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Zhu Xianjin X Shanghai Institute of Immunology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, - - 2014
Tripterygium preparations (TPs), a traditional Chinese Medicines extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f., are widely used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, TPs from different Pharmaceutical factory have different efficacy and side effects for RA treatment. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Depboylu Bilge - - 2012
Gender is considered to be an important factor in endotoxin-induced tissue damage. Our aim was to examine the role of sex on the prooxidant-antioxidant status, necrotic and apoptotic events in the liver of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rats. We determined levels of lipid peroxides, non-enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants, and expressions of apoptosis-related ...
Periasamy Srinivasan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) occurs in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation and chemotherapy. The chemotherapeutic drugs oxaliplatin and cyclophosphamide cause SOS. Sesame oil is a nutrient-rich antioxidant popular in alternative medicine. It contains sesamin, sesamol, and sesamolin, all of which contribute to its antioxidant property. The authors investigated the ...
Campesi Ilaria - - 2012
Numerous studies show sexually dimorphic responses of drug metabolizing enzymes in the liver, but it is less clear whether xenobiotic detoxification mediated by glutathione is sex-gender specific. Therefore, we investigated whether sex-gender differences exist in the biosynthesis and metabolism of GSH in the rat liver. Livers were obtained from Sprague-Dawley ...
Wang Dahui - - 2012
The main purpose of this study was to prepare selenium/glutathione-enriched Candida utilis and investigate its effect on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and immune response in rats. The preparation of the selenium/glutathione-enriched yeast was conducted using fed-batch culture for high cell density. The optimal culture conditions for increased intracellular organic selenium ...
Messarah Mahfoud - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of vitamin E and/or curcumin against diazinon (DZN) (an organophosphorus insecticide)-induced toxicity of blood, liver and erythrocyte markers of male Wistar rats. The exposure of rats to DZN for 21 days provoked significant changes in red blood cell counts ...
Yao Hsien-Tsung - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BT) is the dry powder derived from the aqueous extract of a mixture of 10 medicinal herbs. It is a traditional Chinese medicine being used for the treatment of various immune-related diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effect of BT on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and ...
Xu Ruijuan - - 2012
The purpose of the current study was to determine whether glycyrrhizin (GL) maintains hepatic glutathione (GSH) levels by inhibiting GSH biliary secretion in normal rats. The effects of GL on hepatic glutathione content, bile flow and biliary secretion of glutathione were examined. Because glutathione is a substrate for multidrug resistance ...
Lee Sang-Mok - - 2012
The activation of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) by oxidative stress through TGFβ has been reported to play a crucial role in cataract formation. The authors investigated whether TG2 is involved in selenite-induced cataract formation in rats and whether cysteamine, a chemical inhibitor of TG2, can prevent cataract formation in this model. ...
Kudin Alexei P - - 2012
Brain mitochondria are not only major producers of reactive oxygen species but they also considerably contribute to the removal of toxic hydrogen peroxide by the glutathione (GSH) and thioredoxin-2 (Trx2) antioxidant systems. In this work we estimated the relative contribution of both systems and catalase to the removal of intrinsically ...
Yao Hsien-Tsung - - 2012
To investigate the effect of chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) on drug-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver and kidneys, male Spraque-Dawley rats were fed a diet containing 1% or 3% COS for 5weeks. The activities of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, UDP-glucurosyltransferase (UGT) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in the liver and kidneys were determined. ...
Patel Mayurkumar B - - 2012
The inhibitory activity of Tinospora cordifolia stem-derived alkaloids was evaluated against lens aldose reductase (AR) isolated from male Wistar rats. Anticataract potential of the alkaloids of T. cordifolia was evaluated in vitro in rat lenses, considering the activity of normal rat lenses as 100%. The biologically active constituents of T. ...
Lourenço Tiago C - - 2012
This work reports the multimiligram separation of 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) enantiomers using batch chromatography with peak shaving recycling. The effect of both enantiomers compared to the racemic mixture was examined on the oxidative stress status of rat liver. The enantiomeric purification was performed using a based cyclodextrin chiral selector and methanol:ammonium ...
