 41 inbred rat females of ...
Schreiner Helen - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study is to compare the colonization, immunoglobulin (Ig) G response, and alveolar bone loss in Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa)-inoculated Fawn Hooded Hypertensive (FHH), Dahl Salt-Sensitive (DSS), and Brown Norway (BN) rats. Methods: Each rat strain was divided into wild-type Aa-inoculated and non-inoculated control groups. Blood taken ...
Shimada Chihiro - - 2010
Azo dyes, amaranth, allura red and new coccine, which are currently used as food color additives in Japan, have been reported to cause colon specific DNA damage in mice. To examine species difference in the DNA damage between rats and mice, each of dyes was administered to male mice (1 ...
Khoder Mouhamad - - 2010
Residual antibiotics reaching the colon have many deleterious effects on the colonic microbiota including the selection of new antibiotic resistances. In order to avoid the selection of ciprofloxacin resistance, intestine or colon-targeted zinc-pectinate beads containing activated charcoal (AC) were designed for the inactivation of residual ciprofloxacin in the gastrointestinal tract ...
Ohashi-Doi Katsuyo - - 2010
Pregabalin, a ligand of alpha(2)delta subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels, reduces visceral hypersensitivity associated with irritable bowel syndrome. However, effects of pregabalin on bowel function are not well described. We investigated the effects of pregabalin on bowel dysfunction and colonic nociceptive threshold in sensitized rats. Increased fecal pellet output was ...
Rodríguez-Cabezas Maria Elena - - 2010
Different types of dietary fiber can be distinguished considering their rate of fermentability, thus determining the location of the large intestine where they exert their beneficial effect. Their combination could be interesting to obtain health-promoting effects throughout the entire colon. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ...
Bajka Balazs H - - 2010
The short-chain fatty acids acetate, propionate, and butyrate are produced by colonic bacterial fermentation of carbohydrates. Butyrate is important in the regulation of the colonocyte cell cycle and gut motility and may also reduce the risk of large bowel cancer. We have shown that dietary butyrylated starch can deliver butyrate ...
Pélissier Marie-Agnès - - 2010
Both mucus and mucosa-associated bacteria form a specific environment in the gut; their disruption may play a crucial role in the development of intestinal bowel disease (IBD). Metronidazole, an antibiotic used in the treatment of IBD, alters gut microbiota and reduces basal oxidative stress to proteins in colonic tissue of ...
Lhoste Evelyne F - - 2010
Since the gut microbiota metabolizes various dietary constituents unabsorbed by the small intestine and modulates colon function, it plays an essential role in colon carcinogenesis. First, we have developed a model of human microbiota-associated rats (HMA), fed a human-type diet and injected with 1-2,dimethylhydrazine (DMH). We observed that the number ...
Nicken Petra - - 2010
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is a colon carcinogen in rats. In the present study the absorption of PhIP in the small and large intestine of Fischer 344 rats was determined, and the relevance of the differences in the degree of absorption of PhIP along the gastrointestinal axis for the PhIP-mediated colon carcinogenesis ...
Mathew A J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) formed by the fermentation of complex carbohydrates by the bacteria in the colon, is the main source of nutrition for colonocytes. The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effect of butyrate on the healing of colonic anastomosis in a rat model. ...
Hill Marcelo - - 2010
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a multifunctional protein that plays different roles in cancer biology. To better understand the role of Gal-3 and its ligands during colon carcinogenesis, we studied its expression in tumors induced in rats treated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) and in human tissues. Normal colon from untreated rats showed no ...
Fitzpatrick Leo R - - 2010
AIM AND OBJECTIVE:: Chronic models of inflammatory bowel disease are lacking in preadult rodents. The primary goal of our study was to develop a chronic model of hapten-induced intestinal inflammation and fibrosis in young rats. Second, we aimed to determine the profiles of key Th-1, Th-2, and Th-17 proinflammatory and ...
Zhang M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to investigate the relationship between up-regulation of L-type calcium channels and altered motility disorder in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to neonatal maternal separation (NMS) from postnatal day 2-14 or normal handling (NH), and used when weighted ...
O'Malley Dervla - - 2010
Early-life stress is a key predisposing factor to the development of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Thus, changes in stress-related molecular substrates which influence colonic function may be important in understanding the pathophysiology of such disorders. Activation of peripheral corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors is thought to be important in the maintenance ...
Kotz? Sanet H - - 2010
The gastrointestinal tracts (GITs) of six species of African mole-rats (Bathyergidae) were compared. The aim was to provide a comprehensive anatomical comparison between the different species. The relative shape, length, and surface areas were taken into account to determine whether the GITs are phylogenetically constrained or exhibit anatomical adaptations in ...
Yang Qing - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Few infant animal models have been used to study infantile short bowel syndrome (SBS). Most SBS models involve removal of the proximal small bowel followed by jejunoileal anastomosis, which has unclear clinical relevance to human infantile SBS that often results from surgical treatment for necrotizing enterocolitis and involves removal ...
Shimamura Hideo - - 2010
The contractile and extensile effects of red and white wine on rat and Mongolian gerbil (gerbil) gastrointestinal smooth muscle were investigated. Both wines elicited contractile responses on rat and gerbil duodenum and ileum but had no such effects on the colon or rectum. Dichloromethane extracts derived from either wine showed ...
Priolli Denise Gonçalves - - 2009
PURPOSE: To validate Peyer's patch as an anatomical repair landmark for colorectal surgery in rats and to measure the collagen content in segments of the colon containing or not containing Peyer's patch. METHODS: The distance between Peyer's patch and the peritoneal reflection was measured in forty-five Wistar rats. The colon ...
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