Cheng Dai - - 2012
This study was aimed to evaluate the preventive effect of the polyphenols from Chinese jujube peel (Ziziphus jujube Mill. cv. Dongzao) against myocardial injury (MI) induced by isoproterenol (ISO) and biotoxicity of aluminum in rats. The free phenols from jujube peel (JPFP) and the bond phenols from jujube peel (JPBP) ...
Delbro Dick S - - 2012
Various markers of the cholinergic system (like e.g. choline acetyltransferase) were demonstrated by immunohistochemistry in, seemingly, β-cells of rat pancreas. The findings may suggest an autocrine role of acetylcholine for the β-cells.
Murawska-Ciałowicz Eugenia - - 2012
The genotioxic and carcinogenic effect of nickel probably results from its capacity to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and disturb the redox balance. The aim of the study was to find out if rats lacking spermatic protamine 2 are less susceptible to Ni(II) than mice. Consequently, the levels of malondialdehyde ...
Li Guangyu - - 2011
The glutathione S-transferases (GST) play important roles in the detoxification of microcystins (MCs). For better understanding of the responses of GST isforms to MCs exposure, informations about the effects of MCs on GSTs are necessary. In this experiment, we cloned the full length cDNA of 14 GST isoforms (GST alpha, ...
Alkadhi Karim A - - 2011
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides impairs nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) function by a mechanism that may involve α7 and α4β2-nAChR subtypes. Additionally, the beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP)-cleaving enzyme (BACE), the rate-limiting enzyme in the pathogenic Aβ production pathway, is expressed at high levels in ...
Madete June K JK Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, - - 2011
Postural instability, a symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, leads to frequent falls and difficulty in forward motion during gait. These motor deficits are mainly caused by neurodegenerative processes in the brain leading to reduced levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Postural studies involving animal models of PD are mainly based ...
Owens Michelle Y MY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216-4505, USA. - - 2011
To evaluate neurological effects of terbutaline, rats were injected with saline, terbutaline (Sigma or American Pharmaceutical Partners (APP™)) at 0.5 mg/kg-d or 10 mg/kg-d between postnatal days (PND) 2-5 or 11-14. Brains collected 24 h after last injection were used to determine corpus-callosum thickness, Purkinje cell and neuronal number in ...
Krajka-Kuźniak Violetta - - 2011
The effect of raw cabbage and sauerkraut juices on the expression and activity of phase II enzymes, glutathione S-transferase (GST) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), in the rat liver and kidney was compared with that of two commercially available products of glucosinolate degradation: indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC). Male ...
Molan Abdul-Lateef - - 2010
The beneficial effects of selenium-containing green tea (Se-GTE, 1.44 mg selenium/kg dry leaves) and China green tea (CH-GTE, 0.13 mg selenium/kg leaves) on the population size of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria and the activity of two microbial enzymes in the caeca of rats have been investigated. Oral gavage of rats with ...
Abdel-Moneim Ahmed E - - 2011
Lead is a persistent environmental pollutant, and its toxicity continues to be a major health problem due to its interference with natural environment. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of flaxseed oil on lead acetate-mediated hepatic oxidative stress and toxicity in rats. Lead acetate enhanced lipid peroxidation ...
Mehana E E - - 2012
In the present study, the effect of green tea extract (GTE) on lead induced toxicity was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats. Four groups of rats were used in the study. Lead and GTE was given orally to the rats with drinking water for 8 weeks. Lead concentration in the digested tissues ...
Cho Sung-Hee SH Department of Biochemistry and Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146, - - 2010
The mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of the important commodity chemical 1,3-butadiene are attributed to the epoxide products. We confirmed our previous work showing that expression of rat glutathione (GSH) transferase 5-5 enhances the mutagenicity of butadiene diepoxide in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535. A GSH-butadiene diepoxide conjugate was isolated and fully characterized by ...
El-Beshbishy Hesham A - - 2011
Green tea polyphenols (GTP) is considered to have protective effects against several diseases. The hepatotoxicity of azathioprine (AZA) has been reported and was found to be associated with oxidative damage. This study was conducted to evaluate the role of GTP to protect against AZA-induced liver injury in rats. AZA was ...
Litchfield John - - 2010
Previous studies on the in vitro metabolism of 4-alkylsulfonyl-2-pyridone-based glucokinase activators revealed a facile, non-enzymatic displacement of the 4-alkylsulfonyl group by glutathione. In the present studies, a role for glutathione-S-transferases (GST) as catalysts in the desulfonylation reaction was demonstrated using a combination of human liver microsomes, human liver cytosol and ...
Jayakumar Thanasekaran - - 2010
This study is to investigate the putative effect of an extract of the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, on reduced glutathione (GSH) and its metabolic enzymes in major organs of male albino rats. A significant (P < .05) decrease in the level of GSH was observed in liver, kidneys, heart, and ...
Basha P Mahaboob - - 2011
Multigenerational evaluation was made in rats on exposure to high fluoride (100 and 200 ppm) to assess neurotoxic potential of fluoride in discrete areas of the brain in terms of lipid peroxidation and the activity of antioxidant enzyme system. The rats were given fluoride through drinking water (100 and 200 ppm) and ...
Kotsovolou Olga - - 2010
The Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rat model of depression exhibits some behavioral, neurochemical, and pharmacological features that have been reported in depressed patients and has been very effective in screening antidepressants. Major factor that determines the effectiveness and toxicity of a drug is the drug metabolizing capacity of the liver. ...
Xia Daozong - - 2010
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Smilax glabra Roxb. is a traditional Chinese herb, the rhizome of Smilax glabra has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of lead poisoning. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The present study was conducted to investigate the protective role of Smilax glabra extract (SGE) individually or combined with ...
Di Domenico S - - 2010
After hepatic resection and transplantation with a partial graft, death and regeneration of the hepatocytes coexist in the liver. However, when the functional liver mass is inadequate to ensure a proper balance between regeneration vs functional and metabolic demands, small-for-size syndrome develops. We assessed the early effects of extended hepatic ...
Siu Ada Hoi-Ling - - 2010
Herba Cistanche, a Chinese herb derived from the whole plant of Cistanche deserticola Y.C. Ma (Orobanchaceae), has been shown to enhance mitochondrial ATP generation and to protect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury ex vivo in rats. To define the role of mitochondria in the cardioprotective action of Herba Cistanche, we ...
El-Beshbishy Hesham A - - 2010
Liver injury was induced in female rats using tamoxifen (TAM). Grape seeds (Vitis vinifera) extract (GSE), black seed (Nigella sativa) extract (NSE), curcumin (CUR) or silymarin (SYL) were orally administered to TAM-intoxicated rats. Liver histopathology of TAM-intoxicated:rats showed pathological changes. TAM-intoxication elicited declines in liver antioxidant enzymes levels (glutathione peroxidase, ...
Adesiyan Adebukola C - - 2011
The present study evaluated the possible protective effects of selenium against atrazine-induced toxicity in the liver and reproductive system of rats. Atrazine administered to rats orally at a dose of 120mg/kg caused an inhibition in the activity of glutathione-S-transferase and an increase in malondialdehyde formation in the liver, testis and ...
Ye Sheng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the protective effect of high-dose reduced glutathione (GSH) preconditioning and venous systemic oxygen persufflation (VSOP) on rat steatotic liver grafts following transplantation. METHODS: Steatotic liver model was established by feeding rats a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet, and infusing stomach with 50% alcohol ...
Brandsch Corinna - - 2010
Oxidative stress is supposed to increase lipid accumulation by stimulation of hepatic lipogenesis at transcriptional level. This study was performed to investigate the role of glutathione in the regulation of this process. For that purpose, male rats were treated with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, for ...
Morales-González José A - - 2010
Fluoride intoxication has been shown to produce diverse deleterious metabolic alterations within the cell. To determine the effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) treatment on malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and on the activity of antioxidant enzymes in rat erythrocytes, Male Wistar rats were treated with 50 ppm of NaF or were untreated ...
Bateman Thomas J - - 2010
MRL-1, a cannabinoid receptor-1 inverse agonist, was a member of a lead candidate series for the treatment of obesity. In rats, MRL-1 is eliminated mainly via metabolism, followed by excretion of the metabolites into bile. The major metabolite M1, a glutathione conjugate of MRL-1, was isolated and characterized by liquid ...
Yu Jian - - 2010
8-Amino-2-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline maleate (nomifensine), an antidepressant drug, was withdrawn from the market because of increased incidence of hemolytic anemia, as well as kidney and liver toxicity. Although the nature of the potentially reactive metabolites formed after nomifensine metabolism remains unknown and no glutathione (GSH) adducts of these nomifensine reactive metabolites have ...
Colombo Graziano - - 2010
The rat is commonly used to evaluate responses of red blood cells (RBCs) to oxidative stress. How closely the rat RBC model predicts the human RBC human response has not been well characterized. The objective of this study was to compare human and rat RBC responses to the thiol-specific oxidant ...
Kubo Kazuhiro - - 2009
We have hypothesized a suppressive mechanism against dietary docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3; DHA)-induced tissue lipid peroxidation, in which the degradation products, including their conjugates, are excreted into the urine by xenobiotic or organic anion transporters. In this study, we employed parent-strain Sprague-Dawley rats (SDRs), together with their mutant strain, Eisai hyperbilirubinuria ...
Rold??n-Mar??n Eduvigis - - 2009
Onions are excellent sources of bioactive compounds including fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and polyphenols. An onion by-product was characterised in order to be developed as a potentially bioactive food ingredient. Our main aim was to investigate whether the potential health and safety effects of this onion by-product were shared by either of ...
Li Muyao - - 2009
The antioxidant response element (ARE) is an essential component of upstream regulatory sequences present on genes for most phase II detoxification enzymes, including the glutamate cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC). NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a principal transcription factor that binds to the ARE and plays a key role in ...
Aristatile Balakrishnan - - 2009
Carvacrol (2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-phenol) is a predominant monoterpenic phenol which occurs in many essential oils of the family Labiatae including Origanum, Satureja, Thymbra, Thymus, and Corydothymus species. This study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties of carvacrol on D-galactosamine (D-GalN)-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative damage in male albino Wistar rats. ...
Messarah Mahfoud - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of dysthyroidism on lipid peroxidation, antioxidants status, liver, and serum dysfunction parameters in the hypo-/hyperthyroidism-induced rats. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism conditions were induced for 5 weeks by administration of 0.05% benzythiouracile (BTU) and l-thyroxine sodium salt (0.0012%), in drinking water, respectively. ...
Renugadevi J - - 2010
This experiment pertains to the protective role of naringenin against cadmium (Cd)-induced oxidative stress in the liver of rats. Cadmium is a major environmental pollutant and is known for its wide toxic manifestations. Naringenin is a naturally occurring citrus flavonone which has been reported to have a wide range of ...
Liu Xiao-Ping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the antioxidant activity amongst the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb) and its main components, flavonoids and terpenoids. METHODS: The induction of EGb, flavonoids and terpenoids on a typical antioxidant enzyme, glutamate cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC), in cell lines was detected by Western-blot. The effects of EGb, ...
Cao Yg - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) level has been established as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Danshensu, an active ingredient of Salvia miltiorrhiza, shows wide cardiovascular benefit. However, in terms of its own methylation, danshensu could elevate tHcy level, which would act against its cardiovascular benefit, ...
Ozden Sibel - - 2009
Methiocarb, is used worldwide in agriculture and health programs. Besides its advantages in the agriculture, it causes several toxic effects. In this study, we aimed to investigate subacute effects of methiocarb on lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione (GSH), antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and ...
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